Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C22.510 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 3709 [refinar]
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  1 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29437993
[Au] Autor:Rohdin C; Jäderlund KH; Ljungvall I; Lindblad-Toh K; Häggström J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:High prevalence of gait abnormalities in pugs.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(6):167, 2018 02 10.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this prospective study was to determine the prevalence of gait abnormalities in a cohort of Swedish pugs by using an owner-based questionnaire targeting signs of gait abnormality and video footage showing the dog's gait. This study also evaluated associated conditions of abnormal gait, including other health disorders prevalent in the breed. Five hundred and fifty (550) pugs registered in the Swedish Kennel Club, of one, five and eight years of age, in 2015 and 2016, were included in the study. Gait abnormalities were reported in 30.7 per cent of the responses. In the majority of cases, the character of the described gait indicated a neurological cause for the gait abnormality. An association was observed between abnormal gait and age, with gait abnormalities being significantly more common in older pugs (P=0.004). An association was also found between abnormal gait and dyspnoea, with dyspnoea being significantly more common in pugs with gait abnormalities (P<0.0001). This study demonstrated that the prevalence of gait abnormalities was high in the Swedish pug breed and increased with age. Future studies on the mechanisms behind these gait abnormalities are warranted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Coxeadura Animal/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
Feminino
Masculino
Prevalência
Estudos Prospectivos
Suécia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.104510


  2 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351973
[Au] Autor:Volkmann N; Kemper N
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Behaviour (ITTN), University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Claw condition and claw health in dairy cows: how important is access to pasture?
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(3):76-78, 2018 01 20.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casco e Garras
Coxeadura Animal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Lactação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180121
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.k193


  3 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28762781
[Au] Autor:Galindo F; de Aluja A; Cagigas R; Huerta LA; Tadich TA
[Ad] Endereço:a Departamento de Etología, Fauna Silvestre y Animales de Laboratorio, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México , Mexico City , Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Application of the Hands-On Donkey Tool for Assessing the Welfare of Working Equids at Tuliman, Mexico.
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;21(1):93-100, 2018 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the hands-on donkey tool. This tool evaluates five dimensions (behavior, body condition score [BCS], wounds, lameness, and other health issues) and was applied to 438 working equids (horses, mules, and donkeys). The Kruskall-Wallis test was applied to investigate differences between species and sex. Donkeys were more common; they also presented more positive behaviors and less lameness (p < 0.05). No differences were found for BCS among species on a scale ranging from 1 to 5 (mean BCS for donkeys = 1.9; mules = 2; and horses = 1.8). Mares had significantly lower BCS (mean = 1.5) than stallions (p < 0.05) and geldings (mean = 1.9). Overall mules had better welfare evaluations. The tool allowed detection of welfare issues in working equids; a practical outcome would be implementing local welfare strategies according to its results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Equidae
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Comportamento Animal
Feminino
Coxeadura Animal
Masculino
México
Trabalho
Ferimentos e Lesões
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1351365


  4 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28910416
[Au] Autor:Kappel S; Mendl MT; Barrett DC; Murrell JC; Whay HR
[Ad] Endereço:Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Langford, North Somerset, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Lateralized behaviour as indicator of affective state in dairy cows.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184933, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In humans, there is evidence that sensory processing of novel or threatening stimuli is right hemisphere dominated, especially in people experiencing negative affective states. There is also evidence for similar lateralization in a number of non-human animal species. Here we investigate whether this is also the case in domestic cattle that may experience long-term negative states due to commonly occurring conditions such as lameness. Health and welfare implications associated with pain in lame cows are a major concern in dairy farming. Behavioural tests combining animal behaviour and cognition could make a meaningful contribution to our understanding of disease-related changes in sensory processing in animals, and consequently enhance their welfare. We presented 216 lactating Holstein-Friesian cows with three different unfamiliar objects which were placed either bilaterally (e.g. two yellow party balloons, two black/white checkerboards) or hung centrally (a Kong™) within a familiar area. Cows were individually exposed to the objects on three consecutive days, and their viewing preference/eye use, exploration behaviour/nostril use, and stop position during approach was assessed. Mobility (lameness) was repeatedly scored during the testing period. Overall, a bias to view the right rather than the left object was found at initial presentation of the bilateral objects. More cows also explored the right object rather than the left object with their nose. There was a trend for cows appearing hesitant in approaching the objects by stopping at a distance to them, to then explore the left object rather than the right. In contrast, cows that approached the objects directly had a greater tendency to contact the right object. No significant preference in right or left eye/nostril use was found when cows explored the centrally-located object. We found no relationship between lameness and lateralized behaviour. Nevertheless, observed trends suggesting that lateralized behaviour in response to bilaterally located unfamiliar objects may reflect an immediate affective response are discussed. Further study is needed to understand the impact of long-term affective states on hemispheric dominance and lateralized behaviour.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Bovinos/fisiologia
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Coxeadura Animal/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Bovinos/fisiopatologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Indústria de Laticínios
Emoções/fisiologia
Feminino
Lactação
Estimulação Luminosa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184933


  5 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28801497
[Au] Autor:Starke SD; May SA
[Ad] Endereço:The Royal Veterinary College,Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.
[Ti] Título:Veterinary student competence in equine lameness recognition and assessment: a mixed methods study.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(7):168, 2017 Aug 12.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of perceptual skills is an important aspect of veterinary education. The authors investigated veterinary student competency in lameness evaluation at two stages, before (third year) and during (fourth/fifth year) clinical rotations. Students evaluated horses in videos, where horses were presented during trot on a straight line and in circles. Eye-tracking data were recorded during assessment on the straight line to follow student gaze. On completing the task, students filled in a structured questionnaire. Results showed that the experienced students outperformed inexperienced students, although even experienced students may classify one in four horses incorrectly. Mistakes largely arose from classifying an incorrect limb as lame. The correct detection of sound horses was at chance level. While the experienced student cohort primarily looked at upper body movement (head and sacrum) during lameness assessment, the inexperienced cohort focused on limb movement. Student self-assessment of performance was realistic, and task difficulty was most commonly rated between 3 and 4 out of 5. The inexperienced students named a considerably greater number of visual lameness features than the experienced students. Future dedicated training based on the findings presented here may help students to develop more reliable lameness assessment skills.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica
Educação em Veterinária
Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico
Coxeadura Animal/diagnóstico
Estudantes de Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cavalos
Seres Humanos
Gravação de Videoteipe
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170813
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.104245


  6 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28720293
[Au] Autor:Miguel-Pacheco GG; Thomas HJ; Huxley JN; Newsome RF; Kaler J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: svagm@nottingham.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Effect of claw horn lesion type and severity at the time of treatment on outcome of lameness in dairy cows.
[So] Source:Vet J;225:16-22, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prompt diagnosis and treatment of claw horn lesions in cattle affects the likelihood of recovery; however, it is unknown if the type of lesion influences the likelihood of recovery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the type, severity and frequency of claw horn lesions in newly lame cows (lame for no more than 2 weeks) at the time of corrective foot trimming affects the probability of recovery from lameness after treatment. The images of 112 feet (224 claws) from newly lame cows (n=112; lame in only one hind foot), which were treated with a standardised therapeutic hoof trim only, were used to score claw horn lesions (sole ulcer, sole haemorrhage, white line haemorrhage or white line separation). Most cows (n=107/112; 95.5%) were classified as mildly lame at the time of treatment. The proportion of cows that recovered 2 weeks after therapeutic hoof trimming was 88/112 (78.6%). Results of a multilevel logistic regression model indicated that severely lame cows were less likely to recover than those that were mildly lame (odds ratio, OR, 0.16; P=0.04). White line haemorrhage had a significant negative impact on the likelihood of recovery from lameness (OR 0.14; P>0.01); however, recovery of cows with white line haemorrhage was positively associated with the length of the lesion (OR 1.05; P=0.03). This latter finding may be associated with the severity of the lesion, since mild claw horn lesions affected a significantly larger area of the claw than more severe lesions. The length and type of claw horn lesion were associated with recovery from lameness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/terapia
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Casco e Garras
Coxeadura Animal/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/terapia
Casco e Garras/patologia
Casco e Garras/fisiopatologia
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28697877
[Au] Autor:Greve L; Dyson S; Pfau T
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Equine Studies, Animal Health Trust,Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7UU, UK; Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London,Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hatfield AL9 7TA, UK. Electronic address: line.greve@aht.org.uk.
[Ti] Título:Alterations in thoracolumbosacral movement when pain causing lameness has been improved by diagnostic analgesia.
[So] Source:Vet J;224:55-63, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lameness, thoracolumbosacral pain and reduced range of motion (ROM) often coexist; better understanding of their relationship is needed. The objectives were to determine if thoracolumbosacral movement of horses changes when pain causing lameness is improved by diagnostic analgesia. We hypothesised that reduction of lameness will increase ROM of the thoracolumbosacral region. Thirteen horses with different types of hind limb lameness were trotted in straight lines and lunged on a 10m diameter circle on left and right reins before and after lameness was subjectively substantially improved by diagnostic analgesia. Inertial sensor data were collected from the withers, thirteenth (T13) and eighteenth thoracic (T18) vertebrae, third lumbar (L3) vertebra, tubera sacrale (TS), left and right tubera coxae. ROM of flexion-extension, axial rotation, lateral bending, dorsoventral, lateral-lateral motion and vertical movement symmetry were quantified at each thoracolumbar site. Hiphike difference (HHD), maximum difference (MaxDiff) and minimum difference (MinDiff) for the pelvic sensors were measured. Percentage changes for before and after diagnostic analgesia were calculated; mean±standard deviation (SD) or median [interquartile range] were determined. Associations between the change in pelvic versus thoracolumbar movement symmetry after each local analgesic technique were tested. After resolution of lameness, HHD decreased by 7% [68%] (P=0.006). The MinDiff decreased significantly by 33% [61%] (P=0.01), 45±13% (P=0.005) and 52±23% (P=0.04), for TS, L3 and T18, respectively. There was significantly increased ROM in flexion-extension at T13, in axial rotation at T13, T18, L3 and in lateral-lateral ROM at L3. Thoracolumbosacral asymmetry and reduced ROM associated with lameness were both altered immediately by improvement in lameness using diagnostic analgesia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Analgesia/veterinária
Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico
Coxeadura Animal/diagnóstico
Dor/veterinária
Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia
Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Analgesia/métodos
Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Doenças dos Cavalos/fisiopatologia
Doenças dos Cavalos/terapia
Cavalos
Coxeadura Animal/fisiopatologia
Coxeadura Animal/terapia
Locomoção/fisiologia
Vértebras Lombares/fisiopatologia
Dor/complicações
Dor/tratamento farmacológico
Manejo da Dor/veterinária
Estudos Prospectivos
Sacro/fisiopatologia
Vértebras Torácicas/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28697874
[Au] Autor:Thomsen PT; Hansen I; Martin HL; Kudahl AB
[Ad] Endereço:Aarhus University, Department of Animal Science, Tjele, DK-8830, Denmark. Electronic address: ptt@anis.au.dk.
[Ti] Título:Sole haemorrhages in Danish bull calves: Prevalence and risk factors.
[So] Source:Vet J;224:44-45, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To evaluate the prevalence of sole haemorrhages among Danish dairy breed bull calves and associated risk factors, 730 calves were hoof trimmed shortly before slaughter and the presence of sole haemorrhages was recorded. Associations between the outcomes sole haemorrhages and severe sole haemorrhages, and the explanatory variables daily weight gain, liver abscesses and flooring, were analysed. Of the 730 calves, 545 (74.7%) had sole haemorrhages and 119 (16.3%) had severe sole haemorrhages. Calves housed on slatted concrete floors with cubicles had higher odds of sole haemorrhages (odds ratio, OR, 2.69, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.81-4.00; P<0.001) and severe sole haemorrhages (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.36-3.14; P<0.001) than calves housed on deep litter straw. The odds of severe sole haemorrhages increased with increasing daily weight gain (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.07-1.54 for an increase of 100g/day; P=0.008).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Hemorragia/veterinária
Casco e Garras/irrigação sanguínea
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/etiologia
Hemorragia/epidemiologia
Hemorragia/etiologia
Abrigo para Animais
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Masculino
Razão de Chances
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28671067
[Au] Autor:Adler DMT; Damborg P; Verwilghen DR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Højbakkegaard Allé 5, DK-2630 Taastrup, Denmark. Electronic address: dima@sund.ku.dk.
[Ti] Título:The antimicrobial activity of bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine against equine pathogens: An investigation of 40 bacterial isolates.
[So] Source:Vet J;223:27-31, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lameness is the most commonly reported health problem in horses, and lameness investigations which include local anaesthetic injections are routinely performed by equine practitioners. Through this process, bacteria can enter the tissues perforated by the needle and may cause local infections at the injection site. The objective of this in vitro study was to investigate if local anaesthetics at concentrations available in commercially available solutions could inhibit growth and/or kill bacteria that could be inoculated into the synovial space or soft tissues during injection. This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of the local anaesthetics bupivacaine, lidocaine and mepivacaine against 40 equine clinical bacterial isolates of the Actinobacillus, Corynebacterium, Enterobacter, Escherichia, Pseudomonas, Rhodococcus, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus genera. Minimum inhibitory and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MICs and MBCs) were determined by the broth microdilution method. Clinically applied concentrations of bupivacaine, lidocaine, and mepivacaine inhibited visual growth of 93%, 93%, and 80% of isolates tested, respectively. For the majority (80%) of the inhibited isolates, the concentrations were also bactericidal. The tested local anaesthetics possessed antimicrobial activity against equine pathogens at concentrations that are routinely applied in clinical cases. However, this antimicrobial activity should not discourage antiseptic preparation prior to local anaesthetic injections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anestésicos Locais
Antibacterianos
Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem
Doenças dos Cavalos/microbiologia
Lidocaína/administração & dosagem
Mepivacaína/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anestesia Local/efeitos adversos
Animais
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Doenças dos Cavalos/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças dos Cavalos/etiologia
Cavalos
Coxeadura Animal/fisiopatologia
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/veterinária
Dor/tratamento farmacológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anesthetics, Local); 0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 98PI200987 (Lidocaine); B6E06QE59J (Mepivacaine); Y8335394RO (Bupivacaine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170704
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3709 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28665728
[Au] Autor:Williams SM; Williams RJ; Gogal RM
[Ad] Endereço:A Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
[Ti] Título:Acute Lameness in a Roller Pigeon ( Columba livia ) with Multicentric Lymphosarcoma.
[So] Source:Avian Dis;61(2):267-270, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1938-4351
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A 3-yr-old adult female roller pigeon ( Columba livia ) used as part of a breeding pair for an ongoing research study presented with acute left limb lameness. Palpation of the left leg and region revealed a large lump near the coxofemoral joint. The bird was able to ambulate in the cage, but would not brood her hatchling. The bird was humanely euthanized and necropsy was performed. Grossly, multiple large white to pale tan nodules were noted in the pancreas, lung, rib cage, intestines, and unilaterally in the left kidney. Microscopic examination of the various organs revealed neoplastic proliferation of round cells consistent with lymphoblasts. Immunohistochemistry was performed with the use of antibodies to CD3, CD79a, CD20, and CD21 to phenotype the cells. The results indicated that the neoplastic infiltrating cells were predominantly of T-cell origin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças das Aves/diagnóstico
Columbidae
Coxeadura Animal/diagnóstico
Linfoma não Hodgkin/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Animais
Doenças das Aves/patologia
Feminino
Rim/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/patologia
Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico
Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia
Pâncreas/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170823
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170823
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170701
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1637/11577-010317-Case.1



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