Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C22.735.050 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 448 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28692673
[Au] Autor:McLennan MR; Hasegawa H; Bardi M; Huffman MA
[Ad] Endereço:Anthropology Centre for Conservation, Environment and Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Gastrointestinal parasite infections and self-medication in wild chimpanzees surviving in degraded forest fragments within an agricultural landscape mosaic in Uganda.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180431, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Monitoring health in wild great apes is integral to their conservation and is especially important where they share habitats with humans, given the potential for zoonotic pathogen exchange. We studied the intestinal parasites of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) inhabiting degraded forest fragments amid farmland and villages in Bulindi, Uganda. We first identified protozoan and helminth parasites infecting this population. Sixteen taxa were demonstrated microscopically (9 protozoa, 5 nematodes, 1 cestode, and 1 trematode). DNA sequence analysis enabled more precise identification of larval nematodes (e.g. Oesophagostomum stephanostomum, O. bifurcum, Strongyloides fuelleborni, Necator sp. Type II) and tapeworm proglottids (genus Bertiella). To better understand the ecology of infections, we used multidimensional scaling analysis to reveal general patterns of association among parasites, climate, and whole leaf swallowing-a prevalent self-medicative behaviour at Bulindi linked to control of nodular worms (Oesophagostomum spp.). Prevalence of parasites varied with climate in diverse ways. For example, Oesophagostomum sp. was detected in faeces at higher frequencies with increasing rainfall but was most clearly associated with periods of low temperature. Certain parasites occurred together within chimpanzee hosts more or less frequently than expected by chance. For example, the commensal ciliate Troglodytella abrassarti was negatively associated with Balantidium coli and Oesophagostomum sp., possibly because the latter taxa make the large intestine less suitable for T. abrassarti. Whole leaves in faeces showed independent associations with the prevalence of Oesophagostomum sp., Strongyloides sp., and hookworm by microscopic examination, and with egestion of adult O. stephanostomum by macroscopic inspection. All parasites identified to species or genus have been reported in wild chimpanzees inhabiting less-disturbed environments than Bulindi. Nevertheless, several disease-causing taxa infecting these chimpanzees are potentially transmissible between apes and humans (e.g. rhabditoid and strongyle nematodes), underscoring the importance of identifying and reducing risks of pathogen exchange in shared landscapes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Selvagens/parasitologia
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/parasitologia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Florestas
Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia
Enteropatias Parasitárias/veterinária
Pan troglodytes/parasitologia
Parasitos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Animais
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/epidemiologia
Sequência de Bases
Biodiversidade
DNA de Helmintos/genética
Fezes/parasitologia
Helmintos/genética
Umidade
Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Folhas de Planta/fisiologia
Prevalência
Chuvas
Estações do Ano
Automedicação
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Especificidade da Espécie
Temperatura Ambiente
Fatores de Tempo
Uganda/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180431


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[PMID]:28394461
[Au] Autor:Maclachlan N; Hunt G; Fowkes S; Frost M; Miller J; Purcell-Jones G; Sullivan P; Barbon A; Routh A; López FJ; Price EC
[Ad] Endereço:Assisted Reproduction Unit/Anaesthetics, Jersey General Hospital, St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands.
[Ti] Título:Successful treatment of infertility in a female Sumatran orangutan Pongo abelii.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;36(2):132-135, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2011, a female Sumatran orangutan housed at Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust became infertile following a massive antepartum hemorrhage in labor and the delivery of a stillborn infant. The placenta was infected with Pantoea sp. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) revealed blocked fallopian tubes, and pressurized fallopian tube perfusion was used to reverse the tubal occlusion. She subsequently conceived and following an intensive training program, we were able to measure umbilical artery waveform analysis for fetal well-being and placental localization to exclude placenta previa, which could complicate pregnancy and lead to catastrophic hemorrhage. The female went on to deliver a healthy offspring. We suggest that these techniques should be considered for other infertile females in the global captive population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais de Zoológico
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/terapia
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/veterinária
Infertilidade Feminina/veterinária
Pongo abelii/fisiologia
Hemorragia Uterina/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/etiologia
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças das Tubas Uterinas/terapia
Feminino
Histerossalpingografia/veterinária
Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico por imagem
Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia
Infertilidade Feminina/terapia
Perfusão/veterinária
Gravidez
Resultado do Tratamento
Hemorragia Uterina/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170526
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170526
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21350


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[PMID]:28363069
[Au] Autor:Carpenter NA; Crook EK
[Ti] Título:MAMMARY GLAND ADENOCARCINOMA IN A MALE BORNEAN ORANGUTAN (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;48(1):224-227, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An adult male Bornean orangutan ( Pongo pygmaeus ) was diagnosed with invasive, poorly differentiated grade 9/9 mammary gland adenocarcinoma from a subcutaneous mass that was surgically removed during a routine preventative health examination. The tumor was tested for estrogen and progesterone receptors, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and HER2 fluorescence in situ hybridization (HER2 FISH). Whole blood was tested for breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer 2 (BRCA2) genes. The orangutan was treated orally with two common human breast cancer drugs; tamoxifen and anastrozole. The orangutan lived for 4.5 yr postdetection, dying from an unrelated cause. This is the first reported case of mammary gland adenocarcinoma in a male great ape.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adenocarcinoma/veterinária
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/diagnóstico
Pongo pygmaeus
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico
Adenocarcinoma/patologia
Adenocarcinoma/terapia
Animais
Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/patologia
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/cirurgia
Masculino
Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/tratamento farmacológico
Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia
Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/cirurgia
Neoplasias Hormônio-Dependentes/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Hormônio-Dependentes/patologia
Neoplasias Hormônio-Dependentes/terapia
Neoplasias Hormônio-Dependentes/veterinária
Nitrilos/uso terapêutico
Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
Triazóis/uso terapêutico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal); 0 (Nitriles); 0 (Triazoles); 094ZI81Y45 (Tamoxifen); 2Z07MYW1AZ (anastrozole)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1638/2015-0303.1


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[PMID]:28220267
[Au] Autor:Hirata S; Hirai H; Nogami E; Morimura N; Udono T
[Ad] Endereço:Kumamoto Sanctuary, Wildlife Research Center, Kyoto University, 2-24 Tanaka Sekiden-cho, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606-3201, Japan. hirata.satoshi.8z@kyoto-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Chimpanzee Down syndrome: a case study of trisomy 22 in a captive chimpanzee.
[So] Source:Primates;58(2):267-273, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1610-7365
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We report a case of chimpanzee trisomy 22 in a captive-born female. Because chromosome 22 in great apes is homologous to human chromosome 21, the present case is analogous to human trisomy 21, also called Down syndrome. The chimpanzee in the present case experienced retarded growth; infantile cataract and vision problems, including nystagmus, strabismus, and keratoconus; congenital atrial septal defect; and hypodontia. All of these symptoms are common in human Down syndrome. This case was the second reported case of trisomy 22 in the chimpanzee. The chimpanzee in our case became blind by 7 years old, making social life with other chimpanzees difficult, but opportunities to interact with other conspecific individuals have been offered routinely. We believe that providing her with the best care over the course of her life will be essential.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/genética
Síndrome de Down/veterinária
Oftalmopatias/veterinária
Pan troglodytes/genética
Trissomia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cromossomos/genética
Síndrome de Down/complicações
Síndrome de Down/genética
Oftalmopatias/etiologia
Feminino
Comunicação Interatrial/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10329-017-0597-8


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[PMID]:28081564
[Au] Autor:Mombo IM; Lukashev AN; Bleicker T; Brünink S; Berthet N; Maganga GD; Durand P; Arnathau C; Boundenga L; Ngoubangoye B; Boué V; Liégeois F; Ollomo B; Prugnolle F; Drexler JF; Drosten C; Renaud F; Rougeron V; Leroy E
[Ad] Endereço:International Center for Medical Research of Franceville, BP769, Franceville, Gabon.
[Ti] Título:African Non-Human Primates Host Diverse Enteroviruses.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0169067, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Enteroviruses (EVs) belong to the family Picornaviridae and are responsible for mild to severe diseases in mammals including humans and non-human primates (NHP). Simian EVs were first discovered in the 1950s in the Old World Monkeys and recently in wild chimpanzee, gorilla and mandrill in Cameroon. In the present study, we screened by PCR EVs in 600 fecal samples of wild apes and monkeys that were collected at four sites in Gabon. A total of 32 samples were positive for EVs (25 from mandrills, 7 from chimpanzees, none from gorillas). The phylogenetic analysis of VP1 and VP2 genes showed that EVs identified in chimpanzees were members of two human EV species, EV-A and EV-B, and those identified in mandrills were members of the human species EV-B and the simian species EV-J. The identification of two novel enterovirus types, EV-B112 in a chimpanzee and EV-B113 in a mandrill, suggests these NHPs could be potential sources of new EV types. The identification of EV-B107 and EV90 that were previously found in humans indicates cross-species transfers. Also the identification of chimpanzee-derived EV110 in a mandrill demonstrated a wide host range of this EV. Further research of EVs in NHPs would help understanding emergence of new types or variants, and evaluating the real risk of cross-species transmission for humans as well for NHPs populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides
Infecções por Enterovirus
Enterovirus
Gorilla gorilla/virologia
Mandrillus/virologia
Pan troglodytes/virologia
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/genética
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/virologia
Enterovirus/genética
Enterovirus/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Enterovirus/genética
Infecções por Enterovirus/veterinária
Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170802
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170802
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0169067


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[PMID]:27840196
[Au] Autor:Hasegawa H; Shigyo M; Yanai Y; McLennan MR; Fujita S; Makouloutou P; Tsuchida S; Ando C; Sato H; Huffman MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Hasama, Yufu, Oita 879-5593, Japan. Electronic address: hasegawa@oita-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Molecular features of hookworm larvae (Necator spp.) raised by coproculture from Ugandan chimpanzees and Gabonese gorillas and humans.
[So] Source:Parasitol Int;66(2):12-15, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0329
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Species composition of Necator hookworms was surveyed in (i) Ugandan chimpanzees living around farms and villages at Bulindi, (ii) Gabonese gorillas under habituation in Moukalaba-Doudou National Park (MDNP), and (iii) Gabonese villagers living adjacent to MDNP. Internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of rDNA and partial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (Cox1) gene of mtDNA were analyzed from larvae obtained by coproculture. Three ITS types (I, II and III) and three Cox1 haplotype groups (A, B and C) were demonstrated. ITS type I and Cox1 haplotype group A, representing Necator americanus, were demonstrated in the hookworm larvae from Gabonese gorillas and humans, but not from Ugandan chimpanzees. Type II and haplotype groups B and C, presumably representing N. gorillae, were found in larvae from Ugandan chimpanzees and Gabonese gorillas and humans. These features were overall similar with those found previously in the Central African Republic. Meanwhile, type III was proven in a larva from a Gabonese gorilla as the first demonstration from a non-human primate. Cox1 haplotypes obtained from Ugandan chimpanzees formed a subgroup within group B, presumably reflecting dispersal and diversification processes of the apes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fezes/parasitologia
Gorilla gorilla/parasitologia
Necator/genética
Necator/fisiologia
Pan troglodytes/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/parasitologia
Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/genética
Comportamento Alimentar
Gabão
Haplótipos
Seres Humanos
Larva/genética
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Necator/isolamento & purificação
Necator americanus/genética
Necator americanus/isolamento & purificação
Necator americanus/fisiologia
Necatoríase/parasitologia
Necatoríase/veterinária
Estações do Ano
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Uganda
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.14.99.1 (Cyclooxygenase 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170413
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170413
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161115
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27691977
[Au] Autor:Strong VJ; Grindlay D; Redrobe S; Cobb M; White K
[Ti] Título:A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE RELATING TO CAPTIVE GREAT APE MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY.
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;47(3):697-710, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Wild bonobos (Pan paniscus), chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla), and orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii) are threatened with extinction. In order to help maintain a self-sustaining zoo population, clinicians require a sound understanding of the diseases with which they might be presented. To provide an up-to-date perspective on great ape morbidity and mortality, a systematic review of the zoological and veterinary literature of great apes from 1990 to 2014 was conducted. This is the first review of the great ape literature published since 1990 and the first-ever systematic literature review of great ape morbidity and mortality. The following databases were searched for relevant articles: CAB Abstracts, Web of Science Core Collection, BIOSIS Citation Index, BIOSIS Previews, Current Contents Connect, Data Citation Index, Derwent Innovations Index, MEDLINE, SciELO Citation Index, and Zoological Record. A total of 189 articles reporting on the causes of morbidity and mortality among captive great apes were selected and divided into comparative morbidity-mortality studies and case reports-series or single-disease prevalence studies. The content and main findings of the morbidity-mortality studies were reviewed and the main limitations identified. The case reports-case series and single-disease prevalence studies were categorized and coded according to taxa, etiology, and body system. Subsequent analysis allowed the amount of literature coverage afforded to each category to be calculated and the main diseases and disorders reported within the literature to be identified. This review concludes that reports of idiopathic and infectious diseases along with disorders of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal body systems were particularly prominent within the great ape literature during 1990-2014. However, recent and accurate prevalence figures are lacking and there are flaws in those reviews that do exist. There is therefore a critical need for a robust, widespread, and more up-to-date review of mortality among captive great apes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/mortalidade
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/patologia
Hominidae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27691953
[Au] Autor:Meals LC; Ross SR; Eng C; Gamble KC
[Ti] Título:PROSPECTIVE POPULATION MANAGEMENT FOR HEPATITIS B IN THE CHIMPANZEE (PAN TROGLODYTES) SSP® POPULATION.
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;47(3):711-716, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hepatitis B virus causes horizontally transmitted infectious hepatopathy of primates and may progress to hepatocellular carcinoma. Historically, a small number of chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) living in accredited North American zoos have been confirmed with positive hepatitis B serology consistent with exposure. However, the overall status for this population and the interpretation of these individual test results have not been established previously. The current U.S. zoo-housed population (n = 259) was assessed serologically for hepatitis B by surface protein antigen (HbsAg) and surface antibodies (anti-Hbs). Signalment, origin, current health status, history of liver disease, and hepatitis B vaccination history were obtained for each animal. Serologic status was measured directly in 86.5% (n = 224) of these individuals, with 2.2% (n = 5) of the study population determined to be chronically infected by positive HbsAg and negative anti-Hbs status. Additionally, 11.6% (n = 26) of the directly measured population tested were HbsAg negative and anti-Hbs positive, which was indicative of viral exposure. No animals were determined to be acutely infected as HbsAg and anti-Hbs positive. Although these results demonstrated a relatively low prevalence of hepatitis B infection among these chimpanzees, the varied serologic results between institutions underscored the importance of routine serologic testing, especially at times of proposed transfers, and consideration of species vaccination protocols.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/virologia
Hepatite B/veterinária
Pan troglodytes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/epidemiologia
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/prevenção & controle
Hepatite B/epidemiologia
Hepatite B/prevenção & controle
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B
Propriedade
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hepatitis B Surface Antigens)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27396565
[Au] Autor:Proto WR
[Ad] Endereço:Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK.
[Ti] Título:Unravelling the Laverania.
[So] Source:Nat Rev Microbiol;14(8):478, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1740-1534
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:How did an ape-infecting Plasmodium species jump to a human host?
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/parasitologia
Genoma de Protozoário
Hominidae/parasitologia
Malária/veterinária
Plasmodium falciparum/genética
Plasmodium/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/transmissão
Evolução Biológica
Transferência Genética Horizontal
Gorilla gorilla/parasitologia
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
Seres Humanos
Malária/parasitologia
Malária/transmissão
Filogenia
Plasmodium/fisiologia
Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Protozoan Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170604
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170604
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.109


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[PMID]:27192424
[Au] Autor:Cameron KN; Reed P; Morgan DB; Ondzié AI; Sanz CM; Kühl HS; Olson SH; Leroy E; Karesh WB; Mundry R
[Ad] Endereço:Wildlife Health & Health Policy Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of a Mortality Event among Central African Great Apes.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0154505, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2006-2007 we observed an unusual mortality event among apes in northern Republic of Congo that, although not diagnostically confirmed, we believe to have been a disease outbreak. In 2007-2011 we conducted ape nest surveys in the region, recording 11,835 G. g. gorilla nests (2,262 groups) and 5,548 P. t. troglodytes nests (2,139 groups). We developed a statistical model to determine likely points of origin of the outbreak to help identify variables associated with disease emergence and spread. We modeled disease spread across the study area, using suitable habitat conditions for apes as proxy for local ape densities. Infectious status outputs from that spread model were then used alongside vegetation, temperature, precipitation and human impact factors as explanatory variables in a Generalized Linear Model framework to explain observed 2007-2011 ape nest trends in the region. The best models predicted emergence in the western region of Odzala-Kokoua National Park and north of the last confirmed Ebola virus disease epizootics. Roads were consistently associated with attenuation of modeled virus spread. As disease is amongst the leading threats to great apes, gaining a better understanding of disease transmission dynamics in these species is imperative. Identifying ecological drivers underpinning a disease emergence event and transmission dynamics in apes is critical to creating better predictive models to guide wildlife management, develop potential protective measures for wildlife and to reduce potential zoonotic transmission to humans. The results of our model represent an important step in understanding variables related to great ape disease ecology in Central Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/mortalidade
Hominidae
Análise Espaço-Temporal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Central
Animais
Animais Selvagens
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/etiologia
Doenças dos Símios Antropoides/transmissão
Simulação por Computador
Congo/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças
Geografia
Modelos Estatísticos
Mortalidade
Dinâmica Populacional
Vigilância da População
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0154505



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