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Pesquisa : C23.550.260.393 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231024
[Au] Autor:Yao J; Kan WJ
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Forensic Science, Nantong Public Security Bureau, Nantong 226007, China.
[Ti] Título:[Diatom Detection Using Enzyme Combined with Strong Acid Digestion Method].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(2):165-167, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To detect diatom in the organs of drowners by enzyme combined with strong acid digestion method, and evaluate its application value. METHODS: A total of 40 cases which have been identified as drowning in local region were collected. Samples of the lung, liver, kidney, and the water of the scene were also gathered from each case. Strong acid digestion method, enzyme combined with strong acid digestion method, and enzymic digestion method were respectively performed to detect the diatom in the samples. The comparative analysis was made on digestion time, digestive power and detection rate of diatom, etc. RESULTS: Enzyme combined with strong acid digestion method was significantly better than enzymic digestion method on digestion time and digestive power; enzyme combined with strong acid digestion method were obviously superior to strong acid digestion method on the detection rate of diatom. CONCLUSIONS: Enzyme combined with strong acid digestion method combines the advantages of strong acid digestion method and enzymic digestion method. It has the characters of operation safety with little pollution to environment, which is worthy of further popularization and practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diatomáceas/isolamento & purificação
Afogamento
Rim/metabolismo
Fígado/metabolismo
Pulmão/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Patologia Legal/métodos
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.02.012


  2 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205965
[Au] Autor:Cai HG; Ying J; Ni ZH; Lan P; Zhang YY; Yu RJ; Pang HB; Ye CL; Wei DM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.
[Ti] Título:[Diatoms Distribution in Ningbo Three-river Watershed during Summer].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(6):413-414, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the species, quantity and distribution of diatoms in Ningbo three-river watershed during summer and to provide scientific basis for forensic examination of drowning cases in the waters of Ningbo. METHODS: Water samples were collected in July and August of 2015. Fourteen water sampling points were selected from the Yao River, the Fenghua River and the Yong River. The morphological features of diatom species and dominant diatoms were distinguished by microscope. RESULTS: A total of 16 species of diatoms were detected in the Yao River, the Fenghua River and the Yong River. Melosira was the dominant species in the Yao River, and the quantity and richness were higher than in other rivers. The richness of Cyclotella in the Yong River was higher than in other rivers. The richness of Pinnularia and Licmophora were higher in the Fenghua River than in the Yao River and the Yong River. CONCLUSIONS: The species and proportion of diatom is different in each river. Database of the species and relative composition for the diatoms in corresponding river is established, which may provide data support for forensic examination of drowning cases in Ningbo three-river watershed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diatomáceas/classificação
Rios
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Afogamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.06.004


  3 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205000
[Au] Autor:Ni ZX; Xie Q; Yi XF
[Ad] Endereço:West China of Pre-clinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
[Ti] Título:[Distribution of Diatoms in Main Sections of Urban District Rivers with Drowning-prone in Chengdu].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):332-337, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the species distribution and constituent ratio of diatoms in main sections of urban district rivers where drowning occurs frequently in Chengdu. METHODS: Total 39 water samples from the sampling points of 5 rivers (Jinjiang, Jinniu, Qingyang, Wuhou and Chenghua districts) in October 2014 were collected. The diatoms smear were made and the species distribution and constituent ratio of diatoms from the water samples were analyzed using biological microscope and acquisition system of digital microscope. RESULTS: Total 21 species of diatoms were detected in main sections of urban district rivers in Chengdu. Significant differences in the dominant diatom species and proportions of the different rivers were observed, and there were different species existed in all sampling points of the upstream, midstream and downstream of the rivers. CONCLUSIONS: The database of species map, species distribution and constituent ratio of diatoms in main sections of urban district rivers in Chengdu are preliminarily established, which has special meaning for the analysis and evaluation of falling location inference using diatoms test in case investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diatomáceas/classificação
Rios
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Cidades
Afogamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.004


  4 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29204997
[Au] Autor:Zhao B; Yao SQ; Hao XH
[Ad] Endereço:Forensic Science Brigade of Tangshan Public Security Bureau, Tangshan 063000, China.
[Ti] Título:[Expression of AQP-1 and AQP-4 in the Lungs of Drown Rats].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):321-325, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To observe the changes of expression of aquaporin-1(AQP-1) and AQP-4 in drowned and postmortem immersed rats' lungs. METHODS: Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into drowning group, postmortem immersion group and cervical dislocation group. The morphological changes of rats' lungs were observed using HE staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of AQP-1 and AQP-4 in rats' lungs were detected by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: The results of immunohistochemistry and the Western blotting showed that the protein expression of AQP-1 of the drowning group was higher than the postmortem immersion group and the cervical dislocation group ( <0.05). The result of immunohistochemistry showed that the protein expression of AQP-4 of the drowning group was higher than the postmortem immersion group and the cervical dislocation group ( <0.05) while no difference were detected among the three of them by Western blotting ( >0.05). The mRNA expressions of AQP-1 and AQP-4 in rats' lungs of the drowning group was significantly higher than the postmortem immersion group ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The increase of mRNA and protein expressions of AQP-1 and AQP-4 in lungs of rats with cute lung injury of the drowning group would be useful for differentiating vital drowning from postmortem immersion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aquaporina 1/metabolismo
Aquaporina 4/metabolismo
Afogamento
Pulmão/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Autopsia
Western Blotting
Imuno-Histoquímica
Masculino
RNA Mensageiro
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Ratos Wistar
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aqp1 protein, rat); 0 (Aqp4 protein, rat); 0 (Aquaporin 4); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 146410-94-8 (Aquaporin 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.001


  5 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231009
[Au] Autor:Zhang W; Zheng JL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Medicine, Chinese Criminal Police Academy, Shenyang 110035, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research Progress on Diagnosis of Drowning].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):42-47, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:These external and internal signs of drowning are non-specific. Therefore, diagnosis of drowning is always one of the most difficult tasks in forensic pathology. This paper meticulously and comprehensively reviews research progress on the diagnosis of drowning in pathological signs, laboratory examination, immunohistochemistry test and virtopsy technology, and it also prospects the research direction of diagnosis of drowning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afogamento
Patologia Legal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Imuno-Histoquímica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.011


  6 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29235812
[Au] Autor:Starr L
[Ti] Título:Uncovering a cover up.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;22(5):29, 2014 11.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/ética
Imperícia
Casas de Saúde
Cultura Organizacional
Segurança do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Autopsia
Causas de Morte
Afogamento
Ética em Enfermagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Vitória
Denúncia de Irregularidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28892814
[Au] Autor:Shultz JM; Galea S
[Ad] Endereço:University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Donald Soffer Clinical Research Center, Miami, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Mitigating the Mental and Physical Health Consequences of Hurricane Harvey.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(15):1437-1438, 2017 Oct 17.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Desastres
Saúde Mental
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tempestades Ciclônicas/economia
Tempestades Ciclônicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Desastres/economia
Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos
Afogamento/epidemiologia
Inundações/economia
Inundações/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Louisiana/epidemiologia
Socorro em Desastres/organização & administração
Estresse Psicológico/terapia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Texas/epidemiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170912
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.14618


  8 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28859062
[Au] Autor:John S; Kool B
[Ad] Endereço:Medical Student, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland.
[Ti] Título:Media accounts of unintentional child injury deaths in New Zealand: a teachable moment?
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1461):15-23, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To review media accounts of fatal child unintentional injury events reported in leading New Zealand newspapers for their completeness and potential to deliver evidence-based injury prevention messages. METHOD: Media accounts of fatal unintentional child (0-14 years) injury events in New Zealand's four largest newspapers between 2011 and 2015 were reviewed. Variables of interest included: date, mechanism of injury and victim details. The article prominence, presence of prevention messages and case ascertainment for the two leading causes of death (2011 to 2013 only) were evaluated. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty-two media accounts detailing 122 fatal child injury events (133 deaths) were located for the five-year period. The most common causes of injury were transport-related (56%) and drownings (21%). Only 20% (n=49) of accounts included clear prevention messages. Just over 33% of accounts included images and 66% were located within the first three pages. Case ascertainment in the media accounts was complete for all transport deaths and all but one drowning. CONCLUSION: The low frequency of prevention messages in the media accounts reviewed highlights a missed opportunity for the dissemination of prevention messages to the New Zealand public. The findings confirm the utility of these accounts as a timely source of fatal child injury information.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade
Afogamento/mortalidade
Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prevenção de Acidentes/métodos
Adolescente
Causas de Morte
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28641319
[Au] Autor:Varlet V; Dominguez A; Augsburger M; Lossois M; Egger C; Palmiere C; Vilarino R; Grabherr S
[Ad] Endereço:Forensic Chemistry and Toxicology Unit, University Centre of Legal Medicine CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland, vincent.varlet@chuv.ch.
[Ti] Título:Understanding scuba diving fatalities: carbon dioxide concentrations in intra-cardiac gas.
[So] Source:Diving Hyperb Med;47(2):75-81, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1833-3516
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Important developments in the diagnosis of scuba diving fatalities have been made thanks to forensic imaging tool improvements. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable interpretation of the overall gaseous distribution in the cadaver. However, due to post-mortem delay, the radiological interpretation is often doubtful because the distinction between gas related to the dive and post-mortem decomposition artifactual gases becomes less obvious. METHODS: We present six cases of fatal scuba diving showing gas in the heart and other vasculature. Carbon dioxide (CO2) in cardiac gas measured by gas chromatography coupled to thermal conductivity detection were employed to distinguish decomposition from embolism based on the detection of decomposition gases (hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide and methane) and to confirm arterial gas embolism (AGE) or post-mortem offgasing diagnoses. A Radiological Alteration Index (RAI) was calculated from the scan. RESULTS: Based on the dive history, the intra-cadaveric gas was diagnosed as deriving from decomposition (one case, minimal RAI of 61), post-mortem decompression artifacts (two cases, intermediate RAI between 60 and 85) and barotrauma/AGE (three cases, maximal RAI between 85 and 100), illustrating a large distribution inside the bodies. CONCLUSION: MDCT scans should be interpreted simultaneously with compositional analysis of intra-cadaveric gases. Intra-cadaveric gas sampling and analysis may become useful tools for understanding and diagnosing scuba diving fatalities. In cases with short post-mortem delays, the CO2 concentration of the cardiac gas provides relevant information about the circumstances and cause of death when this parameter is interpreted in combination with the diving profile.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Barotrauma/diagnóstico
Doença da Descompressão/diagnóstico
Mergulho/efeitos adversos
Afogamento/diagnóstico
Gases/análise
Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores
Mudanças Depois da Morte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Ar
Artefatos
Autopsia
Barotrauma/complicações
Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Cromatografia Gasosa
Descompressão/efeitos adversos
Afogamento/etiologia
Embolia Aérea/complicações
Embolia Aérea/diagnóstico
Artéria Femoral
Veia Femoral
Coração/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Hidrogênio/análise
Veias Jugulares
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nitrogênio
Oxigênio/análise
Veia Subclávia
Condutividade Térmica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gases); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide); 37291-87-5 (nitrox); 7YNJ3PO35Z (Hydrogen); N762921K75 (Nitrogen); S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 2724 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28558673
[Au] Autor:Zhu Y; Feng X; Li H; Huang Y; Chen J; Xu G
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Non-Communicable Diseases Control and Prevention, Ningbo Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 237, Yongfeng Road, Haishu District, Ningbo City, 315010, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the impact of a geo-specific poster compared to a general poster for effecting change in perceived threat and intention to avoid drowning 'hotspots' among children of migrant workers: evidence from Ningbo, China.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):530, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Drowning among children of migrant workers is a major, though neglected public health issue in China. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial was used to examine the potential impact of viewing a preventive health poster with/without geo-located drowning events on perceptions of drowning risk among Chinese migrant children. A total of 752 children from three schools in Jiangbei district were selected by multi-stage sampling and randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 380) or control (n = 372). Multilevel models were used to analyse changes in responses to the following questions after viewing the assigned poster for 10 min: (1) "Do you believe that drowning is a serious health problem in Ningbo city?"; (2) "Do you believe that there are lots of drowning-risk waters around you?"; (3) "Do you believe that the likelihood of your accessing a drowning-risk water is great?"; and (4) "Would you intend to avoid accessing to those drowning-risk waters when being exposed?" RESULTS: At baseline there were no significant differences between the intervention and control groups in perceptions of drowning risk or covariates. Following the intervention, participants that viewed the geo-specific poster were more likely to respond more favourably to the first three questions (p < 0.001) than those who viewed the standard poster. However, there was no substantive difference between the geo-specific or standard poster in terms of changing intentions to avoid drowning hotspots (p = 0.214). CONCLUSIONS: Use of 'geo-located' information added value to the effectiveness of a drowning prevention poster for enhancing awareness of drowning hotspots among children of migrant workers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-IOR-16008979 (Retrospectively registered) (The date of trial registration: Aug 5, 2016, the date of enrolment of the first participant: Nov 10, 2015).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afogamento/prevenção & controle
Pôsteres como Assunto
Migrantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Conscientização
Criança
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
Percepção
Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4462-x



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