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[PMID]:28221324
[Au] Autor:Maurer BT
[Ad] Endereço:Brian T. Maurer has practiced general pediatrics for more than 30 years. He is the author of Patients Are a Virtue and blogs at http://briantmaurer.wordpress.com. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
[Ti] Título:Our daughters, ourselves.
[So] Source:JAAPA;30(3):58, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1547-1896
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Morte Parental
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emoções
Relações Pai-Filho
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Morte Parental/psicologia
Exame Físico
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.JAA.0000512248.81742.86


  2 / 85 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27859343
[Au] Autor:Melhem NM; Brent D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Commentary: The course of depression after childhood parental death - a reflection on Berg et al. (2016).
[So] Source:J Child Psychol Psychiatry;57(12):1467-1469, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7610
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Berg et al.'s study highlights the long-lasting impact of childhood parental death on depression in adulthood in the absence of early preventive and intervention efforts. Given the long-term effects of childhood parental death, it seems that the most propitious time to intervene is early on after the death. Several prevention and intervention approaches have been shown to reduce the incidence of depression and to ameliorate its course and thus could be potential approaches to intervene with parentally bereaved children. Future longitudinal studies focused on children and adolescents are also needed to examine the biological pathways that set the stage for increased vulnerability across the life span following childhood parental death and adversity in order to inform novel targets for interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/epidemiologia
Morte Parental
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Estudos Longitudinais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12626


  3 / 85 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27562004
[Au] Autor:Asanbe C; Moleko AG; Visser M; Thomas A; Makwakwa C; Salgado W; Tesnakis A
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , College of Staten Island/City University of New York , USA.
[Ti] Título:Parental HIV/AIDS and psychological health of younger children in South Africa.
[So] Source:J Child Adolesc Ment Health;28(2):175-85, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1728-0591
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: We examined several indicators of psychological health in a sample of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) to determine if there were significant differences between those orphaned by AIDS and those orphaned by other causes, and if there were gender differences. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 119 young children (ages 6-10 years) who participated in a non-governmental organisation (NGO)-supported social services programme in a low-resource, non-urban community in South Africa. We collected data on three groups: non-orphans (OVC1; n = 45); orphans due to AIDS (OVC2; n = 43); and other orphans (OVC3; n = 31). Parents of non-orphans and legal guardians of orphans rated their children on a 112-item, age appropriate Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), South Africa version. RESULTS: Children in the OVC2 group were significantly different from their peers on Internalising Problems and Somatic Complaints, while OVC3 group had a higher proportion of children in the at-risk range on Social Problems compared to OVC2. Females had elevated scores on the anxious/depressed, internalising problems, total problems, and sluggish cognitive tempo scales compared to males. There was an interaction between factors, such that boys in OVC2 had elevated mean scores on Somatic Complaints. These findings suggest increased vulnerability for girls on emotional issues and for boys on somatic problems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Crianças Órfãs/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/etnologia
Transtornos Mentais/etnologia
Morte Parental/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
África do Sul/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160827
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2989/17280583.2016.1216853


  4 / 85 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27562003
[Au] Autor:Taylor TM; Thurman TR; Nogela L
[Ad] Endereço:a Highly Vulnerable Children Research Center, School of Social Work , Tulane University , New Orleans , USA.
[Ti] Título:"Every time that month comes, I remember": using cognitive interviews to adapt grief measures for use with bereaved adolescents in South Africa.
[So] Source:J Child Adolesc Ment Health;28(2):163-74, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1728-0591
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess standard grief measures through cognitive interviews with bereaved adolescents in Free State, South Africa, and make recommendations designed to improve the measurement of grief in this and similar populations. METHODS: Twenty-one parentally bereaved adolescents participated in semi-structured cognitive interviews about the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) questionnaire, Grief Cognitions Questionnaire for Children (GCQ-C), or Intrusive Griefs Thoughts Scale (IGTS). RESULTS: Interviewees offered valuable insights for improving grief measurement with this population (e.g., consensus that not thinking frequently about a deceased loved one was shameful, aversion to terms including "died"). Participants were better able to apply response options denoting specific frequencies (e.g., "once or twice a week") versus general ones (e.g., "a little bit of the time"). Questions intended to gauge grief commonly elicited responses reflecting the impact of loss on adolescents' basic survival instead of psychological wellbeing. CONCLUSIONS: The need for psychological support is high among orphans and vulnerable children. Tools for measuring psychological outcomes can provide evidence of programme effects and guide decision making about investment. Grief measures used with adolescents in South Africa should account for the issues raised by cognitive interviewees in the study, including question and response option complexity, linguistic preferences, and cultural norms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/etnologia
Luto
Morte Parental/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Pesar
Seres Humanos
Entrevista Psicológica
Masculino
África do Sul/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160827
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2989/17280583.2016.1210154


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[PMID]:27239894
[Au] Autor:Bahm NI; Duschinsky R; Hesse E
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of California , Berkeley , CA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Parental loss of family members within two years of offspring birth predicts elevated absorption scores in college.
[So] Source:Attach Hum Dev;18(5):429-42, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2988
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Liotti proposed that interactions during infancy with a parent suffering unresolved loss could lead to vulnerabilities to altered states of consciousness. Hesse and van IJzendoorn provided initial support for Liotti's hypothesis, finding elevated scores on Tellegen's Absorption Scale - a normative form of dissociation - for undergraduates reporting that their parents had experienced the loss of family members within two years of their birth. Here, we replicated the above findings in a large undergraduate sample (N = 927). Additionally, we investigated mother's and father's losses separately. Perinatal losses, including miscarriage, were also considered. Participants reporting that the mother or both parents had experienced loss within two years of their birth scored significantly higher on absorption than those reporting only perinatal, only father, or no losses. While not applicable to the assessment of individuals, the brief loss questionnaire utilized here could provide a useful addition to selected large-scale studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mães/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
Morte Parental/psicologia
Teoria Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aborto Espontâneo/psicologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Natimorto/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14616734.2016.1181096


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[PMID]:27094109
[Au] Autor:Sandler I; Tein JY; Wolchik S; Ayers TS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, REACH Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.
[Ti] Título:The Effects of the Family Bereavement Program to Reduce Suicide Ideation and/or Attempts of Parentally Bereaved Children Six and Fifteen Years Later.
[So] Source:Suicide Life Threat Behav;46 Suppl 1:S32-8, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1943-278X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Findings concerning the long-term effects of the Family Bereavement Program (FBP) to reduce suicide ideation and/or attempts of parentally bereaved children and adolescents are presented. Parental death is a significant risk factor for suicide among offspring (Guldin et al., 2015). This study is a long-term follow-up of 244 children and adolescents who had participated in a randomized trial of the FBP, examining the intervention effects on suicide ideation and/or attempts as assessed through multiple sources. Results indicate a significant effect of the FBP to reduce suicide ideation and/or attempts at the 6- and 15-year follow-up evaluation. The findings support the potential benefits of further research on "upstream" suicide prevention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Luto
Terapia Familiar
Morte Parental/psicologia
Ideação Suicida
Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Pesar
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Psicoterapia de Grupo
Fatores de Risco
Suicídio
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/sltb.12256


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[PMID]:27058980
[Au] Autor:Berg L; Rostila M; Hjern A
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Parental death during childhood and depression in young adults - a national cohort study.
[So] Source:J Child Psychol Psychiatry;57(9):1092-8, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7610
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: There are few prospective, population-based studies on childhood parental death and psychiatric disorders in adulthood, and previous findings are inconclusive. This study investigated the association between parental death from natural and external (suicides, accidents or homicides) causes before 18 years and the risk of clinical depression in young adults, in relation to age at loss and gender of both child and parent. METHODS: In this register-based study, a national cohort born in Sweden during 1973-1982 (n = 862,554) was followed with regard to hospital admissions and outpatient care for depression during 2006-2013. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the impact of parental death, taking sociodemographic and parental psychosocial covariates into account. RESULTS: Maternal death from natural causes was associated with a hazard ratio (HR) of outpatient care for depression of 1.19 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.02-1.40] in men and 1.15 (1.01-1.31) in women, after adjustment for sociodemographic confounders, with similar effect sizes for paternal natural death. Death from external causes consistently had higher effect size compared with natural deaths, in particular in relation to risk of hospital admissions for depression where they were as high as HR 3.23 (2.38-4.38) for men, and 1.79 (1.30-2.47) for women after a loss of a mother. Losing a parent in preschool age, compared with losing a parent as a teenager, was associated with higher risks of both hospitalization (p = .006) and outpatient care (p = .001) for depression. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that parental loss to death from natural causes during childhood is associated with a small increased risk of long-term consequences for psychological health. Children who lose their parents to death from external causes, that is suicides, accidents or homicides, and children losing a parent in young ages are, however, at particular risk and should be given priority in preventive interventions after parental loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia
Transtorno Depressivo/etiologia
Morte Parental/estatística & dados numéricos
Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Suécia/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160410
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12560


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[PMID]:27050036
[Au] Autor:Hollingshaus MS; Coon H; Crowell SE; Gray DD; Hanson HA; Pimentel R; Smith KR
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Sociology , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.
[Ti] Título:Differential Vulnerability to Early-Life Parental Death: The Moderating Effects of Family Suicide History on Risks for Major Depression and Substance Abuse in Later Life.
[So] Source:Biodemography Soc Biol;62(1):105-25, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1948-5573
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Only a portion of those individuals exposed to parental death in early life (PDE) develop behavioral health disorders. We utilized demographic pedigree data from the Utah Population Database to test for differential vulnerability to PDE by creating a risk score of familial susceptibility to suicide (FS) at the population level. Using logistic panel regression models, we tested for multiplicative interactions between PDE and FS on the risks of major depressive disorder (MDD) and substance abuse (SA), measured using Medicare claims, after age 65. The final sample included 155,983 individuals (born 1886-1944), yielding 1,431,060 person-years at risk (1992-2009). Net of several potential confounders, including probability of survival to age 65, we found an FS × PDE interaction for females, in which PDE and FS as main effects had no impact but jointly increased MDD risk. No statistically significant main or interactive effects were found for SA among females or for either phenotype among males. Our findings are consistent with a differential vulnerability model for MDD in females, in which early-life stress increases the risk for poor behavioral health only among the vulnerable. Furthermore, we demonstrate how demographic and pedigree data might serve as tools for investigating differential vulnerability hypotheses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia
Morte Parental/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
Suicídio/psicologia
Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Bases de Dados Factuais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Fatores Sexuais
Análise de Sobrevida
Utah
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170412
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170412
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160407
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/19485565.2016.1138395


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[PMID]:26932156
[Au] Autor:Rostila M; Berg L; Arat A; Vinnerljung B; Hjern A
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Sveavägen 160, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden. mikael.rostila@chess.su.se.
[Ti] Título:Parental death in childhood and self-inflicted injuries in young adults-a national cohort study from Sweden.
[So] Source:Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry;25(10):1103-11, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1435-165X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous studies have shown that parental death influences health and mortality in bereaved offspring. To date, few studies have examined whether exposure to parental bereavement in childhood is associated with suicidality later in life. The aim of the present research was to investigate whether parental death during childhood influences self-inflicted injuries/poisoning in young adulthood. A national cohort born during 1973-1982 (N = 871,402) was followed prospectively in the National Patient Discharge Register from age 18 to 31-40 years. Cox regression analyses of proportional hazards, with adjustment for socio-demographic confounders and parental psychosocial covariates, were used to test hypotheses regarding parental loss and hospital admission due to self-inflicted injuries/poisoning. Parental deaths were divided into deaths caused by (1) external causes/substance abuse and (2) natural causes. Persons who had lost a parent to an external cause/substance abuse-related death had the highest risk of being admitted to a hospital for a self-inflicted injury/poisoning; HRs 2.03 (1.67-2.46) for maternal death and 2.03 (1.84-2.25) for paternal death, after adjustment for socio-demographic confounders and risk factors among surviving parents. Risks were also increased for parental death due to natural causes, but at a lower level: 1.19 (1.01-1.39) and 1.28 (1.15-1.43), respectively. Losing a father before school age was associated with a higher risk of hospital admission for a self-inflicted injury/poisoning than was loss at an older age for both genders. Maternal loss before school age was associated with a higher risk only for men, particularly maternal death by natural causes (p < 0.01).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Luto
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Morte Parental/psicologia
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Causas de Morte
Estudos de Coortes
Família
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Suécia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00787-016-0833-6


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[PMID]:26340883
[Au] Autor:Williams LD; Aber JL
[Ad] Endereço:New York University, 246 Greene Street, Room 415E, New York, NY, 10003, USA. leslie.williams@nyu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Testing for Plausibly Causal Links Between Parental Bereavement and Child Socio-Emotional and Academic Outcomes: A Propensity-Score Matching Model.
[So] Source:J Abnorm Child Psychol;44(4):705-18, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2835
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The extant literature on parentally bereaved children has focused almost exclusively on the presence of negative mental health and socio-emotional outcomes among these children. However, findings from this literature have been equivocal. While some authors have found support for the presence of higher levels of internalizing and externalizing problems or mental health problems among this population, others have not found such a relationship. Additionally, study designs in this body of literature have limited both the internal and external validity of the research on parentally bereaved children. The present study seeks to address these issues of internal and external validity by utilizing propensity-score matching analyses to make plausibly causal inferences about the relationship between bereavement and internalizing and externalizing problems among children from a nearly nationally representative sample. This study also extends examination of the influence of parental bereavement to other domains of child development: namely, to academic outcomes. Findings suggest a lack of support for causal relationships between parental bereavement and either socio-emotional or academic outcomes among U.S. children. The plausibility of assumptions necessary to draw causal inferences is discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Luto
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Morte Parental/psicologia
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Emoções/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Psicológicos
Pontuação de Propensão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150906
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10802-015-0069-9



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