Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C23.888.144.243.963.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 451 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 46 ir para página                         

  1 / 451 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Texto completo
[PMID]:28387447
[Au] Autor:Payne C; Wiffen PJ; Martin S
[Ad] Endereço:All Ireland Institute of Hospice and Palliative Care, School of Health Sciences, University of Ulster, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK.
[Ti] Título:WITHDRAWN: Interventions for fatigue and weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness.
[So] Source:Cochrane Database Syst Rev;4:CD008427, 2017 04 07.
[Is] ISSN:1469-493X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) for all systematic reviews evaluating any interventions for the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness (The Cochrane Library 2010, Issue 8). We reviewed titles of interest by abstract. Where the relevance of a review remained unclear we reached a consensus regarding the relevance of the participant group and the outcome measures to the overview. Two overview authors extracted the data independently using a data extraction form. We used the measurement tool AMSTAR (Assessment of Multiple SysTemAtic Reviews) to assess the methodological quality of each systematic review. MAIN RESULTS: We included 27 systematic reviews (302 studies with 31,833 participants) in the overview. None of the included systematic reviews reported quantitative data on the efficacy of interventions to manage fatigue or weight loss specific to people with advanced progressive illness. All of the included reviews apart from one were deemed of high methodological quality. For the remaining review we were unable to ascertain the methodological quality of the research strategy as it was described. None of the systematic reviews adequately described whether conflict of interests were present within the included studies. Management of fatigueAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease (ALS/MND) - we identified one systematic review (two studies and 52 participants); the intervention was exercise.Cancer - we identified five systematic reviews (116 studies with 17,342 participants); the pharmacological interventions were eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and any drug therapy for the management of cancer-related fatigue and the non pharmacological interventions were exercise, interventions by breast care nurses and psychosocial interventions.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - we identified three systematic reviews (59 studies and 4048 participants); the interventions were self management education programmes, nutritional support and pulmonary rehabilitation.Cystic fibrosis - we identified one systematic review (nine studies and 833 participants); the intervention was physical training.Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) - we identified two systematic reviews (21 studies and 748 participants); the interventions were progressive resistive exercise and aerobic exercise.Multiple sclerosis (MS) - we identified five systematic reviews (23 studies and 1502 participants); the pharmacological interventions were amantadine and carnitine. The non pharmacological interventions were diet, exercise and occupational therapy.Mixed conditions in advanced stages of illness - we identified one systematic review (five studies and 453 participants); the intervention was medically assisted hydration. Management of weight lossALS/MND - we identified one systematic review but no studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review; the intervention was enteral tube feeding.Cancer - we identified three systematic reviews with a fourth systematic review also containing extractable data on cancer (66 studies and 5601 participants); the pharmacological interventions were megestrol acetate and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (this systematic review is also included in the cancer fatigue section above). The non pharmacological interventions were enteral tube feeding and non invasive interventions for patients with lung cancer.COPD - we identified one systematic review (59 studies and 4048 participants); the intervention was nutritional support. This systematic review is also included in the COPD fatigue section.Cystic fibrosis - we identified two systematic reviews (three studies and 131 participants); the interventions were enteral tube feeding and oral calorie supplements.HIV/AIDS - we identified four systematic reviews (42 studies and 2071 participants); the pharmacological intervention was anabolic steroids. The non pharmacological interventions were nutritional interventions, progressive resistive exercise and aerobic exercise. Both of the systematic reviews on exercise interventions were also included in the HIV/AIDS fatigue section.MS - we found no systematic reviews which considered interventions to manage unintentional weight loss for people with a clinical diagnosis of multiple sclerosis at any stage of illness.Mixed conditions in advanced stages of illness - we identified two systematic reviews (32 studies and 4826 participants); the interventions were megestrol acetate and medically assisted nutrition. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is a lack of robust evidence for interventions to manage fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in the advanced stage of progressive illnesses such as advanced cancer, heart failure, lung failure, cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, Parkinson's disease, dementia and AIDS. The evidence contained within this overview provides some insight into interventions which may prove of benefit within this population such as exercise, some pharmacological treatments and support for self management.Researchers could improve the methodological quality of future studies by blinding of outcome assessors. Adopting uniform reporting mechanisms for fatigue and weight loss outcome measures would also allow the opportunity for meta-analysis of small studies.Researchers could also improve the applicability of recommendations for interventions to manage fatigue and unintentional weight loss in advanced progressive illness by including subgroup analysis of this population within systematic reviews of applicable interventions.More research is required to ascertain the best interventions to manage fatigue and/or weight loss in advanced illness. There is a need for standardised reporting of these symptoms and agreement amongst researchers of the minimum duration of studies and minimum percentage change in symptom experience that proves the benefits of an intervention. There are, however, challenges in providing meaningful outcome measurements against a background of deteriorating health through disease progression. Interventions to manage these symptoms must also be mindful of the impact on quality of life and should be focused on patient-orientated rather than purely disease-orientated experiences for patients. Systematic reviews and primary intervention studies should include the impact of the interventions on standardised validated quality of life measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emaciação/terapia
Fadiga/terapia
Perda de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações
Fibrose Cística/complicações
Progressão da Doença
Emaciação/etiologia
Fadiga/etiologia
Infecções por HIV/complicações
Seres Humanos
Esclerose Múltipla/complicações
Neoplasias/complicações
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações
Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD008427.pub3


  2 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28119248
[Au] Autor:Rogstad TW; Sonne C; Villanger GD; Ahlstøm Ø; Fuglei E; Muir DC; Jørgensen E; Jenssen BM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Concentrations of vitamin A, E, thyroid and testosterone hormones in blood plasma and tissues from emaciated adult male Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) dietary exposed to persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
[So] Source:Environ Res;154:284-290, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships and effects of oral POP exposure on retinol (vitamin A), α-tocopherol (vitamin E), thyroid hormones and testosterone in emaciated adult farmed Arctic foxes. Eight brother-pairs were exposed to either a diet containing naturally POP-contaminated minke whale blubber (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) (n=8), or a control diet containing pig (Sus scrofa) fat as the primary fat source (n=8) for 22 months. In the whale blubber containing feed the ∑POPs concentration was 802ng/g w.w. and it was 24ng/g w.w. in control feed. The liver mass was significantly higher and the ratio of FT4 (free thyroxine):FT3 (free triiodothyronine) was significantly lower in the POP exposed group as compared to the control group given feed with pig fat (both p<0.05). The exposed group revealed lower plasma and liver concentrations of α-tocopherol compared to the control group (both p<0.05). These results indicate that plasma FT4:FT3 ratio and plasma and liver α-tocopherol are valuable biomarker endpoints for chronic oral POP exposure in wild Arctic foxes. Based on this we suggest that plasma FT4:FT3 ratio and plasma and liver α-tocopherol are valuable biomarker endpoints for chronic POP exposure in wildlife Arctic foxes and that these perturbations may affect their health status.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/efeitos adversos
Fígado/química
Bifenilos Policlorados/efeitos adversos
Testosterona/sangue
Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue
Vitamina A/sangue
Vitamina E/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tecido Adiposo/química
Animais
Animais Selvagens/sangue
Regiões Árticas
Biomarcadores/sangue
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Emaciação/induzido quimicamente
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
Raposas/sangue
Masculino
Bifenilos Policlorados/análise
Suínos
Baleias
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Thyroid Hormones); 11103-57-4 (Vitamin A); 1406-18-4 (Vitamin E); 3XMK78S47O (Testosterone); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170509
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170509
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26967137
[Au] Autor:Chinn SM; Miller MA; Tinker MT; Staedler MM; Batac FI; Dodd EM; Henkel LA
[Ad] Endereço:1 Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center, California Department of Fish and Wildlife-Office of Spill Prevention and Response, 1451 Shaffer Road, Santa Cruz, California 95060, USA.
[Ti] Título:THE HIGH COST OF MOTHERHOOD: END-LACTATION SYNDROME IN SOUTHERN SEA OTTERS (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS) ON THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA COAST, USA.
[So] Source:J Wildl Dis;52(2):307-18, 2016 04 28.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3700
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sea otters ( Enhydra lutris ) have exceptionally high energetic requirements, which nearly double during lactation and pup care. Thus, females are extremely vulnerable to caloric insufficiency. Despite a number of compensatory strategies, the metabolic challenge of reproduction culminates in numerous maternal deaths annually. Massive depletion of energy reserves results in a case presentation that we define as end-lactation syndrome (ELS), characterized by moderate to severe emaciation not attributable to a concurrent, independent disease process in females dying during late pup care or postweaning. We compiled detailed data for 108 adult female southern sea otters ( Enhydra lutris nereis) examined postmortem that stranded in California, US, 2005-12, and assessed pathology, reproductive status, and the location and timing of stranding. We introduce simple, grossly apparent, standardized physical criteria to assess reproductive stage for female sea otters. We also describe ELS, examine associated risk factors, and highlight female life history strategies that likely optimize reproduction and survival. Our data suggest that females can reset both the timing and energetic demands of reproduction through fetal loss, pup abandonment, or early weaning as part of specific physiologic checkpoints during each reproductive cycle. Females appear to preload nutritionally during delayed implantation and gestation to increase fitness and reproductive success. We found that ELS was a major cause of death, affecting 56% of enrolled adult females. Peak ELS prevalence occurred in late spring, possibly reflecting the population trend toward fall/winter pupping. Increasing age and number of pregnancies were associated with a higher risk of ELS. Although the proportion of ELS females was highest in areas with dense sea otter populations, cases were recovered throughout the range, suggesting that death from ELS is associated with, but not solely caused by, population resource limitation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia
Lactação/fisiologia
Lontras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
California
Emaciação
Feminino
Lontras/fisiologia
Reprodução/fisiologia
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7589/2015-06-158


  4 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26953921
[Au] Autor:Swerczek TW
[Ti] Título:Abortions in Thoroughbred mares associated with consumption of bulbosus buttercups (Ranunculus bulbosus L).
[So] Source:J Am Vet Med Assoc;248(6):669-72, 2016 Mar 15.
[Is] ISSN:1943-569X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CASE DESCRIPTION: Unexplained clinical signs of weight loss and emaciation were reported in a herd of Thoroughbred horses grazing spring pastures on a central Kentucky farm, even though supplemental grain and hay were provided. CLINICAL FINDINGS: A buttercup plant, Ranunculus bulbosus L, was abundantly present in all pastures and paddocks on the farm. All horses, especially lactating mares and their foals, had mild to severe weight loss as assessed by body condition. Seven mares on the farm had been confirmed pregnant between 30 and 45 days of gestation, but were later found to have aborted. Two 2-year-old fillies developed severe diarrhea, incoordination, recumbency, and paralysis and were euthanized. Necropsy of these horses revealed ulcers and erosions in the stomach and large intestine. The findings were considered consistent with buttercup toxicosis. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME: The horses were moved from the buttercup-infested pastures to a farm free of the weed. All horses made an uneventful recovery, and clinical signs resolved after the horses were transferred to buttercup-free pastures. Mares that had aborted conceived successfully in the next breeding season. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The buttercup plant is toxic for all classes of livestock. The clinical signs associated with buttercup toxicosis may mimic other disease syndromes affecting the gastrointestinal tract of herbivores. On-farm epidemiological investigations are an essential part of the diagnosis of this condition. Consumption of buttercups has previously been associated with abortions in cattle, but to the author's knowledge, this has not previously been described in horses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aborto Animal/etiologia
Doenças dos Cavalos/etiologia
Intoxicação por Plantas/veterinária
Ranunculus/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Emaciação/etiologia
Emaciação/veterinária
Feminino
Cavalos
Intoxicação por Plantas/complicações
Gravidez
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160309
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2460/javma.248.6.669


  5 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26724267
[Au] Autor:Collier ZA; Gust KA; Gonzalez-Morales B; Gong P; Wilbanks MS; Linkov I; Perkins EJ
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Laboratory, US Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Vicksburg, MS, USA. Electronic address: zac4nf@virginia.edu.
[Ti] Título:A weight of evidence assessment approach for adverse outcome pathways.
[So] Source:Regul Toxicol Pharmacol;75:46-57, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0295
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The adverse outcome pathway (AOP) is a framework to mechanistically link molecular initiating events to adverse biological outcomes. From a regulatory perspective, it is of crucial importance to determine the confidence for the AOP in question as well as the quality of data available in supporting this evaluation. A weight of evidence approach has been proposed for this task, but many of the existing frameworks for weight of evidence evaluation are qualitative and there is not clear guidance regarding how weight of evidence should be calculated for an AOP. In this paper we advocate the use of a subject matter expertise driven approach for weight of evidence evaluation based on criteria and metrics related to data quality and the strength of causal linkages between key events. As a demonstration, we notionally determine weight of evidence scores for two AOPs: Non-competitive ionotropic GABA receptor antagonism leading to epileptic seizures, and Antagonist-binding and stabilization of a co-repressor to the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) signaling complex ultimately causing starvation-like weight loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Emaciação/induzido quimicamente
Epilepsia/induzido quimicamente
Antagonistas GABAérgicos/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Moduladores de Transporte de Membrana/efeitos adversos
PPAR alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
Medição de Risco
Perda de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (GABA Antagonists); 0 (Membrane Transport Modulators); 0 (PPAR alpha)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160103
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:26454930
[Au] Autor:Shelepov AM; Kryuchkov OA
[Ti] Título:[Organization of medical support for troops, defending Leningrad and the people of the blockaded city].
[So] Source:Voen Med Zh;336(3):63-8, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0026-9050
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The data on the composition of forces of medical services and organization of medical-evacuation support for troops defending the blockaded Leningrad are presented. The information about the health losses among the population of Leningrad as a result of bombing, shelling and disease is given. Extremely high rates of morbidity and mortality in residents were associated with hunger, hypothermia and emotional stress. The clinical picture of some diseases has different peculiarities because of alimentary dystrophy background. The city health service suffered huge losses: 482 medical institutions were destroyed, only about 300 people from 1.5 thousand of medical personnel in 1942 saved working capability. The health care service of the local air defense played an essential role in delivery of medical aid. The contribution of civil and military health workers in saving residents lives in the blockaded Leningrad was appreciated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/história
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Medicina Militar/história
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
II Guerra Mundial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Emaciação/história
Emaciação/mortalidade
Emaciação/terapia
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Militares/história
Inanição/história
Inanição/mortalidade
Inanição/terapia
Transporte de Pacientes/história
Transporte de Pacientes/organização & administração
U.R.S.S.
Ferimentos e Lesões/história
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151013
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26313853
[Au] Autor:Dhannawat SS; Rao AA; Brodsky MC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
[Ti] Título:Nystagmus in an Emaciated Infant.
[So] Source:JAMA Ophthalmol;133(11):1349-50, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6173
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emaciação/complicações
Glioma/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Hipotalâmicas/diagnóstico
Nistagmo Patológico/diagnóstico
Quiasma Óptico/patologia
Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
Carboplatina/administração & dosagem
Glioma/tratamento farmacológico
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias Hipotalâmicas/tratamento farmacológico
Lactente
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Neoplasias do Nervo Óptico/tratamento farmacológico
Vincristina/administração & dosagem
Acuidade Visual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
5J49Q6B70F (Vincristine); BG3F62OND5 (Carboplatin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150828
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.1940


  8 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26161721
[Au] Autor:Work TM; Dagenais J; Rameyer R; Breeden R
[Ad] Endereço:1 US Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, Honolulu Field Station, PO Box 50187, Honolulu, Hawaii 96850, USA.
[Ti] Título:MORTALITY PATTERNS IN ENDANGERED HAWAIIAN GEESE (NENE; BRANTA SANDVICENSIS).
[So] Source:J Wildl Dis;51(3):688-95, 2015 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3700
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Understanding causes of death can aid management and recovery of endangered bird populations. Toward those ends, we systematically examined 300 carcasses of endangered Hawaiian Geese (Nene; Branta sandvicensis) from Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, and Kauai between 1992 and 2013. The most common cause of death was emaciation, followed by trauma (vehicular strikes and predation), and infectious/inflammatory diseases of which toxoplasmosis (infection with Toxoplasma gondii) predominated. Toxicoses were less common and were dominated by lead poisoning or botulism. For captive birds, inflammatory conditions predominated, whereas emaciation, trauma, and inflammation were common in free-ranging birds. Mortality patterns were similar for males and females. Trauma predominated for adults, whereas emaciation was more common for goslings. Causes of death varied among islands, with trauma dominating on Molokai, emaciation and inflammation on Kauai, emaciation on Hawaii, and inflammation and trauma on Maui. Understanding habitat or genetic-related factors that predispose Nene (particularly goslings) to emaciation might reduce the impact of this finding. In addition, trauma and infection with T. gondii are human-related problems that may be attenuated if effectively managed (e.g., road signs, enforcement of speed limits, feral cat [Felis catus] control). Such management actions might serve to enhance recovery of this endangered species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies em Perigo de Extinção/estatística & dados numéricos
Gansos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças das Aves/mortalidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecossistema
Emaciação/mortalidade
Emaciação/veterinária
Feminino
Gansos/lesões
Hawaii
Masculino
Mortalidade
Toxoplasmose Animal/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150711
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150711
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7589/2014-11-256


  9 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:25748290
[Au] Autor:Kanchan T; Wasti H; Acharya J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore (A constituent College of Manipal University), India.
[Ti] Título:Gastro-intestinal ascariasis--an unusual autopsy case report.
[So] Source:Med Leg J;83(3):139-41, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:2042-1834
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ascaris lumbricoides or roundworms' propensity to produce large number of eggs that are resistant to extremes of environmental conditions have made them one of the highly prevalent and geographically well distributed nematodes among poor socio-economic regions throughout the world. We present an unusual case of fatal gastro-intestinal ascariasis where general neglect, and firm and prolonged reliance on traditional healing methods led to aggregation of roundworms to such an extent that otherwise seems improbable in modern times and, hence, is worth reporting.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anemia/etiologia
Ascaríase/patologia
Enteropatias Parasitárias/patologia
Gastropatias/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Emaciação/patologia
Evolução Fatal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Medicina Tradicional
Meia-Idade
Estômago/parasitologia
Estômago/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150923
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150923
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0025817215573172


  10 / 451 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PubMed Central Texto completo
[PMID]:25733786
[Au] Autor:Tigga PL; Sen J; Mondal N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.
[Ti] Título:Association of some socio-economic and socio-demographic variables with wasting among pre-school children of North Bengal, India.
[So] Source:Ethiop J Health Sci;25(1):63-72, 2015 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2413-7170
[Cp] País de publicação:Ethiopia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is a global public health problem that causes premature morbidity and ill-health conditions and has long-lasting physiological effects in children. The present study assesses the prevalence of wasting [low mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC)-for-age] among children and to determine the association of wasting with different socio-economic and socio-demographic variables. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 1222 pre-school children (boys: 589; girls: 633), aged 1-5 years, in Darjeeling district, North Bengal, India, using multistage stratified random sampling method. The MUAC was measured using the standard anthropometric procedure. Low MUAC-for-age was assessed by comparing with a standard age-sex-specific reference population (WHO, 1995). Children with MUAC value were found to be the z-scores <-3SD, and <-2 SD were considered to be severely and moderately wasted, respectively. The socio-economic and socio-demographic variables were recorded using structured schedule methods. The data were statistically analyzed based on descriptive statistics, chi-square analysis and logistic regression using SPSS (version, 17.0). RESULTS: The age-specific mean MUAC ranged from 126.1-142.5 mm (boys) and 126.9-136.4 mm (girls). The prevalence of wasting was very high (boys: 62.3%; girls: 63.3%) (p>0.05). The logistic regression analysis observed that age, gender, birth order, area (rural), maternal education, household income and mothers' age were significantly associated with the prevalence of wasting (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Using MUAC-for-age, a high prevalence of wasting was observed among the children. Birth order, maternal education and maternal occupation were important determinants of wasting. There is an urgent requirement of nutritional intervention programmes to ameliorate the nutritional status of the children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emaciação/epidemiologia
Desnutrição/epidemiologia
Síndrome de Emaciação/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Braço
Ordem de Nascimento
Tamanho Corporal
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Escolaridade
Emaciação/diagnóstico
Emaciação/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Renda
Índia/epidemiologia
Lactente
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Desnutrição/complicações
Mães
Prevalência
População Rural
Fatores Sexuais
Síndrome de Emaciação/diagnóstico
Síndrome de Emaciação/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150304
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 46 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde