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[PMID]:28499128
[Au] Autor:Zarrintab M; Mirzaei R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Sciences, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran. Electronic address: m.zarrintab@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Stress induced by heavy metals on breeding of magpie (Pica pica) from central Iran.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;143:28-37, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to address the impacts of some heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cu) contamination on laying behavior, egg quality and breeding performance of Pica pica in north of Isfahan Province, Iran. During the breeding season of 2013, magpie's egg content and eggshell as well as nestling excrements and feathers were collected and total concentrations of heavy metals were measured by ICP-OES. Except for Zn in nestling feathers, the significantly higher concentrations of heavy metals were observed in nestling excrements than other samples. Also, comparison of heavy metals concentrations in egg content and eggshell showed that egg content had significantly higher concentrations of Zn and Pb, instead eggshell had significantly higher amount of Cu and Cd. Except for Cu, all heavy metals concentrations in eggshell had a negative relationship with morphological characters; and also concentration of Cu in egg content showed a significantly negative correlation with egg weight and volume. The most of heavy metals in nestling feathers and excrements had strongly positive correlations with each other. Also all heavy metals levels in eggshell and egg content had significantly positive correlations (except for Cu). Unhatched eggs had significantly lower weight but also greater levels of Zn, Cd, and Pb, than randomly collected eggs. No significant differences were observed for morphometric measurements of eggs between different sites, however, a decreased gradient was observed in egg volume toward the brick kiln site. Samples collected in brick kiln site accumulated higher concentrations of heavy metals than other sites. Although numbers of clutch size in brick kiln site were significantly higher than other sites, however, other breeding variable were lower than other sites. It can be suggested that ecosystem contamination may be caused to decrease the reproduction rate of Pica pica in brick kiln, probably by laying more poor quality eggs per clutch and nestling mortality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Metais Pesados/toxicidade
Passeriformes/metabolismo
Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos
Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tamanho da Ninhada/efeitos dos fármacos
Ecossistema
Casca de Ovo/química
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
Plumas/química
Irã (Geográfico)
Metais Pesados/análise
Óvulo/química
Passeriformes/fisiologia
Pica
Distribuição Aleatória
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Metals, Heavy)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170513
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28376581
[Au] Autor:Ardeshirian KA; Howarth DA
[Ti] Título:Esperance pica study.
[So] Source:Aust Fam Physician;46(4):243-248, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0300-8495
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Pica, the eating of non-foods, occurs particularly in children and pregnant women. It has been observed in communities all over the world. Pica is associated with iron deficiency and, in some environments, lead poisoning. This is the first time a study has assessed the prevalence of pica in Australia. METHODS: The study assessed the prevalence of pica in an Australian rural community, using a questionnaire given to parents of 223 children aged 2-10 years attending the five general practice surgeries in the shire. RESULTS: The prevalence of non-ice pica in the study group was 9.4%, and 3.6% of this group ate soil. DISCUSSION: The presence of pica should alert the treating clinician to consider iron deficiency and, in the case of polluted environments, lead exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anemia Ferropriva/terapia
Pica/etiologia
Pica/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Anemia Ferropriva/complicações
Anemia Ferropriva/fisiopatologia
Austrália/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pica/epidemiologia
Gravidez
Prevalência
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Solo
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28342960
[Au] Autor:Gundacker C; Kutalek R; Glaunach R; Deweis C; Hengstschläger M; Prinz A
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Medical Genetics, Center of Pathobiochemistry and Genetics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Geophagy during pregnancy: Is there a health risk for infants?
[So] Source:Environ Res;156:145-147, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prenatal lead exposure is a public health concern. Geophagy, the practice of soil eating, is documented for pregnant women of sub-Saharan Africa to treat pregnancy-related malaise. The soils however can contain substantial amounts of lead. In an exploratory study on 48 mother-child pairs in the Democratic Republic of Congo, we found striking site-specific differences in prenatal lead exposure, i.e., higher lead levels at Kisangani than at Isiro. Kisangani women consumed 1/ more often soil during the first trimester of pregnancy as well as 2/ a different type of soil compared to Isiro women (P<0.05). We conclude geophagy may be a potential source of prenatal lead exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sangue Fetal/química
Chumbo/sangue
Exposição Materna
Pica/epidemiologia
Poluentes do Solo/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Meia-Idade
Pica/sangue
Pica/etiologia
Gravidez
Prevalência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil Pollutants); 2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170327
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28303393
[Au] Autor:Castro J; Molina-Morales M; Leverkus AB; Martínez-Baroja L; Pérez-Camacho L; Villar-Salvador P; Rebollo S; Rey-Benayas JM
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada, E-18071, Granada, Spain. jorge@ugr.es.
[Ti] Título:Effective nut dispersal by magpies (Pica pica L.) in a Mediterranean agroecosystem.
[So] Source:Oecologia;184(1):183-192, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1939
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Scatter-hoarding animals such as corvids play a crucial role in the dispersal of nut-producing tree species. This interaction is well known for some corvids, but remains elusive for other species such as the magpie (Pica pica), an abundant corvid in agroecosystems and open landscapes of the Palearctic region. In addition, the establishment of the individual dispersed seeds-a prerequisite for determining seed-dispersal effectiveness-has never before been documented for the interaction between corvids and nut-producing trees. We analyzed walnut dispersal by magpies in an agroecosystem in southern Spain. We used several complementary approaches, including video recording nut removal from feeders, measuring dispersal distance using radio tracking (with radio transmitters placed inside nuts), and monitoring the fate of dispersed nuts to the time of seedling emergence. Magpies were shown to be highly active nut dispersers. The dispersal distance averaged 39.6 ± 4.5 m and ranged from 4.1 to 158.5 m. Some 90% of the removed walnuts were cached later, and most of these (98%) were buried in the soil or hidden under plant material. By the time of seedling emergence, ca. 33% of nuts remained at the caching location. Finally, 12% of the cached nuts germinated and 4% yielded an emerged seedling, facilitating the transition to the next regeneration stage. The results demonstrate for the first time that magpies can be an effective scatter-hoarding disperser of a nut-producing tree species, suggesting that this bird species may play a key role in the regeneration and expansion of broadleaf forests in Eurasia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nozes
Pica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Alimentar
Roedores
Dispersão de Sementes
Sementes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170318
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00442-017-3848-x


  5 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28164344
[Au] Autor:Chansky MC; King MR; Bialkowski W; Bryant BJ; Kiss JE; D'Andrea P; Cable RG; Spencer BR; Mast AE
[Ad] Endereço:Westat, Rockville, Maryland.
[Ti] Título:Qualitative assessment of pica experienced by frequent blood donors.
[So] Source:Transfusion;57(4):946-951, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Pica, the compulsive consumption of ice or other nonnutritious substances, is associated with iron deficiency, a common negative consequence of frequent blood donation. Because of this, blood donors, such as those participating in the Strategies to Reduce Iron Deficiency (STRIDE) study, are an ideal population to explore pica and iron deficiency. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: STRIDE was a 2-year intervention trial to assess the effectiveness of iron supplementation for mitigating iron deficiency in frequent blood donors. Subjects completed baseline and follow-up questionnaires that included questions about pica symptoms. In-depth telephone interviews were conducted with 14 of these subjects reporting pica symptoms and eight presumed controls (casual ice chewers) to gain a deeper understanding of pica symptoms and their impact on daily life and to make a final determination on the presence of pica. RESULTS: Pica was confirmed in five of the 14 subjects reporting symptoms and in two of eight controls. Outcome misclassification based on the questionnaire was attributed to inadequate assessment of several pica symptoms identified during the interview. Comparison of subjects' repeated quantitative iron measurements taken throughout STRIDE with subjects' final adjudicated pica status revealed a positive relationship between development of pica and worsening iron status; the opposite was found in those whose pica symptoms resolved. CONCLUSION: Continued refinement of pica symptom questions will allow for rapid and accurate detection of pica in frequent blood donors and confirmation of successful treatment with iron supplements.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doadores de Sangue
Suplementos Nutricionais
Ferro/administração & dosagem
Pica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gelo
Ferro/sangue
Masculino
Pica/sangue
Pica/tratamento farmacológico
Pica/epidemiologia
Pica/etiologia
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ice); E1UOL152H7 (Iron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170621
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170621
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/trf.13981


  6 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28068725
[Au] Autor:Nissen M; Sander V; Vahdad MR; Thränhardt R; Tröbs RB
[Ad] Endereço:Pediatric Surgery, St. Mary's Hospital, St. Elisabeth Group, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Herne, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Toothpaste-Ingestion in a 4-Year-Old Girl - A Bagatelle Incident?
[Ti] Título:Zahnpastaingestion bei einem 4-jährigen Mädchen ­ Nur eine Bagatelle?.
[So] Source:Klin Padiatr;229(1):46-47, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1439-3824
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Intoxicação por Flúor/diagnóstico
Intoxicação por Flúor/terapia
Pica/complicações
Cremes Dentais/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cloreto de Cálcio/administração & dosagem
Pré-Escolar
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório
Feminino
Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Soluções Isotônicas/administração & dosagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Isotonic Solutions); 0 (Toothpastes); 8026-10-6 (Ringer's solution); M4I0D6VV5M (Calcium Chloride)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-119710


  7 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27017328
[Au] Autor:Adehossi E; Malam-Abdou B; Andia A; Djibrilla A; Sani Beydou S; Brah S; Daou M; Chiche L
[Ad] Endereço:Service de médecine interne, hôpital national de Niamey, BP 238, Niamey, Niger.
[Ti] Título:[Geophagy associated with severe anemia in non-pregnant women: A case series of 12 patients].
[Ti] Título:Géophagie associée à une anémie sévère chez la femme non gravide : à propos de 12 cas..
[So] Source:Rev Med Interne;38(1):53-55, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1768-3122
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Geophagy or soil eating is mostly described in pregnant women from Sub-Saharan Africa, South America. Here, we report 12 cases of geophagy associated with severe anemia in non-pregnant Nigerian women. RESULTS/CASE REPORTS: The median age at diagnosis was 34.5 years. The socioeconomic level was average for all patients. The median hemoglobin level at admission was 6.9g/dL (3.3-8.6), median corpuscular volume was 78.3fL (63-106) and median serum ferritin was 9.2ng/mL (3.6-11.2). The reasons of this practice were "desire" (5/12) and tradition (4/12). All patients received psychotherapy and supplementation with intravenous iron. CONCLUSION: Geophagy is an underestimated practice in developed countries and in non-pregnant women. It can be the cause of severe iron deficiency and must be discussed in patients with anemia, including non-pregnant patients, and in Africa as well as in migration areas, where the practice can be exported.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anemia/complicações
Pica/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Anemia/epidemiologia
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Pica/epidemiologia
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170802
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170802
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160328
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26817925
[Au] Autor:Arhin E; Zango MS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box 24, Navrongo, Ghana. lordarhin@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Determination of trace elements and their concentrations in clay balls: problem of geophagia practice in Ghana.
[So] Source:Environ Geochem Health;39(1):1-14, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2983
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ten samples of 100 g weight were subsampled from 1400 g of the clay balls from which the contained trace element levels were determined by X-ray fluorescence technique. The results of trace elements in the clay balls were calibrated using certified reference materials "MAJMON" and "BH-1." The results showed elevated concentrations but with different concentration levels in the regions, particularly with arsenic, chromium, cobalt, Cs, Zr and La. These trace elements contained in the clay balls are known to be hazardous to human health. Thence the relatively high concentrations of these listed trace elements in clay balls in the three regions, namely Ashanti, Upper East and Volta, which are widely sold in markets in Ghana, could present negative health impact on consumers if consumed at 70 g per day or more and on regular basis. On the basis of these, the study concludes an investigation to establish breakeven range for trace element concentrations in the clay balls as it has been able to demonstrate the uneven and elevated values in them. The standardized safe ranges of trace elements will make the practice safer for the people that ingest clay balls in Ghana.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Silicatos de Alumínio/química
Pica
Oligoelementos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Gana
Espectrometria por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aluminum Silicates); 0 (Trace Elements); 1302-87-0 (clay)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10653-016-9801-9


  9 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28154671
[Au] Autor:Jouhadi Z; Bensabbahia D; Chafiq F; Oukkache B; Guebessi NB; Abdellah EA; Najib J
[Ad] Endereço:Pediatric Infectious Diseases Children's Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco.
[Ti] Título:Lead poisoning in children: a case report.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;24:316, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lead colic is a rare cause of abdominal pain. The diagnosis of lead poisoning is most often mentioned in at risk populations (children, psychotic). We report the case of a 2 year old child that was presented for acute abdomen. Abdominal plain radiograph showed multiple intra-colonic metallic particles and suggested lead poisoning diagnosis. Anamnesis found a notion of pica and consumption of peeling paint. Elevated blood lead levels (BLL) confirmed the diagnosis. The lead poisoning is a public health problem especially in children, but its manifestation by a lead colic is rare and could simulate an acute abdomen table.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abdome Agudo/diagnóstico
Cólica/induzido quimicamente
Intoxicação por Chumbo/diagnóstico
Pica/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dor Abdominal/etiologia
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Chumbo/sangue
Intoxicação por Chumbo/etiologia
Masculino
Pintura/efeitos adversos
Radiografia Abdominal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170204
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2016.24.316.10352


  10 / 1060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27969077
[Au] Autor:Kumar Bn A; Kumar L N; Thippeswamy J; Rangaswamaiah LN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, Shridevi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Hospital, Sira Road, NH 4, Tumkur 572106, India. Electronic address: anilkbn23@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Trichobezoar (Rapunzel syndrome) in an adolescent patient with Trichotillomania and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: A case report.
[So] Source:Asian J Psychiatr;23:44-45, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2026
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bezoares/etiologia
Pica/complicações
Tricotilomania/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Bezoares/diagnóstico por imagem
Bezoares/cirurgia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161215
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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