Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C24.580 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 7 [refinar]
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  1 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431940
[Au] Autor:Novichkova NI; Kallistov DY; Romanova EA; Sobolevskaya OV; Romanov AI
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic analysis of factors affecting of the occurrence of sleep disorders prevalence rate].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1037-40, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Aim: To evaluate the prevalence rate of sleep disorders in various age and professional groups of the population - residents of different regions of Russia and to estimate the relative role of environmental, work-related and life style factors in their progression. Materials and Methods: 6 groups of the population including more than 2500 adults and children - residents of areas with various levels of environmental pollution were examined with the use of the structured questionnaire. Working conditions of state employees and health care professionals were examined. Statistical analysis including the calculation of odds ratios for sleep disorders was performed Results: Disorders of the sleep maintenance among adults were found in 49% of men and 51% of women in Moscow; 49.3% of men and 26.7% of women in Voronezh. Air pollution and noise levels increased risks of insomnia by 10% and 20% respectively. In the city of Serpukhov (the Moscow Region) 78.7% of girls and 94.1% of boys estimated their sleep as deep and sound; in the Great Novgorod so did 69.2% girls and 66.0% boys. A trend (R=0.97) for the increasing of the prevalence rate of insomnia symptoms among children with the age was revealed. In working populations there was shown the positive correlation between the prevalence rate of sleep disorders and job environment, hardness of the work (r=0.28) and work-related stress (odds ratio = 1.8). Conclusion: Harmful environmental factors, life style, hardness of the work and work related stress are independent risk factors of chronic insomnia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Estilo de Vida
Estresse Ocupacional
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estresse Ocupacional/complicações
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/prevenção & controle
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424988
[Au] Autor:Fedotova IV; Chernikova EF
[Ti] Título:[Stress as an occupational risk factor among policemen of road patrol service].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):617-22, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The hygienic evaluation of occupational factors which characterized working conditions of traffic policemen of road patrol service was performed. The authors found that along with high neuro-emotional occupational stress in traffic policemen, they exposed to unfavorable microclimate, higher level of noise, vibration and their work was classified as heavy. Also, traffic policemen presented subjective complaints about negative impact of polluted air of motorways on their health status. Prevalence of chronic diseases was analyzed in group of 431 traffic policemen. The authors revealed a leading role of the following diseases: musculoskeletal diseases, diseases of connective tissue, digestive diseases, diseases of the nerve system, circulation system; their portion in the morbidity structure was 86.0%. The association of these diseases with occupation was confirmed by the increasing of their incidence with increasing of length of duration of service. Calculation of indices of relative occupational risk showed (that especially important) the increase of the length of service led to the increase in the risk ofpathologies, in which stress played a significant role. In examined group, the authors revealed such diseases as hypertension, autonomous-vascular dystonia, gastric and duodenal ulcer. Risk of the development of these diseases in some age/length of service groups is classified as high and very high. Obtained results provide the evidence that measures aimed to the decrease of the exposure to occupational factors will promote prevention of stress-stipulated diseases among traffic policemen.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estresse Ocupacional
Polícia/psicologia
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/legislação & jurisprudência
Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Adulto
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ruído dos Transportes/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador/normas
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/etiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28449365
[Au] Autor:Lee JH; Lee D; Kim J; Jeon K; Sim M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Duty-Related Trauma Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Professional Firefighters.
[So] Source:J Trauma Stress;30(2):133-141, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al., 2009; Weiss, 2007). A higher score for the composite index, which reflects both multiple PTE and peritraumatic suffering, increased the odds for significant PTSS after adjusting for age, sex, marital status, education, numbers of years worked, childhood trauma, and depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.26, p = .001, Cohen's d = 0.20). Furthermore, indirect (AOR = 1.93, p = .009, Cohen's d = .16) and colleague-related PTE (AOR = 1.97, p = .037, Cohen's d = .16) showed significant associations with PTSS. It is noteworthy that the combination of multiple PTE and peritraumatic suffering was more predictive of PTSS than either factor alone. Our findings also suggest that daily work exposure to indirect PTE may contribute to the occurrence of PTSS among professional firefighters.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bombeiros/psicologia
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jts.22180


  4 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462597
[Au] Autor:Dias RD; Scalabrini Neto A
[Ad] Endereço:a STRATUS Center for Medical Simulation , Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Acute stress in residents during emergency care: a study of personal and situational factors.
[So] Source:Stress;20(3):241-248, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1607-8888
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Providing care for simulated emergency patients may induce considerable acute stress in physicians. However, the acute stress provoked in a real-life emergency room (ER) is not well known. Our aim was to assess acute stress responses in residents during real emergency care and investigate the related personal and situational factors. A cross-sectional observational study was carried out at an emergency department of a tertiary teaching hospital. All second-year internal medicine residents were invited to voluntarily participate in this study. Acute stress markers were assessed at baseline (T1), before residents started their ER shift, and immediately after an emergency situation (T2), using heart rate, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure, salivary α-amylase activity, salivary interleukin-1 ß, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-s and STAI-t). Twenty-four residents were assessed during 40 emergency situations. All stress markers presented a statistically significant increase between T1 and T2. IL-1 ß presented the highest percent increase (141.0%, p < .001), followed by AA (99.0%, p = .002), HR (81.0%, p < .001), DBP (8.0%, p < .001), and SBP (3.0%, p < .001). In the multivariable analysis, time of residency had a negative correlation with HR during the emergency (adjusted R-square = .168; F = 8.69; p = .006), SBP response (adjusted R-square = .210; F = 6.19; p = .005) and DBP response (adjusted R-square = .293; F = 9.09; p = .001). Trait anxiety (STAI-t) was positively correlated with STAI-s (adjusted R-square = .326; F = 19.9; p < .001), and number of procedures performed during emergency care had a positive association with HR response (adjusted R-square = .241; F = 5.02; p = .005). In the present study, emergency care provoked substantial acute stress in residents. Resident experience, trait anxiety, and number of emergency procedures were independently associated with acute stress response.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/fisiopatologia
Pressão Sanguínea
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Frequência Cardíaca
Internato e Residência
Estresse Ocupacional/fisiopatologia
Médicos/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/metabolismo
Ansiedade/psicologia
Estudos Transversais
Emergências
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
Medicina Interna/educação
Masculino
Estresse Ocupacional/metabolismo
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Saliva/química
alfa-Amilases Salivares/metabolismo
Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Interleukin-1beta); EC 3.2.1.1 (Salivary alpha-Amylases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10253890.2017.1325866


  5 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29190836
[Au] Autor:Rakatansky H
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Professor of Medicine Emeritus,The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
[Ti] Título:Addressing patient biases toward physicians.
[So] Source:R I Med J (2013);100(12):11-12, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2327-2228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-12.asp].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Médico-Paciente
Médicos/psicologia
Preconceito
Discriminação Social
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estresse Ocupacional/etnologia
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Relações Médico-Paciente/ética
Preconceito/ética
Preconceito/etnologia
Preconceito/psicologia
Discriminação Social/ética
Discriminação Social/etnologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/etnologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29250540
[Au] Autor:García-Herrero S; Lopez-Garcia JR; Herrera S; Fontaneda I; Báscones SM; Mariscal MA
[Ad] Endereço:Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, Avda. Cantabria s/n, 09006 Burgos, Spain.
[Ti] Título:The Influence of Recognition and Social Support on European Health Professionals' Occupational Stress: A Demands-Control-Social Support-Recognition Bayesian Network Model.
[So] Source:Biomed Res Int;2017:4673047, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2314-6141
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Healthcare professionals undergo high levels of occupational stress as a result of their working conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop a model that focuses on healthcare professionals so as to analyze the influence that job demands, control, social support, and recognition have on the likelihood that a worker will experience stress. The data collected correspond to 2,211 healthcare workers from 35 countries, as reported in the sixth European Working Condition Survey (EWCS). The results obtained from this study allow us to infer stress under several working condition scenarios and to identify the more relevant variables in order to reduce this stress in healthcare professionals, which is of paramount importance to managing the stress of workers in this sector. The Bayesian network proposed indicates that emotional demands have a greater influence on raising the likelihood of stress due to workload than do family demands. The results show that the support of colleagues, in general, has less effect on reducing stress than social support from superiors. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis shows that, in high-demand and low-control situations, recognition clearly impacts stress, drastically reducing it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Modelos Psicológicos
Saúde do Trabalhador
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Recognição (Psicologia)
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Teorema de Bayes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Carga de Trabalho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2017/4673047


  7 / 7 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460863
[Au] Autor:Lauria MJ; Gallo IA; Rush S; Brooks J; Spiegel R; Weingart SD
[Ad] Endereço:Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH. Electronic address: michael.j.lauria.med@dartmouth.edu.
[Ti] Título:Psychological Skills to Improve Emergency Care Providers' Performance Under Stress.
[So] Source:Ann Emerg Med;70(6):884-890, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6760
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Stress experienced by emergency medical providers during the resuscitation of critically ill or injured patients can cause cognitive and technical performance to deteriorate. Psychological skills training offers a reasonable and easily implemented solution to this problem. In this article, a specific set of 4 performance-enhancing psychological skills is introduced: breathe, talk, see, and focus. These skills comprise breathing techniques, positive self-talk, visualization or mental practice, and implementing a focus "trigger word." The evidence supporting these concepts in various domains is reviewed and specific methods for adapting them to the environment of resuscitation and emergency medicine are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica
Serviços Médicos de Emergência
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Ressuscitação/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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