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  1 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29058862
[Ti] Título:It's Time to Stop Using Bite Marks in Forensics, Experts Argue.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(2):68, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas
Odontologia Legal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28380107
[Au] Autor:Barreto Carvalho C; da Motta C; Sousa M; Cabral J
[Ad] Endereço:Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade dos Açores, Ponta Delgada, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Biting myself so I don't bite the dust: prevalence and predictors of deliberate self-harm and suicide ideation in Azorean youths.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):252-262, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: To characterize non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors, methods, and functions as well as suicide ideation in the adolescent population of a Portuguese community in São Miguel Island, Azores. Increasing rates of NSSI behaviors among adolescents have been observed globally, while suicidal behavior has been pointed as a major cause of death during adolescence. Methods:: A sample of 1,763 adolescents, aged 14 to 22, was randomly drawn from public and private schools and administered a set of self-report questionnaires. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to look for specific relationships and predictors of NSSI and suicide ideation in this isolated community. Results:: Approximately 30% of youths reported at least one NSSI behavior, a rate that is twice as high as most studies carried out in mainland Portugal and in other European countries. Biting oneself was the most frequent form of NSSI, and NSSI behaviors served predominantly automatic reinforcement purposes (i.e., regulation of disruptive emotional states). NSSI and suicide ideation encompassed different distal and proximal risk factors. Conclusions:: Exploring and characterizing these phenomena is necessary to provide a better understanding, enhance current conceptualizations, and guide the development of more effective prevention and intervention strategies in youths.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
Ideação Suicida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Açores/epidemiologia
Escala de Avaliação Comportamental/estatística & dados numéricos
Mordeduras Humanas/epidemiologia
Mordeduras Humanas/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Masculino
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Prevalência
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28131012
[Au] Autor:Franco A; Willems G; Souza P; Coucke W; Thevissen P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Health Sciences - Forensic Dentistry, KU Leuven & Dentistry, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium; Department of Dentistry - Stomatology, School of Life Sciences, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil. Electronic address: franco.gat@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Uniqueness of the anterior dentition three-dimensionally assessed for forensic bitemark analysis.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;46:58-65, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The uniqueness of the human dentition (UHD) is an important concept in the comparative process in bitemark analysis. During this analysis, the incisal edges of the suspects' teeth are matched with the bitemarks collected from the victim's body or crime scenes. Despite playing an essential part to exclude suspects, the UHD contained in the involved incisal tooth edges remains an assumption on bitemark level. The present study was aimed, first, to investigate three-dimensionally (3D) the UHD within different quantities of dental material from the incisal edges; second, to test these outcomes in a bidimensional (2D) simulation. Four-hundred forty-five dental casts were collected to compose 4 study groups: I - randomly-selected subjects, II - orthodontically treated subjects, III - twins and IV - orthodontically treated twins. Additionally, 20 dental casts were included to create threshold groups on subjects from whom the dental impressions were taken at 2 different moments (Group V). All the dental casts were digitalized with an automated motion device (XCAD 3D (XCADCAM Technology , São Paulo, SP, Brazil). The digital cast files (DCF) were integrated in Geomagic Studio (3D Systems , Rock Hill, SC, USA) software package (GS) for cropping, automated superimposition and pair-wise comparisons. All the DCF were cropped remaining 3 mm (part 1), 2 mm (part 2) and 1 mm (part 3) from the incisal edges of the anterior teeth. For a 2D validation, slices of 1 mm, not including incisal edges (part 4), were also cropped. These procedures were repeated in Group V, creating specific thresholds for each of the study parts. The 4 study groups were compared with its respective threshold using ANOVA test with statistical significance of 5%. Groups I, II and III did not differ from the corresponding threshold (Group V) in all study parts (p > 0.05). Scientific evidence to support the UHD was not observed in the current study. Bitemark analysis should not be disregarded but considered carefully when the suspects present similar dental alignment and morphology, such as in orthodontically treated subjects and twins, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas/patologia
Modelos Dentários
Dentição
Imagem Tridimensional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Masculino
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170314
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170314
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27924405
[Au] Autor:Reinprecht S; van Staden PJ; Jordaan J; Bernitz H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Biology, School of Dentistry, University of Pretoria, Pretoria. P.O. Box 1266, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa. Suzana.Reinprecht@gauteng.gov.za.
[Ti] Título:An analysis of dental intercanine distance for use in court cases involving bite marks.
[So] Source:Int J Legal Med;131(2):459-464, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1437-1596
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:High levels of crime in South Africa and the resulting court cases requiring bite mark evidence have necessitated continuous research into the prevalence and interrelationship of recognisable dental features present in bite marks. This study represents the largest data set of descriptive statistics related to intercanine distance, in which the means, standard deviations, medians and interquartile ranges across four racial groups were determined. Intercanine distances were also statistically weighted by determining the common, uncommon and very uncommon values for each of the racial groups. The results of this research show that we can consider any maxillary intercanine distance more than 24.1 mm and less than 43.0 mm to represent a human bite mark. Black males had the largest mean (average) intercanine distance of 36.33 mm (standard deviation 2.49 mm) and white females the smallest mean intercanine distance of 33.4 mm (standard deviation 2.13 mm). The analyses showed statistically significant differences between the mean intercanine distances of different race and gender groupings. The authors do not advocate trying to determine the race or gender from intercanine distances determined, but rather the relevance of the intercanine distances in the specific race and gender groupings. This study makes a meaningful scientific contribution to the presentation of bite mark evidence at a time when subjective opinions need to be replaced with scientific data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas/patologia
Dente Canino/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Idoso
Análise de Variância
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Feminino
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Caracteres Sexuais
África do Sul
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00414-016-1510-5


  5 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27931457
[Ti] Título:Guideline on Oral and Dental Aspects of Child Abuse and Neglect.
[So] Source:Pediatr Dent;38(6):177-180, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1942-5473
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mordeduras Humanas/diagnóstico
Mordeduras Humanas/etiologia
Criança
Seres Humanos
Odontopediatria
Pediatria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PRACTICE GUIDELINE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27830601
[Au] Autor:McBrien B
[Ad] Endereço:Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin.
[Ti] Título:Fight bite injury: emergency department assessment and management.
[So] Source:Emerg Nurse;24(7):34-37, 2016 Nov 10.
[Is] ISSN:1354-5752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Human bite wounds to the hand are relatively common injuries and are associated with high infection rates. Given the unique anatomy of the hand, the bite mechanism and the organisms found in human saliva, even the smallest wound can result in an aggressive infection. Failure to recognise and treat human bite wounds appropriately, can therefore have negative outcomes for patients. This article outlines the diagnostic features of, and complications associated with, bite wounds and discusses the recommended treatment options.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Mordeduras Humanas/diagnóstico
Mordeduras Humanas/enfermagem
Traumatismos da Mão/diagnóstico
Traumatismos da Mão/enfermagem
Infecção/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Mordeduras Humanas/microbiologia
Feminino
Traumatismos da Mão/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161111
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27591538
[Au] Autor:Tai MW; Chong ZF; Asif MK; Rahmat RA; Nambiar P
[Ad] Endereço:Department Oral and Maxillofacial Clinical Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:A comparative study between xerographic, computer-assisted overlay generation and animated-superimposition methods in bite mark analyses.
[So] Source:Leg Med (Tokyo);22:42-8, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4162
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study was to compare the suitability and precision of xerographic and computer-assisted methods for bite mark investigations. Eleven subjects were asked to bite on their forearm and the bite marks were photographically recorded. Alginate impressions of the subjects' dentition were taken and their casts were made using dental stone. The overlays generated by xerographic method were obtained by photocopying the subjects' casts and the incisal edge outlines were then transferred on a transparent sheet. The bite mark images were imported into Adobe Photoshop® software and printed to life-size. The bite mark analyses using xerographically generated overlays were done by comparing an overlay to the corresponding printed bite mark images manually. In computer-assisted method, the subjects' casts were scanned into Adobe Photoshop®. The bite mark analyses using computer-assisted overlay generation were done by matching an overlay and the corresponding bite mark images digitally using Adobe Photoshop®. Another comparison method was superimposing the cast images with corresponding bite mark images employing the Adobe Photoshop® CS6 and GIF-Animator©. A score with a range of 0-3 was given during analysis to each precision-determining criterion and the score was increased with better matching. The Kruskal Wallis H test showed significant difference between the three sets of data (H=18.761, p<0.05). In conclusion, bite mark analysis using the computer-assisted animated-superimposition method was the most accurate, followed by the computer-assisted overlay generation and lastly the xerographic method. The superior precision contributed by digital method is discernible despite the human skin being a poor recording medium of bite marks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas
Odontologia Legal
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
Pele
Xerorradiografia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dentição
Seres Humanos
Radiografia Dentária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170823
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170823
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160904
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27350700
[Au] Autor:Franco A; Willems G; Couto Souza PH; Coucke W; Thevissen P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Health Sciences - Forensic Dentistry, KU Leuven and Dentistry, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Three-dimensional validation of the impact of the quantity of teeth or tooth parts on the morphological difference between twin dentitions.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;1(34):27-37, 2016 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The number of teeth involved in cases of bite-mark analysis is generally fewer in comparison to the number of teeth available for cases of dental identification. This decreases the amount of information available and can hamper the distinction between bite suspects. The opposite is true in cases of dental identification and the assumption is that more teeth contribute to a higher degree of specificity and the possibility of identification in these cases. Despite being broadly accepted in forensic dentistry, this hypothesis has never been scientifically tested. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to assess the impact of the quantity of teeth or tooth parts on morphological differences in twin dentitions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 344 dental casts collected from 86 pairs of twins was used. The dental casts were digitized using an automated motion device (XCAD 3D® (XCADCAM Technology®, São Paulo, SP, Brazil) and were imported as three-dimensional dental model images (3D-DMI) in Geomagic Studio® (3D Systems®, Rock Hill, SC, USA) software package. Sub samples were established based on the quantity of teeth and tooth parts studied. Pair wise morphological comparisons between the corresponding twin siblings were established and quantified. RESULTS: Increasing the quantity of teeth and tooth parts resulted in an increase of morphological difference between twin dentitions. More evident differences were observed comparing anterior vs. entire dentitions (p < 0.05) and complete vs. partial anterior dentitions (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dental identifications and bite-mark analysis must include all the possibly related dental information to reach optimal comparison outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Dentários
Dentição
Imagem Tridimensional
Gêmeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mordeduras Humanas
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170330
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170330
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160629
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27341457
[Au] Autor:C Zapico S; Menéndez ST
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, NMNH-MRC 112, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, 20013-7020, USA. Electronic address: Casado-Zapicos@si.edu.
[Ti] Título:Human mitochondrial DNA and nuclear DNA isolation from food bite marks.
[So] Source:Arch Oral Biol;70:67-72, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1506
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Bite mark analysis is used for comparison between bite marks on a bitten object and the suspects' teeth. However, if it is not possible to obtain a correct match, it is important to recover salivary DNA. Previous studies have tried to isolate human nuclear DNA from bitten foods but were not completely successful. In the present work, we studied the efficiency of human nuclear and mitochondrial DNA isolation from bite marks in cheese, a donut and an apple. DESIGN: Using a double swab technique and silica-based DNA extraction kit, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA were isolated. Human housekeeping genes were amplified to analyse the efficiency of nuclear DNA profiling. mtDNA was sequencing and haplogroup assign. RESULTS: Although cheese and apple samples showed the highest concentration of DNA, the purity of DNA on the apple was low. Moreover, apple samples failed to amplify the two human housekeeping genes, GAPDH and RPL22. In contrast, cheese samples have high purity and amplification efficiency. Donut samples showed an intermediate value and low amplification efficiency. In spite of these results, isolation and characterization/sequencing of human mitochondrial DNA was completely successful in the three samples, which pointed out the possibility of identification through this type of DNA. CONCLUSIONS: This research indicated that it is possible to recover and isolate human nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from bitten foods, although the quantity and purity of nuclear DNA depends on the type of food. That is of significance important in forensic sciences for the correct identification of a suspect.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas/genética
DNA Mitocondrial/isolamento & purificação
Análise de Alimentos/métodos
Odontologia Legal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
Alinhamento de Sequência
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170813
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170813
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160625
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1015 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27321301
[Au] Autor:Kilian M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, University Hospital Saint Cyril and Metod and Comenius University Bratislava, 85107, Slovakia.
[Ti] Título:Clenched fist injury complicated by septic arthritis and osteomyelitis treated with negative pressure wound therapy: One case report.
[So] Source:Chin J Traumatol;19(3):176-8, 2016 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1008-1275
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We reported a 30 years old man who suffered a bite wound of the right hand in a fight. Two days after the injury, he was admitted in emergency because of stab wound above the head of the third metacarpal bone. He presented the swelling, redness, pain and fever. Primary revision confirmed only partial lesion of the extensor apparatus. During the following days, we recorded a deterioration of local findings and magnetic resonance imaging revealed osteomyelitis and septic arthritis of the thirdmetacarpophalangeal joint. The wound was then revised several times using negative pressure wound therapy in combination with intravenous antibiotics. After resolution of clinical and laboratory findings, the wound was finally closed by delayed primary suture. Clenched fist injury is a medical emergency that requires immediate surgical revision. We treated clenched fist injury with the development of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis with negative pressure wound therapy and obtained good outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artrite Infecciosa/etiologia
Articulação Metacarpofalângica/lesões
Metacarpo/lesões
Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa
Osteomielite/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Artrite Infecciosa/terapia
Mordeduras Humanas/complicações
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Osteomielite/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170509
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170509
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160621
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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