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[PMID]:29367488
[Au] Autor:Autthanit C; Jongsomjit B
[Ad] Endereço:Center of Excellence on Catalysis and Catalytic Reaction Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University.
[Ti] Título:Production of Ethylene through Ethanol Dehydration on SBA-15 Catalysts Synthesized by Sol-gel and One-step Hydrothermal Methods.
[So] Source:J Oleo Sci;67(2):235-243, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1347-3352
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present work deals with the catalytic performance of SBA-15 supported catalysts in the gas phase catalytic dehydration of ethanol in the temperature range of 200 to 400°C. The SBA-15 support was incorporated on a zirconium (Zr) and bimetal of zirconium and lanthanum (Zr-La) prepared by sol-gel (SG) and hydrothermal (HT) methods. The catalysts were characterized by means of N physisorption, SEM/EDX, and NH -TPD. The experimental results demonstrated that the Zr-La/SBA-15-HT exhibited the highest catalytic activity. Ethanol conversion and ethylene selectivity were found to increase with increased reaction temperature. The best catalytic results were achieved for Zr-La/SBA-15-HT indicating values of ethanol conversion and ethylene yield of ca. 84% and 80%, respectively at 400°C. The most important parameter influencing their catalytic properties appears to be the interaction between metal and support depending on different methods. The metal dispersion inside the siliceous matrix of SBA-15 has a direct influence on their surface acidity. Meanwhile, the performance of these SBA-15 supported catalysts in ethanol dehydration is also related with the alteration of surface acidity caused by the introduction of Zr and Zr-La.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Química Orgânica/métodos
Etanol/química
Etilenos/síntese química
Dióxido de Silício/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catálise
Dessecação
Lantânio/química
Temperatura Ambiente
Zircônio/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ethylenes); 0 (SBA-15); 3K9958V90M (Ethanol); 6I3K30563S (Lanthanum); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); 91GW059KN7 (ethylene); C6V6S92N3C (Zirconium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5650/jos.ess17167


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[PMID]:29200852
[Au] Autor:Hu Y; Ke L; Chen H; Zhuo M; Yang X; Zhao D; Zeng S; Xiao X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Science, South-Central University for Nationalities.
[Ti] Título:Natural material-decorated mesoporous silica nanoparticle container for multifunctional membrane-controlled targeted drug delivery.
[So] Source:Int J Nanomedicine;12:8411-8426, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1178-2013
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To avoid the side effects caused by nonspecific targeting, premature release, weak selectivity, and poor therapeutic efficacy of current nanoparticle-based systems used for drug delivery, we fabricated natural material-decorated nanoparticles as a multifunctional, membrane-controlled targeted drug delivery system. The nanocomposite material coated with a membrane was biocompatible and integrated both specific tumor targeting and responsiveness to stimulation, which improved transmission efficacy and controlled drug release. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), which are known for their biocompatibility and high drug-loading capacity, were selected as a model drug container and carrier. The membrane was established by the polyelectrolyte composite method from chitosan (CS) which was sensitive to the acidic tumor microenvironment, folic acid-modified CS which recognizes the folate receptor expressed on the tumor cell surface, and a CD receptor-targeted polysaccharide hyaluronic acid. We characterized the structure of the nanocomposite as well as the drug release behavior under the control of the pH-sensitive membrane switch and evaluated the antitumor efficacy of the system in vitro. Our results provide a basis for the design and fabrication of novel membrane-controlled nanoparticles with improved tumor-targeting therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
Membranas Artificiais
Nanopartículas/química
Dióxido de Silício/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Morte Celular
Quitosana/química
Liberação Controlada de Fármacos
Endocitose
Ácido Fólico/química
Células Hep G2
Seres Humanos
Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura
Tamanho da Partícula
Porosidade
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
Eletricidade Estática
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Membranes, Artificial); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); 9012-76-4 (Chitosan); 935E97BOY8 (Folic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2147/IJN.S148438


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[PMID]:29184996
[Au] Autor:Liu J; Liang Y; Shen J; Bai Q
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of the Ministry of Education, Modern Separation Science Key Laboratory of Shaanxi Province, College of Chemistry & Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710069, China. jwliu@nwu.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Polymeric ionic liquid-assembled graphene-immobilized silica composite for selective isolation of human serum albumin from human whole blood.
[So] Source:Anal Bioanal Chem;410(2):573-584, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1618-2650
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Polymeric ionic liquids (PILs) with 1-vinyl-3-ethylimidazolium cations and two different anions of Br and PF were assembled onto the surface of graphene (G) nanosheets. The derived two composites, i.e., PIL(Br)-G and PIL(PF )-G, were further efficiently immobilized onto the surface of silica nanoparticles via self-assembly technique. The obtained two PIL-G/SiO nanocomposites exhibited diverse adsorption performances toward proteins through adjusting the anions of PILs. Electrostatic attractions between proteins and the nanocomposites dominated protein adsorption, while the presence of PF anions weakened electrostatic interactions and deteriorated the selective adsorption of target protein, i.e., bovine serum albumin (BSA) in this case. Specifically, PIL(Br)-G/SiO nanocomposite displayed high selectivity toward BSA and a high adsorption efficiency of ca. 98% was achieved for 100 mg L BSA in a Britton-Robinson (B-R) buffer at pH 5. HPLC analysis demonstrated the selectivity of PIL(Br)-G/SiO nanocomposite toward BSA in the presence of abundant hemoglobin and cytochrome c. The practical applicability was verified by performing selective isolation of human serum albumin (HSA) from human whole blood. Graphical abstract Selective isolation of human serum albumin from blood by polymeric ionic liquid assembled graphene immobilized silica nanocomposite with tunable anions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grafite/química
Líquidos Iônicos/química
Polímeros/química
Albumina Sérica Humana/isolamento & purificação
Dióxido de Silício/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adsorção
Ânions/química
Seres Humanos
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Nanocompostos/química
Eletricidade Estática
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anions); 0 (Ionic Liquids); 0 (Polymers); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); 7782-42-5 (Graphite); ZIF514RVZR (Serum Albumin, Human)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00216-017-0758-z


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[PMID]:28837873
[Au] Autor:Kim J; Lee C; Lee SM; Lalhmunsiama; Jung J
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Chemical and toxicological assessment of arsenic sorption onto Fe-sericite composite powder and beads.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:80-85, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Batch sorption and leaching of arsenic (1-30mgL ) on Fe-sericite composite powder and beads were investigated in this study. Fe-sericite composite powder was made from natural sericite modified with iron, and alginate was used to transform the powder into beads. The maximum sorption capacities of the Fe-sericite composite powder (15.04 and 13.21mgg for As(III) and As(V), respectively) were higher than those of the corresponding beads (9.02 and 7.11mgg for As(III) and As(V), respectively) owing to the higher specific surface area of the powder. In addition, the leaching amounts of As(III) from Fe-sericite composite beads (≤ 15.03%) were higher than those of the corresponding powder (≤ 5.71%). However, acute toxicity of As(III)-sorbed Fe-sericite composite beads toward Daphnia magna was not significantly different from that of the corresponding powder (p > 0.05). Considering higher uptake of the powder particles by the daphnids, Fe-sericite composite beads seem to be a more appropriate and safer sorbent for arsenic removal in practical application. Based on Fe content, Fe-sericite composite beads had similar or higher maximum sorption capacities (71.19 and 56.11mgg Fe for As(III) and As(V), respectively) than those of previously reported sorbents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arseniatos/análise
Arsenitos/análise
Ferro/química
Dióxido de Silício/química
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Purificação da Água/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adsorção
Alginatos/química
Animais
Arseniatos/toxicidade
Arsenitos/toxicidade
Daphnia/efeitos dos fármacos
Ácido Glucurônico/química
Ácidos Hexurônicos/química
Modelos Teóricos
Tamanho da Partícula
Pós
Propriedades de Superfície
Testes de Toxicidade Aguda
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alginates); 0 (Arsenates); 0 (Arsenites); 0 (Hexuronic Acids); 0 (Powders); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 0 (sericite); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); 8A5D83Q4RW (Glucuronic Acid); 8C3Z4148WZ (alginic acid); E1UOL152H7 (Iron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29458470
[Au] Autor:Ren Q; Yu M; Li Y; Zhang Y; Shi X; Wu Y; Su Y; Wang Y; Wang X; Zhang XH
[Ad] Endereço:1​College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Flavobacterium ovatum sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from an Antarctic intertidal sandy beach.
[So] Source:Int J Syst Evol Microbiol;68(3):795-800, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1466-5034
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A rod-shaped, Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile bacterium with no flexirubin-type pigment, designated as W201E , was isolated from an intertidal sandy beach in Antarctica. The organism formed faintly yellow, round colonies on marine agar 2216E. The strain required sea salts for growth and grew optimally in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl at pH 7.0, 20 °C. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain W201E belonged to the genus Flavobacterium and showed the highest sequence similarity to Flavobacterium algicola NBRC 102673 (96.5 %). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone 6, and the predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (which comprises C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c). The polar lipids of strain W201E comprised one phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain W201E was 34.1 mol%. On the basis of the polyphasic analyses, this isolate was considered to represent a novel species in the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium ovatum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is W201E (=KCTC 52693 =MCCC 1K03251 =CGMCC 1.16053 ).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Flavobacterium/classificação
Filogenia
Água do Mar/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regiões Antárticas
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
Composição de Bases
DNA Bacteriano/genética
Ácidos Graxos/química
Flavobacterium/genética
Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação
Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química
Pigmentação
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Dióxido de Silício
Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
Vitamina K 2/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Phosphatidylethanolamines); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S); 11032-49-8 (Vitamin K 2); 39382-08-6 (phosphatidylethanolamine); 71ANL51TLA (menaquinone 6); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.002586


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[PMID]:29413577
[Au] Autor:Ahmadi F; Mahmoudi-Yamchi T; Azizian H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy-International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: fahmadi@kums.ac.ir.
[Ti] Título:Super paramagnetic core-shells anchored onto silica grafted with C /NH nano-particles for ultrasound-assisted magnetic solid phase extraction of imipramine and desipramine from plasma.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1077-1078:52-59, 2018 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In current work the Fe O magnetic nano-particles anchored to core-shells of SiO which grafted by C /NH dual mixed groups, have been synthesized. The magnetic nano-particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, and zeta-potential reader. The resulted nano-particles have spherical structure with diameters in the range of 105 to 110 nm. A magnetic solid phase extraction method was developed for extraction of imipramine and desipramine from human plasma samples under ultrasonic conditions by using of prepared NPs as sorbent. The MNPs were dispersion in plasma under sonicated conditions, accumulated by an external magnetic field and washed with Briton-Robinson buffer-acetonitrile solution (0.05 mol l , pH = 5, 10%V/V). The drugs were removed by methanol and quantified by gas chromatography. The calibration curves (correlation coefficient > 0.99) for IMP and DES were linear in the concentration range of 0.005 to 5 and 0.01 to 4 µg ml , respectively. The LOD, LOQ, intra and inter-day precision values were measured too. The proposed Fe O /SiO /C /NH MNPs could be applied for 3.0 times.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desipramina/sangue
Imipramina/sangue
Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química
Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromatografia Gasosa
Desipramina/química
Desipramina/isolamento & purificação
Seres Humanos
Imipramina/química
Imipramina/isolamento & purificação
Limite de Detecção
Modelos Lineares
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Dióxido de Silício
Sonicação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Magnetite Nanoparticles); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); OGG85SX4E4 (Imipramine); TG537D343B (Desipramine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29180865
[Au] Autor:Zeng D; Zhang X; Wang X; Cao L; Zheng A; Du J; Li Y; Huang Q; Jiang X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Prosthodontics, School of Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Fabrication of large-pore mesoporous Ca-Si-based bioceramics for bone regeneration.
[So] Source:Int J Nanomedicine;12:8277-8287, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1178-2013
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Our previous study revealed that mesoporous Ca-Si-based materials exhibited excellent osteoconduction because dissolved ions could form a layer of hydroxycarbonate apatite on the surface of the materials. However, the biological mechanisms underlying bone regeneration were largely unknown. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic ability of large-pore mesoporous Ca-Si-based bioceramics (LPMSCs) by alkaline phosphatase assay, real-time PCR analysis, von Kossa, and alizarin red assay. Compared with large-pore mesoporous silica (LPMS), LPMSCs had a better effect on the osteogenic differentiation of dental pulp cells. LPMSC-2 and LPMSC-3 with higher calcium possessed better osteogenic abilities than LPMSC-1, which may be related to the calcium-sensing receptor pathway. Furthermore, the loading capacity for recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB was satisfactory in LPMSCs. In vivo, the areas of new bone formation in the calvarial defect repair were increased in the LPMSC-2 and LPMSC-3 groups compared with the LPMSC-1 and LPMS groups. We concluded that LPMSC-2 and LPMSC-3 possessed both excellent osteogenic abilities and satisfactory loading capacities, which may be attributed to their moderate Ca/Si molar ratio. Therefore, LPMSCs with moderate Ca/Si molar ratio might be potential alterative grafts for craniomaxillofacial bone regeneration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Regeneração Óssea/fisiologia
Cálcio/química
Teste de Materiais/métodos
Dióxido de Silício/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo
Animais
Antraquinonas/análise
Antraquinonas/metabolismo
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Compostos de Cálcio/química
Diferenciação Celular
Cerâmica/química
Polpa Dentária/citologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Naftalenos/farmacologia
Nitratos/química
Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos
Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética
Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo
Porosidade
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Crânio/lesões
Crânio/fisiologia
Tecidos Suporte
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthraquinones); 0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Calcium Compounds); 0 (N-(2-hydroxy-3-(2-cyano-3-chlorophenoxy)propyl)-1,1-dimethyl-2-(2-nephthyl)ethylamine); 0 (Naphthalenes); 0 (Nitrates); 0 (Platelet-Derived Growth Factor); 3F3AT0Q12H (Alizarin Red S); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); EC 3.1.3.1 (Alkaline Phosphatase); NF52F38N1N (calcium nitrate); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2147/IJN.S144528


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[PMID]:29478631
[Au] Autor:Wen Z; Duan X; Hu M; Cao Y; Ye L; Jiang L; Yuan Y
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, National Engineering Laboratory for Green Chemical Productions of Alcohols-Ethers-Esters, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China.
[Ti] Título:Efficient low-temperature soot combustion by bimetallic Ag-Cu/SBA-15 catalysts.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);64:122-129, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, the effects of copper (Cu) additive on the catalytic performance of Ag/SBA-15 in complete soot combustion were investigated. The soot combustion performance of bimetallic Ag-Cu/SBA-15 catalysts was higher than that of monometallic Ag and Cu catalysts. The optimum catalytic performance was acquired with the 5Ag -Cu /SBA-15 catalyst, on which the soot combustion starts at T =225°C with a T =285°C. The temperature for 50% of soot combustion was lower than that of conventional Ag-based catalysts to more than 50°C (Aneggi et al., 2009). Physicochemical characterizations of the catalysts indicated that addition of Cu into Ag could form smaller bimetallic Ag-Cu nanolloy particles, downsizing the mean particle size from 3.7nm in monometallic catalyst to 2.6nm in bimetallic Ag-Cu catalyst. Further experiments revealed that Ag and Cu species elicited synergistic effects, subsequently increasing the content of surface active oxygen species. As a result, the structure modifications of Ag by the addition of Cu strongly intensified the catalytic performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Químicos
Fuligem/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catálise
Cobre/química
Ouro/química
Dióxido de Silício/química
Temperatura Ambiente
Difração de Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (SBA-15); 0 (Soot); 7440-57-5 (Gold); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide); 789U1901C5 (Copper)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 28706 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29028600
[Au] Autor:H Valido I; Padoan E; Moreno T; Querol X; Font O; Amato F
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDÆA), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: iris.henriquez@uab.cat.
[Ti] Título:Physico-chemical characterization of playground sand dust, inhalable and bioaccessible fractions.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;190:454-462, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dust is a mixture of natural and anthropogenic particles originated from multiple sources, which can represent an hazard for human health. Playgrounds are a site of particularly concern, due to sand dust ingestion by toddlers and inhalation. In this study, 37 sands used in public playgrounds in the city of Barcelona were physico-chemically characterized also in relation to routine maintenance activities such as disinfection and sand renewal. The analyzed sands show a felsic mineralogy dominated by Na-feldspar, quartz, and, to a lesser extent, K-feldspar, with minor amounts of clay minerals, carbonates and hematite. Particle fractions below 10, 2.5 and 1 µm represent, on average, 0.65%, 0.17% and 0.07% of bulk volume, respectively, although, due to the human grinding, these initial fractions increased every year by a 18%, 5% and 2% respectively. Disinfection of sands effectively reduced only the NH concentration, among inorganic species. The average metal content was anthropogenically enriched, with respect to the upper continental crust, only for Sb and As. Both elements show high spatial variation indicating local sources such as road traffic for Sb (contributing mostly to the total concentration), and industry for As (also contributing with highly bioaccessible Sb, Cu and Zn). A clear inverse relationship between total concentrations of some elements and their leachable (Sb) and bioaccessible (Sb and Cr) fractions is observed. The most bioaccessible elements were Ca > Ni > Cu > Sr > Cd > Pb, all above the 25% of the total concentration. Bioaccessibility was higher for the carbonate-bearing particles and for the anthropic emitted metals (>50% of Ba, Cu, K, Pb and Zn).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cidades
Poeira/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Parques Recreativos
Material Particulado/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Silicatos de Alumínio/análise
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação/análise
Metais/análise
Minerais/análise
Compostos de Potássio/análise
Dióxido de Silício/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aluminum Silicates); 0 (Dust); 0 (Metals); 0 (Minerals); 0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Potassium Compounds); 12168-80-8 (feldspar); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171014
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29472474
[Au] Autor:Everett RA; Miller AW; Ruiz GM
[Ad] Endereço:United States Coast Guard, Environmental Standards Division (CG-OES-3), Washington, DC 20593, USA. richard.a.everett@uscg.mil.
[Ti] Título:Shifting sands could bring invasive species.
[So] Source:Science;359(6378):878, 2018 02 23.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies Introduzidas
Dióxido de Silício
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 7631-86-9 (Silicon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aar7741



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