Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : D09.301 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 23353 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 2336 ir para página                         

  1 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28467207
[Au] Autor:Moon S
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Nursing , College of Medicine, University of Ulsan , Ulsan , South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviors in Korean People with Metabolic Syndrome.
[So] Source:J Community Health Nurs;34(2):69-79, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7655
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study identified factors associated with unhealthy lifestyle behaviors in people with metabolic syndrome in South Korea. The sample consisted of 1,207 subjects with metabolic syndrome from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2014. High-risk alcohol consumption, smoking, aerobic physical activity, leisure physical activity, excessive carbohydrate intake, and fat intake were measured. A secondary data analysis was performed using chi-square tests and logistic regression. Gender was associated with all unhealthy behaviors. The number of metabolic syndrome components, a poor perceived health status, and attempts to control weight were associated with physical inactivity. Those findings may be helpful to develop a tailored lifestyle modification programs for people with metabolic syndrome.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Síndrome Metabólica/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Estudos Transversais
Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Carboidratos da Dieta/efeitos adversos
Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Gorduras na Dieta/efeitos adversos
Exercício
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estilo de Vida
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos Nutricionais
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Fatores Sexuais
Fumar/efeitos adversos
Fumar/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07370016.2017.1304145


  2 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29280369
[Au] Autor:Barbarska O; Zielinska M; Pawlus B; Wesolowska A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Human Milk and Lactation Research, Regional Human Milk Bank in Holy Family Hospital, Department of Neonatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Characteristics of the regional human milk bank in Poland - donors, recipients and nutritional value of human milk
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):395-400, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: In case of shortage of breast milk despite proper lactation care or the poor state of the mother's health, breast milk from human milk bank is recommended for feeding preterm infants Objective: This study retrospectively evaluated the first year of the operation of the Regional Human Milk Bank Material and methods: Data concerning donors was collected in the human milk bank during the cooperation. The clinical characteristics of the recipients was made on the basis of medical documentation from the Holy Family Hospital in Warsaw, Poland. Analysis of nutritional value was performed with the human milk analyzer (MIRIS AB) Results: In the first year of activity, 45 voluntary donors established cooperation, donating from 650 to 32030 ml of human milk. The content of nutrients in milk provided by donors was variable - protein 0.4-1.5 g / 100 ml, fat 1.1-7.4 g / 100 ml, carbohydrates 6.3-7.9 g / 100 ml. The average length of using donated human milk was 4 days and the average volume of milk for one infant was 282 ml Conclusions: The donor profiles have a significant impact on the milk composition form HMB. The nutritional value can be improved by recruitment donors from mothers that gave birth prematurely and by beginning donation at earlier stages of lactation as soon as lactation is stabilized. In case of shortage of mothers own milk the immediate implementation of donors milk as a short-term support can significantly reduce the food intolerance incidence in the group of prematurely born infants
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bancos de Leite
Leite Humano/química
Valor Nutritivo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carboidratos da Dieta/análise
Gorduras na Dieta/análise
Proteínas na Dieta/análise
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Polônia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Dietary Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29200984
[Au] Autor:Konishi K; Kimura T; Yuhaku A; Kurihara T; Fujimoto M; Hamaoka T; Sanada K
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Shiga Japan.
[Ti] Título:Mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate solution attenuates exercise-induced decline in executive function.
[So] Source:J Int Soc Sports Nutr;14:45, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1550-2783
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: A decline in executive function could have a negative influence on the control of actions in dynamic situations, such as sports activities. Mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate solution could serve as an effective treatment for preserving the executive function in exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate solution on executive function after sustained moderately high-intensity exercise. Methods: Eight young healthy participants completed 65 min of running at 75% V̇O max with two mouth-rinsing conditions: with a carbohydrate solution (CHO) or with water (CON). Executive function was assessed before and after exercise by using the incongruent task of the Stroop Color and Word Test. The levels of blood glucose; and plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), epinephrine, and norepinephrine (NE) were evaluated. A two-way repeated-measures ANOVA, with condition (CHO and CON) and time (pre-exercise and post-exercise) as factors, was used to examine the main and interaction effects on the outcome measures. Results: The reaction time in the incongruent condition of the Stroop test significantly increased after exercise in CON (pre-exercise 529 ± 45 ms vs. post-exercise 547 ± 60 ms, = 0.029) but not in CHO (pre-exercise 531 ± 54 ms vs. post-exercise 522 ± 80 ms), which resulted in a significant interaction (condition × time) on the reaction time ( = 0.028). The increased reaction time in CON indicates a decline in the executive function, which was attenuated in CHO. Increases in plasma epinephrine and NE levels demonstrated a trend toward attenuation accompanying CHO ( < 0.085), which appeared to be associated with the preservation of executive function. The blood glucose concentration showed neither significant interactions nor main effects of condition. Conclusions: These findings indicate that mouth rinsing with a carbohydrate solution attenuated the decline in executive function induced by sustained moderately high-intensity exercise, and that such attenuation seems to be unrelated to carbohydrate metabolic pathway but rather attributed, in part, to the inhibition of the excessive release of stress hormones.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia
Função Executiva/efeitos dos fármacos
Função Executiva/fisiologia
Exercício/fisiologia
Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia
Corrida/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/metabolismo
Análise de Variância
Glicemia/metabolismo
Epinefrina/metabolismo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva
Teste de Stroop
Água
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Mouthwashes); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 9002-60-2 (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone); YKH834O4BH (Epinephrine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12970-017-0200-0


  4 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29385178
[Au] Autor:Parvaresh Rizi E; Loh TP; Baig S; Chhay V; Huang S; Caleb Quek J; Tai ES; Toh SA; Khoo CM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:A high carbohydrate, but not fat or protein meal attenuates postprandial ghrelin, PYY and GLP-1 responses in Chinese men.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191609, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is known that the macronutrient content of a meal has different impacts on the postprandial satiety and appetite hormonal responses. Whether obesity interacts with such nutrient-dependent responses is not well characterized. We examined the postprandial appetite and satiety hormonal responses after a high-protein (HP), high-carbohydrate (HC), or high-fat (HF) mixed meal. This was a randomized cross-over study of 9 lean insulin-sensitive (mean±SEM HOMA-IR 0.83±0.10) and 9 obese insulin-resistant (HOMA-IR 4.34±0.41) young (age 21-40 years), normoglycaemic Chinese men. We measured fasting and postprandial plasma concentration of glucose, insulin, active glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), total peptide-YY (PYY), and acyl-ghrelin in response to HP, HF, or HC meals. Overall postprandial plasma insulin response was more robust in the lean compared to obese subjects. The postprandial GLP-1 response after HF or HP meal was higher than HC meal in both lean and obese subjects. In obese subjects, HF meal induced higher response in postprandial PYY compared to HC meal. HP and HF meals also suppressed ghrelin greater compared to HC meal in the obese than lean subjects. In conclusion, a high-protein or high-fat meal induces a more favorable postprandial satiety and appetite hormonal response than a high-carbohydrate meal in obese insulin-resistant subjects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Grelina/sangue
Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/sangue
Peptídeo YY/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Glicemia/metabolismo
Estudos Cross-Over
Dieta Hiperlipídica
Dieta Rica em Proteínas
Seres Humanos
Insulina/sangue
Resistência à Insulina
Masculino
Obesidade/sangue
Obesidade/dietoterapia
Período Pós-Prandial/fisiologia
Resposta de Saciedade/fisiologia
Singapura
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Ghrelin); 0 (Insulin); 106388-42-5 (Peptide YY); 89750-14-1 (Glucagon-Like Peptide 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191609


  5 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29428599
[Au] Autor:Bukhari SHF; Clark OE; Williamson LL
[Ad] Endereço:Psychology Department, Williams College, Williamstown, MA 01267, United States.
[Ti] Título:Maternal high fructose diet and neonatal immune challenge alter offspring anxiety-like behavior and inflammation across the lifespan.
[So] Source:Life Sci;197:114-121, 2018 Mar 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0631
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: This study examined the interaction between maternal high fructose diet and neonatal inflammation in neonates (P7), juveniles (P26-34) and adults on measures of anxiety-like behavior and cognition. The study aimed to assess the potential synergistic effects of these two forms of early-life inflammation. MAIN METHODS: We fed Sprague-Dawley dams with high fructose (60%) diet or normal chow. Each litter was treated with either saline or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on postnatal day (P)3 and P5 and two pups were tested for USVs after maternal separation on P7. Post-weaning, juveniles were tested on the elevated zero maze (EZM) and in a context-object discrimination (COD) task prior to tissue harvest. Adults were tested on the EZM and the COD task as well. Immunohistochemistry and ELISA were used to assess molecular and cellular changes in the offspring. KEY FINDINGS: This study demonstrates that maternal diet and neonatal inflammation altered peripheral inflammation in neonates, altered anxiety-like behavior in juveniles, and altered anxiety-like behavior in adulthood. Maternal diet and sex increased juvenile peripheral inflammation and altered memory on the context-discrimination task. SIGNIFICANCE: Maternal diet has a profound impact on fetal and neonatal development, especially as obesity rates are on the rise worldwide. Together, these findings reveal enduring effects of maternal diet on offspring, support the findings on the effects of neonatal inflammation on anxiety-like behaviors in later-life periods, and add to the complex relationship between gestational and neonatal inflammation and anxiety.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos
Carboidratos da Dieta/efeitos adversos
Frutose/efeitos adversos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente
Ansiedade/fisiopatologia
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia
Feminino
Frutose/farmacologia
Inflamação/induzido quimicamente
Inflamação/patologia
Inflamação/fisiopatologia
Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade
Memória/efeitos dos fármacos
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/fisiopatologia
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Lipopolysaccharides); 30237-26-4 (Fructose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29425766
[Au] Autor:Tahara A; Takasu T
[Ad] Endereço:Candidate Discovery Science Laboratories, Astellas Pharma Inc., Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: atsuo.tahara@jp.astellas.com.
[Ti] Título:Antidiabetic effects of SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin in type 2 diabetic mice fed diets containing different carbohydrate contents.
[So] Source:Life Sci;197:80-90, 2018 Mar 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0631
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: Daily intake of carbohydrates differs among individual patients with type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated whether or not dietary carbohydrate content affects the efficacy of the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor ipragliflozin in type 2 diabetic mice. MAIN METHODS: Diabetic mice were fed a regular (50% kcal), high (75% kcal)-, or low (25% kcal)-carbohydrate diet. Ipragliflozin was orally administered once a day for 4 weeks. KEY FINDINGS: In all groups, mice exhibited characteristics of type 2 diabetes, including hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and obesity. Hyperglycemia was more severe in the high-carbohydrate diet group and milder in the low-carbohydrate diet group than in the regular diet group. In all diabetic mice, ipragliflozin significantly increased urinary glucose excretion and improved hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, obesity, and nephropathy. Although these antidiabetic effects of ipragliflozin were more marked in the high-carbohydrate diet group (which showed more severe hyperglycemia) than in the other two groups, no significant differences in effective dose or degree of response were observed among the three groups. SIGNIFICANCE: The antidiabetic effects of ipragliflozin were not greatly affected by dietary carbohydrate content, suggesting that ipragliflozin may have similar efficacy for patients with type 2 diabetes regardless of carbohydrate intake.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico
Dieta
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia
Glucosídeos/farmacologia
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
Transportador 2 de Glucose-Sódio/antagonistas & inibidores
Tiofenos/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Glicemia/metabolismo
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue
Camundongos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Glucosides); 0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 0 (Slc5a2 protein, mouse); 0 (Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2); 0 (Thiophenes); 3N2N8OOR7X (ipragliflozin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29381023
[Au] Autor:Tutelyan VA; Kiseleva TL; Kochetkova AA; Smirnova EA; Kiseleva MA; Sarkisyan VA
[Ti] Título:[Promising source of micronutrients for specialized foods with modified carbohydrate profile: traditional medicine experience].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;85(4):46-60, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Worldwide experience of Traditional medicine (TM) has been successfully applied to the development of modern standardized herbal medicines. Mainly researchers are guided by local sources of medicinal plants and traditional medical systems. TM experience is also used in the search of plants considered as sources of biologically active substances (BAS) and food ingredients. The steady increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes, makes clear the need for research of domestic plant sources of BAS (with a proven carbohydrate metabolism effect) to create modern specialized foods. This article proves the feasibility of using TM experience of Russia and some neighboring European countries (Belarus, Ukraine) to develop optimized compositions for specialized food products for patients with type 2 diabetes. For reliable identification of the most promising plants, 550 traditional antidiabetic herbal formulations of 66 traditional recipe directories were studied in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. It revealed 37 species of plants included to more than 20% of all bibliographical sources, and 13 plants included to more than 50% of prescription directories. The 3 most popular are bilberry leaves, leaffruit of common bean, great nettle leaves.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia
Carboidratos da Dieta/uso terapêutico
Medicina Tradicional/métodos
Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
República da Bielorrússia
Ucrânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Micronutrients)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29381022
[Au] Autor:Konovalova MD; Morozov SV; Isakov VA
[Ti] Título:[Nutritional status of patients with different types of gastroesophageal reflux disease].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;85(4):35-45, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the study was to assess dietary intake in patients with erosive (ERD) and non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). One hundred and sixty seven patients (103 women and 64 men, mean age 47±13,6 years) were divided according to symptoms and endoscopic findings into three groups: 88 patients with NERD, 38 patients with ERD and 41 healthy controls. Symptoms were scored by validated GERDQ questionnaire, dietary intake was assessed by validated food questionnaire and 24-h pH/impedance monitoring was used for confirmation of pathological reflux. All groups were homogenous by age and sex, both NERD and ERD patients demonstrated higher BMI (28.1±6.5 vs 28.4±6.1 kg/m2) in compare to the patients from control group (24.3±2.8 kg/m2). Average daily calorie intake was higher in patients with NERD and ERD (2579±854 vs 2467±710 kcal/day) in compare to the control group (2093±696 kcal/day) due to increased consumption of fat (121±52 vs 112±52 g/day) and carbohydrates (244±88 vs 216±64 g/day) consequently. Consumption of dietary fiber was low in all groups in compare to recommended daily allowance, but even lower in NERD and ERD patients in compare to control (6.0±3.8 g/day vs 5.2±4.8 g/day vs 9.45±5.6 g/day). There was direct correlation between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and average energy consumption (R=0.23, p<0.05) and daily total fat consumption (R=0.21, p<0.05), but inverse correlation with consumption of dietary fiber (R=-0.23, p<0.05). Consumption of alcohol was higher in NERD patients in compare with ERD patients and control group (1.2±4.9 vs 0.2±2.6 vs 0±0.87 g/day), but generally it was low. Total daily number of refluxes as well as number of acid refluxes were highly correlated with daily consumption of energy (R=0.35, p<0.05; R=0.35, p<0.05), fat (R=0.33, p<0.05; R=0.32, p<0.05) and protein (R=0.3, p<0.05; R=0.25, p<0.05), however inverse correlation was found between total number of refluxes and consumption of fibers (R=-0.22, p<0.05). There was no correlation between consumption of carbohydrates or alcohol and total number of refluxes or acid refluxes. In conclusion, GERD is associated with higher BMI, increased consumption of calories and fat and low consumption of dietary fiber. Total number of refluxes is related to consumption of fat and fibers. No association with consumption of carbohydrates or alcohol was found. These findings need to be taken in account for prescription of diet to GERD patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas
Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Ingestão de Energia
Refluxo Gastroesofágico
Estado Nutricional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/patologia
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fiber)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29378107
[Au] Autor:Kochetkova AA; Vorobyova VM; Vorobyova IS; Sharafetdinov KK; Sarkisyan VA; Semin MO; Savenkova TV; Soldatova EA; Osipov MV
[Ti] Título:[Theoretical and practical aspects of development of biscuits with a modified carbohydrate profile for patients with type 2 diabetes].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;84(6):122-31, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this research was to develop formulation and technology of flour confectionery products in the form of biscuits with a modified carbohydrate profile, a study of physico-chemical and structural-mechanical properties. The оbjects of this research were: basic food matrix, are the prototype of the designed product without modification of the carbohydrate profile prepared by the classic recipe and traditional technologies; model samples of cookies with a modified carbohydrate profile; the experimental sample cookie with a modified carbohydrate profile and optimized physic-chemical, structural-mechanical and organoleptic indicators. Determination of physic-chemical and organoleptic characteristics of biscuits was carried out by standard methods. The water activity was determined on the analyzer using a cooled mirror dew point sensor, structural-mechanical properties ­ on texturename with conical and cylindrical nozzles, imitating the processes of breakage and bite, describing the hardness, brittleness, breakage, and other properties of a food product. The modification of the carbohydrate profile of biscuit, consisting in the replacement of wheat flour traditionally used in the recipe of flour confectionery products, by the composition containing oat, barley and buckwheat flour, and in the exclusion of sugar and the introduction of ingredients that do not cause hyperglycemic effect: maltitol as a sweetener and beta-glucans. The technological scheme of production of new kinds of cookies has been developed, the parameters of the production process have been worked out, physical-chemical, structural-mechanical and organoleptic properties of a new type of cookie have been optimized. Analysis of the chemical composition of the cookies showed that 100 g contains 9.3 g of protein, 17.0 g of fat and 44.5 g of carbohydrates, including 42.4 g of starch, and 2.1 g mono- and disaccharides, 2.2 g dietary fiber, 20 g maltitol; caloric value of 420 kcal/1760 kJ. In accordance with the developed technology an experimental batch of cookies with a modified carbohydrate profile has been produced to evaluate its impact on postprandial glycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pão
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia
Dieta para Diabéticos/métodos
Carboidratos da Dieta
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 23353 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29378106
[Au] Autor:Lobykina EN; Tatarnikova IS; Rusaev YW; Naydenova NE; Maklakova TP
[Ti] Título:[Group preventive consultation of the population concerning nutrition. Experience of School of the balanced nutrition founded on the basis of the Health center].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;84(6):116-21, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The development of the program of group preventive consultation of visitors of the centers of health concerning nutrition and assessment of its efficiency was the purpose of the work. The analysis of the results of inspection of 2569 visitors of the Health сenter at the age of 18­78 years and randomized, open, cross research of 242 women (27­72 years old) who passed group preventive consultation in the Center of health at «School of a balanced nutrition ¼ were carried out. Anthropometrical data and the actual nutrition with use of the computer program «Analysis of the Person Nutrition¼ were studied. The study of nutritional status of 242 women with different body mass revealed an excess consumption of fats and carbohydrates, dietary energy supply in obese. Basing on the structural features of patient's nutrition the School nutrition program was developed. Сomparing of laboratory, diagnostic and resource capabilities of Health сenter with algorithm of overweight and obesity patients treatment has shown wide opportunities of Health сenter, not only in the diagnosis (the study of nutrient, metabolic status), but also in the complex treatment of patients with different body mass. Due to group preventive counseling in the School of a balanced nutrition the efficiency of such an approach contributed 1-month weight loss (2.18±1.28 kg) in 64.4% of the participants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Algoritmos
Centros Comunitários de Saúde
Estado Nutricional
Obesidade/prevenção & controle
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Encaminhamento e Consulta
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Carboidratos da Dieta/efeitos adversos
Gorduras na Dieta/efeitos adversos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 2336 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde