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[PMID]:29346419
[Au] Autor:Holcomb J; Doughan M; Spellmon N; Lewis B; Perry E; Zhang Y; Nico L; Wan J; Chakravarthy S; Shang W; Miao Q; Stemmler T; Yang Z
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:SAXS analysis of a soluble cytosolic NgBR construct including extracellular and transmembrane domains.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191371, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is involved in oncogenic Ras signaling through directly binding to farnesylated Ras. It recruits farnesylated Ras to the non-lipid-raft membrane for interaction with downstream effectors. However, the cytosolic domain of NgBR itself is only partially folded. The lack of several conserved secondary structural elements makes this domain unlikely to form a complete farnesyl binding pocket. We find that inclusion of the extracellular and transmembrane domains that contain additional conserved residues to the cytosolic region results in a well folded protein with a similar size and shape to the E.coli cis-isoprenyl transferase (UPPs). Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) analysis reveals the radius of gyration (Rg) of our NgBR construct to be 18.2 Å with a maximum particle dimension (Dmax) of 61.0 Å. Ab initio shape modeling returns a globular molecular envelope with an estimated molecular weight of 23.0 kD closely correlated with the calculated molecular weight. Both Kratky plot and pair distribution function of NgBR scattering reveal a bell shaped peak which is characteristic of a single globularly folded protein. In addition, circular dichroism (CD) analysis reveals that our construct has the secondary structure contents similar to the UPPs. However, this result does not agree with the currently accepted topological orientation of NgBR which might partition this construct into three separate domains. This discrepancy suggests another possible NgBR topology and lends insight into a potential molecular basis of how NgBR facilitates farnesylated Ras recruitment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Receptores de Superfície Celular/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Sítios de Ligação
Membrana Celular/metabolismo
Dicroísmo Circular
Citosol/metabolismo
Peso Molecular
Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Solubilidade
Difração de Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (NUS1 protein, human); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191371


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[PMID]:29429182
[Au] Autor:Niu JT; Liu SG; Huang YW; Li C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Second Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300221, China.
[Ti] Título:[The effect of miR-497 on laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma invasion through modulating PlexinA4].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi;53(2):124-130, 2018 Feb 07.
[Is] ISSN:1673-0860
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To study the roles of miR-497 and PlexinA4 in the progression of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. The expressions of miR-497 and PlexinA4 in fresh tumor specimens and adjacent normal mucosa tissues as well as in cell lines of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) were detected with qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The association of miR-497 and PlexinA4 expressions with clinicopathologic factors and their prognostic values in LSCC were evaluated PlexinA4 siRNA and pcDNA3.1 (+ )/PlexinA4 plasmid were transfected into the LSCC and measured by Transwell to evaluate their effect on the invasion of LSCC. miR-497 was low expression in LSCC, which related to pathological differentiation, while PlexinA4 mRNA was high expression in LSCC. Kaplan-Meier method showed that the prognosis of patients with high miR-497 expression was better than that of patients with low miR-497 expression (χ(2)=10.342, =0.001); . Cox regression analysis showed that miR-497 was an independent prognostic factor for LSCC. The double luciferase reporter gene showed that the variation of the fluorescence activity of wild type PlexinA4 was significantly different from that of the control group ( <0.01). In Hep-2 and TU212 cell line, the number of cells with PlexinA4 siRNA passing through the compartments was 70.00±10.85 and 85.00±6.45, significantly higher than control ( values were 30.251 and 23.936, both <0.05), the number of cells with pcDNA3.1 (+ ) /PlexinA4 was 170.56±11.95 and 142.00±10.43, also significantly less than control (F values were 35.104 and 29.643, both <0.05). The expression of miR-497 in LSCC is decreased, indicating poor prognosis, which is as an independent risk factor for prognosis of LSCC. miR-497 may modulate LSCC invasion through PlexinA4.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo
Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia
Proliferação Celular
Progressão da Doença
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Seres Humanos
Imuno-Histoquímica
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Mucosa Laríngea/metabolismo
Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade
Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia
Prognóstico
RNA Interferente Pequeno
Transfecção
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (MIRN497 microRNA, human); 0 (MicroRNAs); 0 (Plxna4 protein, human); 0 (RNA, Small Interfering); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2018.02.008


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[PMID]:28460335
[Au] Autor:Feng Y; Li Q; Wu D; Niu Y; Yang C; Dong L; Wang C
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China.
[Ti] Título:A macrophage-activating, injectable hydrogel to sequester endogenous growth factors for in situ angiogenesis.
[So] Source:Biomaterials;134:128-142, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5905
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biomaterials scaffolds designed for many regenerative applications are expected to support neo-vascularisation, which is now being hampered by two limitations - the instability of exogenous growth factors (GFs) that are delivered to promote angiogenesis; and the loss of extracellular matrix components that bind and stabilise GFs. Here, we report the design and evaluation of an injectable hydrogel system aimed at restoring a GF-binding microenvironment to enhance the pro-angiogenic functions of endogenous GFs. This gel comprises two polysaccharides with their unique bioactivities: Konjac glucomannan (KGM) as the building block of the gel scaffold, for its demonstrated capacity to activate macrophages/monocytes to secrete pro-angiogenic/-mitogenic GFs; and heparin (Hep), a representative glycosaminoglycan molecule that binds numerous pro-angiogenic GFs, as functional moieties to sequester the macrophage-produced GFs. Modified with tyramine (TA) groups, the two polysaccharides can be co-polymerised and rapidly form into hydrogel upon enzyme catalysis. The designed KGM-TA/Hep-TA hydrogel successfully preserves the macrophage-activating function and GF-binding affinity of the two components, respectively, and, once subcutaneously implanted, effectively sequestered the locally-produced GFs in situ and promote the formation and maturation of blood vessels in mice. In summary, the designed hydrogel system demonstrates a feasible approach to stimulate the production and harness the function of endogenous GFs for inducing blood vessel formation in vivo, without the addition of any exogenous proteins. This design may provide an innovative, open platform to promote vascularisation for various regenerative purposes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
Hidrogel de Polietilenoglicol-Dimetacrilato/química
Hidrogel de Polietilenoglicol-Dimetacrilato/farmacologia
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo
Macrófagos/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Indutores da Angiogênese/química
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia
Animais
Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Integrina beta1/metabolismo
Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo
Masculino
Mananas/metabolismo
Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/metabolismo
Camundongos
Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos
Polissacarídeos/metabolismo
Células RAW 264.7
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Células THP-1
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Angiogenesis Inducing Agents); 0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Glycosaminoglycans); 0 (Integrin beta1); 0 (Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins); 0 (Lectins, C-Type); 0 (Mannans); 0 (Mannose-Binding Lectins); 0 (Polysaccharides); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (mannose receptor); 25852-47-5 (Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate); 36W3E5TAMG ((1-6)-alpha-glucomannan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27773352
[Au] Autor:Torres-Berrío A; Lopez JP; Bagot RC; Nouel D; Dal Bo G; Cuesta S; Zhu L; Manitt C; Eng C; Cooper HM; Storch KF; Turecki G; Nestler EJ; Flores C
[Ad] Endereço:Integrated Program in Neuroscience, Montréal, Québec, Canada; Douglas Mental Health University Institute; Montréal, Québec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:DCC Confers Susceptibility to Depression-like Behaviors in Humans and Mice and Is Regulated by miR-218.
[So] Source:Biol Psychiatry;81(4):306-315, 2017 02 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2402
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUD: Variations in the expression of the Netrin-1 guidance cue receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) appear to confer resilience or susceptibility to psychopathologies involving prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction. METHODS: With the use of postmortem brain tissue, mouse models of defeat stress, and in vitro analysis, we assessed microRNA (miRNA) regulation of DCC and whether changes in DCC levels in the PFC lead to vulnerability to depression-like behaviors. RESULTS: We identified miR-218 as a posttranscriptional repressor of DCC and detected coexpression of DCC and miR-218 in pyramidal neurons of human and mouse PFC. We found that exaggerated expression of DCC and reduced levels of miR-218 in the PFC are consistent traits of mice susceptible to chronic stress and of major depressive disorder in humans. Remarkably, upregulation of Dcc in mouse PFC pyramidal neurons causes vulnerability to stress-induced social avoidance and anhedonia. CONCLUSIONS: These data are the first demonstration of microRNA regulation of DCC and suggest that, by regulating DCC, miR-218 may be a switch of susceptibility versus resilience to stress-related disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo
Células Piramidais/metabolismo
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Receptor DCC
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Comportamento Social
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DCC Receptor); 0 (DCC protein, human); 0 (MIRN218 microRNA, human); 0 (MicroRNAs); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (Tumor Suppressor Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29277614
[Au] Autor:Barnault R; Lahlali T; Plissonnier ML; Romero-López C; Laverdure N; Ducarouge B; Rivoire M; Mehlen P; Zoulim F; Parent R
[Ad] Endereço:INSERM U1052 & CNRS UMR5286, Cancer Research Centre of Lyon, Lyon, France; University of Lyon, Lyon, France; DevWeCan Laboratories of Excellence Network (Labex), Lyon, France. Electronic address: romain.barnault@inserm.fr.
[Ti] Título:Hepatocellular carcinoma-associated depletion of the netrin-1 receptor Uncoordinated Phenotype-5A (UNC5A) skews the hepatic unfolded protein response towards prosurvival outcomes.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;495(4):2425-2431, 2018 01 22.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the liver, HBV and HCV infections, exposure to toxics, genetic and metabolic disorders may induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the unfolding protein response (UPR). The UPR allows cells to reach ER homeostasis after lumen overload, but also fosters survival of damaged cells and therefore HCC onset. Dependence receptors such as UNC5A trigger apoptosis when unbound to their ligands. We have previously shown that the main dependence receptor ligand, netrin-1, could protect cells against UPR-induced apoptosis through sustained translation. In this study, we show that UNC5A is cumulatively downregulated by the UPR at the transcriptional level in vitro and at the translational level both in vitro and in vivo. We have found that the 5'-untranslated region of the UNC5A mRNA shares a certain homology degree with that of netrin-1, suggesting linked translational regulatory mechanisms, at least during the initial stages of the UPR. RNAi and forced expression studies identified UNC5A as a modulator of cell death in the context of the UPR. UNC5A decrease of association with polysomes and expression oriented cells towards UPR-associated hepatocytic survival. Such data indicate that cooperation between the UPR and UNC5A depletion as previously observed by ourselves in HCC patients samples may foster liver cancer development and growth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia
Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética
Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
Netrina-1/genética
Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Apoptose/genética
Carcinogênese
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Repressão Epigenética/genética
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (UNC5A protein, human); 158651-98-0 (Netrin-1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29248133
[Au] Autor:Mikkilineni L; Whitaker-Menezes D; Domingo-Vidal M; Sprandio J; Avena P; Cotzia P; Dulau-Florea A; Gong J; Uppal G; Zhan T; Leiby B; Lin Z; Pro B; Sotgia F; Lisanti MP; Martinez-Outschoorn U
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.
[Ti] Título:Hodgkin lymphoma: A complex metabolic ecosystem with glycolytic reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment.
[So] Source:Semin Oncol;44(3):218-225, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Twenty percent of patients with classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) have aggressive disease defined as relapsed or refractory disease to initial therapy. At present we cannot identify these patients pre-treatment. The microenvironment is very important in cHL because non-cancer cells constitute the majority of the cells in these tumors. Non-cancer intra-tumoral cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been shown to promote tumor growth in cHL via crosstalk with the cancer cells. Metabolic heterogeneity is defined as high mitochondrial metabolism in some tumor cells and glycolysis in others. We hypothesized that there are metabolic differences between cancer cells and non-cancer tumor cells, such as TAMs and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in cHL and that greater metabolic differences between cancer cells and TAMs are associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 22 tissue samples of cHL at diagnosis from a single institution. The case samples were from 11 patients with aggressive cHL who had relapsed after standard treatment with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) or were refractory to this treatment. The control samples were from 11 patients with cHL who achieved a remission and never relapsed after ABVD. Reactive non-cancerous lymph nodes from four subjects served as additional controls. Samples were stained by immunohistochemistry for three metabolic markers: translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 20 (TOMM20), monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1), and monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4). TOMM20 is a marker of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) metabolism. Monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) is the main importer of lactate into cells and is a marker of OXPHOS. Monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) is the main lactate exporter out of cells and is a marker of glycolysis. The immunoreactivity for TOMM20, MCT1, and MCT4 was scored based on staining intensity and percentage of positive cells, as follows: 0 for no detectable staining in > 50% of cells; 1+ for faint to moderate staining in > 50% of cells, and 2+ for high or strong staining in > 50% of cells. RESULTS: TOMM20, MCT1, and MCT4 expression was significantly different in Hodgkin and Reed Sternberg (HRS) cells, which are the cancerous cells in cHL compared with TAMs and tumor-associated lymphocytes. HRS have high expression of TOMM20 and MCT1, while TAMs have absent expression of TOMM20 and MCT1 in all but two cases. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have low TOMM20 expression and absent MCT1 expression. Conversely, high MCT4 expression was found in TAMs, but absent in HRS cells in all but one case. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes had absent MCT4 expression. Reactive lymph nodes in contrast to cHL tumors had low TOMM20, MCT1, and MCT4 expression in lymphocytes and macrophages. High TOMM20 and MCT1 expression in cancer cells with high MCT4 expression in TAMs is a signature of high metabolic heterogeneity between cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment. A high metabolic heterogeneity signature was associated with relapsed or refractory cHL with a hazard ratio of 5.87 (1.16-29.71; two-sided P < .05) compared with the low metabolic heterogeneity signature. CONCLUSION: Aggressive cHL exhibits features of metabolic heterogeneity with high mitochondrial metabolism in cancer cells and high glycolysis in TAMs, which is not seen in reactive lymph nodes. Future studies will need to confirm the value of these markers as prognostic and predictive biomarkers in clinical practice. Treatment intensity may be tailored in the future to the metabolic profile of the tumor microenvironment and drugs that target metabolic heterogeneity may be valuable in this disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Glicólise
Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo
Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo
Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos/metabolismo
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo
Fosforilação Oxidativa
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Células de Reed-Sternberg/metabolismo
Simportadores/metabolismo
Microambiente Tumoral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
Bleomicina/administração & dosagem
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem
Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem
Feminino
Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico
Seres Humanos
Imuno-Histoquímica
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo
Macrófagos/metabolismo
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo
Indução de Remissão
Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Membrane Transport Proteins); 0 (Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters); 0 (Muscle Proteins); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (SLC16A4 protein, human); 0 (Symporters); 0 (TOMM20 protein, human); 0 (monocarboxylate transport protein 1); 11056-06-7 (Bleomycin); 5V9KLZ54CY (Vinblastine); 7GR28W0FJI (Dacarbazine); 80168379AG (Doxorubicin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29248132
[Au] Autor:Gooptu M; Whitaker-Menezes D; Sprandio J; Domingo-Vidal M; Lin Z; Uppal G; Gong J; Fratamico R; Leiby B; Dulau-Florea A; Caro J; Martinez-Outschoorn U
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA.
[Ti] Título:Mitochondrial and glycolytic metabolic compartmentalization in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
[So] Source:Semin Oncol;44(3):204-217, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Metabolic heterogeneity between neoplastic cells and surrounding stroma has been described in several epithelial malignancies; however, the metabolic phenotypes of neoplastic lymphocytes and neighboring stroma in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is unknown. We investigated the metabolic phenotypes of human DLBCL tumors by using immunohistochemical markers of glycolytic and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) metabolism. The lactate importer MCT4 is a marker of glycolysis, whereas the lactate importer MCT1 and TOMM20 are markers of OXPHOS metabolism. Staining patterns were assessed in 33 DLBCL samples as well as 18 control samples (non-neoplastic lymph nodes). TOMM20 and MCT1 were highly expressed in neoplastic lymphocytes, indicating an OXPHOS phenotype, whereas non-neoplastic lymphocytes in the control samples did not express these markers. Stromal cells in DLBCL samples strongly expressed MCT4, displaying a glycolytic phenotype, a feature not seen in stromal elements of non-neoplastic lymphatic tissue. Furthermore, the differential expression of lactate exporters (MCT4) on tumor-associated stroma and lactate importers (MCT1) on neoplastic lymphocytes support the hypothesis that neoplastic cells are metabolically linked to the stroma likely via mutually beneficial reprogramming. MCT4 is a marker of tumor-associated stroma in neoplastic tissue. Our findings suggest that disruption of neoplastic-stromal cell metabolic heterogeneity including MCT1 and MCT4 blockade should be studied to determine if it could represent a novel treatment target in DLBCL.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Glicólise
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo
Mitocôndrias/metabolismo
Fosforilação Oxidativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imuno-Histoquímica
Linfócitos/metabolismo
Masculino
Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo
Meia-Idade
Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos/metabolismo
Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Células Estromais/metabolismo
Simportadores/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Membrane Transport Proteins); 0 (Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters); 0 (Muscle Proteins); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (SLC16A4 protein, human); 0 (Symporters); 0 (TOMM20 protein, human); 0 (monocarboxylate transport protein 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29324844
[Au] Autor:Barakat DJ; Suresh R; Barberi T; Pienta KJ; Simons BW; Friedman AD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Absence of myeloid Klf4 reduces prostate cancer growth with pro-atherosclerotic activation of tumor myeloid cells and infiltration of CD8 T cells.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191188, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The microenvironment of prostate cancer often includes abundant tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), with their acquisition of an M2 phenotype correlating with local aggressiveness and metastasis. Tumor-derived M-CSF contributes to TAM M2 polarization, and M-CSF receptor inhibition slows prostate cancer growth in model systems. As additional cytokines can direct TAM M2 polarization, targeting downstream transcription factors could avoid resistance. Klf4 and C/EBPß each contribute to monocyte development, and reduced expression of macrophage Klf4 or C/EBPß favors their adoption of a pro-inflammatory M1 state. We find that a Hi-Myc C57BL/6 prostate cancer line grows more slowly in syngeneic Klf4(f/f);Lys-Cre compared with Klf4(f/f) mice when inoculated subcutaneously, but grows equally rapidly in C/EBPß(f/f);Lys-Cre and C/EBPß(f/f) hosts. In the absence of myeloid Klf4, TAMs have reduced expression of surface mannose receptor and Fizz1 mRNA, both M2 markers. Global gene expression analysis further revealed activation of pro-inflammatory, pro-atherosclerotic pathways. Analysis of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) demonstrated markedly increased activated CD8 T cell numbers, and CD8 T cell depletion obviated the inhibitory effect of myeloid Klf4 deletion on prostate cancer growth. These findings suggest that reducing expression or activity of the Klf4 transcription factor in tumor myeloid cells may contribute to prostate cancer therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/deficiência
Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo
Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aterosclerose/etiologia
Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/deficiência
Proteína beta Intensificadora de Ligação a CCAAT/genética
Antígeno CD11c/metabolismo
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética
Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral
Macrófagos/imunologia
Macrófagos/metabolismo
Macrófagos/patologia
Masculino
Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/metabolismo
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Camundongos Transgênicos
Células Mieloides/imunologia
Células Mieloides/metabolismo
Células Mieloides/patologia
Neoplasias da Próstata/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
RNA Neoplásico/genética
RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Microambiente Tumoral
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta); 0 (CD11c Antigen); 0 (GKLF protein); 0 (Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors); 0 (Lectins, C-Type); 0 (Mannose-Binding Lectins); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (RNA, Neoplasm); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (mannose receptor)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191188


  9 / 64919 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29259037
[Au] Autor:Falch CM; Sundaram AYM; Øystese KA; Normann KR; Lekva T; Silamikelis I; Eieland AK; Andersen M; Bollerslev J; Olarescu NC
[Ad] Endereço:Section of Specialized EndocrinologyDepartment of Endocrinology cafal14@student.sdu.dk.
[Ti] Título:Gene expression profiling of fast- and slow-growing non-functioning gonadotroph pituitary adenomas.
[So] Source:Eur J Endocrinol;178(3):295-307, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1479-683X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Reliable biomarkers associated with aggressiveness of non-functioning gonadotroph adenomas (GAs) are lacking. As the growth of tumor remnants is highly variable, molecular markers for growth potential prediction are necessary. We hypothesized that fast- and slow-growing GAs present different gene expression profiles and reliable biomarkers for tumor growth potential could be identified, focusing on the specific role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight GAs selected for RNA sequencing were equally divided into fast- and slow-growing group by the tumor volume doubling time (TVDT) median (27.75 months). Data were analyzed by tophat2, cufflinks and cummeRbund pipeline. 40 genes were selected for RT-qPCR validation in 20 GAs based on significance, fold-change and pathway analyses. The effect of silencing (metadherin) and (endomucin) on migration of human adenoma cells was evaluated. RESULTS: 350 genes were significantly differentially expressed (282 genes upregulated and 68 downregulated in the fast group, -adjusted <0.05). Among 40 selected genes, 11 showed associations with TVDT (-0.669< <-0.46, < 0.05). These were and six EMT-related genes ( and ). , but not , demonstrated involvement in cell migration and association with EMT markers. CONCLUSIONS: Fast- and slow-growing GAs present different gene expression profiles, and genes related to EMT have higher expression in fast-growing tumors. In addition to , identified as an important contributor to aggressiveness, the other genes might represent markers for tumor growth potential and possible targets for drug therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adenoma/genética
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética
Neoplasias Hipofisárias/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética
Adenoma/metabolismo
Adulto
Idoso
Caderinas/genética
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/genética
Movimento Celular/genética
Subunidades Catalíticas da Proteína Quinase Dependente de AMP Cíclico/genética
Feminino
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
Inativação Gênica
Seres Humanos
Técnicas In Vitro
Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética
Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo
Masculino
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética
Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética
Meia-Idade
Miosina Tipo I/genética
Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética
Neoplasias Hipofisárias/metabolismo
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética
Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
Ribonucleases/genética
Sialoglicoproteínas/genética
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing); 0 (Cadherins); 0 (Cell Adhesion Molecules); 0 (EMCN protein, human); 0 (GPM6A protein, human); 0 (Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins); 0 (MTDH protein, human); 0 (MYO1B protein, human); 0 (Membrane Glycoproteins); 0 (Microtubule-Associated Proteins); 0 (Nerve Tissue Proteins); 0 (PCDH18 protein, human); 0 (Proto-Oncogene Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (SKIL protein, human); 0 (SPAG9 protein, human); 0 (Sialoglycoproteins); 0 (UNC5H4 protein, human); 0 (hook1 protein, human); 9002-67-9 (Luteinizing Hormone); 9002-68-0 (Follicle Stimulating Hormone); EC 2.7.11.11 (Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Catalytic Subunits); EC 2.7.11.11 (PRKACB protein, human); EC 3.1.- (CNOT6L protein, human); EC 3.1.- (Ribonucleases); EC 3.6.1.- (Myosin Type I)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1530/EJE-17-0702


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[PMID]:29218733
[Au] Autor:Ryuda M; Tabuchi M; Matsumoto H; Matsumura T; Ochiai M; Hayakawa Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Saga University, Saga, Japan.
[Ti] Título:A gene-driven recovery mechanism: Drosophila larvae increase feeding activity for post-stress weight recovery.
[So] Source:Arch Insect Biochem Physiol;97(3), 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6327
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recovery from weight loss after stress is important for all organisms, although the recovery mechanisms are not fully understood. We are working to clarify these mechanisms. Here, we recorded enhanced feeding activity of Drosophila melanogaster larvae from 2 to 4 h after heat stress at 35°C for 1 h. During the post-stress period, expression levels of sweet taste gustatory receptor genes (Grs), Gr5a, Gr43a, Gr64a, and Gr64f, were elevated, whereas bitter taste Grs, Gr66a, and Gr33a, were decreased in expression and expression of a non-typical taste receptor Gr, Gr68a, was unchanged. Similar upregulation of Gr5a and downregulation of Gr66a was recorded after cold stress at 4°C. Expression levels of tropomyosin and ATP synthase ß subunit were significantly increased in larval mouth parts around 3 to 5 h after the heat stress. We infer that up-regulation of post-stress larval feeding activity, and weight recovery, is mediated by increasing capacity for mouth part muscular movements and changes in taste sensing physiology. We propose that Drosophila larvae, and likely insects generally, express an efficient mechanism to recover from weight loss during post-stress periods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo
Drosophila melanogaster/fisiologia
Ingestão de Alimentos
Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
Estresse Fisiológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Proteínas de Drosophila/genética
Temperatura Alta
Larva/fisiologia
Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drosophila Proteins); 0 (Receptors, Cell Surface); 0 (gustatory receptor, Drosophila)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/arch.21440



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