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  1 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29481573
[Au] Autor:Zhan Y; Marchand CH; Maes A; Mauries A; Sun Y; Dhaliwal JS; Uniacke J; Arragain S; Jiang H; Gold ND; Martin VJJ; Lemaire SD; Zerges W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology & Centre for Structural and Functional Genomics, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Pyrenoid functions revealed by proteomics in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0185039, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Organelles are intracellular compartments which are themselves compartmentalized. Biogenic and metabolic processes are localized to specialized domains or microcompartments to enhance their efficiency and suppress deleterious side reactions. An example of intra-organellar compartmentalization is the pyrenoid in the chloroplasts of algae and hornworts. This microcompartment enhances the photosynthetic CO2-fixing activity of the Calvin-Benson cycle enzyme Rubisco, suppresses an energetically wasteful oxygenase activity of Rubisco, and mitigates limiting CO2 availability in aquatic environments. Hence, the pyrenoid is functionally analogous to the carboxysomes in cyanobacteria. However, a comprehensive analysis of pyrenoid functions based on its protein composition is lacking. Here we report a proteomic characterization of the pyrenoid in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Pyrenoid-enriched fractions were analyzed by quantitative mass spectrometry. Contaminant proteins were identified by parallel analyses of pyrenoid-deficient mutants. This pyrenoid proteome contains 190 proteins, many of which function in processes that are known or proposed to occur in pyrenoids: e.g. the carbon concentrating mechanism, starch metabolism or RNA metabolism and translation. Using radioisotope pulse labeling experiments, we show that pyrenoid-associated ribosomes could be engaged in the localized synthesis of the large subunit of Rubisco. New pyrenoid functions are supported by proteins in tetrapyrrole and chlorophyll synthesis, carotenoid metabolism or amino acid metabolism. Hence, our results support the long-standing hypothesis that the pyrenoid is a hub for metabolism. The 81 proteins of unknown function reveal candidates for new participants in these processes. Our results provide biochemical evidence of pyrenoid functions and a resource for future research on pyrenoids and their use to enhance agricultural plant productivity. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD004509.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Proteômica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/fisiologia
Espectrometria de Massas
Fotossíntese
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185039


  2 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447168
[Au] Autor:Abraham PE; Garcia BJ; Gunter LE; Jawdy SS; Engle N; Yang X; Jacobson DA; Hettich RL; Tuskan GA; Tschaplinski TJ
[Ad] Endereço:Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Quantitative proteome profile of water deficit stress responses in eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) leaves.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0190019, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drought stress is a recurring feature of world climate and the single most important factor influencing agricultural yield worldwide. Plants display highly variable, species-specific responses to drought and these responses are multifaceted, requiring physiological and morphological changes influenced by genetic and molecular mechanisms. Moreover, the reproducibility of water deficit studies is very cumbersome, which significantly impedes research on drought tolerance, because how a plant responds is highly influenced by the timing, duration, and intensity of the water deficit. Despite progress in the identification of drought-related mechanisms in many plants, the molecular basis of drought resistance remains to be fully understood in trees, particularly in poplar species because their wide geographic distribution results in varying tolerances to drought. Herein, we aimed to better understand this complex phenomenon in eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) by performing a detailed contrast of the proteome changes between two different water deficit experiments to identify functional intersections and divergences in proteome responses. We investigated plants subjected to cyclic water deficit and compared these responses to plants subjected to prolonged acute water deficit. In total, we identified 108,012 peptide sequences across both experiments that provided insight into the quantitative state of 22,737 Populus gene models and 8,199 functional protein groups in response to drought. Together, these datasets provide the most comprehensive insight into proteome drought responses in poplar to date and a direct proteome comparison between short period dehydration shock and cyclic, post-drought re-watering. Overall, this investigation provides novel insights into drought avoidance mechanisms that are distinct from progressive drought stress. Additionally, we identified proteins that have been associated as drought-relevant in previous studies. Importantly, we highlight the RD26 transcription factor as a gene regulated at both the transcript and protein level, regardless of species and drought condition, and, thus, represents a key, universal drought marker for Populus species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Populus/metabolismo
Proteoma
Estresse Fisiológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromatografia Líquida
Secas
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Proteome)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190019


  3 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425824
[Au] Autor:Wang L; Zhu J; Li X; Wang S; Wu J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
[Ti] Título:Salt and drought stress and ABA responses related to bZIP genes from V. radiata and V. angularis.
[So] Source:Gene;651:152-160, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mung bean and adzuki bean are warm-season legumes widely cultivated in China. However, bean production in major producing regions is limited by biotic and abiotic stress, such as drought and salt stress. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) genes play key roles in responses to various biotic and abiotic stresses. However, only several bZIP genes involved in drought and salt stress in legumes, especially Vigna radiata and Vigna angularis, have been identified. In this study, we identified 54 and 50 bZIP proteins from whole-genome sequences of V. radiata and V. angularis, respectively. First, we comprehensively surveyed the characteristics of all bZIP genes, including their gene structure, chromosome distribution and motif composition. Phylogenetic trees showed that VrbZIP and VabZIP proteins were divided into ten clades comprising nine known and one unknown subgroup. The results of the nucleotide substitution rate of the orthologous gene pairs showed that bZIP proteins have undergone strong purifying selection: V. radiata and V. angularis diverged 1.25 million years ago (mya) to 9.20 mya (average of 4.95 mya). We also found that many cis-acting regulatory elements (CAREs) involved in abiotic stress and plant hormone responses were detected in the putative promoter regions of the bZIP genes. Finally, using the quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) method, we performed expression profiling of the bZIP genes in response to drought, salt and abscisic acid (ABA). We identified several bZIP genes that may be involved in drought and salt responses. Generally, our results provided useful and rich resources of VrbZIP and VabZIP genes for the functional characterization and understanding of bZIP transcription factors (TFs) in warm-season legumes. In addition, our results revealed important and interesting data - a subset of VrbZIP and VabZIP gene expression profiles in response to drought, salt and ABA stress. These results provide gene expression evidence for the selection of candidate genes under drought and salt stress for future study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Vigna/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia
Secas
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Genoma de Planta
Filogenia
Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
Vigna/classificação
Vigna/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors); 0 (Plant Proteins); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride); 72S9A8J5GW (Abscisic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29408872
[Au] Autor:Gupta N; Srivastava N; Bhagyawant SS
[Ad] Endereço:School of Studies in Biotechnology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India.
[Ti] Título:Vicilin-A major storage protein of mungbean exhibits antioxidative potential, antiproliferative effects and ACE inhibitory activity.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191265, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Enzymatic hydrolysates of different food proteins demonstrate health benefits. Search for diet related food protein hydrolysates is therefore of interest within the scope of functional foods. Mungbean is one of the popular foods in India because of rich protein source. In this study, mungbean vicilin protein (MBVP) was enzymatically hydrolysed by alcalase and trypsin under optimal conditions. We have studied the antioxidant, antiproliferative and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activities of mungbean vicilin protein hydrolysate (MBVPH) vis-a-vis alcalase-generated mungbean vicilin protein hydrolysate (AMBVPH) and trypsin-generated mungbean vicilin protein hydrolysate (TMBVPH). The results showed that MBVPH exhibited higher antioxidant potential, ACE inhibitory and antiproliferative activities than MBVP. The alcalase treated hydrolysate displayed highest ACE inhibitory activity with IC50 value of 0.32 mg protein/ml. The MBVP showed significant antiproliferative activity against both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells at the doses between 0.2-1.0 mg/ml. The data suggested that MBVPH can be utilized as physiologically active functional foods with sufficient antihypertensive activity. The results indicate that mungbean can be utilized as a rich resource of functional foods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia
Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Fabaceae/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Depuradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Coelhos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Free Radical Scavengers); 0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191265


  5 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29408396
[Au] Autor:Wang W; Zhang H; Wei X; Yang L; Yang B; Zhang L; Li J; Jiang YQ
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Título:Functional characterization of calcium-dependent protein kinase (CPK) 2 gene from oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) in regulating reactive oxygen species signaling and cell death control.
[So] Source:Gene;651:49-56, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CPKs), being Ser/Thr protein kinases found only in plants and some protozoans are calcium sensors that regulate diverse biological processes. However, the function and mode of CPKs in oilseed rape (Brassica napus) remain elusive. In this study, we identified CPK2 from oilseed rape as a novel regulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death. BnaCPK2 was identified to be located at the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Expression of BnaCPK2 was induced during Bax-induced cell death. Overexpression of the constitutively active form of BnaCPK2 led to significantly more accumulation of ROS and cell death than the full-length CPK2, which is supported by various measurements of physiological data. In addition, a quantitative RT-PCR survey revealed that the expression levels of a few marker genes are significantly changed as a result of CPK2 expression. Mating-based split ubiquitin system (mbSUS) and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) were used to screen and confirm the BnaCPK2 interacting proteins. We identified and confirmed that CPK2 interacted with NADPH oxidase-like respiratory burst oxidase homolog D (RbohD), but not with RbohF. Based on its function and interacting partners, we propose that BnaCPK2 plays an important role in ROS and cell death control through interacting with RbohD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Brassica napus/genética
Morte Celular/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Proteínas Quinases/genética
Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brassica napus/enzimologia
Clonagem Molecular
DNA de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Transdução de Sinais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Reactive Oxygen Species); EC 2.7.- (Protein Kinases); EC 2.7.1.- (calcium-dependent protein kinase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381737
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Zhang T; Song X; Zhang J; Dang Z; Pei X; Long Y
[Ad] Endereço:MOA Key Laboratory on Safety Assessment (Molecular) of Agri-GMO, Institute of Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and functional analysis of two alternatively spliced transcripts of ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3) in linseed flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191910, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alternative splicing is a popular phenomenon in different types of plants. It can produce alternative spliced transcripts that encode proteins with altered functions. Previous studies have shown that one transcription factor, ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3), which encodes an important component in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, is subjected to alternative splicing in both mono- and dicotyledons. In the current study, we identified two homologs of ABI3 in the genome of linseed flax. We screened two alternatively spliced flax LuABI3 transcripts, LuABI3-2 and LuABI3-3, and one normal flax LuABI3 transcript, LuABI3-1. Sequence analysis revealed that one of the alternatively spliced transcripts, LuABI3-3, retained a 6 bp intron. RNA accumulation analysis showed that all three transcripts were expressed during seed development, while subcellular localization and transgene experiments showed that LuABI3-3 had no biological function. The two normal transcripts, LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2, are the important functional isoforms in flax and play significant roles in the ABA regulatory pathway during seed development, germination, and maturation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processamento Alternativo
Linho/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Arabidopsis/genética
Germinação/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191910


  7 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381712
[Au] Autor:Gallie DR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biochemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Plant growth and fertility requires functional interactions between specific PABP and eIF4G gene family members.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191474, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The initiation of protein synthesis requires the involvement of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 4G to promote assembly of the factors needed to recruit a 40S ribosomal subunit to an mRNA. Although many eukaryotes express two eIF4G isoforms that are highly similar, those in plants, referred to as eIF4G and eIFiso4G, are highly divergent in size, sequence, and domain organization. Species of the Brassicaceae and the Cleomaceae also express a divergent eIFiso4G isoform, referred to as eIFiso4G2, not found elsewhere in the plant kingdom. Despite their divergence, eIF4G and eIFiso4G interact with eIF4A, eIF4B, and eIF4E isoforms needed for binding an mRNA. eIF4G and eIFiso4G also interact with the poly(A)-binding protein (PABP) which promotes ribosome recruitment to an mRNA. Increasing the complexity of such an interaction, however, Arabidopsis also expresses three PABP isoforms (PAB2, PAB4, and PAB8) in vegetative and reproductive tissues. In this study, the functional interactions among the eIF4G and the widely-expressed PABP isoforms were examined. Loss of PAB2 or PAB8 in combination with loss of eIF4G or eIFiso4G had little to no effect on growth or fertility whereas pab2 pab8 eif4g or pab2 pab8 eifiso4g1/2 mutants exhibited smaller stature and reduced fertility. Although the pab4 eifiso4g1 mutant grows normally and is fertile, pab4 eif4g or pab4 eifiso4g2 mutants could not be isolated. Even pab4/PAB4 eif4g/eIF4G heterozygous plants exhibited growth defects and low fertility. Mutant co-inheritance analysis in reciprocal crosses with wild-type plants revealed that most ovaries and pollen from pab4/PAB4 eif4g/eIF4G plants were PAB4 eif4g. Similarly, co-inheritance studies with pab4/PAB4 eifiso4g2/eIFiso4G2 plants suggested most ovaries were PAB4 eifiso4g2. These results suggest that a functional interaction between PAB4 and eIF4G and between PAB4 and eIFiso4G2 is required for growth and normal fertility.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arabidopsis/genética
Fator de Iniciação 4G em Eucariotos/metabolismo
Fertilidade
Desenvolvimento Vegetal
Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia
Proteínas de Ligação a Poli(A)/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4G); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Poly(A)-Binding Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191474


  8 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29331375
[Au] Autor:Ma L; Wang Q; Yuan M; Zou T; Yin P; Wang S
[Ad] Endereço:National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.
[Ti] Título:Xanthomonas TAL effectors hijack host basal transcription factor IIA α and γ subunits for invasion.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;496(2):608-613, 2018 02 05.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Xanthomonas genus includes Gram-negative plant-pathogenic bacteria, which infect a broad range of crops and wild plant species, cause symptoms with leaf blights, streaks, spots, stripes, necrosis, wilt, cankers and gummosis on leaves, stems and fruits in a wide variety of plants via injecting their effector proteins into the host cell during infection. Among these virulent effectors, transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) interact with the γ subunit of host transcription factor IIA (TFIIAγ) to activate the transcription of host disease susceptibility genes. Functional TFIIA is a ternary complex comprising α, ß and γ subunits. However, whether TALEs recruit TFIIAα, TFIIAß, or both remains unknown. The underlying molecular mechanisms by which TALEs mediate host susceptibility gene activation require full elucidation. Here, we show that TALEs interact with the α+γ binary subcomplex but not the α+ß+γ ternary complex of rice TFIIA (holo-OsTFIIA). The transcription factor binding (TFB) regions of TALEs, which are highly conserved in Xanthomonas species, have a dominant role in these interactions. Furthermore, the interaction between TALEs and the α+γ complex exhibits robust DNA binding activity in vitro. These results collectively demonstrate that TALE-carrying pathogens hijack the host basal transcription factors TFIIAα and TFIIAγ, but not TFIIAß, to enhance host susceptibility during pathogen infection. The uncovered mechanism widens new insights on host-microbe interaction and provide an applicable strategy to breed high-resistance crop varieties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Oryza/microbiologia
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Efetores Semelhantes a Ativadores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Fator de Transcrição TFIIA/metabolismo
Xanthomonas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Resistência à Doença
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genes de Plantas
Oryza/genética
Oryza/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/genética
Ligação Proteica
Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Protein Subunits); 0 (Transcription Activator-Like Effectors); 0 (Transcription Factor TFIIA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180115
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29309428
[Au] Autor:Sarika K; Hossain F; Muthusamy V; Zunjare RU; Baveja A; Goswami R; Thirunavukkarasu N; Jha SK; Gupta HS
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Genetics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
[Ti] Título:Opaque16, a high lysine and tryptophan mutant, does not influence the key physico-biochemical characteristics in maize kernel.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190945, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The enhancement of lysine and tryptophan in maize is so far basedon opaque2(o2) mutant, that along with the endosperm-modifiersled to development of Quality Protein Maize[QPM]. Though many mutants improving the endospermic protein quality were discovered, they could not be successfully deployed. Recently discovered opaque16 (o16)mutant enhances the lysine and tryptophan content in maize endosperm. In the present study, the influence of o16 on the endosperm modification was analyzed in four F2 populations, two each segregating for o16 allele alone and in combination with o2. The recessive o16o16 seed endosperm was found to be vitreousphenotypically similar to wild-O16O16. The mutant did not influence the degree of kernel opaqueness in o2o2 genetic background as opaqueness in o2o2/O16O16 and o2o2/o16o16 was similar. Grain hardness of o16o16 was comparable with the normal and QPM maize. The pattern of microscopic organization of proteinaceous matrix and starch granules, and zein profiling of the storage protein in o16o16 were found to be similar with normal maize endosperm, but distinct from the o2o2-soft genotype. The pattern in o2o2/o16o16 was unique and different from o2o2 and o16o16 as well. Here we demonstrated the effects of o16 on physico-biochemical characteristics of endosperm and report of o16 possessing negligible influence on kernel modification and hardness, which holds a great significance in maize quality breeding programme.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lisina/metabolismo
Mutação
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Triptofano/metabolismo
Zea mays/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genes de Plantas
Marcadores Genéticos
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Zea mays/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers); 0 (Plant Proteins); 8DUH1N11BX (Tryptophan); K3Z4F929H6 (Lysine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190945


  10 / 64658 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29202710
[Au] Autor:Parvathaneni RK; DeLeo VL; Spiekerman JJ; Chakraborty D; Devos KM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics, University of Georgia, 30602, Athens, Georgia, United States.
[Ti] Título:Parallel loss of introns in the ABCB1 gene in angiosperms.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):238, 2017 Dec 04.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly between sequenced eukaryotic genomes, the structure of a gene with reference to intron presence and positions is typically conserved in closely related species. Unexpectedly, the ABCB1 (ATP-Binding Cassette Subfamily B Member 1) gene which encodes a P-glycoprotein and underlies dwarfing traits in maize (br2), sorghum (dw3) and pearl millet (d2) displayed considerable variation in intron composition. RESULTS: An analysis of the ABCB1 gene structure in 80 angiosperms revealed that the number of introns ranged from one to nine. All introns in ABCB1 underwent either a one-time loss (single loss in one lineage/species) or multiple independent losses (parallel loss in two or more lineages/species) with the majority of losses occurring within the grass family. In contrast, the structure of the closest homolog to ABCB1, ABCB19, remained constant in the majority of angiosperms analyzed. Using known phylogenetic relationships within the grasses, we determined the ancestral branch-points where the losses occurred. Intron 7, the longest intron, was lost in only a single species, Mimulus guttatus, following duplication of ABCB1. Semiquantitative PCR showed that the M. guttatus ABCB1 gene copy without intron 7 had significantly lower transcript levels than the gene copy with intron 7. We further demonstrated that intron 7 carried two motifs that were highly conserved across the monocot-dicot divide. CONCLUSIONS: The ABCB1 gene structure is highly dynamic, while the structure of ABCB19 remained largely conserved through evolution. Precise removal of introns, preferential removal of smaller introns and presence of at least 2 bp of microhomology flanking most introns indicated that intron loss may have predominantly occurred through non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair of double strand breaks. Lack of microhomology in the exon upstream of lost phase I introns was likely due to release of the selective constraint on the penultimate base (3rd base in codon) of the terminal codon by the splicing machinery. In addition to size, the presence of regulatory motifs will make introns recalcitrant to loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Íntrons/genética
Magnoliopsida/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Sequência de Bases
Sequência Conservada/genética
DNA Complementar/genética
Evolução Molecular
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Mimulus/genética
Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética
Oryza/genética
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo Genético
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1077-x



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