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[PMID]:29414693
[Au] Autor:Andreev DE; Dmitriev SE; Loughran G; Terenin IM; Baranov PV; Shatsky IN
[Ad] Endereço:Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address: cycloheximide@yandex.ru.
[Ti] Título:Translation control of mRNAs encoding mammalian translation initiation factors.
[So] Source:Gene;651:174-182, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Eukaryotic cells evolved highly complex and accurate protein synthesis machinery that is finely tuned by various signaling pathways. Dysregulation of translation is a hallmark of many diseases, including cancer, and thus pharmacological approaches to modulate translation become very promising. While there has been much progress in our understanding of mammalian mRNA-specific translation control, surprisingly, relatively little is known about whether and how the protein components of the translation machinery shape translation of their own mRNAs. Here we analyze mammalian mRNAs encoding components of the translation initiation machinery for potential regulatory features such as 5'TOP motifs, TISU motifs, poor start codon nucleotide context and upstream open reading frames.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores de Iniciação em Eucariotos/genética
Regulação da Expressão Gênica
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regiões 5' não Traduzidas
Animais
Seres Humanos
Mamíferos
Biossíntese de Proteínas
Sequência de Oligopirimidina na Região 5' Terminal do RNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (5' Untranslated Regions); 0 (Eukaryotic Initiation Factors); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29391274
[Au] Autor:Chen YL; Li TJ; Hao Y; Wu BG; Li H; Geng N; Sun ZQ; Zheng LQ; Sun YX
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cardiology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Association of rs2271037 and rs3749585 polymorphisms in CORIN with susceptibility to hypertension in a Chinese Han population: A case-control study.
[So] Source:Gene;651:79-85, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Corins are membrane-bound protease that regulates blood pressure by activating the natriuretic peptides. These pro-atrial natriuretic peptide convertases are essential for sodium homeostasis and normal blood pressure. CORIN variants have been identified in humans and other animals, but no studies of CORIN polymorphisms have been conducted in northeastern China. This study aims to investigate the association of 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CORIN (rs2271037 and rs3749585) with hypertension, as well as their potential interactions with some risk factors of hypertension in a Han population of northeastern China. A case-control study, including 402 patients with hypertension and 406 participants with normal blood pressure, was conducted in Liaoning province. SNP genotyping was carried out by high resolution melting (HRM) after polymerase chain reaction amplifications. Since rs3749585 is located in 3' untranslated region (UTR) of CORIN, in silico analysis was used to predict target micro RNAs on TargetScan, miRanda, and DIANA-microT. As a result, mutant T allele in rs2271037 (odds ratio [OR], 1.693; 95% confidence [CI], 1.528-1.877; p < 0.001) and C allele in rs3749585 (OR, 1.114; 95% CI 1.011-1.227; p = 0.029) increased the risk of hypertension, comparing with wild G allele and T allele, respectively. Patients with genotype TT (OR, 10.209; 95% CI, 6.414-16.250; p < 0.001) and GT (OR, 1.730; 95% CI, 1.226-2.443; p = 0.002) have higher risk of hypertension than those with genotype GG. SNP rs2271037 was significantly associated with susceptibility to hypertension in all genetic models (dominant model: OR, 2.879; 95% CI, 2.080-3.986; p < 0.001; recessive model: OR, 7.159; 95% CI, 4.779-10.724; p < 0.001; additive model: OR, 1.535; 95% CI, 1.163-2.027; p = 0.002). SNP rs3749585 was significantly correlated with hypertension susceptibility only in dominant model (OR, 1.533; 95% CI, 1.073-2.189; p = 0.019), but not in recessive model (OR, 1.220; 95% CI, 0.906-1.644; p = 0.191) or additive model (OR, 0.915; 95% CI, 0.694-1.205; p = 0.527). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum sodium level in logistic models, the same statistical results were obtained. Interaction study showed the association between CORIN polymorphisms and hypertension could be changed by overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m ). In silico analyses implicated hsa-miR-495 as a target miRNA that potentially interacts with the 3' UTR of CORIN. In conclusion, polymorphisms of rs2271037 and rs3749585 in CORIN were significantly associated with hypertension in a Han population of northeastern China. The mutant-type T allele of rs2271037 and C allele of rs3749585 might increase the susceptibility to hypertension in this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Hipertensão/genética
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Serina Endopeptidases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alelos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Interação Gene-Ambiente
Estudos de Associação Genética
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Meia-Idade
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (MicroRNAs); 0 (RNA, Messenger); EC 3.4.21.- (CORIN protein, human); EC 3.4.21.- (Serine Endopeptidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29385210
[Au] Autor:Eadie LN; Dang P; Goyne JM; Hughes TP; White DL
[Ad] Endereço:Cancer Theme, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), Adelaide, South Australia.
[Ti] Título:ABCC6 plays a significant role in the transport of nilotinib and dasatinib, and contributes to TKI resistance in vitro, in both cell lines and primary patient mononuclear cells.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192180, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:ATP Binding Cassette family efflux proteins ABCB1 and ABCG2 have previously been demonstrated to interact with Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs); however, evidence for the interaction of other potentially relevant drug transporters with TKIs is lacking. Through Taqman transporter array technology we assessed the impact of nilotinib on mRNA expression of ABC transporters, with ABCC6 identified as a transporter of interest. Additionally, increased expression of ABCC6 mRNA was observed during in vitro development of nilotinib resistance in BCR-ABL1-expressing cell lines. K562 cells exposed to gradually increasing concentrations of nilotinib (to 2 µM) expressed up to 57-fold higher levels of ABCC6 mRNA when compared with control cells (p = 0.002). Analogous results were observed in nilotinib resistant K562-Dox cells (up to 33-fold higher levels of ABCC6, p = 0.002). IC50 experiments were conducted on patient mononuclear cells in the absence and presence of three ABCC6 inhibitors: indomethacin, probenecid and pantoprazole. Results demonstrated that all three inhibitors significantly reduced nilotinib IC50 (p<0.001) indicating ABCC6 is likely involved in nilotinib transport. Cell line data confirmed these findings. Similar results were obtained for dasatinib, but not imatinib. Combined, these studies suggest that nilotinib and dasatinib are likely substrates of ABCC6 and to our knowledge, this is the first report of ABCC6 involvement in TKI transport. In addition, ABCC6 overexpression may also contribute to nilotinib and dasatinib resistance in vitro. With nilotinib and dasatinib now front line therapy options in the treatment of CML, concomitant administration of ABCC6 inhibitors may present an attractive option to enhance TKI efficacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dasatinibe/farmacologia
Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos
Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/fisiologia
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia
Pirimidinas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Linhagem Celular
Dasatinibe/farmacocinética
Resistência a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética
Pirimidinas/farmacocinética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (4-methyl-N-(3-(4-methylimidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-((4-pyridin-3-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)amino)benzamide); 0 (ABCC6 protein, human); 0 (Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins); 0 (Protein Kinase Inhibitors); 0 (Pyrimidines); 0 (RNA, Messenger); EC 2.7.10.2 (Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl); RBZ1571X5H (Dasatinib)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192180


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[PMID]:29381737
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Zhang T; Song X; Zhang J; Dang Z; Pei X; Long Y
[Ad] Endereço:MOA Key Laboratory on Safety Assessment (Molecular) of Agri-GMO, Institute of Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and functional analysis of two alternatively spliced transcripts of ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3) in linseed flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191910, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alternative splicing is a popular phenomenon in different types of plants. It can produce alternative spliced transcripts that encode proteins with altered functions. Previous studies have shown that one transcription factor, ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3), which encodes an important component in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, is subjected to alternative splicing in both mono- and dicotyledons. In the current study, we identified two homologs of ABI3 in the genome of linseed flax. We screened two alternatively spliced flax LuABI3 transcripts, LuABI3-2 and LuABI3-3, and one normal flax LuABI3 transcript, LuABI3-1. Sequence analysis revealed that one of the alternatively spliced transcripts, LuABI3-3, retained a 6 bp intron. RNA accumulation analysis showed that all three transcripts were expressed during seed development, while subcellular localization and transgene experiments showed that LuABI3-3 had no biological function. The two normal transcripts, LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2, are the important functional isoforms in flax and play significant roles in the ABA regulatory pathway during seed development, germination, and maturation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processamento Alternativo
Linho/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Arabidopsis/genética
Germinação/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191910


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[PMID]:29377961
[Au] Autor:DeBerg HA; Zaidi MB; Altman MC; Khaenam P; Gersuk VH; Campos FD; Perez-Martinez I; Meza-Segura M; Chaussabel D; Banchereau J; Estrada-Garcia T; Linsley PS
[Ad] Endereço:Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Shared and organism-specific host responses to childhood diarrheal diseases revealed by whole blood transcript profiling.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192082, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Globally, diarrheal diseases are a leading cause of death in children under five and disproportionately affect children in developing countries. Children who contract diarrheal diseases are rarely screened to identify the etiologic agent due to time and cost considerations associated with pathogen-specific screening and hence pathogen-directed therapy is uncommon. The development of biomarkers to rapidly identify underlying pathogens could improve treatment options and clinical outcomes in childhood diarrheal diseases. Here, we perform RNA sequencing on blood samples collected from children evaluated in an emergency room setting with diarrheal disease where the pathogen(s) present are known. We determine host response gene signatures specific to Salmonella, Shigella and rotavirus, but not E. coli, infections that distinguish them from each other and from healthy controls. Specifically, we observed differential expression of genes related to chemokine receptors or inflammasome signaling in Shigella cases, such as CCR3, CXCR8, and NLRC4, and interferon response genes, such as IFI44 and OASL, in rotavirus cases. Our findings add insight into the host peripheral immune response to these pathogens, and suggest strategies and limitations for the use host response transcript signatures for diagnosing the etiologic agent of childhood diarrheal diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diarreia/imunologia
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
RNA Mensageiro/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Diarreia/sangue
Diarreia/genética
Gastroenteropatias/genética
Gastroenteropatias/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Rotavirus/isolamento & purificação
Shigella/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192082


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[PMID]:29351317
[Au] Autor:Merrick BA; Chang JS; Phadke DP; Bostrom MA; Shah RR; Wang X; Gordon O; Wright GM
[Ad] Endereço:Biomolecular Screening Branch, Division National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:HAfTs are novel lncRNA transcripts from aflatoxin exposure.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190992, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The transcriptome can reveal insights into precancer biology. We recently conducted RNA-Seq analysis on liver RNA from male rats exposed to the carcinogen, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), for 90 days prior to liver tumor onset. Among >1,000 differentially expressed transcripts, several novel, unannotated Cufflinks-assembled transcripts, or HAfTs (Hepatic Aflatoxin Transcripts) were found. We hypothesized PCR-cloning and RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) could further HAfT identification. Sanger data was obtained for 6 transcripts by PCR and 16 transcripts by 5'- and 3'-RACE. BLAST alignments showed, with two exceptions, HAfT transcripts were lncRNAs, >200nt without apparent long open reading frames. Six rat HAfT transcripts were classified as 'novel' without RefSeq annotation. Sequence alignment and genomic synteny showed each rat lncRNA had a homologous locus in the mouse genome and over half had homologous loci in the human genome, including at least two loci (and possibly three others) that were previously unannotated. While HAfT functions are not yet clear, coregulatory roles may be possible from their adjacent orientation to known coding genes with altered expression that include 8 HAfT-gene pairs. For example, a unique rat HAfT, homologous to Pvt1, was adjacent to known genes controlling cell proliferation. Additionally, PCR and RACE Sanger sequencing showed many alternative splice variants and refinements of exon sequences compared to Cufflinks assembled transcripts and gene prediction algorithms. Presence of multiple splice variants and short tandem repeats found in some HAfTs may be consequential for secondary structure, transcriptional regulation, and function. In summary, we report novel, differentially expressed lncRNAs after exposure to the genotoxicant, AFB1, prior to neoplastic lesions. Complete cloning and sequencing of such transcripts could pave the way for a new set of sensitive and early prediction markers for chemical hepatocarcinogens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade
Proteínas de Transporte/genética
Fígado/metabolismo
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aflatoxina B1/metabolismo
Animais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Camundongos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Ratos
Ratos Endogâmicos F344
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., INTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carrier Proteins); 0 (RNA, Long Noncoding); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 9N2N2Y55MH (Aflatoxin B1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190992


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[PMID]:29346429
[Au] Autor:Ferrigno A; Di Pasqua LG; Berardo C; Siciliano V; Rizzo V; Adorini L; Richelmi P; Vairetti M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The farnesoid X receptor agonist obeticholic acid upregulates biliary excretion of asymmetric dimethylarginine via MATE-1 during hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191430, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: We previously showed that increased asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) biliary excretion occurs during hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), prompting us to study the effects of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist obeticholic acid (OCA) on bile, serum and tissue levels of ADMA after I/R. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats were orally administered 10mg/kg/day of OCA or vehicle for 5 days and were subjected to 60 min partial hepatic ischemia or sham-operated. After a 60 min reperfusion, serum, tissue and bile ADMA levels, liver mRNA and protein expression of ADMA transporters (CAT-1, CAT-2A, CAT-2B, OCT-1, MATE-1), and enzymes involved in ADMA synthesis (protein-arginine-N-methyltransferase-1, PRMT-1) and metabolism (dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase-1, DDAH-1) were measured. RESULTS: OCA administration induced a further increase in biliary ADMA levels both in sham and I/R groups, with no significant changes in hepatic ADMA content. A reduction in CAT-1, CAT-2A or CAT-2B transcripts was found in OCA-treated sham-operated rats compared with vehicle. Conversely, OCA administration did not change CAT-1, CAT-2A or CAT-2B expression, already reduced by I/R. However, a marked decrease in OCT-1 and increase in MATE-1 expression was observed. A similar trend occurred with protein expression. CONCLUSION: The reduced mRNA expression of hepatic CAT transporters suggests that the increase in serum ADMA levels is probably due to decreased liver uptake of ADMA from the systemic circulation. Conversely, the mechanism involved in further increasing biliary ADMA levels in sham and I/R groups treated with OCA appears to be MATE-1-dependent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antiporters/metabolismo
Arginina/análogos & derivados
Sistema Biliar/efeitos dos fármacos
Ácido Quenodesoxicólico/análogos & derivados
Hepatopatias/metabolismo
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo
Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores
Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo
Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arginina/sangue
Arginina/metabolismo
Arginina/secreção
Sistema Biliar/metabolismo
Sistema Biliar/secreção
Western Blotting
Proteínas de Transporte/genética
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo
Ácido Quenodesoxicólico/farmacologia
Masculino
Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo
Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiporters); 0 (Carrier Proteins); 0 (MATE1 protein, rat); 0 (Organic Cation Transport Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear); 0 (farnesoid X-activated receptor); 0462Z4S4OZ (obeticholic acid); 0GEI24LG0J (Chenodeoxycholic Acid); 63CV1GEK3Y (N,N-dimethylarginine); 94ZLA3W45F (Arginine); EC 1.14.13.39 (Nitric Oxide Synthase); EC 2.1.1.319 (PRMT1 protein, rat); EC 2.1.1.319 (Protein-Arginine N-Methyltransferases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191430


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[PMID]:29309431
[Au] Autor:Carmalt JL; Mortazavi S; McOnie RC; Allen AL; Unniappan S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Profiles of pro-opiomelanocortin and encoded peptides, and their processing enzymes in equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190796, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is characterized by hyperplasia of the pars intermedia (PI) melanotrophs of the pituitary gland (PG), and increased production of proopiomelanocortin (POMC). POMC is cleaved by prohormone convertase 1 (PC1) to produce adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and further processing of ACTH by PC2 to produce alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and corticotropin-like intermediate peptide (CLIP). High plasma ACTH concentrations in horses with PPID might be related to reduced conversion of ACTH to α-MSH by PCs. The hypothesis of this study was that PC1 and PC2 expression in the pituitary gland are altered in PPID, resulting in an abnormal relative abundance of POMC derived proteins. The objectives of this study were to identify the partial sequences of equine POMC, PC1, and PC2 mRNAs; and to determine whether the expression of POMC, PC1, and PC2 mRNAs in whole pituitary extracts, and POMC-protein in the cavernous sinus blood of horses are altered in PPID. We confirmed (RT-PCR and sequencing) that the partial sequences obtained match the corresponding regions of predicted equine POMC, PC1 and PC2 sequences. The expression (quantification by RT-qPCR) of POMC, PC1 and PC2 mRNAs were found upregulated in the pituitary of horses with PPID. Plasma (measured using RIA/ELISA) ACTH and α-MSH were elevated in PPID horses. These results indicate distinct differences in gene and protein expression of POMC and its intermediates, and processing enzymes in PPID. It provides evidence to support the notion that local, pituitary-specific inadequacies in prohormone processing likely contribute to equine PPID.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peptídeos/metabolismo
Adeno-Hipófise Parte Intermédia/metabolismo
Pró-Opiomelanocortina/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue
Sequência de Aminoácidos
Animais
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Cavalos
Adeno-Hipófise Parte Intermédia/enzimologia
Pró-Opiomelanocortina/sangue
Pró-Opiomelanocortina/química
Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética
Pró-Proteína Convertase 1/genética
Pró-Proteína Convertase 1/metabolismo
Pró-Proteína Convertase 2/genética
Pró-Proteína Convertase 2/metabolismo
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
alfa-MSH/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Peptides); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 581-05-5 (alpha-MSH); 66796-54-1 (Pro-Opiomelanocortin); 9002-60-2 (Adrenocorticotropic Hormone); EC 3.4.21.93 (Proprotein Convertase 1); EC 3.4.21.94 (Proprotein Convertase 2)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190796


  9 / 349111 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29287883
[Au] Autor:Ma Y; Shi L; Zheng C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Key Clinical Disciplines of Otorhinolaryngology, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Microarray analysis of lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in mice with allergic rhinitis.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;104:58-65, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the effect of lncRNAs in CD4 T cells on Allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: The present study conducted a microarray to identify the expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNA in CD4 T cells in both AR murine models and normal controls. And qRT-PCR was used to confirm the results. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis were used to show all related pathways and a co-expression network was conducted to find lncRNAs which have high correlation with these pathways. RESULTS: The results showed that the two groups contained a total of 158 deregulated lncRNAs, of which 110 were upregulated and 48 were downregulated. And positive regulation of calcium ion transport, B cell activation, chemokine-signaling pathways and calcium-signaling pathways may be involved in the development of T cells in AR pathology. Finally, we can find the differentially expressed mRNA in the pathways related to T cell differentiation correlated with many deregulated lncRNAs. CONCLUSIONS: The present study was the first to show the differential expression profiles of lncRNAs in the CD4 T cells of an AR murine model, which may provide significant insights into AR pathogenesis and offer new treatment targets to alleviate it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/metabolismo
Análise em Microsséries/métodos
RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Rinite Alérgica/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Rinite Alérgica/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (RNA, Long Noncoding); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171231
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29202710
[Au] Autor:Parvathaneni RK; DeLeo VL; Spiekerman JJ; Chakraborty D; Devos KM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics, University of Georgia, 30602, Athens, Georgia, United States.
[Ti] Título:Parallel loss of introns in the ABCB1 gene in angiosperms.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):238, 2017 Dec 04.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly between sequenced eukaryotic genomes, the structure of a gene with reference to intron presence and positions is typically conserved in closely related species. Unexpectedly, the ABCB1 (ATP-Binding Cassette Subfamily B Member 1) gene which encodes a P-glycoprotein and underlies dwarfing traits in maize (br2), sorghum (dw3) and pearl millet (d2) displayed considerable variation in intron composition. RESULTS: An analysis of the ABCB1 gene structure in 80 angiosperms revealed that the number of introns ranged from one to nine. All introns in ABCB1 underwent either a one-time loss (single loss in one lineage/species) or multiple independent losses (parallel loss in two or more lineages/species) with the majority of losses occurring within the grass family. In contrast, the structure of the closest homolog to ABCB1, ABCB19, remained constant in the majority of angiosperms analyzed. Using known phylogenetic relationships within the grasses, we determined the ancestral branch-points where the losses occurred. Intron 7, the longest intron, was lost in only a single species, Mimulus guttatus, following duplication of ABCB1. Semiquantitative PCR showed that the M. guttatus ABCB1 gene copy without intron 7 had significantly lower transcript levels than the gene copy with intron 7. We further demonstrated that intron 7 carried two motifs that were highly conserved across the monocot-dicot divide. CONCLUSIONS: The ABCB1 gene structure is highly dynamic, while the structure of ABCB19 remained largely conserved through evolution. Precise removal of introns, preferential removal of smaller introns and presence of at least 2 bp of microhomology flanking most introns indicated that intron loss may have predominantly occurred through non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair of double strand breaks. Lack of microhomology in the exon upstream of lost phase I introns was likely due to release of the selective constraint on the penultimate base (3rd base in codon) of the terminal codon by the splicing machinery. In addition to size, the presence of regulatory motifs will make introns recalcitrant to loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Íntrons/genética
Magnoliopsida/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Sequência de Bases
Sequência Conservada/genética
DNA Complementar/genética
Evolução Molecular
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Mimulus/genética
Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética
Oryza/genética
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo Genético
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1077-x



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