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  1 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29505506
[Au] Autor:Payab M; Hasani-Ranjbar S; Aletaha A; Ghasemi N; Qorbani M; Atlasi R; Abdollahi M; Larijani B
[Ad] Endereço:Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute.
[Ti] Título:Efficacy, safety, and mechanisms of herbal medicines used in the treatment of obesity: A protocol for systematic review.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(1):e8825, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: This systematic review protocol aims to perform a protocol for assessing the effectiveness, safety, and mechanism of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Some systematic reviews conducted earlier have evaluated the efficacy of herbal medicine to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome. Owing to the huge burden imposed by obesity in the recent years, a need is felt for conducting new systematic reviews on the topic of obesity with a focus on randomized clinical trials, we felt the need. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All relevant clinical trials that examine the effectiveness of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome without restrictions on publication status will be applied.Four electronic databases will be searched: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. The main outcome is expected to be an improvement in the body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, body fat (weight or mass of visceral adipose tissue, fat mass or percent), and appetite.Selection studies, data extraction, and risk of bias will be assessed independently by 2 authors. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: In this study, ethical approval is not required because the data that will be used are not subjects and the results will be discussed through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPEROCRD42016049753.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180306
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000008825


  2 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29370244
[Au] Autor:Kroll JL; Werchan CA; Rosenfield D; Ritz T
[Ad] Endereço:Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Acute ingestion of beetroot juice increases exhaled nitric oxide in healthy individuals.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191030, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the airways' innate immune response, and the fraction of exhaled NO at a flow rate of 50mL per second (FENO50) has been utilized to capture NO. Deficits in NO are linked to loss of bronchoprotective effects in airway challenges and predict symptoms of respiratory infection. While beetroot juice supplements have been proposed to enhance exercise performance by increasing dietary nitrate consumption, few studies have examined the impact of beetroot juice or nitrate supplementation on airway NO in contexts beyond an exercise challenge, which we know influences FENO50. METHODS: We therefore examined the influence of a beetroot juice supplement on FENO50 in healthy males and females (n = 38) during periods of rest and in normoxic conditions. FENO50, heart rate, blood pressure, and state affect were measured at baseline, 45 minutes, and 90 minutes following ingestion of 70ml beetroot juice (6.5 mmol nitrate). Identical procedures were followed with ingestion of 70ml of water on a control day. RESULTS: After beetroot consumption, average values of the natural log of FENO50 (lnFENO50) increased by 21.3% (Cohen's d = 1.54, p < .001) 45 minutes after consumption and by 20.3% (Cohen's d = 1.45, p < .001) 90 min after consumption. On the other hand, only very small increases in FENO50 were observed after consumption of the control liquid (less than 1% increase). A small subset (n = 4) of participants completed an extended protocol lasting over 3 hours, where elevated levels of FENO50 persisted. No significant changes in cardiovascular measures were observed with this small single dose of beetroot juice. CONCLUSION: As NO serves a key role in innate immunity, future research is needed to explore the potential clinical utility of beetroot and dietary nitrate to elevate FENO50 and prevent respiratory infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beta vulgaris/química
Testes Respiratórios
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191030


  3 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29367485
[Au] Autor:Umigai N; Murakami K; Shimizu R; Takeda R; Azuma T
[Ad] Endereço:Riken Vitamin Co., Ltd.
[Ti] Título:Safety Evaluation and Plasma Carotenoid Accumulation in Healthy Adult Subjects after 12 Weeks of Paprika Oleoresin Supplementation.
[So] Source:J Oleo Sci;67(2):225-234, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1347-3352
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Paprika oleoresin is obtained by solvent extraction from Capsicum annuum L. fruits and contains multiple carotenoids, such as capsanthin, ß-carotene, zeaxanthin, and ß-cryptoxanthin, which are considered protective against various diseases. Herein, we investigated the effect of paprika oleoresin supplementation on plasma carotenoid accumulation and evaluated the safety of the oleoresin. We used a double-blinded, placebo-controlled comparative clinical study design and tested the effects of varying doses in healthy adult subjects. In total, 33 subjects were randomly divided into three groups to take capsules containing 0, 20, or 100 mg of paprika oleoresin daily for 12 consecutive weeks. Plasma carotenoid concentrations were measured at 0, 4, 8, and 12 weeks, and the safety of paprika oleoresin capsules was investigated using analyses of blood biochemistry, hematology, and urine contents. In these experiments, ß-cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin dose-dependently accumulated in plasma within the dose range of the study over 12 consecutive weeks of paprika oleoresin supplementation. Moreover, ß-cryptoxanthin accumulated to higher levels than the other paprika oleoresin carotenoids. In contrast, capsanthin was not detected in plasma before or during the 12-week treatment period. Finally, no adverse events were associated with intake of paprika oleoresin (20 and 100 mg/day) in safety evaluations. Paprika oleoresin is a suitable source of carotenoids, especially ß-cryptoxanthin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Capsicum/química
Carotenoides/sangue
Suplementos Nutricionais
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: beta-Criptoxantina/sangue
Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Método Duplo-Cego
Extratos Vegetais/efeitos adversos
Distribuição Aleatória
Segurança
Solventes
Fatores de Tempo
Zeaxantinas/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL STUDY; COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Beta-Cryptoxanthin); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Solvents); 0 (Zeaxanthins); 0 (oleoresins); 36-88-4 (Carotenoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5650/jos.ess17155


  4 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29367479
[Au] Autor:Pornputtapitak W; Pantakitcharoenkul J; Panpakdee R; Teeranachaideekul V; Sinchaipanid N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University.
[Ti] Título:Development of γ-Oryzanol Rich Extract from Leum Pua Glutinous Rice Bran Loaded Nanostructured Lipid Carriers for Topical Delivery.
[So] Source:J Oleo Sci;67(2):125-133, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1347-3352
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Leum Pua is native Thai glutinous rice that contains antioxidants higher than white rice and other colored rice. One of the major antioxidants in rice brans is γ-oryzanol (GO). In this study, Leum Pua glutinous rice bran was extracted by different solvents. Oleic acid (~40 g/100 g extract), linoleic acid (~30 g/100 g extract), and palmitic acid (~20 g/100 g extract) were found to be major lipid components in the extracts. Methanol extract showed less variety of lipid components compared to the others. However, hexane extract showed the highest percent of γ-oryzanol compared to other solvents. Therefore, the hexane extract was selected to prepare nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). The prepared NLC had small particles in the size range of 142.9 ± 0.4 nm for extract-loaded NLC and 137.1 ± 0.5 nm for GO-loaded NLC with narrow size distribution (PI < 0.1) in both formulations. The release profile of extract-loaded NLC formulation was slightly higher than GO-loaded NLC formulation. However, they did not follow the Higuchi model because of small amounts of γ-oryzanol loaded in NLC particles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação
Portadores de Fármacos
Nanoestruturas
Oryza/química
Fenilpropionatos/isolamento & purificação
Extratos Vegetais/análise
Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hexanos
Ácido Linoleico/análise
Ácido Oleico/análise
Ácido Palmítico/análise
Tamanho da Partícula
Fenilpropionatos/análise
Solventes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Drug Carriers); 0 (Hexanes); 0 (Phenylpropionates); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Solvents); 2UMI9U37CP (Oleic Acid); 2V16EO95H1 (Palmitic Acid); 9KJL21T0QJ (Linoleic Acid); SST9XCL51M (gamma-oryzanol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5650/jos.ess17113


  5 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320574
[Au] Autor:Inoue A; Furukawa A; Yamamoto H; Ohta S; Linh NDH; Syerikjan T; Kaida S; Yamaguchi T; Murata S; Obata T; Tani M; Murata K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Acceleration of small bowel motility after oral administration of dai-kenchu-to (TJ-100) assessed by cine magnetic resonance imaging.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191044, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dai-kenchu-to (TJ-100) is an herbal medicine used to shorten the duration of intestinal transit by accelerating intestinal movement. However, intestinal movement in itself has not been evaluated in healthy volunteers using radiography, fluoroscopy, and radioisotopes because of exposure to ionizing radiation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of TJ-100 on intestinal motility using cinematic magnetic resonance imaging (cine MRI) with a steady-state free precession sequence. Ten healthy male volunteers received 5 g of either TJ-100 or lactose without disclosure of the identity of the substance. Each volunteer underwent two MRI examinations after taking the substances (TJ-100 and lactose) on separate days. They drank 1200 mL of tap water and underwent cine MRI after 10 min. A steady-state free precession sequence was used for imaging, which was performed thrice at 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 min. The bowel contraction frequency and distention score were assessed. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used, and differences were considered significant at a P-value <0.05. The bowel contraction frequency tended to be greater in the TJ-100 group and was significantly different in the ileum at 20 (TJ-100, 8.95 ± 2.88; lactose, 4.80 ± 2.92; P < 0.05) and 50 min (TJ-100, 9.45 ± 4.49; lactose, 4.45 ± 2.65; P < 0.05) between the groups. No significant differences were observed in the bowel distention scores. Cine MRI demonstrated that TJ-100 activated intestinal motility without dependence on ileum distention.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Motilidade Gastrointestinal
Intestino Delgado/fisiologia
Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Administração Oral
Adulto
Método Duplo-Cego
Seres Humanos
Intestino Delgado/diagnóstico por imagem
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (dai-kenchu-to)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191044


  6 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29278026
[Au] Autor:Tokodi M; Csábi E; Kiricsi Á; Kollár E; Molnár AH; Rovó L; Bella Z
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, University of Szeged , Szeged, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:The effect of nasal provocation with a single-dose allergen on the physical and cognitive performance of patients with ragweed allergy.
[So] Source:Physiol Int;104(4):334-343, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2498-602X
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose This study aims to compare the impact of active allergic rhinitis on physical and cognitive abilities of trained allergic athletes to untrained allergic patients. Methods Cognitive, respiratory, and fitness functions were assessed before and after allergen exposure. Participants in both groups were provoked intranasally with ragweed allergen. Results The group of athletes revealed significantly higher average values in peak inspiratory flow and fitness index before and after provocation. In neuropsychological assessments, athletes performed significantly better after allergen provocation in complex working memory capacity. Due to single acute allergen exposure, the size of the nasal cavity and nasal inspiratory peak flow significantly decreased in both groups. The physical performance of both groups did not change after provocation. Executive functions and complex working memory capacity of athletes significantly improved resulting from provocation. Conclusions A single-shot allergen in high dose might cause an increase in mental concentration, which was more pronounced in the group of athletes. This study indicates that acute exposure to allergen cannot affect the physical performance and may result in increased mental focus in patients with allergy notwithstanding the declining respiratory functions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alérgenos/administração & dosagem
Antígenos de Plantas/administração & dosagem
Desempenho Atlético
Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos
Testes de Provocação Nasal/métodos
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Desempenho Psicomotor/efeitos dos fármacos
Rinite Alérgica/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Esquema de Medicação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Allergens); 0 (Antigens, Plant); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (ragweed pollen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/2060.104.2017.4.6


  7 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28455256
[Au] Autor:Kim JH; Cho CW; Kim HY; Kim KT; Choi GS; Kim HH; Cho IS; Kwon SJ; Choi SK; Yoon JY; Yang SY; Kang JS; Kim YH
[Ad] Endereço:College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea; Department of Horticultural and Crop Environment, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Wanju, 55365, Republic of Korea; Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research I
[Ti] Título:α-Glucosidase inhibition by prenylated and lavandulyl compounds from Sophora flavescens roots and in silico analysis.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:960-969, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The enzyme α-glucosidase is a good drug target for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Four minor flavonoids (1-4) from roots of Sophora flavescens showed the inhibitory activity, with IC values ranging from 11.0±0.3 to 50.6±1.3µM, toward α-glucosidase. An enzyme kinetics analysis of them revealed that the compounds 1 and 4 were non-competitive, and compounds 2 and 3 were un-competitive inhibitors. For molecular docking, 3-dimensional structure of α-glucosidase was built by homology modeling. As the result, four compounds 1-4 were confirmed to interact into common binding site of α-glucosidase. In addition, all of the four prenylated and lavandulyl compounds (1-4) were abundant in an ethyl acetate fraction separated from a methanol extract, and the potential inhibitor (3) was extracted best using tetrahydrofuran.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Simulação por Computador
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Raízes de Plantas/química
Prenilação
Sophora/química
Terpenos/química
alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
Extratos Vegetais/química
Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
Conformação Proteica
alfa-Glucosidases/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Terpenes); EC 3.2.1.20 (alpha-Glucosidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29441920
[Ti] Título:Pancreatic lipase and -amylase inhibitory activities of plants used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).
[So] Source:Pharmazie;71(7):420-424, 2016 Jul 07.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7144
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To find new, plant based drugs for the treatment of obesity and/or diabetes mellitus type 2 through the inhibition of essential digestive enzymes, in vitro tests were carried out on selected plants or fungi with weight-reducing, blood glucose-reducing or related potential, used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Aqueous and methanolic extracts of 32 Chinese herbal medicines were assayed for their in vitro inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase (PL) and α-amylase (PA). PL activity was measured by using an enzymatic in vitro assay based on the hydrolysis kinetics of an oleate ester of 4-methylumbelliferone. For the determination of α-amylase activity an enzyme assay based on the hydrolytic cleavage of a modified starch derivative was used. Our findings have shown that the methanolic extract of Lycopus lucidus Turcz. var. hirtus Regel (Lamiaceae) was a very effective PL inhibitor (IC50: 88.3±4.1 µg/mL). A high anti-amylase activity showed the methanolic extract of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. (Curcurbitaceae, IC50: 248.8±67.3 µg/mL). This work provides a priority list of interesting plants for further study with respect to the treatment of obesity and associated metabolic diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores
Pâncreas/enzimologia
Plantas/química
alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fungos/química
Hidrólise
Himecromona/química
Cinética
Lycopus/química
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Trichosanthes/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts); 3T5NG4Q468 (Hymecromone); EC 3.1.1.3 (Lipase); EC 3.2.1.1 (alpha-Amylases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1691/ph.2016.6569


  9 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29172693
[Au] Autor:Ojeda-Montes MJ; Ardid-Ruiz A; Tomás-Hernández S; Gimeno A; Cereto-Massagué A; Beltrán-Debón R; Mulero M; Garcia-Vallvé S; Pujadas G; Valls C
[Ad] Endereço:Research group in Cheminformatics & Nutrition, Departament de Bioquímica i Biotecnologia, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Campus de Sescelades, Tarragona, Catalonia 43007, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Ephedrine as a lead compound for the development of new DPP-IV inhibitors.
[So] Source:Future Med Chem;9(18):2129-2146, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1756-8927
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: Extracts from Ephedra species have been reported to be effective as antidiabetics. A previous in silico study predicted that ephedrine and five ephedrine derivatives could contribute to the described antidiabetic effect of Ephedra extracts by inhibiting dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV). Finding selective DPP-IV inhibitors is a current therapeutic strategy for Type 2 diabetes mellitus management. Therefore, the main aim of this work is to experimentally determine whether these alkaloids are DPP-IV inhibitors. Materials & methods: The DPP-IV inhibition of Ephedra's alkaloids was determined via a competitive-binding assay. Then, computational analyses were used in order to find out the protein-ligand interactions and to perform a lead optimization. RESULTS: Our results show that all six molecules are DPP-IV inhibitors, with IC ranging from 124 µM for ephedrine to 28 mM for N-methylpseudoephedrine. CONCLUSION: Further computational analysis shows how Ephedra's alkaloids could be used as promising lead molecules for designing more potent and selective DPP-IV inhibitors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo
Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química
Efedrina/análogos & derivados
Hipoglicemiantes/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcaloides/química
Alcaloides/metabolismo
Sítios de Ligação
Ligação Competitiva
Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/química
Desenho de Drogas
Ephedra/química
Ephedra/metabolismo
Efedrina/metabolismo
Hipoglicemiantes/metabolismo
Concentração Inibidora 50
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
Fenilpropanolamina/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores
Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo
Estrutura Terciária de Proteína
Estereoisomerismo
Relação Estrutura-Atividade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkaloids); 0 (Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors); 0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Protein Isoforms); 33RU150WUN (Phenylpropanolamine); EC 3.4.14.5 (Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4); GN83C131XS (Ephedrine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4155/fmc-2017-0080


  10 / 91721 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406030
[Au] Autor:Zhang X; Pi Z; Zheng Z; Liu Z; Song F
[Ad] Endereço:National Center of Mass Spectrometry in Changchun, Jilin Province Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Chemistry and Mass Spectrometry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China.
[Ti] Título:Comprehensive investigation of in-vivo ingredients and action mechanism of iridoid extract from Gardeniae Fructus by liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry, microdialysis sampling and network pharmacology.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1076:70-76, 2018 Feb 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gardeniae Fructus is a widely used Traditional Chinese Medicines in treating various diseases. However, the absorbed components and metabolites of its main bioactive iridoid ingredients from iridoid extract of the fruits of Gardeniae Fructus in rat plasma need further study. In this study, a systematic method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight/mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) technique was developed to speculate the absorbed components and metabolites of iridoid extract in rat plasma after oral administration. A total of 19 compounds, including 9 prototype components and 10 metabolites were identified in plasma. 5 metabolites containing 4 new metabolites (M1, M2, M7, M10) were tentatively determined in rat plasma. Besides, Microdialysis-intensity-fading mass spectrometry (MD-IF-MS) method was originally employed to reveal the binding affinities with α-glucosidase for in-vivo prototype components and their metabolites. Finally, the absorbed constituents and the corresponding target proteins were used to generate compound-target network to find the related diseases and action pathways by a network pharmacology method. The results provide useful information for further study of pharmacology and in vivo mechanism of action of iridoid extract from the fruits of Gardeniae Fructus.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Gardenia/química
Iridoides/sangue
Iridoides/metabolismo
Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Frutas/química
Masculino
Microdiálise
Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Transdução de Sinais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Iridoids); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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