Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : D20.345.630.540 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29431338
[Au] Autor:Shevchenko AA; Kulagin AA; Grigorenko LV
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of the impact of diesel fuel on the ordinary black soil microbiocenosis].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):942-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The main sources of soil contamination by oil products in the Dnepropetrovsk region are oil depots, gas stations and all types of transport that use and transport oil. The diesel fuel was found to be the one of the priority multicomponent components of the petroleum products, so it there was occurred the necessity for the hygienic regulation of the oil component in order to monitor a multicomponent composition ofpetroleum products in the study of complex influence of environmental factors on health population. In the study of the effect of various concentrations of diesel fuel on the number of total bacterial count (TBC) as the threshold for general sanitary indicator of hazard, there was recommended the concentration of4000 mg/kg, which oppressed the vital activity of soil microorganisms by 50-27.3% for the first 2 weeks of the laboratory experiment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gasolina
Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos
Solo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Gasolina/efeitos adversos
Gasolina/análise
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Solo/química
Solo/normas
Microbiologia do Solo
Poluentes do Solo/efeitos adversos
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Ucrânia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29478640
[Au] Autor:Guan Z; Tang XY; Nishimura T; Katou H; Liu HY; Qing J
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China; Laboratory of Soil Physics and Soil Hydrology, Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Agricul
[Ti] Título:Surfactant-enhanced flushing enhances colloid transport and alters macroporosity in diesel-contaminated soil.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);64:197-206, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Soil contamination by diesel has been often reported as a result of accidental spillage, leakage and inappropriate use. Surfactant-enhanced soil flushing is a common remediation technique for soils contaminated by hydrophobic organic chemicals. In this study, soil flushing with linear alkylbenzene sulfonates (LAS, an anionic surfactant) was conducted for intact columns (15cm in diameter and 12cm in length) of diesel-contaminated farmland purple soil aged for one year in the field. Dynamics of colloid concentration in column outflow during flushing, diesel removal rate and resulting soil macroporosity change by flushing were analyzed. Removal rate of n-alkanes (representing the diesel) varied with the depth of the topsoil in the range of 14%-96% while the n-alkanes present at low concentrations in the subsoil were completely removed by LAS-enhanced flushing. Much higher colloid concentrations and larger colloid sizes were observed during LAS flushing in column outflow compared to water flushing. The X-ray micro-computed tomography analysis of flushed and unflushed soil cores showed that the proportion of fine macropores (30-250µm in diameter) was reduced significantly by LAS flushing treatment. This phenomenon can be attributed to enhanced clogging of fine macropores by colloids which exhibited higher concentration due to better dispersion by LAS. It can be inferred from this study that the application of LAS-enhanced flushing technique in the purple soil region should be cautious regarding the possibility of rapid colloid-associated contaminant transport via preferential pathways in the subsurface and the clogging of water-conducting soil pores.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos
Gasolina/análise
Poluição por Petróleo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/química
Tensoativos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Coloides/química
Porosidade
Solo/química
Poluentes do Solo/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Colloids); 0 (Gasoline); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (Surface-Active Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28917820
[Au] Autor:Ma P; Zhang P; Shu J; Yang B; Zhang H
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of secondary organic aerosol from photo-oxidation of gasoline exhaust and specific sources of major components.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;232:65-72, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To further explore the composition and distribution of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) components from the photo-oxidation of light aromatic precursors (toluene, m-xylene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-TMB)) and idling gasoline exhaust, a vacuum ultraviolet photoionization mass spectrometer (VUV-PIMS) was employed. Peaks of the molecular ions of the SOA components with minimum molecular fragmentation were clearly observed from the mass spectra of SOA, through the application of soft ionization methods in VUV-PIMS. The experiments comparing the exhaust-SOA and light aromatic mixture-SOA showed that the observed distributions of almost all the predominant cluster ions in the exhaust-SOA were similar to that of the mixture-SOA. Based on the characterization experiments of SOA formed from individual light aromatic precursors, the SOA components with molecular weights of 98 and 110 amu observed in the exhaust-SOA resulted from the photo-oxidation of toluene and m-xylene; the components with a molecular weight of 124 amu were derived mainly from m-xylene; and the components with molecular weights of 100, 112, 128, 138, and 156 amu were mainly derived from 1,3,5-TMB. These results suggest that C -C light aromatic hydrocarbons are significant SOA precursors and that major SOA components originate from gasoline exhaust. Additionally, some new light aromatic hydrocarbon-SOA components were observed for the first time using VUV-PIMS. The corresponding reaction mechanisms were also proposed in this study to enrich the knowledge base of the formation mechanisms of light aromatic hydrocarbon-SOA compounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aerossóis/análise
Gasolina/análise
Processos Fotoquímicos
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos
Espectrometria de Massas
Peso Molecular
Oxirredução
Tolueno
Xilenos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aerosols); 0 (Gasoline); 0 (Hydrocarbons, Aromatic); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 0 (Xylenes); 3FPU23BG52 (Toluene); O9XS864HTE (3-xylene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170918
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29020029
[Au] Autor:Bardsley N; Büchs M; Schnepf SV
[Ad] Endereço:School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Something from nothing: Estimating consumption rates using propensity scores, with application to emissions reduction policies.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185538, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Consumption surveys often record zero purchases of a good because of a short observation window. Measures of distribution are then precluded and only mean consumption rates can be inferred. We show that Propensity Score Matching can be applied to recover the distribution of consumption rates. We demonstrate the method using the UK National Travel Survey, in which c.40% of motorist households purchase no fuel. Estimated consumption rates are plausible judging by households' annual mileages, and highly skewed. We apply the same approach to estimate CO2 emissions and outcomes of a carbon cap or tax. Reliance on means apparently distorts analysis of such policies because of skewness of the underlying distributions. The regressiveness of a simple tax or cap is overstated, and redistributive features of a revenue-neutral policy are understated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Economia
Pontuação de Propensão
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Condução de Veículo
Características da Família
Gasolina/análise
Análise de Regressão
Inquéritos e Questionários
Viagem
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185538


  5 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28968774
[Au] Autor:Bassig BA; Dai Y; Vermeulen R; Ren D; Hu W; Duan H; Niu Y; Xu J; Shiels MS; Kemp TJ; Pinto LA; Fu W; Meliefste K; Zhou B; Yang J; Ye M; Jia X; Meng T; Wong JYY; Bin P; Hosgood HD; Hildesheim A; Silverman DT; Rothman N; Zheng Y; Lan Q
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Rockville, MD, USA.
[Ti] Título:Occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust and alterations in immune/inflammatory markers: a cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study in China.
[So] Source:Carcinogenesis;38(11):1104-1111, 2017 Oct 26.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2180
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The relationship between diesel engine exhaust (DEE), a known lung carcinogen, and immune/inflammatory markers that have been prospectively associated with lung cancer risk is not well understood. To provide insight into these associations, we conducted a cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study of 54 males highly occupationally exposed to DEE and 55 unexposed male controls from representative workplaces in China. We measured plasma levels of 64 immune/inflammatory markers in all subjects using Luminex bead-based assays, and compared our findings to those from a nested case-control study of these markers and lung cancer risk, which had been conducted among never-smoking women in Shanghai using the same multiplex panels. Levels of nine markers that were associated with lung cancer risk in the Shanghai study were altered in DEE-exposed workers in the same direction as the lung cancer associations. Among these, associations with the levels of CRP (ß= -0.53; P = 0.01) and CCL15/MIP-1D (ß = 0.20; P = 0.02) were observed in workers exposed to DEE and with increasing elemental carbon exposure levels (Ptrends <0.05) in multivariable linear regression models. Levels of a third marker positively associated with an increased lung cancer risk, CCL2/MCP-1, were higher among DEE-exposed workers compared with controls in never and former smokers, but not in current smokers (Pinteraction = 0.01). The immunological differences in these markers in DEE-exposed workers are consistent with associations observed for lung cancer risk in a prospective study of Chinese women and may provide some insight into the mechanistic processes by which DEE causes lung cancer.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/efeitos adversos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Gasolina/efeitos adversos
Inflamação/metabolismo
Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia
Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Carcinógenos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
China
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Inflamação/induzido quimicamente
Pulmão/metabolismo
Masculino
Epidemiologia Molecular/métodos
Estudos Prospectivos
Medição de Risco
Emissões de Veículos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Occupational); 0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Carcinogens); 0 (Gasoline); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/carcin/bgx081


  6 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28888235
[Au] Autor:Du Y; Wu J; Yang S; Zhou L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Civil Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: ymducp@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Predicting vehicle fuel consumption patterns using floating vehicle data.
[So] Source:J Environ Sci (China);59:24-29, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1001-0742
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The status of energy consumption and air pollution in China is serious. It is important to analyze and predict the different fuel consumption of various types of vehicles under different influence factors. In order to fully describe the relationship between fuel consumption and the impact factors, massive amounts of floating vehicle data were used. The fuel consumption pattern and congestion pattern based on large samples of historical floating vehicle data were explored, drivers' information and vehicles' parameters from different group classification were probed, and the average velocity and average fuel consumption in the temporal dimension and spatial dimension were analyzed respectively. The fuel consumption forecasting model was established by using a Back Propagation Neural Network. Part of the sample set was used to train the forecasting model and the remaining part of the sample set was used as input to the forecasting model.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Automóveis/estatística & dados numéricos
Gasolina/estatística & dados numéricos
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Monitoramento Ambiental
Previsões
Redes Neurais (Computação)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170911
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28841707
[Au] Autor:Pui M; Nicol AM; Brauer M; Palad F; Carlsten C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:A qualitative study of the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of people exposed to diesel exhaust at the workplace in British Columbia, Canada.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182890, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To identify exposure-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of individuals occupationally exposed to diesel exhaust (DE); to reveal strengths, knowledge gaps and misperceptions therein. METHODS: A Mental Models approach was used to gather information about current scientific understanding of DE exposure hazards and the ways in which exposure can be reduced. Thirty individuals in British Columbia who were regularly exposed to occupational DE were interviewed. The audio was recorded and transcribed. Data was grouped together and examined to draw out themes around DE awareness, hazard assessment and risk reduction behaviors. These themes were then compared and contrasted with existing grey and research literature in order to reveal strengths, gaps and misperceptions regarding DE exposure. RESULTS: Study participants were aware and concerned about their exposure to DE but had incomplete and sometimes incorrect understanding of exposure pathways, health effects, and effective strategies to reduce their exposures. The perceived likelihood of exposure to DE was significantly greater compared to that of other work hazards (p<0.01), whereas the difference for their perceived severity of consequences was not significant. There was no universally perceived main source of information regarding DE, and participants generally distrusted sources of information based on their past experience with the source. Most of the actions that were taken to address DE exposure fell into the area of administrative controls such as being aware of sources of DE and avoiding these sources. CONCLUSIONS: This study of the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of those occupationally exposed to DE found, most notably, that more education and training and the creation of a health effects inventory regarding DE exposure were desired.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gasolina
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Exposição Ocupacional
Emissões de Veículos/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Colúmbia Britânica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Saúde do Trabalhador
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Vehicle Emissions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182890


  8 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28720799
[Au] Autor:Salvo A; Brito J; Artaxo P; Geiger FM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore, 119260, Singapore. albertosalvo@nus.edu.sg.
[Ti] Título:Reduced ultrafine particle levels in São Paulo's atmosphere during shifts from gasoline to ethanol use.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;8(1):77, 2017 07 18.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite ethanol's penetration into urban transportation, observational evidence quantifying the consequence for the atmospheric particulate burden during actual, not hypothetical, fuel-fleet shifts, has been lacking. Here we analyze aerosol, meteorological, traffic, and consumer behavior data and find, empirically, that ambient number concentrations of 7-100-nm diameter particles rise by one-third during the morning commute when higher ethanol prices induce 2 million drivers in the real-world megacity of São Paulo to substitute to gasoline use (95% confidence intervals: +4,154 to +13,272 cm ). Similarly, concentrations fall when consumers return to ethanol. Changes in larger particle concentrations, including US-regulated PM2.5, are statistically indistinguishable from zero. The prospect of increased biofuel use and mounting evidence on ultrafines' health effects make our result acutely policy relevant, to be weighed against possible ozone increases. The finding motivates further studies in real-world environments. We innovate in using econometrics to quantify a key source of urban ultrafine particles.The biofuel ethanol has been introduced into urban transportation in many countries. Here, by measuring aerosols in São Paulo, the authors find that high ethanol prices coincided with an increase in harmful nanoparticles by a third, as drivers switched from ethanol to cheaper gasoline, showing a benefit of ethanol.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atmosfera
Etanol/química
Gasolina/análise
Tamanho da Partícula
Material Particulado/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar
Brasil
Cidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Gasoline); 0 (Particulate Matter); 3K9958V90M (Ethanol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-00041-5


  9 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28662852
[Au] Autor:Regmi BP; Chan R; Agah M
[Ad] Endereço:VT MEMS Lab, Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, United States.
[Ti] Título:Ionic liquid functionalization of semi-packed columns for high-performance gas chromatographic separations.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr A;1510:66-72, 2017 Aug 11.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3778
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gas chromatography columns fabricated using microelectromechanical system (MEMS) technology provide a number of clear advantages. However, successful deposition of stationary phases having a wide application range remains an important technical challenge. In this paper, we report, for the first time, on the deposition of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs)-a versatile class of stationary phases-inside the channels of semi-packed columns (SPCs) for high-performance gas chromatographic separation of complex chemical mixtures. A 1m long, 240µm deep, 190µm wide column comprising an array circular micropillars of 20µm in diameter and 40µm post spacing was fabricated using MEMS processes. Two RTILs were immobilized inside these columns using a dynamic coating method, and the columns were tested for separation of three different mixtures: a 15-component mixture of hazardous chemical pollutants, an 8-component mixture of fatty acid methyl esters, and a sample of gasoline. These columns displayed sharp and symmetrical peaks, significant selectivity variation between the two columns, and rapid separation times. The columns yielded high separation efficiencies measured by approximately 2300 plates/m under isothermal conditions. This work highlights the potential of RTILs to be used as excellent stationary phases for SPCs, thereby dramatically expanding the range of complex mixtures that could be analyzed using a micro gas chromatograph.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Técnicas de Química Analítica/métodos
Cromatografia Gasosa
Ésteres/isolamento & purificação
Gasolina
Líquidos Iônicos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Misturas Complexas/química
Ésteres/química
Ácidos Graxos/química
Íons
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Complex Mixtures); 0 (Esters); 0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Gasoline); 0 (Ionic Liquids); 0 (Ions)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170701
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3224 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28505629
[Au] Autor:Anenberg SC; Miller J; Minjares R; Du L; Henze DK; Lacey F; Malley CS; Emberson L; Franco V; Klimont Z; Heyes C
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Health Analytics LLC, Washington DC, USA.
[Ti] Título:Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel-related NO emissions in 11 major vehicle markets.
[So] Source:Nature;545(7655):467-471, 2017 05 25.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Vehicle emissions contribute to fine particulate matter (PM ) and tropospheric ozone air pollution, affecting human health, crop yields and climate worldwide. On-road diesel vehicles produce approximately 20 per cent of global anthropogenic emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO ), which are key PM and ozone precursors. Regulated NO emission limits in leading markets have been progressively tightened, but current diesel vehicles emit far more NO under real-world operating conditions than during laboratory certification testing. Here we show that across 11 markets, representing approximately 80 per cent of global diesel vehicle sales, nearly one-third of on-road heavy-duty diesel vehicle emissions and over half of on-road light-duty diesel vehicle emissions are in excess of certification limits. These excess emissions (totalling 4.6 million tons) are associated with about 38,000 PM - and ozone-related premature deaths globally in 2015, including about 10 per cent of all ozone-related premature deaths in the 28 European Union member states. Heavy-duty vehicles are the dominant contributor to excess diesel NO emissions and associated health impacts in almost all regions. Adopting and enforcing next-generation standards (more stringent than Euro 6/VI) could nearly eliminate real-world diesel-related NO emissions in these markets, avoiding approximately 174,000 global PM - and ozone-related premature deaths in 2040. Most of these benefits can be achieved by implementing Euro VI standards where they have not yet been adopted for heavy-duty vehicles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: União Europeia/economia
Gasolina/análise
Gasolina/economia
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Óxido Nítrico/envenenamento
Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
Emissões de Veículos/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
União Europeia/estatística & dados numéricos
Gasolina/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Mortalidade Prematura
Ozônio/análise
Ozônio/economia
Ozônio/envenenamento
Material Particulado/análise
Material Particulado/economia
Material Particulado/envenenamento
Emissões de Veículos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gasoline); 0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide); 66H7ZZK23N (Ozone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170516
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature22086



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde