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[PMID]:29283033
[Au] Autor:Hodges S
[Ad] Endereço:a History Department , University of Warwick , Coventry , UK.
[Ti] Título:Hospitals as factories of medical garbage.
[So] Source:Anthropol Med;24(3):319-333, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2910
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Over the course of the twentieth century, as hospitals cleaned up, they came to produce more and more rubbish. Beginning in the 1970s and gaining pace in the 1980s and 1990s, single-use plastic items (syringes, blood bags, tubing) saturated everyday medical practice across the globe. This essay brings the question of plastic to bear upon the longer history of twentieth century sanitary science. The widespread adoption of single-use disposable medical plastics consolidated a century's worth of changes in medical hygiene. As strange as it may seem today, the initial uptake of medical plastics was not driven primarily by concerns about hygiene. Plastic began as a mid-century technology of convenience and durability. It was not until the end of the twentieth century that it morphed into a powerful symbol and instrument of medical hygiene. Today, both patients and practitioners have embraced plastic as an indispensable technology of clean medicine. The procession of single-use medical plastics through everyday medicine now comprises a constant, if disposable, infrastructure of medical hygiene. This new processional infrastructure of disposable hygiene has produced another, albeit unintended, consequence. This new regime has exponentially increased hospitals' material outputs. In so doing, plastic has refigured the ecologies of everyday medicine. Plastic hygiene has rendered hospitals factories of medical garbage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Plásticos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Médica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste); 0 (Medical Waste Disposal); 0 (Plastics)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13648470.2017.1389165


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[PMID]:28452819
[Au] Autor:Hubbard RM; Hayanga JA; Quinlan JJ; Soltez AK; Hayanga HK
[Ad] Endereço:From the Departments of *Anesthesiology, †Cardiothoracic Surgery, and ‡Presbyterian University Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
[Ti] Título:Optimizing Anesthesia-Related Waste Disposal in the Operating Room: A Brief Report.
[So] Source:Anesth Analg;125(4):1289-1291, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1526-7598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Misappropriation of noncontaminated waste into regulated medical waste (RMW) containers is a source of added expense to health care facilities. The operating room is a significant contributor to RMW waste production. This study sought to determine whether disposing of anesthesia-related waste in standard waste receptacles before patient entry into the operating room would produce a reduction in RMW. A median of 0.35 kg of waste was collected from 51 cases sampled, with a potential annual reduction of 13,800 kg of RMW to the host institution, and a cost savings of $2200.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anestesia/normas
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/métodos
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/normas
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Salas Cirúrgicas/normas
Relatório de Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anestesia/economia
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos
Hospitais Universitários/economia
Hospitais Universitários/normas
Seres Humanos
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/economia
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/economia
Salas Cirúrgicas/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste); 0 (Medical Waste Disposal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001932


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[PMID]:28886977
[Au] Autor:Mantzaras G; Voudrias EA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, GR-67100 Xanthi, Greece.
[Ti] Título:An optimization model for collection, haul, transfer, treatment and disposal of infectious medical waste: Application to a Greek region.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;69:518-534, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this work was to develop an optimization model to minimize the cost of a collection, haul, transfer, treatment and disposal system for infectious medical waste (IMW). The model calculates the optimum locations of the treatment facilities and transfer stations, their design capacities (t/d), the number and capacities of all waste collection, transport and transfer vehicles and their optimum transport path and the minimum IMW management system cost. Waste production nodes (hospitals, healthcare centers, peripheral health offices, private clinics and physicians in private practice) and their IMW production rates were specified and used as model inputs. The candidate locations of the treatment facilities, transfer stations and sanitary landfills were designated, using a GIS-based methodology. Specifically, Mapinfo software with exclusion criteria for non-appropriate areas was used for siting candidate locations for the construction of the treatment plant and calculating the distance and travel time of all possible vehicle routes. The objective function was a non-linear equation, which minimized the total collection, transport, treatment and disposal cost. Total cost comprised capital and operation costs for: (1) treatment plant, (2) waste transfer stations, (3) waste transport and transfer vehicles and (4) waste collection bins and hospital boxes. Binary variables were used to decide whether a treatment plant and/or a transfer station should be constructed and whether a collection route between two or more nodes should be followed. Microsoft excel software was used as installation platform of the optimization model. For the execution of the optimization routine, two completely different software were used and the results were compared, thus, resulting in higher reliability and validity of the results. The first software was Evolver, which is based on the use of genetic algorithms. The second one was Crystal Ball, which is based on Monte Carlo simulation. The model was applied to the Region of East Macedonia - Thrace in Greece. The optimum solution resulted in one treatment plant located in the sanitary landfill area of Chrysoupolis, required no transfer stations and had a total management cost of 38,800 €/month or 809 €/t. If a treatment plant is sited in the most eastern part of the Region, i.e., the industrial area of Alexandroupolis, the optimum solution would result in a transfer station of 23 m , located near Kavala General Hospital, and a total cost of 39,800 €/month or 831 €/t. A sensitivity analysis was conducted and two alternative scenarios were optimized. In the first scenario, a 15% rise in fuel cost and in the second scenario a 25% rise in IMW production were considered. At the end, a cost calculation in €/t/km for every type of vehicle used for haul and transfer was conducted. Also, the cost of the whole system was itemized and calculated in €/t/km and €/t. The results showed that the higher percentage of the total cost was due to the construction of the treatment plant.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/métodos
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Modelos Teóricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Grécia
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/normas
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Software
Transportes
Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste); 0 (Medical Waste Disposal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170910
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28703889
[Au] Autor:Fadeyi EA; Emery W; Simmons JH; Jones MR; Pomper GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:Implementation of a new blood cooler insert and tracking technology with educational initiatives and its effect on reducing red blood cell wastage.
[So] Source:Transfusion;57(10):2477-2482, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The objective was to report a successful implementation of a blood cooler insert and tracking technology with educational initiatives and its effect on reducing red blood cell (RBC) wastage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The blood bank database was used to quantify and categorize total RBC units issued in blood coolers from January 2010 to December 2015 with and without the new inserts throughout the hospital. Radiofrequency identification tags were used with special software to monitor blood cooler tracking. An educational policy on how to handle the coolers was initiated. Data were gathered from the software that provided a real-time location monitoring of the blood coolers with inserts throughout the institution. RESULTS: The implementation of the blood cooler with inserts and tracking device reduced mean yearly RBC wastage by fourfold from 0.64% to 0.17% between 2010 and 2015. The conserved RBCs corresponded to a total cost savings of $167,844 during the 3-year postimplementation period. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of new blood cooler inserts, tracking system, and educational initiatives substantially reduced the mean annual total RBC wastage. The cost to implement this initiative may be small if there is an existing institutional infrastructure to monitor and track hospital equipment into which the blood bank intervention can be adapted when compared to the cost of blood wastage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Preservação de Sangue/métodos
Temperatura Baixa
Eritrócitos/citologia
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bancos de Sangue/métodos
Preservação de Sangue/instrumentação
Hospitais
Seres Humanos
Melhoria de Qualidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/trf.14234


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[PMID]:28262444
[Au] Autor:Hamid AA; Joharry MK; Mun-Fun H; Hamzah SN; Rejali Z; Yazid MN; Karuppiah T; Nordin N
[Ad] Endereço:Stem Cell Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia; Genetics & Regenerative Medicine Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia; Department of Physio
[Ti] Título:Highly potent stem cells from full-term amniotic fluid: A realistic perspective.
[So] Source:Reprod Biol;17(1):9-18, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2300-732X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amniotic fluid (AF) is now known to harbor highly potent stem cells, making it an excellent source for cell therapy. However, most of the stem cells isolated are from AF of mid-term pregnancies in which the collection procedure involves an invasive technique termed amniocentesis. This has limited the access in getting the fluid as the technique imposes certain level of risks to the mother as well as to the fetus. Alternatively, getting AF from full-term pregnancies or during deliveries would be a better resolution. Unfortunately, very few studies have isolated stem cells from AF at this stage of gestation, the fluid that is merely discarded. The question remains whether full-term AF harbors stem cells of similar potency as of the stem cells of mid-term AF. Here, we aim to review the prospect of having this type of stem cells by first looking at the origin and contents of AF particularly during different gestation period. We will then discuss the possibility that the AF, at full term, contains a population of highly potent stem cells. These stem cells are distinct from, and probably more potent than the AF mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) isolated from full-term AF. By comparing the studies on stem cells isolated from mid-term versus full-term AF from various species, we intend to address the prospect of having highly potent amniotic fluid stem cells from AF of full-term pregnancies in human and animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Líquido Amniótico/citologia
Células-Tronco Fetais/citologia
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/citologia
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Amniocentese/efeitos adversos
Animais
Diferenciação Celular
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Células-Tronco Multipotentes/citologia
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia
Gravidez
Segundo Trimestre da Gravidez
Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
Nascimento a Termo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28162901
[Au] Autor:Komilis D; Makroleivaditis N; Nikolakopoulou E
[Ad] Endereço:School of Science and Technology, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece. Electronic address: dkomilis@env.duth.gr.
[Ti] Título:Generation and composition of medical wastes from private medical microbiology laboratories.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;61:539-546, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A study on the generation rate and the composition of solid medical wastes (MW) produced by private medical microbiology laboratories (PMML) was conducted in Greece. The novelty of the work is that no such information exists in the literature for this type of laboratories worldwide. Seven laboratories were selected with capacities that ranged from 8 to 88 examinees per day. The study lasted 6months and daily recording of MW weights was done over 30days during that period. The rates were correlated to the number of examinees, examinations and personnel. Results indicated that on average 35% of the total MW was hazardous (infectious) medical wastes (IFMW). The IFMW generation rates ranged from 11.5 to 32.5g examinee d while an average value from all 7 labs was 19.6±9.6g examinee d or 2.27±1.11g examination d . The average urban type medical waste generation rate was 44.2±32.5g examinee d . Using basic regression modeling, it was shown that the number of examinees and examinations can be predictors of the IFMW generation, but not of the urban type MW generation. The number of examinations was a better predictor of the MW amounts than the number of examinees. Statistical comparison of the means of the 7PMML was done with standard ANOVA techniques after checking the normality of the data and after doing the appropriate transformations. Based on the results of this work, it is approximated that 580 tonnes of infectious MW are generated annually by the PMML in Greece.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laboratórios
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/análise
Microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia
Seres Humanos
Laboratórios/recursos humanos
Laboratórios/organização & administração
Laboratórios/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28110630
[Au] Autor:Raila EM; Anderson DO
[Ad] Endereço:1 US Climate and Health Alliance, American Public Health Association, National Environmental Health Association, Institution of Engineers Tanzania, International Solid Waste Association Austria, USA.
[Ti] Título:Healthcare waste management during disasters and its effects on climate change: Lessons from 2010 earthquake and cholera tragedies in Haiti.
[So] Source:Waste Manag Res;35(3):236-245, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1096-3669
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite growing effects of human activities on climate change throughout the world, and global South in particular, scientists are yet to understand how poor healthcare waste management practices in an emergency influences the climate change. This article presents new findings on climate change risks of healthcare waste disposal during and after the 2010 earthquake and cholera disasters in Haiti. The researchers analysed quantities of healthcare waste incinerated by the United Nations Mission in Haiti for 60 months (2009 to 2013). The aim was to determine the relationship between healthcare waste incinerated weights and the time of occurrence of the two disasters, and associated climate change effects, if any. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient indicated a weak correlation between the quantities of healthcare waste disposed of and the time of occurrence of the actual emergencies (r (58) = 0.406, p = 0.001). Correspondingly, linear regression analysis indicated a relatively linear data trend (R = 0.16, F (1, 58) = 11.42, P = 0.001) with fluctuating scenarios that depicted a sharp rise in 2012, and time series model showed monthly and yearly variations within 60 months. Given that the peak healthcare waste incineration occurred 2 years after the 2010 disasters, points at the need to minimise wastage on pharmaceuticals by improving logistics management. The Government of Haiti had no data on healthcare waste disposal and practised smoky open burning, thus a need for capacity building on green healthcare waste management technologies for effective climate change mitigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cólera/epidemiologia
Mudança Climática
Desastres
Surtos de Doenças
Terremotos
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/análise
Gerenciamento de Resíduos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Haiti/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170612
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170612
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0734242X16682312


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[PMID]:28067700
[Au] Autor:Meyer MJ; Dzik WH; Levine WC
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Fresh-Frozen Plasma: Ordering Patterns and Utilization in the Operating Rooms of a Tertiary Referral Hospital.
[So] Source:Anesth Analg;124(2):618-622, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1526-7598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Blood product transfusion is the most commonly performed hospital procedure. Intraoperative blood product utilization varies between institutions and anesthesiologists. In the United States in 2011, nearly 4 million plasma units were transfused. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of intraoperative plasma ordering patterns and utilization (thawing and transfusing) was performed at a tertiary, academic hospital between January 2015 and March 2016. RESULTS: Over 15 months, 46,002 operative procedures were performed. In 1540 of them, plasma was thawed or transfused: 8297 plasma units were thawed and 3306 of those units were transfused. These 3306 plasma units were transfused in 749 cases with a median of 2 plasma units (interquartile range, 2-4) transfused. The percentage of average monthly procedures with plasma thawed and none transfused was 51.3% (confidence interval, 49.0%-53.6%). The cardiac surgery service requested the greatest number of plasma units to be thawed (2143) but only transfused 712 (33.2%) of them. Of all plasma units not transfused, 45% were generated by procedures with 1 to 4 units of plasma thawed; 95.7% of these units were thawed as even integers (ie, 2, 4). CONCLUSIONS: For operative procedures, far more plasma was thawed than was transfused and this practice occurred across surgical specialties and anesthesiologists. Considering the plasma that was not transfused, 45% occurred in procedures with 4 or fewer units of plasma requested suggesting these low-volume requests were a primary source of potential waste. Further studies are needed to examine associations between plasma utilization and clinical outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas de Distribuição no Hospital/organização & administração
Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração
Plasma
Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transfusão de Sangue/métodos
Seres Humanos
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Estudos Retrospectivos
Cirurgia Torácica/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1213/ANE.0000000000001789


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[PMID]:28044179
[Au] Autor:Eze CT; Nwagwe OR; Ogbuene EB; Eze HI
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Toxicology & Pollution Management Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Oye-Ekiti (FUOYE), Oye, Ekiti State, Nigeria. thankgod.eze@fuoye.edu.ng.
[Ti] Título:Investigating Groundwater Contamination Following the Disposal of Hospital Wastes in a Government Reserved Area, Enugu, Nigeria.
[So] Source:Bull Environ Contam Toxicol;98(2):218-225, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the probable contamination of groundwater following hospital wastes disposal in a Government Reserved Area, Enugu, Nigeria. The ground water samples were collected from three distinct locations denoted as GW , GW and GW at distances of about 100, 200 and 350 m respectively from the hospital location. The samples were collected during the dry season (December 2015, January and February 2016) and wet season (June, July and August 2016) and analyzed with standard procedures. The level of contamination of groundwater in the area was generally higher in the wet season than in dry season. The degree of contamination varies with distance and hence in the following order GW > GW > GW in both seasons. The study revealed the presence of both pathogenic and non-pathogenic organisms and values of the determined physicochemical ranged from (0.02 ± 0.01-272 ± 2.22 mg/L) in both seasons. The hospital management should develop effective ways to manage their wastes to protect the environment and public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Ambiental
Água Subterrânea/química
Água Subterrânea/microbiologia
Hospitais
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/análise
Poluição da Água/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Nigéria
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00128-016-2014-1


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[PMID]:27939438
[Au] Autor:Li J; Lv Z; Du L; Li X; Hu X; Wang C; Niu Z; Zhang Y
[Ad] Endereço:School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.
[Ti] Título:Emission characteristic of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) from medical waste incinerators (MWIs) in China in 2016: A comparison between higher emission levels of MWIs and lower emission levels of MWIs.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;221:437-444, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Emission characteristic of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) from 12 medical waste incinerators (MWIs) which have a total yearly capacity of 523 440 ton medical waste and accounted for 8.1% of total yearly capacity of 246 MWIs in China were studied. The congeners profile, emissions and toxic equivalent concentrations (TEQ) indicators of PCDD/Fs in stack gas from two groups of MWIs were researched, and the possible formation mechanisms of PCDD/Fs from MWIs were preliminarily discussed. The results of present study were summarized as follows. (1) The total concentrations and TEQ of PCDD/Fs in stack gas from MWIs were 0.516-122.803 ng Nm and 0.031-3.463 ng I-TEQ Nm , respectively. (2) 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-H7CDF, O8CDD, O8CDF and 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-H7CDD were the indicatory PCDD/Fs of MWI source, which could be used to apportion the sources of PCDD/Fs in environmental medium in China. (3) The emission factors of PCDD/Fs from MWIs ranged from 32.7 to 4900.0 ng I-TEQ ton with a mean of 1923.6 ng I-TEQ ton . (4) The gas emissions of PCDD/Fs from researched 12 MWIs and all of MWIs in China in 2016 were 37.742 and 465.951 mg I-TEQ year , respectively. (5) 1,2,3,7,8,9-H6CDF and 1,2,3,4,7,8-H6CDF were effective TEQ indicators for the real-time monitoring of the PCDD/Fs emission. (6) The congeners profile and factor composition of PCDD/Fs in stack gas from two groups of MWIs were researched based on positive matrix factorization (PMF) model, and the possible formation mechanisms of PCDD/Fs from MWIs were preliminarily discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos
Dibenzofuranos Policlorados/análise
Incineração
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Benzofuranos/análise
China
Dibenzofuranos
Monitoramento Ambiental
Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Benzofurans); 0 (Dibenzofurans); 0 (Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated); 0 (Medical Waste); 0 (Medical Waste Disposal); 0 (Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161213
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde