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[PMID]:28471101
[Au] Autor:Kim BH; Yu YS; Kim SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Ophthalmologic Features of Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome.
[So] Source:Korean J Ophthalmol;31(3):263-267, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2092-9382
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics and frequency of ophthalmologic findings in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with LGS at Seoul National University Children's Hospital from January 2004 to August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The records of 34 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 2.66 ± 3.51 years; male, 58.8%) were reviewed. The primary measure was the incidence of ophthalmologic manifestations. RESULTS: Of the 34 patients, 88.2% had at least one ocular abnormality. Refractive error (52.9%) was the most frequently observed ophthalmologic manifestation in patients with LGS, followed by strabismus (32.4%), cortical visual impairment (23.5%), and retinopathy of prematurity (8.8%). Among these cases, seven patients had exotropia and three had esotropia. CONCLUSIONS: LGS is a childhood-onset epileptic encephalopathy with variable ophthalmologic manifestations, the most frequent being refractive errors. Patients with suspected LGS should be examined regularly because ophthalmological features can change during their disease course.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia
Síndrome de Lennox Gastaut/complicações
Refração Ocular/fisiologia
Erros de Refração/etiologia
Estrabismo/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Encéfalo/patologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Síndrome de Lennox Gastaut/diagnóstico
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Erros de Refração/diagnóstico
Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia
Estrabismo/diagnóstico
Estrabismo/fisiopatologia
Testes Visuais
Acuidade Visual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3341/kjo.2015.0161


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[PMID]:29273016
[Au] Autor:Nam SW; Lim DH; Hyun J; Chung ES; Chung TY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, #81 Irwon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 06351, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Buffering zone of implantable Collamer lens sizing in V4c.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;17(1):260, 2017 Dec 22.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to the unexpected vault in V4c implantable collamer lens (ICL; STAAR Surgical) implantation. METHODS: V4c ICLs were implanted in 43 eyes of 43 patients for the correction of myopia. The implanted V4c ICL sizes were determined individually with our previous V4 ICL sizing nomogram based on the sulcus-to-sulcus diameter (STS), and the V4 ICL sizes were then converted to V4c ICL sizes with a size-converting table. We defined the "normal-sizing group" as having a pre-converted ICL size larger than the STS, and the "under-sizing group" as having a pre-converted ICL size smaller than the STS. Refractive outcomes, safety and parameters related to postoperative vault were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The value of "actual ICL size - STS" differed significantly between the normal-sizing and under-sizing groups (p < 0.001), but postoperative vault did not differ significantly (p = 0.442). The demographics, implanted ICL characteristics, effectiveness indexes, safety indexes, and parameters related to postoperative vault did not differ significantly between the two groups (p > 0.05). Two patients in the normal-sizing group exhibited over-vaulting; these patients had shallow anterior chambers and were implanted with high-dioptric-power ICLs. CONCLUSIONS: The achievement of acceptable vault in both normal-sizing and under-sizing groups indicates the existence of a buffering zone in V4c ICL sizing. The smaller size of V4c ICLs should be considered in patients susceptible to over-vaulting, such as those with shallow anterior chambers and high-dioptric-power ICLs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Miopia/cirurgia
Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas
Refração Ocular/fisiologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Implante de Lente Intraocular
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Miopia/fisiopatologia
Desenho de Prótese
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
Testes Visuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-017-0663-4


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[PMID]:29268725
[Au] Autor:Dhungel D; Shrestha GS
[Ad] Endereço:Private Practice Optometrist, Kathmandu, Nepal.
[Ti] Título:Visual symptoms associated with refractive errors among Thangka artists of Kathmandu valley.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;17(1):258, 2017 Dec 21.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Prolong near work, especially among people with uncorrected refractive error is considered a potential source of visual symptoms. The present study aims to determine the visual symptoms and the association of those with refractive errors among Thangka artists. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 242 (46.1%) participants of 525 thangka artists examined, with age ranged between 16 years to 39 years which comprised of 112 participants with significant refractive errors and 130 absolutely emmetropic participants, were enrolled from six Thangka painting schools. The visual symptoms were assessed using a structured questionnaire consisting of nine items and scoring from 0 to 6 consecutive scales. The eye examination included detailed anterior and posterior segment examination, objective and subjective refraction, and assessment of heterophoria, vergence and accommodation. Symptoms were presented in percentage and median. Variation in distribution of participants and symptoms was analysed using the Kruskal Wallis test for mean, and the correlation with the Pearson correlation coefficient. A significance level of 0.05 was applied for 95% confidence interval. The majority of participants (65.1%) among refractive error group (REG) were above the age of 30 years, with a male predominance (61.6%), compared to the participants in the normal cohort group (NCG), where majority of them (72.3%) were below 30 years of age (72.3%) and female (51.5%). RESULT: Overall, the visual symptoms are high among Thangka artists. However, blurred vision (p = 0.003) and dry eye (p = 0.004) are higher among the REG than the NCG. Females have slightly higher symptoms than males. Most of the symptoms, such as sore/aching eye (p = 0.003), feeling dry (p = 0.005) and blurred vision (p = 0.02) are significantly associated with astigmatism. CONCLUSION: Thangka artists present with significant proportion of refractive error and visual symptoms, especially among females. The most commonly reported symptoms are blurred vision, dry eye and watering of the eye. The visual symptoms are more correlated with astigmatism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arte
Refração Ocular/fisiologia
Erros de Refração/epidemiologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nepal/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Erros de Refração/diagnóstico
Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Testes Visuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-017-0659-0


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[PMID]:29227507
[Au] Autor:Nistad K; Göransson F; Støle E; Shams H; Gjerdrum B
[Ti] Título:The Use of Capsular Tension Rings to Reduce Refractive Shift in Patients With Implantation of Trifocal Intraocular Lenses.
[So] Source:J Refract Surg;33(12):802-806, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1081-597X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To determine whether use of a capsular tension ring (CTR) can increase refractive stability in patients with implantation of two different trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs). METHODS: A prospective, consecutive series of eyes underwent refractive lens exchange with implantation of two different trifocal IOL designs: FineVision Micro F (non-toric) and FineVision POD FT (toric) (PhysIOL, Liege, Belgium). Power calculation was determined using the Haigis formula. Refractive lens exchange surgery was performed according to the standard Memira protocol. Refractive results and stability were assessed at 2 weeks and 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Three hundred eighty-eight eyes were included in the analysis. Overall, 71% and 76% of MicroF eyes implanted with (n = 139) and without (n = 104) a CTR, respectively, had hyperopic shift; 9% of MicroF eyes with a CTR had a shift of greater than +0.50 to +0.75 or less diopters (D) and 4% had a shift of greater than +0.75 D. In MicroF eyes without a CTR, 12% and 3% of eyes experienced a refractive shift of greater than +0.50 to +0.75 D or less and greater than +0.75 D, respectively. In the POD FT group, 72% and 69% of eyes with (n = 81) and without (n = 64) a CTR, respectively, had hyperopic shift; 10% of POD FT eyes with a CTR had a change of greater than +0.50 to +0.75 D or less and 7% had a shift of greater than +0.75 D. In POD FT eyes without a CTR, 13% and 3% experienced a refractive shift of greater than +0.50 to +0.75 D or less and greater than +0.75 D, respectively. For the MicroF design, the best refractive stability was found in the CTR group and the poorest stability in the non-CTR group (P = .084). For the POD FT design, the best refractive stability was found in the non-CTR group and the poorest stability in the CTR group (P = .297). CONCLUSIONS: Up to 7% of eyes implanted with FineVision trifocal IOLs had a hyperopic shift of greater than +0.75 D approximately 2 weeks to 3 months postoperatively. Using a CTR in MicroF eyes had no statistically significant effect on refractive stability. Placing a CTR with POD FT IOLs appeared to reduce refractive stability, although not significantly. [J Refract Surg. 2017;33(12):802-806.].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lentes Intraoculares
Facoemulsificação
Próteses e Implantes
Implante de Prótese
Erros de Refração/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Implante de Lente Intraocular
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia
Refração Ocular/fisiologia
Testes Visuais
Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3928/1081597X-20170829-02


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[PMID]:28463606
[Au] Autor:Chang MY; Demer JL; Isenberg SJ; Velez FG; Pineles SL
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Ophthalmology , Stein Eye Institute, UCLA Medical Center , Los Angeles , CA.
[Ti] Título:Decreased Binocular Summation in Strabismic Amblyopes and Effect of Strabismus Surgery.
[So] Source:Strabismus;25(2):73-80, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5132
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Binocular summation (BiS) occurs when binocular visual function surpasses that of the better eye alone. We sought to evaluate whether strabismic amblyopia reduces BiS more than strabismus alone, and determine whether BiS improves in strabismic amblyopes after strabismus surgery. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 15 patients with strabismic amblyopia who then underwent strabismus surgery. Thirty age-matched normal subjects and 30 non-amblyopic strabismic patients served as controls. Subjects underwent binocular and monocular visual acuity testing on high-contrast Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) as well as 2.5% and 1.25% Sloan low contrast acuity (LCA) charts. BiS was calculated as the difference between better eye and binocular scores. RESULTS: Strabismic amblyopes and strabismic controls did not significantly differ in preoperative BiS, but both had subnormal BiS preoperatively on LCA charts. Among 11 strabismic amblyopes with preoperative and postoperative BiS measurements, average postoperative BiS was not significantly different from preoperative. Improved LCA BiS postoperatively occurred in some patients and was associated with measurable preoperative stereoacuity (P=0.02), older age at strabismus onset (P=0.02), and larger preoperative angle of strabismus (P=0.0043). CONCLUSIONS: In this preliminary study, strabismic amblyopes experienced subnormal BiS, but amblyopia generally did not further impair BiS beyond that due to strabismus alone. Some strabismic amblyopes experienced improved low-contrast BiS after strabismus surgery. This suggests that further investigation in larger groups of patients should be undertaken to analyze a previously unrecognized functional benefit of strabismus surgery in strabismic amblyopes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ambliopia/fisiopatologia
Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos
Estrabismo/fisiopatologia
Estrabismo/cirurgia
Visão Binocular/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Período Pós-Operatório
Testes Visuais
Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09273972.2017.1318153


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[PMID]:27777775
[Au] Autor:Wilson MA; Guld K; Galetta S; Walsh RD; Kharlip J; Tamhankar M; McGettigan S; Schuchter LM; Fecher LA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA USA ; Present address: Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY USA.
[Ti] Título:Acute visual loss after ipilimumab treatment for metastatic melanoma.
[So] Source:J Immunother Cancer;4:66, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2051-1426
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Ipilimumab, a humanized CLTA-4 antibody is a standard therapy in the treatment of advanced melanoma. While ipilimumab provides an overall survival benefit to patients, it can be associated with immune related adverse events (IrAEs). CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe a patient treated with ipilimumab who experienced known IrAEs, including hypophysitis, as well as a profound vision loss due to optic neuritis. There are rare reports of optic neuritis occurring as an adverse event associated with ipilimumab treatment. Furthermore, the patient experienced multiple complications from high dose steroids used to manage his IrAEs. CONCLUSIONS: This case highlights the need for recognition of atypical immune mediated processes associated with newer checkpoint inhibitor therapies including ipilimumab.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos
Ipilimumab/efeitos adversos
Melanoma/complicações
Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico
Biomarcadores
Encéfalo/patologia
Antígeno CTLA-4/antagonistas & inibidores
Angiofluoresceinografia
Seres Humanos
Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico
Melanoma/patologia
Meia-Idade
Terapia de Alvo Molecular/efeitos adversos
Metástase Neoplásica
Nervo Óptico/patologia
Testes Visuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological); 0 (Biomarkers); 0 (CTLA-4 Antigen); 0 (Ipilimumab)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28460047
[Au] Autor:Swenor BK; Varadaraj V; Dave P; West SK; Rubin GS; Ramulu PY
[Ad] Endereço:The Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
[Ti] Título:Impact of the Ability to Divide Attention on Reading Performance in Glaucoma.
[So] Source:Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci;58(5):2456-2462, 2017 05 01.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5783
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: To determine if the ability to divide attention affects the relationship between glaucoma-related vision loss and reading speed. Methods: Better eye mean deviation (MD), contrast sensitivity (CS), and better-eye distance visual acuity (VA) were measured in 28 participants with glaucoma and 21 controls. Reading speeds were assessed using MNRead, IRest, and sustained silent reading tests (words per minute, wpm). The ability to divide attention was measured using the Brief Test of Attention (BTA; scored 0-10). Multivariable linear regression models were used to determine the relationship between visual factors and reading speeds. Effect modification by BTA score (low BTA: <7; high BTA: ≥7) was examined. Results: Worse CS (per 0.1 log unit) was associated with slower maximum reading speed on MNRead test for participants with low BTA scores (ß = -9 wpm; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -16, -2), but not for those with high BTA scores (ß = -2 wpm; 95% CI: -6, +2). Similarly, for the IRest test, worse CS was associated with slower reading speeds (ß = -12 wpm; 95% CI: -20, -4) among those with low, but not high BTA scores (ß = -4 wpm; 95% CI: -10, +2). For the sustained silent reading test, glaucoma status (versus controls), worse visual field (VF) MD (per 5 dB), and worse CS were associated with 39%, 21%, and 19% slower reading speeds, respectively, for those with low BTA scores (P < 0.05), but these associations were not significant among those with high BTA scores (P > 0.1 for all). Conclusions: Decreased ability to divide attention, indicated by lower BTA scores, is associated with slower reading speeds in glaucoma with reduced CS and VF defects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção
Sensibilidades de Contraste/fisiologia
Glaucoma/fisiopatologia
Leitura
Testes Visuais/métodos
Acuidade Visual
Campos Visuais/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1167/iovs.17-21520


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[PMID]:29208808
[Au] Autor:Siddiqui AA; Devgan U
[Ad] Endereço:Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
[Ti] Título:Intraocular lens calculations in atypical eyes.
[So] Source:Indian J Ophthalmol;65(12):1289-1293, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1998-3689
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cataract surgery is the most performed surgical procedure in the field of ophthalmology. The process of intraocular lens (IOL) calculations is a critical step to achieving successful outcomes. Many IOL formulae exist to guide surgeons through the difficult process of picking the most appropriate lens to achieve a certain target refraction. However, these formulae reach within 0.50 diopters of the target refraction only 75% of the time, leaving 25% of the eyes with a significant refractive surprise. A literature review was performed to investigate all the relevant published material on the history, progress, and recent advancements of IOL calculations. Based on this review, the appropriate history, evolution, progress, limitations, and recent advancements are analyzed and explained. Although the modern IOL formulae and biometric devices perform well for average eyes, they are suboptimal for eyes with atypical biometric parameters and also those that are postrefractive and keratoconic. There has not been a single, perfect formula that can resolve the complexities of this process. Various methods of formula optimization and newer generation of IOL formulae and devices may hold the key to improving outcomes in both typical and atypical eyes. These solutions minimize refractive error by introducing new input parameters and complex mathematical techniques to better estimate postoperative lens position.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biometria/métodos
Lentes Intraoculares
Óptica e Fotônica
Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Testes Visuais
Acuidade Visual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/ijo.IJO_834_17


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[PMID]:29202721
[Au] Autor:Tsao Wu M; Armitage MD; Trujillo C; Trujillo A; Arnold LE; Tsao Wu L; Arnold RW
[Ad] Endereço:Alaska Blind Child Discovery, Alaska Children's EYE & Strabismus, 3500 Latouche #280, Anchorage, Alaska, 99508, USA.
[Ti] Título:Portable acuity screening for any school: validation of patched HOTV with amblyopic patients and Bangerter normals.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;17(1):232, 2017 Dec 04.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: We needed to validate and calibrate our portable acuity screening tools so amblyopia could be detected quickly and effectively at school entry. METHODS: Spiral-bound flip cards and download pdf surround HOTV acuity test box with critical lines were combined with a matching card. Amblyopic patients performed critical line, then threshold acuity which was then compared to patched E-ETDRS acuity. 5 normal subjects wore Bangerter foil goggles to simulate blur for comparative validation. RESULTS: The 31 treated amblyopic eyes showed: logMAR HOTV = 0.97(logMAR E-ETDRS)-0.04 r2 = 0.88. All but two (6%) fell less than 2 lines difference. The five showed logMAR HOTV = 1.09 ((logMAR E-ETDRS) + .15 r2 = 0.63. The critical-line, test box was 98% efficient at screening within one line of 20/40. CONCLUSION: These tools reliably detected acuity in treated amblyopic patients and Bangerter blurred normal subjects. These free and affordable tools provide sensitive screening for amblyopia in children from public, private and home schools. Changing "pass" criteria to 4 out of 5 would improve sensitivity with somewhat slower testing for all students.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ambliopia/diagnóstico
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Testes Visuais/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Limiar Sensorial
Testes Visuais/instrumentação
Acuidade Visual
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-017-0624-y


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[PMID]:28466097
[Au] Autor:Chung YW; Park SH; Shin SY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Distant stereoacuity in children with anisometropic amblyopia.
[So] Source:Jpn J Ophthalmol;61(5):402-407, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1613-2246
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To characterize changes in distant stereoacuity using Frisby-Davis Distance test (FD2) and Distant Randot test (DR) during treatment for anisometropic amblyopia, to determine factors that influence posttreatment stereoacuity and to compare the two distant stereotests. METHODS: Fifty-eight anisometropic amblyopic patients with an interocular difference of ≥1.00 diopter who achieved the visual acuity 20/20 following amblyopia treatment were retrospectively included. Stereoacuity using FD2 and DR for distant and Titmus test for near measurement were assessed and compared at the initial, intermediate, and final visit. Multivariate regression models were used to identify factors associated with initial and final stereoacuity. RESULTS: The two distant stereotests revealed a significant improvement in distant stereoacuity after successful amblyopia treatment. Distant stereoacuity using FD2 showed the greatest improvement during the follow up period. The number of nil scores was higher in DR than FD2 at each period. In multivariate analysis, better final stereoacuity was associated with better initial amblyopic eye acuity in both distant stereotests, but not in the Titmus test. Comparing the two distant stereotests, final stereoacuity using FD2 was associated with initial stereoacuity and was moderately related with the Titmus test at each period, but final stereoacuity using DR was not. CONCLUSIONS: Distant stereoacuity measured with both FD2 and DR showed significant improvement when the visual acuity of the amblyopic eye achieved 20/20. Changes in distant stereoacuity by FD2 and DR during the amblyopia treatment were somewhat different.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ambliopia/fisiopatologia
Percepção de Profundidade/fisiologia
Percepção de Distância/fisiologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ambliopia/diagnóstico
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Testes Visuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10384-017-0518-9



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