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[PMID]:27879677
[Au] Autor:Badyda A; Gayer A; Czechowski PO; Majewski G; Dabrowiecki P
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Building Services, Hydro- and Environmental Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, 20 Nowowiejska St., PL00-653 Warsaw, Poland. artur.badyda@is.pw.edu.pl.
[Ti] Título:Pulmonary Function and Incidence of Selected Respiratory Diseases Depending on the Exposure to Ambient PM .
[So] Source:Int J Mol Sci;17(11), 2016 Nov 22.
[Is] ISSN:1422-0067
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is essential in pulmonary disease research to take into account traffic-related air pollutant exposure among urban inhabitants. In our study, 4985 people were examined for spirometric parameters in the presented research which was conducted in the years 2008-2012. The research group was divided into urban and rural residents. Traffic density, traffic structure and velocity, as well as concentrations of selected air pollutants (CO, NO2 and PM ) were measured at selected areas. Among people who live in the city, lower percentages of predicted values of spirometric parameters were noticed in comparison to residents of rural areas. Taking into account that the difference in the five-year mean concentration of PM in the considered city and rural areas was over 17 µg/m³, each increase of PM by 10 µg/m³ is associated with the decline in FEV1 (forced expiratory volume during the first second of expiration) by 1.68%. These findings demonstrate that traffic-related air pollutants may have a significant influence on the decline of pulmonary function and the growing rate of respiratory diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade
Monóxido de Carbono/toxicidade
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade
Material Particulado/toxicidade
Transtornos Respiratórios/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo/fisiologia
Meia-Idade
Pico do Fluxo Expiratório/fisiologia
Polônia/epidemiologia
Transtornos Respiratórios/etiologia
População Rural
Fatores de Tempo
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Particulate Matter); 7U1EE4V452 (Carbon Monoxide); S7G510RUBH (Nitrogen Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170404
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170404
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161124
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27792023
[Au] Autor:Abaraogu UO; Kizito EB; Okafor UA; Okoye GC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:Effect of variable backpack load and strap option on the pulmonary function of children: A simulation using treadmill walking.
[So] Source:Work;55(3):525-530, 2016 Nov 22.
[Is] ISSN:1875-9270
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The restrictive effect of backpack loads on chest expansion has been widely reported but little is known whether pulmonary function in children is affected by the placement of the straps of the backpack. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of strap configuration and backpack loads on pulmonary function among school age children. METHODS: Eighteen children (mean age of 12±1.68 years) participated in this study. Pulmonary functionwas assessed using spirometryat baseline and during five test conditions. Two strap configurations were compared: double straps with the backpack worn midline on the back with one strap over each shoulder and single strap with the backpack worn laterally with one strap over the shoulder. RESULTS: A marginal increase was shown in all measures of pulmonary function during standing and walking, and as the backpack weight increased. However, all the marginal changes in pulmonary function tests across different weights and strap patterns were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Variable backpack loading and strap options appear to influence changes to the pulmonary function of children. Although the observed changes are marginal, it could not be determined if they have a long term effect. Further investigations of larger sample size are required to inform practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenho de Equipamento
Caminhada/fisiologia
Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Estudos Cross-Over
Feminino
Volume Expiratório Forçado
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Fluxo Máximo Médio Expiratório
Pico do Fluxo Expiratório
Capacidade Vital
Teste de Caminhada
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161030
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27760425
[Au] Autor:Guler S; Brunner-Agten S; Bartenstein S; Bettschen HU; Geiser T; Keller P; Funke M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Oxygen Saturation of 75%, but No Symptoms!
[So] Source:Respiration;92(6):420-424, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1423-0356
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Assintomáticas
Hemoglobinopatias/diagnóstico
Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética
Hipóxia/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Gasometria
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Volume Expiratório Forçado
Hemoglobinopatias/complicações
Hemoglobinopatias/genética
Hemoglobinopatias/metabolismo
Hemoglobinas Anormais/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Hipóxia/etiologia
Hipóxia/metabolismo
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Meia-Idade
Oximetria
Consumo de Oxigênio
Capacidade Vital
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hemoglobins, Abnormal); 84837-27-4 (hemoglobin Cheverly)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27626282
[Au] Autor:Mineshita M; Kida H; Handa H; Nishine H; Furuya N; Inoue T; Matsuoka S; Miyazawa T
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Regional Lung Sound Asynchrony in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients.
[So] Source:Respiration;92(4):252-257, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1423-0356
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Regional lung sound distribution in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is reported to be asynchronous. Mathematical analyses using vibration response imaging (VRI), such as left and right lung asynchrony (gap index; GI) and regional lung asynchrony (asynchrony score; AS), are useful measures to evaluate lung sound asynchrony. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association of lung sound asynchrony with pulmonary functions and emphysematous lesions in COPD patients. METHODS: VRI recordings and pulmonary function tests were performed in 46 stable male COPD patients and in 40 healthy male smokers. Lung sound asynchrony was evaluated using GI, AS of the left and right lung (AS L-R), and AS of the upper and lower lung (AS U-L). In 38 patients, computed tomography taken within 6 months was available and analyzed. RESULTS: AS L-R and AS U-L were significantly higher in COPD patients than in healthy smokers, with no significant difference in GI. There were no significant correlations with either AS and pulmonary functions, excluding a negative correlation between AS U-L and diffusion capacity. Although there were no significant correlations between both AS and severity of emphysema, significant positive correlations were observed between heterogeneity of emphysematous lesions and AS L-R (ρ = 0.38, p < 0.05) or AS U-L (ρ = 0.51, p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Regional lung sounds are distributed more asynchronously in COPD patients than in healthy smokers, which correlates with the heterogeneous distribution of emphysematous lesions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pulmão/fisiopatologia
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia
Enfisema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia
Sons Respiratórios/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Volume Expiratório Forçado
Seres Humanos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Meia-Idade
Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem
Enfisema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem
Testes de Função Respiratória
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Capacidade Vital
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160915
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27311275
[Au] Autor:Ura M; Tanaka H; Takahashi K; Yamazaki H; Fujimoto K
[Ti] Título:[Value of Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide after Using a Beta-2 Bronchodilator in the Differential Diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease].
[So] Source:Rinsho Byori;64(2):127-32, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0047-1860
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:It has been established that an increase in fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is one of the indicators of bronchial asthma (BA) in clinical settings. However, the differential diagnosis of BA and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is difficult due to pathological similarities. Therefore, to determine if FeNO may be utilized in the differential diagnosis of BA and COPD, we compared FeNO values before and after inhalation of a short-acting beta-2 agonist (SABA). There were 3 groups of subjects recruited to this study: (1) 23 normal healthy controls, (2) 36 patients with BA, and (3) 13 patients with COPD. We measured FeNO, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and FEV1%, calculated using spirometry. Then, after the subjects inhaled the SABA, we measured these data after 10 and 30 minutes. Here we found that after inhalation of a SABA, 8 cases in the BA group who showed reversibility of airway obstruction demonstrated significantly increased FeNO values compared to the BA patients with non-reversible airway obstruction, those with COPD, and healthy subjects. This finding may be because the obstructed pulmonary peripheral airway was expanded by inhaling a SABA, and nitric oxide, which had been produced in the peripheral airway, was then exhaled. These results suggest the possibility that FeNO may be utilized in the differential diagnosis of BA and COPD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2
Asma/diagnóstico
Testes Respiratórios/métodos
Broncodilatadores
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Administração por Inalação
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/administração & dosagem
Adulto
Idoso
Biomarcadores/análise
Broncodilatadores/administração & dosagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Meia-Idade
Espirometria
Capacidade Vital
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists); 0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Bronchodilator Agents); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160617
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160617
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160618
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27254960
[Au] Autor:Nishimura M; Makita H
[Ti] Título:[Lessons from the Hokkaido COPD cohort study].
[So] Source:Nihon Rinsho;74(5):864-8, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:0047-1852
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:Hokkaido COPD cohort study is a carefully-designed, well-conducted, prospective observational 10 year-long study, which ended early in 2015. We have obtained a number of clinically-relevant novel findings, some of which are as follows. Severity of emphysema was highly varied even in those individuals whose airflow limitation is comparable. The annual change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) over 5 years was also widely varied with normal distribution among the subjects under appropriate treatment. Some patients maintained their pulmonary function for a long time, and others showed a rapid decline. Emphysema severity, but not pulmonary function, was independently associated with such an inter-subject variation in the annual decline in FEV1. When we explored any biomarkers for predicting the FEV1 decline, a lower leptin/adiponectin ratio alone emerged as an explanatory parameter for the rapid decline, and this was also confirmed in an independent Danish cohort study of different ethnicity. Monitoring of quality of life (QOL), using SGRQ scores, also provided interesting observations. The annual change in total score reflected that of FEV1 decline during the follow-up period. However, activity component in QOL deteriorated in almost all the subjects, while symptom component rather improved in many of the patients under appropriate treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adiponectina/sangue
Biomarcadores/sangue
Causas de Morte
Estudos de Coortes
Seres Humanos
Japão/epidemiologia
Leptina/sangue
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Prognóstico
Estudos Prospectivos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/classificação
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia
Enfisema Pulmonar
Qualidade de Vida
Testes de Função Respiratória
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adiponectin); 0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Leptin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160603
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160603
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160604
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26824906
[Au] Autor:Rankinen T; Fuku N; Wolfarth B; Wang G; Sarzynski MA; Alexeev DG; Ahmetov II; Boulay MR; Cieszczyk P; Eynon N; Filipenko ML; Garton FC; Generozov EV; Govorun VM; Houweling PJ; Kawahara T; Kostryukova ES; Kulemin NA; Larin AK; Maciejewska-Karlowska A; Miyachi M; Muniesa CA; Murakami H; Ospanova EA; Padmanabhan S; Pavlenko AV; Pyankova ON; Santiago C; Sawczuk M; Scott RA; Uyba VV; Yvert T; Perusse L; Ghosh S; Rauramaa R; North KN; Lucia A; Pitsiladis Y; Bouchard C
[Ad] Endereço:Human Genomics Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:No Evidence of a Common DNA Variant Profile Specific to World Class Endurance Athletes.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(1):e0147330, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are strong genetic components to cardiorespiratory fitness and its response to exercise training. It would be useful to understand the differences in the genomic profile of highly trained endurance athletes of world class caliber and sedentary controls. An international consortium (GAMES) was established in order to compare elite endurance athletes and ethnicity-matched controls in a case-control study design. Genome-wide association studies were undertaken on two cohorts of elite endurance athletes and controls (GENATHLETE and Japanese endurance runners), from which a panel of 45 promising markers was identified. These markers were tested for replication in seven additional cohorts of endurance athletes and controls: from Australia, Ethiopia, Japan, Kenya, Poland, Russia and Spain. The study is based on a total of 1520 endurance athletes (835 who took part in endurance events in World Championships and/or Olympic Games) and 2760 controls. We hypothesized that world-class athletes are likely to be characterized by an even higher concentration of endurance performance alleles and we performed separate analyses on this subsample. The meta-analysis of all available studies revealed one statistically significant marker (rs558129 at GALNTL6 locus, p = 0.0002), even after correcting for multiple testing. As shown by the low heterogeneity index (I2 = 0), all eight cohorts showed the same direction of association with rs558129, even though p-values varied across the individual studies. In summary, this study did not identify a panel of genomic variants common to these elite endurance athlete groups. Since GAMES was underpowered to identify alleles with small effect sizes, some of the suggestive leads identified should be explored in expanded comparisons of world-class endurance athletes and sedentary controls and in tightly controlled exercise training studies. Such studies have the potential to illuminate the biology not only of world class endurance performance but also of compromised cardiac functions and cardiometabolic diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Heterogeneidade Genética
Genoma Humano
Resistência Física/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Alelos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA
Expressão Gênica
Frequência do Gene
Loci Gênicos
Marcadores Genéticos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo/genética
N-Acetilgalactosaminiltransferases/genética
Consumo de Oxigênio/genética
Aptidão Física
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers); EC 2.4.1.- (N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases); EC 2.4.1.41 (polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0147330


  8 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26820735
[Au] Autor:Czapla Z; John A; Szwed A; Hanc T; Durda M; Ratajczak J; Barlóg E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Biological Development, Institute of Anthropology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, 89 Umultowska St, 61-614, Poznan, Poland. czapla@amu.edu.pl.
[Ti] Título:Influence of Body Shape Composition on Respiratory Function in Adult Women.
[So] Source:Adv Exp Med Biol;910:55-62, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0065-2598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of body size and shape, and of fat distribution on respiratory functions in adult women. The sample consisted of 107 women aged 17-82 years. Height, weight, chest, waist and hip circumferences, abdominal, and subscapular and triceps skinfolds were examined. The BMI and WHR were calculated. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximal expiratory flow (MEF75), forced expiratory time (FET) were used as measures of respiratory function. Positive correlations were found between z-scores of height and VC, FEV1, FVC, between WHR and VC, and between circumference and FET. Negative correlations were found between z-scores of BMI and VC, FEV1, between subscapular skinfold and VC, FEV1, FVC and between abdominal skinfold and VC. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that traits of body size and shape mostly influenced VC (32 %) and FVC (31 %). Body height and WHR significantly affected VC, while height and subscapular skinfold affected FVC. A significant association between fat distribution described by BMI, WHR, and skinfold thickness and respiratory parameters was observed. These results confirm a complex effect of body size and shape, and of fat distribution on respiratory function.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição da Gordura Corporal
Testes de Função Respiratória
Relação Cintura-Quadril
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Composição Corporal
Índice de Massa Corporal
Tamanho Corporal
Feminino
Volume Expiratório Forçado
Seres Humanos
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Meia-Idade
Pico do Fluxo Expiratório
Capacidade Vital
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/5584_2015_208


  9 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26071400
[Au] Autor:Alahmari AD; Mackay AJ; Patel AR; Kowlessar BS; Singh R; Brill SE; Allinson JP; Wedzicha JA; Donaldson GC
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Respiratory Medicine, University College London, Royal Free Campus, Rowland Hill Street, Hampstead, NW3 2PF, London, UK. ayedh.ahmari.10@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Influence of weather and atmospheric pollution on physical activity in patients with COPD.
[So] Source:Respir Res;16:71, 2015 Jun 13.
[Is] ISSN:1465-993X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: Information concerning how climate and atmospheric pollutants affects physical activity in COPD patients is lacking and might be valuable in determining when physical activity should be encouraged. METHODS: Seventy-three stable COPD patients recorded on daily diary cards worsening of respiratory symptoms, peak expiratory flow rate, hours spent outside the home and the number of steps taken per day. Pedometry data was recorded on 16,478 days, an average of 267 days per patient (range 29-658). Daily data for atmospheric PM10 and ozone (O3) were obtained for Bloomsbury Square, Central London from the Air Quality Information Archive databases. Daily weather data were obtained for London Heathrow from the British Atmospheric Data Archive. RESULTS: Colder weather below 22.5 °C, reduced daily step count by 43.3 steps day per °C (95% CI 2.14 to 84.4; p = 0.039) and activity was lower on rainy than dry days (p = 0.002) and on overcast compared to sunny days (p < 0.001). Daily step count was 434 steps per day lower on Sunday than Saturday (p < 0.001) and 353 steps per day lower on Saturday than Friday (p < 0.001). After allowance for these effects, higher O3 levels decreased activity during the whole week (-8 steps/ug/m3; p = 0.005) and at weekends (-7.8 steps/ug/m3; p = 0.032). Whilst, during the week PM10 reduced activity (p = 0.018) but not during the weekend. CONCLUSIONS: Inactivity of COPD patients is greatest on cold, wet and overcast days and at the weekends. This study also provides evidence of an independent effect of atmospheric pollution at high levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Atividade Motora/fisiologia
Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia
Estações do Ano
Tempo (Meteorologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo/fisiologia
Meia-Idade
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12931-015-0229-z


  10 / 1006 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25687515
[Au] Autor:Tiftik T; Gökkaya NK; Malas FÜ; Tunç H; Yalçin S; Ekiz T; Erden E; Akkus S
[Ad] Endereço:Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Does locomotor training improve pulmonary function in patients with spinal cord injury?
[So] Source:Spinal Cord;53(6):467-70, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5624
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a locomotor training (LT) combined rehabilitation program with a rehabilitation-only program on pulmonary function in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients by investigating spirometric analyses of the patients. SETTING: Rehabilitation center in Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: Fifty-two patients (40 male, 12 female) with SCI enrolled in the study. The subjects were divided into two groups: the first group (group A) received both LT and a rehabilitation program and the second group (group B) received only the rehabilitation program for 4 weeks. The LT program was prescribed as three 30-min sessions per week. Pulmonary function was evaluated spirometrically in both groups before and after the rehabilitation program. RESULTS: The spirometric values of the SCI patients, including forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced expiratory flow rate and vital capacity (VC) and VC%, increased significantly with LT in the first group (all P<0.05). Maximum voluntary ventilation values increased significantly in both groups (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that LT is effective for improving pulmonary function in SCI patients. We also highlight the useful effects of LT, which are likely the result of erect posture, gait and neuroplastic changes that prevent potential complications in SCI patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modalidades de Fisioterapia
Respiração
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Volume de Reserva Expiratória
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Locomoção
Masculino
Fluxo Expiratório Máximo
Estudos Prospectivos
Espirometria
Resultado do Tratamento
Capacidade Vital
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/sc.2014.251



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