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[PMID]:29362796
[Au] Autor:Bouillon K; Bertrand M; Bader G; Lucot JP; Dray-Spira R; Zureik M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology of Health Products, French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (ANSM), Saint-Denis, France.
[Ti] Título:Association of Hysteroscopic vs Laparoscopic Sterilization With Procedural, Gynecological, and Medical Outcomes.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(4):375-387, 2018 01 23.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Safety of hysteroscopic sterilization has been recently questioned following reports of general symptoms such as allergy, tiredness, and depression in addition to associated gynecological results such as pelvic pain, perforation of fallopian tubes or uterus, and unwanted pregnancy. Objective: To compare the risk of reported adverse events between hysteroscopic and laparoscopic sterilization. Design, Setting, and Participants: French nationwide cohort study using the national hospital discharge database linked to the health insurance claims database. Women aged 30 to 54 years receiving a first hysteroscopic or laparoscopic sterilization between 2010 and 2014 were included and were followed up through December 2015. Exposures: Hysteroscopic sterilization vs laparoscopic sterilization. Main Outcomes and Measures: Risks of procedural complications (surgical and medical) and of gynecological (sterilization failure that includes salpingectomy, second sterilization procedure, or pregnancy; pregnancy; reoperation) and medical outcomes (all types of allergy; autoimmune diseases; thyroid disorder; use of analgesics, antimigraines, antidepressants, benzodiazepines; outpatient visits; sickness absence; suicide attempts; death) that occurred within 1 and 3 years after sterilization were compared using inverse probability of treatment-weighted Cox models. Results: Of the 105 357 women included (95.5% of eligible participants; mean age, 41.3 years [SD, 3.7 years]), 71 303 (67.7% ) underwent hysteroscopic sterilization, and 34 054 (32.3%) underwent laparoscopic sterilization. During the hospitalization for sterilization, risk of surgical complications for hysteroscopic sterilization was lower: 0.13% for hysteroscopic sterilization vs 0.78% for laparoscopic sterilization (adjusted risk difference [RD], -0.64; 95% CI, -0.67 to -0.60) and was lower for medical complications: 0.06% vs 0.11% (adjusted RD, -0.05; 95% CI, -0.08 to -0.01). During the first year after sterilization, 4.83% of women who underwent hysteroscopic sterilization had a higher risk of sterilization failure than the 0.69% who underwent laparoscopic sterilization (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 7.11; 95% CI, 5.92 to 8.54; adjusted RD, 4.23 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, 3.40 to 5.22). Additionally, 5.65% of women who underwent hysteroscopic sterilization required gynecological reoperation vs 1.76% of women who underwent laparoscopic sterilization (adjusted HR, 3.26; 95% CI, 2.90 to 3.67; adjusted RD, 4.63 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, 3.38 to 4.75); these differences persisted after 3 years, although attenuated. Hysteroscopic sterilization was associated with a lower risk of pregnancy within the first year of the procedure but was not significantly associated with a difference in risk of pregnancy by the third year (adjusted HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.83-1.30; adjusted RD, 0.01 per 100 person-years; 95% CI, -0.04 to 0.07). Risks of medical outcomes were not significantly increased with hysteroscopic sterilization compared with laparoscopic sterilization. Conclusions and Relevance: Among women undergoing first sterilization, the use of hysteroscopic sterilization was significantly associated with higher risk of gynecological complications over 1 year and over 3 years than was laparoscopic sterilization. Risk of medical outcomes was not significantly increased over 1 year or over 3 years. These findings do not support increased medical risks associated with hysteroscopic sterilization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Histeroscopia/efeitos adversos
Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Esterilização Tubária/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
França
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
Gravidez
Gravidez não Planejada
Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
Esterilização Tubária/efeitos adversos
Falha de Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.21269


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[PMID]:29340679
[Au] Autor:Peterli R; Wölnerhanssen BK; Peters T; Vetter D; Kröll D; Borbély Y; Schultes B; Beglinger C; Drewe J; Schiesser M; Nett P; Bueter M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, St Claraspital, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Weight Loss in Patients With Morbid Obesity: The SM-BOSS Randomized Clinical Trial.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(3):255-265, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Sleeve gastrectomy is increasingly used in the treatment of morbid obesity, but its long-term outcome vs the standard Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedure is unknown. Objective: To determine whether there are differences between sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in terms of weight loss, changes in comorbidities, increase in quality of life, and adverse events. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Swiss Multicenter Bypass or Sleeve Study (SM-BOSS), a 2-group randomized trial, was conducted from January 2007 until November 2011 (last follow-up in March 2017). Of 3971 morbidly obese patients evaluated for bariatric surgery at 4 Swiss bariatric centers, 217 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a 5-year follow-up period. Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (n = 107) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 110). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was weight loss, expressed as percentage excess body mass index (BMI) loss. Exploratory end points were changes in comorbidities and adverse events. Results: Among the 217 patients (mean age, 45.5 years; 72% women; mean BMI, 43.9) 205 (94.5%) completed the trial. Excess BMI loss was not significantly different at 5 years: for sleeve gastrectomy, 61.1%, vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, 68.3% (absolute difference, -7.18%; 95% CI, -14.30% to -0.06%; P = .22 after adjustment for multiple comparisons). Gastric reflux remission was observed more frequently after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (60.4%) than after sleeve gastrectomy (25.0%). Gastric reflux worsened (more symptoms or increase in therapy) more often after sleeve gastrectomy (31.8%) than after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (6.3%). The number of patients with reoperations or interventions was 16/101 (15.8%) after sleeve gastrectomy and 23/104 (22.1%) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with morbid obesity, there was no significant difference in excess BMI loss between laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at 5 years of follow-up after surgery. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00356213.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gastrectomia
Derivação Gástrica
Laparoscopia
Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
Perda de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Índice de Massa Corporal
Feminino
Seguimentos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos
Gastrectomia/métodos
Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos
Derivação Gástrica/métodos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obesidade Mórbida/complicações
Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Qualidade de Vida
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20897


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[PMID]:29340676
[Au] Autor:Salminen P; Helmiö M; Ovaska J; Juuti A; Leivonen M; Peromaa-Haavisto P; Hurme S; Soinio M; Nuutila P; Victorzon M
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Digestive Surgery and Urology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Weight Loss at 5 Years Among Patients With Morbid Obesity: The SLEEVEPASS Randomized Clinical Trial.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(3):241-254, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for treatment of morbid obesity has increased substantially despite the lack of long-term results compared with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Objective: To determine whether laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass are equivalent for weight loss at 5 years in patients with morbid obesity. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Sleeve vs Bypass (SLEEVEPASS) multicenter, multisurgeon, open-label, randomized clinical equivalence trial was conducted from March 2008 until June 2010 in Finland. The trial enrolled 240 morbidly obese patients aged 18 to 60 years, who were randomly assigned to sleeve gastrectomy or gastric bypass with a 5-year follow-up period (last follow-up, October 14, 2015). Interventions: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (n = 121) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 119). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was weight loss evaluated by percentage excess weight loss. Prespecified equivalence margins for the clinical significance of weight loss differences between gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy were -9% to +9% excess weight loss. Secondary end points included resolution of comorbidities, improvement of quality of life (QOL), all adverse events (overall morbidity), and mortality. Results: Among 240 patients randomized (mean age, 48 [SD, 9] years; mean baseline body mass index, 45.9, [SD, 6.0]; 69.6% women), 80.4% completed the 5-year follow-up. At baseline, 42.1% had type 2 diabetes, 34.6% dyslipidemia, and 70.8% hypertension. The estimated mean percentage excess weight loss at 5 years was 49% (95% CI, 45%-52%) after sleeve gastrectomy and 57% (95% CI, 53%-61%) after gastric bypass (difference, 8.2 percentage units [95% CI, 3.2%-13.2%], higher in the gastric bypass group) and did not meet criteria for equivalence. Complete or partial remission of type 2 diabetes was seen in 37% (n = 15/41) after sleeve gastrectomy and in 45% (n = 18/40) after gastric bypass (P > .99). Medication for dyslipidemia was discontinued in 47% (n = 14/30) after sleeve gastrectomy and 60% (n = 24/40) after gastric bypass (P = .15) and for hypertension in 29% (n = 20/68) and 51% (n = 37/73) (P = .02), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in QOL between groups (P = .85) and no treatment-related mortality. At 5 years the overall morbidity rate was 19% (n = 23) for sleeve gastrectomy and 26% (n = 31) for gastric bypass (P = .19). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with morbid obesity, use of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy compared with use of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass did not meet criteria for equivalence in terms of percentage excess weight loss at 5 years. Although gastric bypass compared with sleeve gastrectomy was associated with greater percentage excess weight loss at 5 years, the difference was not statistically significant, based on the prespecified equivalence margins. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00793143.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gastrectomia
Derivação Gástrica
Laparoscopia
Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
Perda de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações
Feminino
Seguimentos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos
Gastrectomia/métodos
Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos
Derivação Gástrica/métodos
Seres Humanos
Hiperlipidemias/complicações
Hipertensão/complicações
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obesidade Mórbida/complicações
Obesidade Mórbida/fisiopatologia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Qualidade de Vida
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; EQUIVALENCE TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20313


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[PMID]:29340677
[Au] Autor:Reges O; Greenland P; Dicker D; Leibowitz M; Hoshen M; Gofer I; Rasmussen-Torvik LJ; Balicer RD
[Ad] Endereço:Clalit Research Institute, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Association of Bariatric Surgery Using Laparoscopic Banding, Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, or Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy vs Usual Care Obesity Management With All-Cause Mortality.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(3):279-290, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. Objective: To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study in a large Israeli integrated health fund covering 54% of Israeli citizens with less than 1% turnover of members annually. Obese adult patients who underwent bariatric surgery between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014, were selected and compared with obese nonsurgical patients matched on age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and diabetes, with a final follow-up date of December 31, 2015. A total of 33 540 patients were included in this study. Exposures: Bariatric surgery (laparoscopic banding, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy) or usual care obesity management only (provided by a primary care physician and which may include dietary counseling and behavior modification). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome, all-cause mortality, matched and adjusted for BMI prior to surgery, age, sex, socioeconomic status, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and smoking. Results: The study population included 8385 patients who underwent bariatric surgery (median age, 46 [IQR, 37-54] years; 5490 [65.5%] women; baseline median BMI, 40.6 [IQR, 38.5-43.7]; laparoscopic banding [n = 3635], gastric bypass [n = 1388], laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy [n = 3362], and 25 155 nonsurgical matched patients (median age, 46 [IQR, 37-54] years; 16 470 [65.5%] women; baseline median BMI, 40.5 [IQR, 37.0-43.5]). The availability of follow-up data was 100% for all-cause mortality. There were 105 deaths (1.3%) among surgical patients during a median follow-up of 4.3 (IQR, 2.8-6.6) years (including 61 [1.7%] who underwent laparoscopic banding, 18 [1.3%] gastric bypass, and 26 [0.8%] sleeve gastrectomy), and 583 deaths (2.3%) among nonsurgical patients during a median follow-up of 4.0 (IQR, 2.6-6.2) years. The absolute difference was 2.51 (95% CI, 1.86-3.15) fewer deaths/1000 person-years in the surgical vs nonsurgical group. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality among nonsurgical vs surgical patients were 2.02 (95% CI, 1.63-2.52) for the entire study population; by surgical type, HRs were 2.01 (95% CI, 1.50-2.69) for laparoscopic banding, 2.65 (95% CI, 1.55-4.52) for gastric bypass, and 1.60 (95% CI, 1.02-2.51) for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Conclusions and Relevance: Among obese patients in a large integrated health fund in Israel, bariatric surgery using laparoscopic banding, gastric bypass, or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, compared with usual care nonsurgical obesity management, was associated with lower all-cause mortality over a median follow-up of approximately 4.5 years. The evidence of this association adds to the limited literature describing beneficial outcomes of these 3 types of bariatric surgery compared with usual care obesity management alone.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gastrectomia/mortalidade
Derivação Gástrica/mortalidade
Gastroplastia/mortalidade
Laparoscopia
Obesidade Mórbida/mortalidade
Obesidade Mórbida/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Gastrectomia/métodos
Seres Humanos
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Estudos Retrospectivos
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20513


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[PMID]:29376614
[Au] Autor:Popkov VM; Tarasenko AI; Maslyakova GN; Rossolovskii AN; Berezinets OL
[Ad] Endereço:Saratov State Medical University n. a. V. I. Razumovsky, Saratov, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[A look at the problem of surgical treatment of renal cel carcinoma in the aspect of biomolecular diagnosis and assessment of renal function].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):153-159, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article reviews the domestic and international literature on the issues of biomolecular diagnosis of acute renal injury in the perioperative period in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Emerging opportunities for early detection of tumors make even more relevant the use of minimally invasive interventions. Of equal importance is the assessment of renal function in patients with diagnosed RCC and the prediction of acute renal injury and progression of chronic kidney disease in the postoperative period. The authors performed a systematic search for preclinical and clinical studies to identify the main trends and achievements in the field of biomolecular diagnosis of RCC and renal injury allowing the individual approach to choosing surgical treatment, improve the survival and quality of life of the patient and improve the functional state of the renal parenchyma.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma de Células Renais
Neoplasias Renais
Laparoscopia/métodos
Nefrectomia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico
Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo
Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29376608
[Au] Autor:Popov SV; Guseinov RG; Martov AG; Muratov TM; Tabynbaev NB
[Ad] Endereço:St. Lukes Clinical Hospital, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Biomarkers of acute hypoxia-reoxygenation injury to nercycites during laparoscopic resection of renal parenchyma].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):120-125, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Intraoperative occlusion of the renal artery during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy results in warm ischemia and nonspecific hypoxia-reoxygenation alteration of the renal parenchyma cells with a predominant injury to epitheliocytes of the proximal segments of the tubular nephron system. The onset and development of acute kidney injury (AKI) syndrome, which requires immediate correction, is due to the typical pathological process of cell injury. In this regard, the issue of timely diagnosis of AKI remains highly relevant. In patients at high risk of developing acute renal failure, detection of AKI biomarkers enables early diagnosis. In cases with hypoxia-reoxygenation mediated destruction of epithelial cells of tt. renales, related to warm ischemia, the quality of diagnosis is significantly improved if the standard work-up is supplemented by measurements of the concentration and/or activity of cystatin C, interleukin-18, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, liver fatty acid binding protein, N-acetyl --glucosaminidase, glutathione S-transferase -isoform, -glutamyl transpeptidase and lactate dehydrogenase. This article provides an overview of published evidence on the properties and diagnostic capabilities of biomarkers of warm ischemia related AKI.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos
Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão/diagnóstico
Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia
Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29376604
[Au] Autor:Guliev BG; Yagubov KK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Urology, I.I. Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Laparoscopic transperitoneal partial nephrectomy for a tumor of the upper segment].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):96-100, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic resection of upper pole kidney tumors is a technically challenging procedure. When tumors are located on the dorsal side of the kidney, the renal-rotation technique may facilitate laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. AIM: To present the technique and results of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for tumors of the upper pole of the kidney with its rotation around the renal hilum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study presents a retrospective analysis of the results of 12 patients who underwent LPN for upper pole kidney tumors using the renal-rotation technique. The kidney with the renal hilar vessels and the upper third of the ureter were mobilized using a transperitoneal access. Then the kidney was rotated over its pedicular axis so that the upper pole was located inferiorly. As a result, the posterior upper pole tumor was located anteriorly, thereby facilitating its resection. After removing the tumor and confirming homeostasis, the kidney was returned to its original position. RESULTS: The results of LPN using this technique were successful in all 12 patients. The mean operative time was 120+/-35.0 (90-210) min, the warm ischemia time was 14.5+/-7.8 (10-26) min, and the blood loss was 120.0+/-65.5 (60-300) ml. The intraoperative complication occurred in 1 (8.3%) patients, postoperative complications were observed in 3 patients. Histopathology showed that 11 (91.7%) patients had renal cell carcinoma and one (8.3%) had angiomyolipoma. Analysis of early (18.6+/-5.0 months) oncological outcomes showed no local recurrence and distant metastases. CONCLUSION: With dorsally located upper pole kidney tumors, the renal-rotation technique facilitates the performance of LPN and minimizes the risk of intra- and postoperative complications. This method requires the maximum mobilization of the kidney along with the renal hilar vessels and the upper third of the ureter to rotate it for optimal resection conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia
Laparoscopia/métodos
Nefrectomia/métodos
Isquemia Quente/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29376603
[Au] Autor:Komyakov BK; Guliev BG; Novikov AI; Yagubov KK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Urology, I.I. Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Results of open and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for localized renal cancer].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):91-95, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To compare the results of laparoscopic and open partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2000 to June 2016, 178 patients (mean age 58.2 years) with stage T1 kidney tumors underwent partial nephrectomy. This cohort included 106 (59.5%) men and 72 (40.5%) women. Open partial nephrectomy was performed in 102 (57.3%) patients (group 1) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPL) - 76 (42.7%, 2nd group). The majority (92.2%) of patients underwent resection for elective and 14 (7.8%) for absolute indications. Preoperatively, 163 (91.6%) and 15 (8.4%) patients had stage T1a stage T1b, respectively. The tumor size ranged from 2.4 to 6.2 cm and from 2 cm to 5.4 cm in group 1 and 2, respectively. A comparative analysis included operative time, warm ischemia time, blood loss, duration of drainage and the length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Open partial nephrectomy was associated with shorter operative time (105 min versus 125 min) and warm ischemia time (14.5 vs. 20.8 min) compared with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was characterized by a smaller blood loss (180 ml vs. 365 ml, p<0.05) and a shorter length of hospital stay (2.5 days vs. 5.6 days, p<0.05). One patient from each group was found to have positive surgical margins. CONCLUSION: Currently, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is the method of choice for stage T1 kidney tumors. Despite the comparatively longer operative time and warm ischemia time, laparoscopic partial nephrectomy leads to faster patient recovery and fewer complications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia
Rim/cirurgia
Laparoscopia/métodos
Nefrectomia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Rim/patologia
Neoplasias Renais/patologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 73494 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29376600
[Au] Autor:Biktimirov RG; Martov AG; Biktimirov TR; Kaputovskii AA
[Ad] Endereço:Federal Clinical Center for High Medical Technologies FMBA of Russia, Moscow Region, Khimki, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[The role of extraperitoneoscopic adenomectomy in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia greater than 80 cm3].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):76-81, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The current standard of surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) greater than 80 cm3 includes open adenomectomy and holmium enucleation. Transurethral resection and laser vaporization are second line interventions, while the role of laparoscopic extraperitoneal adenomectomy is not fully understood. AIM: To evaluate the role of laparoscopic technique as a surgical modality for BPH greater than 80 cm3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated the results of 79 patients (mean age 68 years) who underwent transcapsular extraperitoneoscopic adenomectomy from 2011 to 2016. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 206 (100-450) min; the prostate volume was 134 (80-300) cm3, blood loss was 256 (30-1200) ml. The I-PSS score after surgery decreased by an average of 18.3 points, the maximum urinary flow rate increased by 12 ml/s, the residual urine volume reduced from 147 to 28 ml. 35 (44%) patients underwent simultaneous operations (inguinal hernioplasty, cystolithotomy, etc.). There was one intraoperative complication, and 10 (12.6%) patients had postoperative complications. There were no conversions to open surgery. Incidental prostate cancer was detected in one patient. None of the patients required repeat surgery for infravesical obstruction. CONCLUSION: Extraperitoneoscopic adenomectomy is efficient, safe and reproducible surgical modality able to take the place of open surgery. There is a need for an evidence base to support the optimal choice between various minimally invasive techniques. Currently, laparoscopic procedure is more justified in patients with concomitant diseases, which can be simultaneously corrected.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laparoscopia/métodos
Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 73494 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29376599
[Au] Autor:Polyakov NV; Keshishev NG; Gurbanov SS; Grigoreva MV; Serebryannyi SA; Kazachenko AV; Alekseev BY
[Ad] Endereço:N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology Branch of National Medical Research Radiological Center of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Effectiveness of laparoscopic repair of primary strictures of ureteropelvic junction].
[So] Source:Urologiia;(6):72-75, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1728-2985
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of laparoscopic repair of primary strictures of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) depending on baseline renal function of the ipsilateral kidney. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed results of 134 patients (78 women and 56 men, age from 18 to 56 years) who underwent various types of laparoscopic repair of the UPJ stricture from 2012 to 2015. Depending on the surgical technique all patients were divided into three groups: group 1 (n=34) underwent spiral flap technique by Culp and DeWeerd, group 2 (n=59) - Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty and group 3 (n=41) had antevasal dismembered pyeloplasty. All interventions ended with internal ureteral stenting for up to 6-8 weeks. Also, all patients were divided into three subgroups, depending on the degree of renal function deficiency - less than 25%, 25-50%, and 51-75%. Treatment effectiveness criteria included the following parameters: complete relief of the pain syndrome, a decrease in the degree of pyeloectasia, stabilization or improvement of the functional state of the renal parenchyma (according to radioisotope renography), and the absence of recurrence of the UPJ stricture. RESULTS: The overall effectiveness of UPJ laparoscopic reconstruction was 94.7% (127 of 134). The effectiveness of the treatment was independent of the surgical technique, the initial thickness of the renal parenchyma and the degree of PCS dilatation. There was an inverse correlation between the treatment effectiveness the degree of kidney function deficiency. CONCLUSION: In patients with hydronephrosis secondary to UPJ stricture, the effectiveness of surgical treatment is mainly determined by its timeliness. The best treatment results were observed in patients with better renal function. The degree of renal function deficiency should be considered the main prognostic factor for the effectiveness of the forthcoming operation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pelve Renal/cirurgia
Laparoscopia/métodos
Ureter/cirurgia
Estreitamento Uretral/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Pelve Renal/patologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ureter/fisiologia
Estreitamento Uretral/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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