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[PMID]:28449763
[Au] Autor:Brignardello-Petersen R
[Ti] Título:Early orthodontic treatment produces short-term dental and skeletal changes in patients with Class III malocclusions.
[So] Source:J Am Dent Assoc;148(5):e59, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1943-4723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III
Mandíbula
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria
Assistência Odontológica
Seres Humanos
Má Oclusão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:REVIEW; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28454552
[Au] Autor:Giri J; Pokharel PR; Gyawali R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Surgery, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. nepalipilot@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:How common is ponticulus posticus on lateral cephalograms?
[So] Source:BMC Res Notes;10(1):172, 2017 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1756-0500
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Ponticulus posticus is an anomaly of first cervical vertebra visible on lateral cephalogram and has some serious medical and surgical implications. Unfortunately, it is often overlooked or undetected by orthodontists. The general objective of this study is to sensitize orthodontists about this anomaly by depicting its prevalence among a group of Nepalese orthodontic patients. METHODS: Four hundred and fourteen digital lateral cephalograms of orthodontic patients were retrieved from the archives of the department. The lateral cephalograms were carefully assessed for the presence of ponticulus posticus in the posterior spine of atlas vertebra by two investigators independently and the findings were recorded. RESULTS: Ponticulus posticus was observed in 35.7% of the cases, of which 30.9% had partial ponticulus posticus and 4.8% had complete ponticulus posticus. Even though there was some female predilection, no statistically significant association was found between gender of the patient and presence of ponticulus posticus. CONCLUSION: Ponticulus posticus is a fairly common anomaly with more than one-third (35.7%) of a group of Nepalese orthodontic patients affected and is independent of gender. Since, this anomaly is associated with numerous medical conditions and has surgical implications, orthodontists should use lateral cephalogram as screening radiograph for this anomaly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cefalometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Atlas Cervical/diagnóstico por imagem
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nepal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13104-017-2494-z


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[PMID]:29384732
[Au] Autor:Capitaneanu C; Willems G; Thevissen P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Health Sciences, Forensic Dentistry, KU Leuven.
[Ti] Título:A systematic review of odontological sex estimation methods.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):1-24, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In human identification sex estimation plays an important role in the search for ante-mortem data. AIM: To systematically review studies describing and testing/validating methods of odontological sex estimation. The set research question was: What odontological sex estimation method is the most accurate? MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search until November 29th 2016 was performed in 5 databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, LILACS and Grey literature. The PRISMA guidelines were used. Studies were assessed and included based on the reported data. In particular data criteria were set regarding the considered population, sample size, age range, sex estimation method, type of statistical analysis and study outcome. The extracted data enabled to classify the included studies. Meta-analysis was used to compare the study outcomes per obtained study group. RESULTS: The established search string detected 4720 studies. 103 were considered eligible after review of title, abstract and full-text. The odontological sex estimation methods were classified based on dental metric and non-metric measurements (n=65), cephalometric analysis (n=13), frontal and maxillary sinuses (n=5), cheiloscopy (n=4), palatal features (n=3) and biochemical analysis of teeth (n=13). Teeth measurements for sex estimation were mainly performed on casts (n=34), followed by skeletal remains (n=13), medical imaging (n=5), intraoral measurements/ photography (n=4), and cascades of the above (n=4). CONCLUSION: The variety of published odontological sex estimation methods highlights the importance of sex estimation in human identification. Biochemical analysis of teeth proved to be the most accurate method, but in forensic practice, a need to select the most appropriate evidence based odontological sex estimation method exists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Odontologia Legal/métodos
Caracteres Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria
Seres Humanos
Radiografia Dentária
Dente/anatomia & histologia
Dente/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29407506
[Au] Autor:Ahn JC; Lee JH; Yoon JH; Lee JY; Kim JH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthodontics, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Interdisciplinary treatment of a patient with multiple missing teeth and periodontitis.
[So] Source:Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;153(2):278-289, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6752
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A 49-year-old woman with several missing and periodontically compromised teeth was referred to the orthodontic department of National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital by the periodontic department for interdisciplinary treatment. Multiple posterior teeth had been extracted 10 days earlier. Her chief complaint was crowding of the anterior teeth, and she wanted to improve both esthetics and function. Orthodontic, periodontic, and prosthodontic treatments were undertaken in the proper timing and sequence with an interdisciplinary approach. As a result, improved periodontal health and a stable occlusion and vertical dimension were achieved. Although there were limited teeth and alveolar bone for anchorage, good esthetic and functional treatment results were obtained through the application of temporary anchorage devices and proper biomechanics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Periodontia/métodos
Periodontite/complicações
Prostodontia/métodos
Perda de Dente/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria
Estética Dentária
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Periodontite/diagnóstico por imagem
Periodontite/terapia
Radiografia Dentária
Radiografia Panorâmica
Perda de Dente/diagnóstico por imagem
Perda de Dente/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29407504
[Au] Autor:Maino G; Turci Y; Arreghini A; Paoletto E; Siciliani G; Lombardo L
[Ad] Endereço:Postgraduate School of Orthodontics, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of hybrid rapid palatal expansion and facemask treatment in growing skeletal Class III patients.
[So] Source:Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;153(2):262-268, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6752
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the skeletal and dentoalveolar changes in a group of growing skeletal Class III patients treated with hybrid rapid palatal expansion and facemask. METHODS: Twenty-eight growing patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion were treated using a rapid maxillary expander with hybrid anchorage according to the ALT-Ramec protocol (SKAR III; E.P.), followed by 4 months of facemask therapy. Palatal miniscrew placement was accomplished via digital planning and the construction of a high-precision, individualized surgical guide. Pretreatment and posttreatment cephalometric tracings were analyzed, comparing dental and skeletal measurements. RESULTS: Point A advanced by a mean of 3.4 mm with respect to the reference plane Vert-T. The mandibular plane rotated clockwise, improving the ANB (+3.41°) and the Wits appraisal (+4.92 mm). The maxillary molar had slight extrusion (0.42 mm) and mesialization (0.87 mm). CONCLUSIONS: The use of a hybrid-anchorage expander followed by 4 months of facemask treatment improves the skeletal Class III relationship with minimal dental effects, even in older patients (mean age, 11 years 4 months, ± 2.5 years).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processo Alveolar/patologia
Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal
Arcada Osseodentária/patologia
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia
Técnica de Expansão Palatina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Cefalometria
Criança
Terapia Combinada
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico por imagem
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/patologia
Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação
Radiografia Dentária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 24614 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29308861
[Au] Autor:Mikovic ND; Lazarevic MM; Tatic Z; Krejovic-Trivic S; Petrovic M; Trivic A
[Ti] Título:Radiographic cephalometry analysis of condylar position after bimaxillary osteotomy in patients with mandibular prognathism.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(4):318-25, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Postoperative condylar position is a substantial concern in surgical correction of mandibular prognathism. Orthognathic surgery may change condylar position and this is considered a contributing factor for early skeletal relapse and the induction of temporomandibular disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in condylar position, and to correlate angular skeletal measurements following bimaxillary surgery. Methods: On profile teleradiographs of 21 patients with mandibular angular and linear parametres, the changes in condylar position, were measured during preoperative orthodontic treatment and 6 months after the surgical treatment. Results: A statistically significant difference in values between the groups was found. The most distal point on the head of condyle point (DI) moved backward for 1.38 mm (p = 0.02), and the point of center of collum mandibulae point (DC) moved backward for 1.52 mm (p = 0.007). The amount of upward movement of the point DI was 1.62 mm (p = 0.04). Conclusion: In the patients with mandibular prognathism, the condyles tend to migrate upward and forward six months after bimaxillary surgery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cefalometria/métodos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/cirurgia
Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
Osteotomia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Radiografia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP141210051M


  7 / 24614 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28748526
[Au] Autor:Allen KG; von Cramon-Taubadel N
[Ad] Endereço:Buffalo Human Evolutionary Morphology Lab, Department of Anthropology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, 14261.
[Ti] Título:A craniometric analysis of early modern Romania and Hungary: The roles of migration and conversion in shaping European Ottoman population history.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;164(3):477-487, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Debate persists regarding the biological makeup of European Ottoman communities settled during the expansion of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th and 17th centuries, and the roles of conversion and migration in shaping demography and population history. The aim of this study was to perform an assessment of the biological affinities of three European Ottoman series based on craniometric data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Craniometric data collected from three Ottoman series from Hungary and Romania were compared to European and Anatolian comparative series, selected to represent biological affinity representative of historically recorded migration and conversion influences. Sex-separated samples were analyzed using D -matrices, along with principal coordinates and PERMANOVA analyses to investigate biological affinities. Discriminant function analysis was employed to assign Ottoman individuals to two potential classes: European or Anatolian. RESULTS: Affinity analyses show larger than expected biological differences between males and females within each of the Ottoman communities. Discriminant function analyses show that the majority of Ottoman individuals could be classified as either European or Anatolian with a high probability. Moreover, location within Europe proved influential, as the Ottomans from a location of more geopolitical importance (Budapest) diverged from more hinterland communities in terms of biological affinity patterns. DISCUSSION: The results suggest that male and female Ottomans may possess distinct population histories, with males and females divergent from each other in terms of their biological affinities. The Ottoman communities appear diverse in terms of constituting a mix of peoples from different biological backgrounds. The greater distances between sexes from the same community, and the differences between communities, may be evidence that the processes of migration and conversion impacted individual people and groups diversely.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cefalometria/métodos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/etnologia
Migração Humana/história
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Antropologia Física
Feminino
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Hungria/etnologia
Masculino
Império Otomano/etnologia
Romênia/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23287


  8 / 24614 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468164
[Au] Autor:Kurt G; Altug AT; Türker G; Kiliç B; Kiliç E; Alkan A
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Yeni Yuzyil University, Istanbul †Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara ‡Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University §Private Practice, Kayseri ||Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Effects of Surgical and Nonsurgical Rapid Maxillary Expansion on Palatal Structures.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):775-780, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of surgical and nonsurgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in skeletally mature patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) was used in 18 patients (2 males, 16 females) with a mean age of 19.90 years. Two nonsurgical RME groups were constructed to compare the expansion changes of SARME. Eighteen patients in maximum pubertal peak (12 males, 6 females) with a mean age of 13.04 years comprised the growing RME group, while the nongrowing RME (NG-RME) group consisted of 18 skeletally mature patients (1 male, 17 females) with a mean age of 16.41 years. Thirteen linear and 2 angular measurements were made on the study models taken before expansion (T0) and after 3 months of retention period (T1). Intragroup differences were evaluated with paired t test and the intergroup differences were analyzed with 1-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: All groups showed significant transversal skeletal and dental expansion. The palatal width changes at gingival and midpalate levels were the highest in the NG-RME group (6.85 and 5.84 mm, respectively). The most molar tipping was in the NG-RME group (15.00°) and the palatal vault angle showed the most increase in the SARME group (9.77°). The greatest expansion at the base of palatal vault was in the SARME group (4.42 mm). CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of expansion was rotation of the maxillary halves for SARME and lateral displacement of the dentoalveolar structures for NG-RME. Patients with severe skeletal discrepancy or increased age are good candidates for SARME.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Má Oclusão/terapia
Maxila/cirurgia
Técnica de Expansão Palatina
Palato/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Cefalometria
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Má Oclusão/diagnóstico
Maxila/anormalidades
Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
Palato/diagnóstico por imagem
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003468


  9 / 24614 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468136
[Au] Autor:Ant A; Kemaloglu YK; Yilmaz M; Dilci A
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University †Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara ‡Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eskisehir Yunus Emre State Hospital, Eskisehir, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Craniofacial Deviations in the Children With Nasal Obstruction.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):625-628, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nasal obstruction mainly caused by adenoid hypertrophy in children affects the craniofacial growth and development process, and the craniofacial deviations and/or differences reported in the children are very similar to those in the adults with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The authors aimed to look for relationships of the linear craniofacial dimensions in the children suffering from nasal obstruction with age, degree of clinical nasal obstruction score (CNOS), and relative size of the adenoid mass within the nasopharynx in their study.Fifty-five children suffering from nasal obstruction were retrospectively enrolled, and clinical data was used to calculate CNOS. On the lateral cephalometric radiographies, 9 linear variables were measured and adenoidal-nasopharyngeal ratio (ANR) was calculated.The data presented that, not CNOS, but ANR shown decrease by age, while many skeletal variables with exception of the nasopharyngeal and adenoidal postero-anterior dimensions were increased by age. Further, it was found that while CNOS were negatively correlated with the anterior cranial base length, anterior-superior facial height, and maxillary depth, ANR disclosed significant correlation only with the anteriorsuperior facial height. The authors' results support that nasal obstruction in the children was related not only to the adenoidal hypertrophy. Although relative size of the adenoidal mass in relation to the nasopharynx decreased by age, nasal obstruction was still present. Further, these results support that craniofacial deviations and/or differences in the children with nasal obstruction is similar to the adult OSAS patients. Smaller dimensions related to the naso-maxillary complex in the children with more severe nasal obstruction appear to be continuous by age. Hence, it could be said that narrow naso-maxillary complex could contribute to proceed nasal obstruction by age, which may contribute to OSAS in the adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tonsila Faríngea/patologia
Obstrução Nasal/etiologia
Crânio/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tonsila Faríngea/diagnóstico por imagem
Fatores Etários
Cefalometria
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Hipertrofia/complicações
Hipertrofia/diagnóstico por imagem
Masculino
Obstrução Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem
Obstrução Nasal/patologia
Radiografia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem
Crânio/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003409


  10 / 24614 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29336415
[Au] Autor:Upadhyaya C; Chaurasian NK; Kafle D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Kavre, Nepal.
[Ti] Título:Retrospective Study to Determine Stability of Mandibular Setback Surgery using Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy Technique.
[So] Source:Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ);14(56):301-304, 2016 Oct.-Dec..
[Is] ISSN:1812-2078
[Cp] País de publicação:Nepal
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background Bilateral sagittal split osteototomy of mandible is one of the most commonly performed orthognathic surgical procedure performed in the mandible. According to hierarchy of stability, mandibular setback procedure is considered to be relatively unstable procedure and chances of relapse are higher. Objective We conducted this study to determine the skeletal stability of mandibular setback procedure using bilateral sagittal split osteotomy technique in Nepalese population. Method Lateral cephalograms of 14 patients who underwent mandibular setback using bilateral saggital split osteotomy were taken pre-operatively (P1), immediate postoperatively (P2) and eight months to one year post-operatively (P3). Cephalometric tracing was done for all the cephalograms. Various parameters of Burstone's hard and soft tissue, Steiner's and McNamara analysis were used in the study to determine angular and linear changes following surgery. After tracing the cephalograms, changes between P1- P2, P1-P3 and P2-P3 were calculated. Mean difference in changes between P1-P2, P1-P3 and P2-P3 were compared using paired t test. P value less than 0.05 was considered to be significant. Data analysis was done using SPSS software version 20. Result Mean setback at Pogonion was 3.03 mm whereas at point B were 4.64 mm. Relapse at Pogonion was 0.03 mm and relapse at point B were 0.02 mm. Mean change in point A-Nasion-point B angle was 5.1 degrees whereas mean changes in NA-Pogonion angle were 4.69 degrees. Conclusion There were significant changes in angular as well as horizontal parameters at P2 but there were no significant changes in those parameters at P3. This is a preliminary study that we have carried out at our institution with smaller sample size thus we recommend a study with larger sample size and long term follow up.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/cirurgia
Mandíbula/cirurgia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180117
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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