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Pesquisa : E01.370.600.115.100.160.120.499 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29265788
[Au] Autor:Jezewska-Zychowicz M; Guzek D
[Ad] Endereço:Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Associations between adult perception of body weight, diet, preparing meals and dietary patterns
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):381-387, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The links between dietary patterns, the perception of one's body weight and diet as well preparing meals are poorly recognised in the literature. In order to develop effective nutritional education and focused interventions, more of such information is thereby required to improve the nation's health Objective: To identify dietary patterns based on declared food consumption rates and subject responses on whether dieting, perception of body weight and diet and preparing meals are linked to such dietary patterns Material and methods: The survey was conducted in 2016 on 344 consumers chosen for age (20-65 years) and their consent for study participation. Rates of eating the foods selected were measured using a 7-point scale. Cluster analysis was used to identify three dietary patterns of behaviour: 'potentially beneficial to health', 'potentially unfavourable for health; deficient' and 'potentially unfavourable for health; excessive'. The analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23.0 Results: There were significantly more subjects showing 'potentially beneficial for health' behaviour, normal body weight, those dieting (whether now or in the past) and those who evaluated their diet as being very good or good compared to other groups. They were also more involved in preparing their meals at home. Differences were found between the 'unfavourable for health' dietary patterns concerning subject's involvement in meal preparation. The dietary pattern for 'deficient' behaviour found lower rates of those preparing their meals at home Conclusions: The pattern of potentially beneficial dietary habits was linked to weight control through a slimming diet and greater involvement in the preparation of food for consumption. The results show the need to develop food choice skills rather than just transferring knowledge in the nutrition education process
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Peso Corporal Ideal
Refeições/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Índice de Massa Corporal
Análise por Conglomerados
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29265787
[Au] Autor:Bzikowska A; Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna A; Riahi A; Weker H
[Ad] Endereço:Warsaw Medical University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Clinical Dietetics, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Nutritional value of daily food rations of overweight and normal weight pregnant women
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):375-379, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Adequate nutrition and nutritional status during pregnancy are essential for mother's health and foetus development. Due to increased demands, pregnant women are vulnerable to inadequate nutritional status and paradoxically it may also affect overweight women Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate energy and nutrients intake in the group of pregnant women in relation to nutritional standards and pre-pregnancy BMI Material and methods: The study included 90 women, during the third trimester of pregnancy, recruited from Warsaw antenatal classes. The anthropometric data gathered in the research were used to calculate BMI value before pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy BMI was categorised as: normal weight (BMI=18.5-24.9 kg/m2, n=47) and overweight (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2, n=43). The assessment of women's nutrition was based on 3-days dietary record. Due to heterogeneous variances, differences between groups were assessed using Mann Whitney U test, p<0.05 was considered as significant Results: The mean intake of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates in the overweight women were significantly higher than in healthy weight women (p<0.05). Most of the healthy weight women did not reach EAR standard for vitamin D (79.5%), whereas in overweight group it was 41.3% Conclusions: Despite the fact that intakes of energy and all nutrients were higher in overweight women than in normal weight ones, we observed that women in both groups had risk of insufficient supply of energy, iodine, potassium and vitamin D. For this reason, accurate nutritional assessment should be an integral part of obstetric care
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Estado Nutricional
Valor Nutritivo
Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Registros de Dieta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Avaliação Nutricional
Sobrepeso
Polônia
Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29386453
[Au] Autor:Nomura K; Kodama H; Kido M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:[Nutritional Status of Japanese Women of Childbearing Age and the Ideal Weight Range for Pregnancy].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):85-89, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:According to the recent 2015 Nutrition Survey, the prevalence of being underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI <18.5 kg/m ) among women in their 20s is 22.3%. Women of childbearing age tend to have a lower intake of protein and their total energy intake is lower than the requirements established by the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese. There is a growing body of evidence showing that underweight women tend to bear small babies and that these babies have an increased risk of diabetes or cancer in their adulthood. In order to prevent Japanese women from bearing small babies, the literature has suggested that women of childbearing age should be encouraged to remain at a normal weight before pregnancy. For optimal weight gain during pregnancy, existing guidelines recommend different ranges of weight gain based on prepregnancy BMI. Owing to the absence of official GWG recommendations in Asian countries, including China and Taiwan, the US Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines are generally followed. However, Asian women are smaller and experience lower weight gains; therefore, excessive weight gain may lead to harmful events including macrosomia, preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and short- and long-term postpartum weight retention. Thus, an accurate GWG range should be determined for Asian women. We introduce one epidemiological study in which the optimal weight gain range was investigated by analyzing receiver-operating characteristic curves together with potential research ideas in this field with the aim of encouraging young researchers to solve this public health problem affecting mothers and children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peso Corporal Ideal
Idade Materna
Necessidades Nutricionais
Estado Nutricional
Gravidez/fisiologia
Ganho de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Índice de Massa Corporal
Ingestão de Energia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso
Recém-Nascido
Curva ROC
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.85


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[PMID]:28462823
[Au] Autor:Chabanova E; Fonvig CE; Bøjsøe C; Holm JC; Thomsen HS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev Gentofte, Herlev Ringvej 75, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark. Electronic address: Elizaveta.Chabanova@regionh.dk.
[Ti] Título:H MRS Assessment of Hepatic Fat Content: Comparison Between Normal- and Excess-weight Children and Adolescents.
[So] Source:Acad Radiol;24(8):982-987, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1878-4046
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to obtain a cutoff value of liver fat content for the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis by comparing magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy results in children and adolescents with normal and excess weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 420 children and adolescents (91 normal-weight, 99 overweight, and 230 obese) 8-18 years of age. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed with a 3T MR system using point resolved spectroscopy sequence with series echo times. RESULTS: The mean absolute mass concentration of liver fat was obtained: 0.5 ± 0.04% in normal-weight boys; 0.5 ± 0.03% in normal-weight girls; 0.9 ± 0.16% in boys with overweight; 1.1 ± 0.24% in girls with overweight; 1.7 ± 0.24% in boys with obesity; and 1.4 ± 0.21% in girls with obesity. The cutoff value of absolute mass concentration of liver fat for hepatic steatosis was found to be 1.5%. Based on this cutoff value, hepatic steatosis was diagnosed in 16% of boys with overweight, 11% of girls with overweight, 32% of boys with obesity, and 27% of girls with obesity. CONCLUSIONS: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was successfully applied to obtain the cutoff value of absolute mass concentration of liver fat for the diagnosis of hepatic steatosis in children and adolescents. Children and adolescents with obesity have higher risk of hepatic steatosis than their peers with overweight.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem
Gordura Intra-Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem
Obesidade/diagnóstico por imagem
Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Masculino
Sobrepeso/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29300720
[Au] Autor:Deputy NP; Dub B; Sharma AJ
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and Trends in Prepregnancy Normal Weight - 48 States, New York City, and District of Columbia, 2011-2015.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;66(5152):1402-1407, 2018 Jan 05.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Women who enter pregnancy at a weight above or below normal weight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9 (calculated as weight in kg/height in m ), are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes and to have infants who experience adverse health outcomes. For example, prepregnancy underweight (BMI <18.5) increases the risk for small-for-gestational-age births, whereas prepregnancy overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9) and obesity (BMI ≥30.0) increase risks for cesarean delivery, large-for-gestational-age births, and childhood obesity (1). Given these outcomes, Healthy People 2020 includes an objective to increase the proportion of women entering pregnancy with a normal weight from 52.5% in 2007 to 57.8% by 2020.* Because recent trends in prepregnancy normal weight have not been reported, CDC examined 2011-2015 National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) natality data, which included prepregnancy BMI. In 2015, for 48 states, the District of Columbia (DC), and New York City (NYC) combined, the prevalence of prepregnancy normal weight was 45.0%; prevalence ranged from 37.7% in Mississippi to 52.2% in DC. Among 38 jurisdictions with prepregnancy BMI data during 2011-2015, normal weight prevalence declined from 47.3% to 45.1%; declines were observed in all jurisdictions but were statistically significant for 27 jurisdictions after standardizing to the 2011 national maternal age and race/ethnicity distribution. Screening women's BMI during routine clinical care provides opportunities to promote normal weight before entering pregnancy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Peso Corporal Ideal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: District of Columbia/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Nascimento Vivo/epidemiologia
Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia
Gravidez
Prevalência
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm665152a3


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[PMID]:29187948
[Au] Autor:Awosan KJ; Adeniyi SA; Bello H; Bello-Ibrahim Z
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Community Health, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:Nutritional status, weight perception and weight control practices among office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;27:279, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction: Overweight and obesity have become the fifth leading risk for global deaths. Office employees have been identified as a high risk group due to the sedentary nature of their work, and accurate weight perception is believed to be critical to acceptance of weight control interventions. This study was conducted to assess the nutritional status, weight perception and weight control practices of office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 285 randomly selected office employees in private establishments in Sokoto, Nigeria, in February and March 2013. Anthropometry was done for the participants in addition to questionnaire administration. Results: The mean age of the participants was 33.08 ± 7.23 years, they were predominantly males (56.5%) and married (57.5%). None was underweight, 111 (38.9%) had normal weight, 105 (36.8%) were overweight and 69 (24.2%) were obese. Among the participants with normal weight, overweight and obesity, 71.2%, 35.2% and 58.0% respectively accurately perceived their weight; while 28.8%, 50.5% and 30.4% respectively underestimated their weight. There was poor agreement between actual and perceived weight (k statistics = 0.341, p < 0.001). Only 67 (23.5%) of the 285 participants were engaged in weight control practices. Conclusion: This study showed high prevalence of overweight and obesity, weight misperceptions, and poor uptake of weight control practices among office employees in Sokoto, Nigeria. These findings underscore the need for a holistic approach to obesity control interventions that encompasses both body image perception and nutritional assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Estado Nutricional
Obesidade/epidemiologia
Sobrepeso/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antropometria
Peso Corporal
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Masculino
Nigéria/epidemiologia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.27.279.12222


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[PMID]:28704550
[Au] Autor:Wie JH; Park IY; Namkung J; Seo HW; Jeong MJ; Kwon JY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Is it appropriate for Korean women to adopt the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations for gestational weight gain?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181164, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines for gestational weight gain (GWG) are intended for use among women in the United States. Little data are available on whether the 2009 IOM recommendations can be applied to Asian women. This study aimed to evaluate whether the recommendations are related to adverse pregnancy outcomes in Korean pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted for all singleton-pregnant women at a university hospital in Korea. After classifying the enrolled women into four Korean pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) categories, the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes were analyzed for women who gained inadequate or excessive GWG based on 2009 IOM recommendations. Of 7,843 pregnancies, 64.0% of women had normal pre-pregnancy BMI and 42.7% achieved optimal GWG. Across all BMI categories, adverse pregnancies outcomes such as small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA), preterm birth, preeclampsia, and cesarean due to dystocia were significantly associated with GWG (all P ≤ 0.001).Women with normal BMI who gained inadequate weight were more likely to develop SGA and preterm birth and less likely to develop LGA (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.21, 1.33, and 0.54, respectively). Whereas, women with normal BMI who gained excessive weight were more likely to develop LGA, preterm birth, preeclampsia, and cesarean section due to dystocia (aOR 2.10, 1.33, 1.37, and 1.37, respectively) and less likely to develop SGA (aOR 0.60). CONCLUSIONS: It is tolerable for Korean women to follow recommended GWG from the 2009 IOM guidelines to decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes. This will be helpful for antenatal care on GWG not only for Korean pregnant women, but also other Asian women who have lower BMI criteria than Caucasian women.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Fidelidade a Diretrizes
Ganho de Peso/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos
Índice de Massa Corporal
Feminino
Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal/etnologia
Recém-Nascido
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas
Gravidez
Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia
Resultado da Gravidez/etnologia
Gestantes/etnologia
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181164


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[PMID]:28606966
[Au] Autor:George MD; Østergaard M; Conaghan PG; Emery P; Baker DG; Baker JF
[Ad] Endereço:School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
[Ti] Título:Obesity and rates of clinical remission and low MRI inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis.
[So] Source:Ann Rheum Dis;76(10):1743-1746, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2060
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Obesity has been proposed as a risk factor for refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We evaluated the impact of obesity on achieving clinical and imaging definitions of low disease activity. METHODS: This study evaluated 470 patients with RA from GO-BEFORE and GO-FORWARD randomised clinical trials. Included patients had blinded clinical disease activity measures and MRI at baseline, 24 and 52 weeks. Synovitis, osteitis and total inflammation scores were determined using the RA MRI scoring system. Multivariable logistic regression analyses compared odds of achieving Disease Activity Score using 28 joints and C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) remission, low component measures, or low MRI inflammation measures at 24 weeks in patients with obesity versus no obesity. RESULTS: At 24 weeks, patients with obesity were significantly less likely to achieve DAS28(CRP) remission (OR 0.47; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.92, p=0.03). In contrast, patients with obesity had similar odds of achieving low synovitis (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.51 to 1.72, p=0.84) and inflammation scores (OR 1.16; 95% CI 0.61 to 2.22, p=0.64) and greater odds of achieving low osteitis scores (OR 2.06; 95% CI 1.10 to 3.84, p=0.02) versus normal weight patients. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with RA and obesity have lower rates of DAS28 remission but similar rates of low MRI activity compared with patients without obesity, suggesting that obesity and its associated comorbidities can bias clinical disease activity measures. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT00361335 and NCT00264550; Post-results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem
Obesidade/complicações
Osteíte/diagnóstico por imagem
Sinovite/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obesidade/sangue
Osteíte/sangue
Indução de Remissão
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Sinovite/sangue
Magreza/sangue
Magreza/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Monoclonal); 0 (Antirheumatic Agents); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein); 91X1KLU43E (golimumab)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2017-211569


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[PMID]:28432861
[Au] Autor:Ferreira MS; Mendes RT; Marson FAL; Zambon MP; Antonio MARGM; Paschoal IA; Toro AADC; Severino SD; Ribeiro MAGO; Ribeiro JD
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Departamento de Pediatria, Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: mariana-simoes@uol.com.br.
[Ti] Título:Spirometry and volumetric capnography in lung function assessment of obese and normal-weight individuals without asthma.
[So] Source:J Pediatr (Rio J);93(4):398-405, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare lung function of obese and healthy, normal-weight children and adolescents, without asthma, through spirometry and volumetric capnography. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 77 subjects (38 obese) aged 5-17 years. All subjects underwent spirometry and volumetric capnography. The evaluations were repeated in obese subjects after the use of a bronchodilator. RESULTS: At the spirometry assessment, obese individuals, when compared with the control group, showed lower values of forced expiratory volume in the first second by forced vital capacity (FEV /FVC) and expiratory flows at 75% and between 25 and 75% of the FVC (p<0.05). Volumetric capnography showed that obese individuals had a higher volume of produced carbon dioxide and alveolar tidal volume (p<0.05). Additionally, the associations between dead space volume and tidal volume, as well as phase-3 slope normalized by tidal volume, were lower in healthy subjects (p<0.05). These data suggest that obesity does not alter ventilation homogeneity, but flow homogeneity. After subdividing the groups by age, a greater difference in lung function was observed in obese and healthy individuals aged >11 years (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Even without the diagnosis of asthma by clinical criteria and without response to bronchodilator use, obese individuals showed lower FEV /FVC values and forced expiratory flow, indicating the presence of an obstructive process. Volumetric capnography showed that obese individuals had higher alveolar tidal volume, with no alterations in ventilation homogeneity, suggesting flow alterations, without affecting lung volumes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia
Peso Corporal Ideal
Pulmão/fisiopatologia
Obesidade/fisiopatologia
Capacidade Vital/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Capnografia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia
Espirometria
Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28399487
[Au] Autor:Eneva KT; Murray SM; Chen EY
[Ad] Endereço:Temple Eating Disorders program, Department of Psychology, Temple University, Weiss Hall, 1701 N 13th St, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.
[Ti] Título:Binge-eating disorder may be distinguished by visuospatial memory deficits.
[So] Source:Eat Behav;26:159-162, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED), characterized by recurrent episodes of loss of control overeating, is highly comorbid with overweight and obesity. Both loss of control eating and higher body mass index have been associated with poor memory. The current study sought to clarify the relationships between BED, weight and memory. Specifically, visual memory was examined, given evidence of impaired visuospatial abilities in overweight individuals and little research on visual memory in BED. METHOD: Overweight and normal-weight women with BED and matched healthy controls were administered the Rey Complex Figure Test. RESULTS: Planned contrasts revealed that normal-weight healthy controls performed better than all other groups on the immediate and delayed recall portions of the task. Performance on the immediate recall portion was better among normal-weight individuals than overweight individuals, and performance on both the immediate and delayed recall portions was better among individuals without BED than those with BED. No differences between groups were seen on the copy or recognition trials. CONCLUSIONS: Visual memory appears to be impaired among overweight participants and both normal and overweight participants with BED. This finding was specific to retrieval. Replication of this finding in BED using different measures of memory is needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar/psicologia
Transtornos da Memória/fisiopatologia
Memória Espacial/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Sobrepeso/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171022
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171022
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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