Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : E01.370.600.115.800 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1757 [refinar]
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  1 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381298
[Au] Autor:Razumov AN; Vybornaya KV; Pogonchenkova IV; Rozhkova EA; Akyeva NK; Klochkova SV; Alekseeva NT; Nikityuk DB
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of some indicators of physical development and frequency of occurrence of certain somatotypes of women in older age groups].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;85(5):22-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article presents the anthropometric parameters of 251 elderly women (75-90 years) and 125 long-liver women (90-98 years) of the Slavic ethnic group, living in Moscow and Moscow region. Significant differences in basic anthropometric characteristics between two age groups have been demonstrated. Average values of body weight and height, circumferences and quantities of skin-fat folds were significantly lower in long-liver women in compare with representatives of the elderly, whereas diameters had no statistical significant differences. Somatotypological analysis revealed a frequency of occurrence of different somatotypes and prevalence of the three main types among elderly and long-liver women - asthenic (32.2-34.0%), pyknic (29.3-30.0%) and europlastic (20.0-21.2%) somatotype. Some features of body composition characteristics of elderly and long-livers women have been demonstrated as well. Estimated absolute amount of bone compartment did not differ in two women groups, while relative amount of bone compartment in elderly women (15.30±0.21%) was lower by 1.11 fold (p<0.05) than in long-liver women (17.05+±0.17%). The content of fat and muscular body compartment was significantly (p<0.05) lower in long-liver women as compared with the elderly women. The absolute amount of fat body compartment in long-liver women was 9.15±1.22 vs 13.13±0.49 kg in elderly women, the relative amount of fat body compartment - 14.39±0.26 vs 18.04±0.05%; the absolute amount of muscular body compartment - 23.04±0.26 vs 28.06±0.47 kg, the relative amount of fat body compartment - 36.22±0.15 vs 38.54±0.16%.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade/fisiologia
Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Somatotipos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28697008
[Au] Autor:Innocenti A; Melita D; Mori F; Ciancio F; Innocenti M
[Ad] Endereço:Plastic and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy. innocentialessandro@alice.it; Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Bari, Foggia, Italy; Plastic and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Reply to the Comment on: Management of Gynecomastia in Patients With Different Body Types: Considerations on 312 Consecutive Treated Cases.
[So] Source:Ann Plast Surg;79(2):226-227, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ginecomastia
Somatotipos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SAP.0000000000001125


  3 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28697007
[Au] Autor:Yu P; Yang X; Qi Z
[Ad] Endereço:Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing China; Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing China. public_qi@163.com.
[Ti] Título:Management of Gynecomastia in Patients With Different Body Types: Considerations on 312 Consecutive Treated Cases.
[So] Source:Ann Plast Surg;79(2):226, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ginecomastia
Somatotipos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SAP.0000000000001124


  4 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28625440
[Au] Autor:Kawada T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, 1-1-5 Sendagi, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 113-8602, Japan. Electronic address: kawada@nms.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Apple body type information improves validity of the STOP-BANG questionnaire for detecting obstructive sleep apnea.
[So] Source:J Clin Anesth;40:24, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4529
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Malus
Somatotipos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170620
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28332849
[Au] Autor:Rhee SC; Bae HS; Lee YS; Hwang R
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dongguk University Medical Center , Goyang, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Can We Determine Sasang Constitutional Body Type Merely by Facial Inspection?
[So] Source:J Altern Complement Med;23(5):370-379, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1557-7708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the inter-observer concordance rate of anthroscopic examination on facial features among experts in Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) in order to evaluate the presence of statistical differences in facial structural characteristics among different body types of Sasang constitution (SC), and to develop an objective method for facial analysis for diagnosing SC types to prevent SCM experts from misdiagnosis by their perceptional errors about faces. METHODS: This was a double-blinded cross-sectional study conducted on 174 people's faces. Ten SCM experts participated in this study. Frontal and lateral photographs of subjects were standardized and displayed to 10 SCM experts for diagnosing the SC type by anthroscopic examination alone (experiment 1). The subjects' faces were analyzed by photogrammetric method to investigate the presence of any typical structural characteristics of the faces to differentiate SC type (experiment 2). Comparing subjects' SC type with anthroscopic diagnosis by 10 SCM experts, the inter-observer concordance rates were measured (experiment 1). Using photogrammetric facial analysis, a multinomial logistic model was made for analyzing the correlation of SC type and subjects' facial structural configuration (experiment 2). RESULTS: The inter-observer concordance rate of anthroscopic examination was 2.9% in experiment 1. Using a multinomial logistic fitting model, the predicted probability for determining SC type was 52.8-57.6% in experiment 2 (p < 0.05). Prototype composite faces were also created from photographs of subjects who received the same SC type from the SCM experts. CONCLUSIONS: As SC type cannot be precisely diagnosed using anthroscopic examination alone, SCM needs a definitive objective and scientific diagnosing method to be a scientifically verified alternative medicine and be globalized in future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face/fisiologia
Medicina Tradicional Coreana
Somatotipos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170627
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170627
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/acm.2016.0325


  6 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28328714
[Au] Autor:Ozimek M; Krawczyk M; Zadarko E; Barabasz Z; Ambrozy T; Stanula A; Mucha DK; Jurczak A; Mucha D
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Track and Fields Sports, Institute of Sport, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland;2Institute of Sport, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland;Departments of 3Biomedical Sciences; and4Turism and Recreation, Physical Education Faculty, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, Poland;5Department of Gimnastics, Institute of Sport, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland;6Department of Sports Training, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland;7Department of Biological Renovation and the Correction of Defects of Attitudes, Institute of Biomedical, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland; and8Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Cracow, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Somatic Profile of the Elite Boulderers in Poland.
[So] Source:J Strength Cond Res;31(4):963-970, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4287
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ozimek, M, Krawczyk, M, Zadarko, E, Barabasz, Z, Ambrozy, T, Stanula, A, Mucha, DK, Jurczak, A, and Mucha, D. Somatic profile of the elite boulderers in Poland. J Strength Cond Res 31(4): 963-970, 2017-The study was designed to determine the values of selected somatic characteristics, body proportions, and the somatotype of elite bouldering climbers in Poland and to establish the relationships between the values of the somatic characteristics and climber's performance in bouldering. The study was conducted in a group of elite sport climbers (n = 10) who were ranked by the Polish Mountaineering Association in 2011, 2012, and 2013. The anthropometric measurements were made according to the relevant rules and standards. The results were used to calculate the values of somatic variables and body proportion indices for the climbers and to establish their somatotype. The results were compared with the data on untrained students (n = 165). The boulderers were found to differ significantly from the controls regarding body height (p < 0.01), body mass (p ≤ 0.05), body density (p < 0.01), fat mass percentage (FM%) (p < 0.01), fat mass (FMkg) (p < 0.01), lean body mass (p ≤ 0.05), arm span (p ≤ 0.05), and leg length (p < 0.01). Body proportions in the groups significantly differed in the arm length index (p < 0.01), arm-to-leg length ratio (p < 0.01), and in the indices of the forearm (p < 0.01), thigh (p < 0.01), and lower leg (p ≤ 0.05) muscles. With regard to the somatotypes of the analyzed groups, the biggest differences were observed for the levels of mesomorphy (NS) and endomorphy, the latter being statistically significant (p < 0.01). The strongest and significant correlations between the competitive level of the climbers and the values of their somatic characteristics were established for FM% (r = -0.81), fat mass (in kilograms) (r = -0.82), body density (r = 0.81), endomorphy (r = -0.74), arm length (r = 0.77), and the arm length index (r = 0.80). The results of linear regression showed that the competitive level of a bouldering climber was significantly explained (p < 0.01) by fat mass (in kilograms) and the value of the arm length index. A high level of performance in bouldering is related to small stature (an ecto-mesomorph somatotype) and a low body fat percentage (low endomorphy). Regarding body proportions, greater than average arm length to body height ratio and well-developed musculature of the limbs are required for a boulderer to perform on a competitive level. High arm length index and low body fat percentage represent the strongest determinants of performance in bouldering. It can be assumed that arm length index has a high diagnostic value for recruitment and selection of climbers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Somatotipos/fisiologia
Esportes/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropometria
Estatura
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Polônia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170523
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170523
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001673


  7 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28220914
[Au] Autor:Zaletel P; Sekulic D; Zenic N; Esco MR; Sajber D; Kondric M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Faculty of Sport). petra.zaletel@fsp.uni-lj.si.
[Ti] Título:The association between body-built and injury occurrence in pre-professional ballet dancers - Separated analysis for the injured body-locations.
[So] Source:Int J Occup Med Environ Health;30(1):151-159, 2017 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1896-494X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study has aimed at identifying prevalence of injury-occurrence in 24 pre-professional-ballet-dancers (females, 16-18 years of age), and identifying the associations between the body-built and prevalence of injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of variables included: body mass, body height, and 3 somatotype characteristics (mesomorph, ectomorph and endomorph) and data on injuries over the preceding year. RESULTS: Dancers were mostly ectomorphic-mesomorph (endomorphy: 2.6±0.54, mesomorphy: 3.99±0.77, ectomorphy: 3.23±0.54). The most commonly injured locations were the foot (17% of all injuries) and ankle (17%). Majority of the injuries occurred while practising but 37% of hip-injuries occurred while performing. Ankle-injuries resulted in longest absence from ballet. Endomorphy was related to ankle-injury (odds ratio (OR) = 1.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.4-2.3), ectomorphy to foot injury (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1-2.9), and body-mass to injury to the toes (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.4-3.1). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study allow for recognizing those dancers who are particularly vulnerable to injuries of certain body location. A more profound analysis of the possible mechanisms that lead to hip-injury during performance is needed. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2017;30(1):151-159.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dança/lesões
Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões
Somatotipos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estatura
Peso Corporal
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28140673
[Au] Autor:Steinberg N; Tenenbaum S; Hershkovitz I; Zeev A; Siev-Ner I
[Ad] Endereço:a Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anatomy and Anthropology , Tel-Aviv University , Tel-Aviv , Israel.
[Ti] Título:Lower extremity and spine characteristics in young dancers with and without patellofemoral pain.
[So] Source:Res Sports Med;25(2):166-180, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1543-8635
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Very little is known about patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPFS) among young dancers. Understanding the mechanism of the injury and implementing a preventative programme are important in order to minimize the risk of PFPS. The aim of the current study is to determine the extent to which factors such as lower extremity and back characteristics are common among dancers with PFPS. The study population included 271 dancers with PFPS and 271 non-injured dancers, aged 10-16 years. All dancers were screened for morphometric profile, dance discipline (h/week), anatomical anomalies (present/absent of scoliosis, genu valgus/varum, etc.), and joint range of motion (measured by goniometer at the hip, knee, ankle, foot, and spinal joints). The predicting factors for PFPS among young dancers (10-11 years old) were: hyper hip abduction (OR = 0.906) and lower back and hamstring flexibility (OR = 3.542); for adolescent dancers (12-14 years old): hyper ankle dorsiflexion (OR = 0.888), hind foot-varum (OR = 0.260), and mobility of patella (OR = 2.666); and, for pre-mature dancers (15-16 years old): scoliosis (OR = 5.209), limited ankle plantar-flexion (OR = 1.060), and limited hip internal rotation (OR = 1.063). In conclusion, extrinsic and intrinsic parameters predisposing the dancers to knee injuries should be identified by screening in early stages of dance classes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dança
Músculos Isquiotibiais/fisiologia
Articulações/fisiologia
Região Lombossacral/fisiologia
Síndrome da Dor Patelofemoral/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Feminino
Genu Valgum/epidemiologia
Genu Varum/epidemiologia
Articulação do Quadril/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia
Patela/fisiologia
Amplitude de Movimento Articular
Fatores de Risco
Rotação
Escoliose/epidemiologia
Somatotipos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15438627.2017.1282355


  9 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28063232
[Au] Autor:Ghosh S; Dosaev T; Prakash J; Livshits G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, 793022, India.
[Ti] Título:Quantitative genetic analysis of the body composition and blood pressure association in two ethnically diverse populations.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;162(4):701-714, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The major aim of this study was to conduct comparative quantitative-genetic analysis of the body composition (BCP) and somatotype (STP) variation, as well as their correlations with blood pressure (BP) in two ethnically, culturally and geographically different populations: Santhal, indigenous ethnic group from India and Chuvash, indigenous population from Russia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Correspondently two pedigree-based samples were collected from 1,262 Santhal and1,558 Chuvash individuals, respectively. At the first stage of the study, descriptive statistics and a series of univariate regression analyses were calculated. Finally, multiple and multivariate regression (MMR) analyses, with BP measurements as dependent variables and age, sex, BCP and STP as independent variables were carried out in each sample separately. The significant and independent covariates of BP were identified and used for re-examination in pedigree-based variance decomposition analysis. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Despite clear and significant differences between the populations in BCP/STP, both Santhal and Chuvash were found to be predominantly mesomorphic irrespective of their sex. According to MMR analyses variation of BP significantly depended on age and mesomorphic component in both samples, and in addition on sex, ectomorphy and fat mass index in Santhal and on fat free mass index in Chuvash samples, respectively. Additive genetic component contributes to a substantial proportion of blood pressure and body composition variance. Variance component analysis in addition to above mentioned results suggests that additive genetic factors influence BP and BCP/STP associations significantly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pressão Sanguínea/genética
Composição Corporal/genética
Grupos Étnicos/genética
Somatotipos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos Transversais
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Federação Russa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170108
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23161


  10 / 1757 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27633221
[Au] Autor:Stewart A; Ledingham R; Williams H
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Health and Social Care, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK. Electronic address: a.d.stewart@rgu.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Variability in body size and shape of UK offshore workers: A cluster analysis approach.
[So] Source:Appl Ergon;58:265-272, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-9126
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Male UK offshore workers have enlarged dimensions compared with UK norms and knowledge of specific sizes and shapes typifying their physiques will assist a range of functions related to health and ergonomics. A representative sample of the UK offshore workforce (n = 588) underwent 3D photonic scanning, from which 19 extracted dimensional measures were used in k-means cluster analysis to characterise physique groups. Of the 11 resulting clusters four somatotype groups were expressed: one cluster was muscular and lean, four had greater muscularity than adiposity, three had equal adiposity and muscularity and three had greater adiposity than muscularity. Some clusters appeared constitutionally similar to others, differing only in absolute size. These cluster centroids represent an evidence-base for future designs in apparel and other applications where body size and proportions affect functional performance. They also constitute phenotypic evidence providing insight into the 'offshore culture' which may underpin the enlarged dimensions of offshore workers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tamanho Corporal
Indústria de Petróleo e Gás
Somatotipos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antropometria
Análise por Conglomerados
Seres Humanos
Imagem Tridimensional
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Oceanos e Mares
Campos de Petróleo e Gás
Imagem Óptica
Roupa de Proteção
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170910
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170910
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160917
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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