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  1 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446575
[Au] Autor:Kuchma VR; Tkachuk EA; Tarmaeva IY
[Ti] Título:[Psychophysiological state of children in conditions of informatization of their life activity and intensification of education].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1183-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The transition to a new stage of the development - the information society is an objective reality and has an influence on all areas of the activity of the society, including the establishment of a child as an object of the hygienic research. In conditions of the general informatization of the society, the appearance of so-called "clip thinking," explains the maladjustment of educational technologies to mechanisms of children ' and teenagers 'perception and is confirmed by the growth of the school pathology and the gain in the morbidity rate. In the investigation on the example of the educational institutions of Irkutsk it was executed the evaluation of the impact of the intensification of informatization of education and personal development. For the investigation there were formed 2 groups ofpreschools with different levels of informatization in the same preschool institution of the central district of the city of Irkutsk but in different periods of time. In total there were observed 211 children aged of 5.5 to 6.5 years. For the study the influence of the intensification (and informatization of training there were formed 2 groups of small schoolchildren with different levels of intensification (and informatization) of education. The total number of cases accountedfor 465 children aged of 7-9 years. There were suggested methodical approaches to the estimation of the health status of the children, with taking into account the inevitable influence offactors of informatization and the intensification of education. The performed investigations have allowed to reveal the following tendencies in the shaping of the psychophysical state of health and development of children: an increase of level of informatization of education and personal and accomplishment; intensification of learning working; reduction of the attention level; imagination and visual divergence; capability to the linear differentiation and construction of inferences; fear to fail to meet the expectations of surrounding people and low resistance to stress; the increase speed of data processing along with fall in quality; the gain in hyperactivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Estresse Psicológico
Ensino
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Criança
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Técnicas Psicológicas
Psicofisiologia
Federação Russa
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
Ensino/organização & administração
Ensino/psicologia
Ensino/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771565
[Au] Autor:Henze GI; Zänkert S; Urschler DF; Hiltl TJ; Kudielka BM; Pruessner JC; Wüst S
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Experimental Psychology, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstraße 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany. Electronic address: Henze@psychologie.uni-regensburg.de.
[Ti] Título:Testing the ecological validity of the Trier Social Stress Test: Association with real-life exam stress.
[So] Source:Psychoneuroendocrinology;75:52-55, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3360
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is the most widely used laboratory stress protocol in psychoneuroendocrinology. Despite its popularity, surprisingly few attempts have been made to explore the ecological validity of the TSST. In the present study, 31 young healthy subjects (24 females) were exposed to the TSST about 4 weeks before completing an oral exam on a separate day. Salivary cortisol levels increased significantly in response to both stimuli (TSST: F(2.21, 66.33)=5.73, p=0.004; oral exam: F(1.98, 59.28)=4.38, p=0.017) with similar mean response curves and significant correlations between cortisol increases and areas under the response curves (increase: r=0.67; AUC: r=0.56; both p≤0.01). Correspondingly, changes in positive and negative affect did also show significant correlations between conditions (increase: positive affect: r=0.36; negative affect: r=0.50; both: p≤0.05; AUC: positive affect: r=0.81; negative affect: r=0.70; both p≤0.01) while mean time course dynamics were significantly different (positive affect: F(2.55, 76.60)=10.15, p=0.001; negative affect: F(1.56, 46.82)=23.32, p=0.001), indicating that the oral exam had a more pronounced impact on affect than the TSST. Our findings provide new evidence for the view that cortisol as well as subjective stress responses to the TSST are indeed significantly associated with acute stress responses in real life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afeto/fisiologia
Hidrocortisona/metabolismo
Psicofisiologia/métodos
Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicofisiologia/instrumentação
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Saliva/química
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
WI4X0X7BPJ (Hydrocortisone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28575227
[Au] Autor:Joussain P; Ferdenzi C; Djordjevic J; Bensafi M
[Ad] Endereço:Lyon Neuroscience Research Center, CNRS UMR5292, INSERM U1028, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 50 avenue Tony Garnier, 69366 Lyon Cedex 07, France and.
[Ti] Título:Relationship Between Psychophysiological Responses to Aversive Odors and Nutritional Status During Normal Aging.
[So] Source:Chem Senses;42(6):465-472, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1464-3553
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychophysiological responses to disgusting and pleasant smells are one of the most important aspects of olfaction. These emotional signals can constitute an alert against toxic substances, and they may play a major role in food selection and nutritional intake. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis by examining whether individual physiological responses to odors could predict the subject's nutritional status. Because aging is associated with changes in emotional response to smells, we also examined how aging affects the relationship between olfaction and nutrition. Twenty young and 20 old participants perceived a series of odorants while their psychophysiological responses were simultaneously measured, and completed the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire. Regression between individual correlation coefficients (r-values between odor perceptual ratings and physiological parameters) and individual MNA scores revealed that appropriateness of the physiological responses to aversive odors predicted nutritional status (R2 = 0.22, P < 0.007): participants with higher electromyogram corrugator activity in response to aversive smells had better nutritional status. Furthermore, this relationship was significant in old (R2 = 0.45, P < 0.005) but not young participants (R2 = 0.04, P > 0.44). Taken together, preserved functioning of somatic markers in response to odors during normal aging is associated with better nutritional status, and may facilitate healthier food selection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Preferências Alimentares
Estado Nutricional/fisiologia
Olfato/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Odorantes
Psicofisiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170802
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170802
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/chemse/bjx027


  4 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28514788
[Au] Autor:Nicholas MK; Ashton-James C
[Ad] Endereço:Pain Management Research Institute, University of Sydney, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Embodied pain: grasping a thorny problem?
[So] Source:Pain;158(6):993-994, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6623
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção da Dor
Dor
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Psicofisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170607
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170607
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170518
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000864


  5 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28358780
[Au] Autor:Sullivan E; Hudson J
[Ad] Endereço:Erin Sullivan, CPNP, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yawkey Center for Outpatient Care, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston. Jeremy Hudson, MSPT, Sollus Therapeutics LLC, 137 Newbury Street, Boston, MA.
[Ti] Título:The Cure That Lies Within: The Mind-Body Connection in Orthopaedics.
[So] Source:Orthop Nurs;36(2):153-158, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1542-538X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The mind and the body are clearly intertwined in ways that are only now being discovered. In the orthopaedic world, injuries and diseases are often classified and described in a very organized, discrete fashion-The radius is fractured, the ACL or meniscus or rotator cuff is torn, the ankle is sprained, and/or the lumbar spine has a disc herniation. Although it is, in many ways, almost comforting to think about injuries or orthopaedic issues in this manner, what about the many patients who fail to fall into this classification? What about the thousands of patients with severe unexplained chronic pain or patients who just are not improving with the typical treatment algorithm. What about patients who present with multiple overlapping symptoms that do not fall into any of the classic diagnosis patterns? The mismatch between the actual health needs of typical patients and the standard acute medical response produces an immense waste of medical resources and incredible frustration for both the patient and the provider and creates a real risk that acute conditions will go untreated and become chronic. After more than a decade of traditional orthopaedic and musculoskeletal practice, its tremendous benefits as well as its limitations have become apparent. These limitations have sparked a search for integration of mind-body considerations to fill some of these gaps. Although this can prove to be quite challenging in today's healthcare world of maximizing volume and decreasing costs, it has proven to be an invaluable resource for both personal growth and patient and family satisfaction. The goals of this 2-part article are to dissect the relatively new concept of the mind-body connection in orthopaedics. The article aims to provide a framework that illustrates how the mind will predictably create objective observable phenomena in the body. The central focus of this framework is the role of the sympathetic nervous system and its effect on the chemistry, biomechanics, and appearance of various tissues in the body. Further identified are factors contributing to the aberrant emotional response as a means to empower practitioners and patients in recognizing the link between negative perception and observable symptoms. Our hope is to ultimately introduce a model of empowerment that when presented to a patient/family can produce a proactive response and, in turn, enhance current orthopaedic and pain management practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos do Pé/terapia
Psicofisiologia/métodos
Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Traumatismos do Pé/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Ortopedia
Manejo da Dor/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170627
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170627
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NOR.0000000000000330


  6 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28278202
[Au] Autor:Blundon EG; Rumak SP; Ward LM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Sequential search asymmetry: Behavioral and psychophysiological evidence from a dual oddball task.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173237, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We conducted five experiments in order to explore the generalizability of a new type of search asymmetry, which we have termed sequential search asymmetry, across sensory modalities, and to better understand its origin. In all five experiments rare oddballs occurred randomly within longer sequences of more frequent standards. Oddballs and standards all consisted of rapidly-presented runs of five pure tones (Experiments 1 and 5) or five colored annuli (Experiments 2 through 4) somewhat analogous to simultaneously-presented feature-present and feature-absent stimuli in typical visual search tasks. In easy tasks feature-present reaction times and P300 latencies were shorter than feature-absent ones, similar to findings in search tasks with simultaneously-presented stimuli. Moreover the P3a subcomponent of the P300 ERP was strongly apparent only in the feature-present condition. In more difficult tasks requiring focused attention, however, RT and P300 latency differences disappeared but the P300 amplitude difference was significant. Importantly in all five experiments d' for feature-present targets was larger than that for feature-absent targets. These results imply that sequential search asymmetry arises from discriminability differences between feature-present and feature-absent targets. Response time and P300 latency differences can be attributed to the use of different attention strategies in search for feature-present and feature-absent targets, indexed by the presence of a dominant P3a subcomponent in the feature-present target-evoked P300s that is lacking in the P300s to the feature-absent targets.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Potencial Evocado P300
Potenciais Evocados Visuais/fisiologia
Psicofisiologia
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Adolescente
Adulto
Atenção
Eletroencefalografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estimulação Luminosa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173237


  7 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28225959
[Au] Autor:Azambuja RD
[Ad] Endereço:Service of Dermatology of the Hospital Universitário de Brasília - Universidade de Brasília (UnB) - Brasília (DF), Brazil.
[Ti] Título:The need of dermatologists, psychiatrists and psychologists joint care in psychodermatology.
[So] Source:An Bras Dermatol;92(1):63-71, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1806-4841
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The mind-skin connection has been studied since the nineteenth century. The last 40 years have set the development of new research areas which allowed the clarifying of how these two dimensions interact. The diseases that involve skin and mind constitute the field of psychodermatology and require that specialists in dermatology, psychiatry and psychology together and integrated take part in it, since skin, nervous system and mind are simultaneously affected. This paper aims to expose how psychodermatoses are currently conceptualized and the need of integration of these three specialties for conveniently treating the patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/psicologia
Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/terapia
Dermatopatias/psicologia
Dermatopatias/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dermatologistas
Seres Humanos
Psiquiatria
Psicologia Clínica
Psicofisiologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
Percepção do Tato
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28179237
[Au] Autor:den Boeft M; Claassen-van Dessel N; van der Wouden JC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of General Practice and Elderly Care Medicine, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:How should we manage adults with persistent unexplained physical symptoms?
[So] Source:BMJ;356:j268, 2017 Feb 08.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Somatoformes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Gerenciamento Clínico
Seres Humanos
Relações Médico-Paciente
Psicofisiologia
Transtornos Somatoformes/diagnóstico
Transtornos Somatoformes/fisiopatologia
Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia
Avaliação de Sintomas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170330
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170330
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j268


  9 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28168596
[Au] Autor:McFarlane AC; Lawrence-Wood E; Van Hooff M; Malhi GS; Yehuda R
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, The University of Adelaide, Level 2, 122 Frome Street, Adelaide, 5000, South Australia. alexander.mcfarlane@adelaide.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:The Need to Take a Staging Approach to the Biological Mechanisms of PTSD and its Treatment.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(2):10, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the substantial body of neurobiological research, no specific drug target has been developed to treat PTSD and there are substantial limitations with the available interventions. We propose that advances are likely to depend on the development of better classification of the heterogeneity of PTSD using a staging approach of disease. A primary rationale for staging is to highlight the probability that distinct therapeutic approaches need to be utilised according to the degree of biological progression of the disorder. Prospective studies, particularly of military populations, provide substantial evidence about the emerging biological abnormalities that precede the full-blown disorder. These need to be targeted with tailored interventions to prevent disease progression. Equally, the neurobiology of chronic unremitting PTSD needs to be differentiated from the acute disorder which emerges across a spectrum of severity, and this range of presentations correspondingly needs to be addressed with differing therapeutic strategies. The staging approach also needs to take account of the range of somatic pathological outcomes that are being identified as a consequence of traumatic stress exposure. PTSD should be conceptualised as a systemic disorder underpinned a range of biological dysregulation, including metabolic and altered immune function, reflected in the increased rates of cardiovascular and autoimmune disease. The effectiveness of novel treatments needs to be judged across their effectiveness in addressing the spectrum of trauma-related pathology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/classificação
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Distúrbios de Guerra/classificação
Distúrbios de Guerra/fisiopatologia
Distúrbios de Guerra/psicologia
Distúrbios de Guerra/terapia
Comorbidade
Progressão da Doença
Seres Humanos
Inflamação/fisiopatologia
Inflamação/terapia
Estudos Longitudinais
Militares/psicologia
Estudos Prospectivos
Psicofisiologia
Fatores de Risco
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/fisiopatologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0761-2


  10 / 7619 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28139018
[Au] Autor:van Hedger K; Necka EA; Barakzai AK; Norman GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
[Ti] Título:The influence of social stress on time perception and psychophysiological reactivity.
[So] Source:Psychophysiology;54(5):706-712, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1540-5958
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Time perception is a fundamental component of everyday life. Although time can be measured using standard units, the relationship between an individual's experience of perceived time and a standard unit is highly sensitive to context. Stressful and threatening stimuli have been previously shown to produce time distortion effects, such that individuals perceive the stimuli as lasting for different amounts of time as compared to a standard unit. As a highly social species, humans are acutely sensitive to social stressors; however, time distortion effects have not been studied in the context of social stress. We collected psychophysiological (electrocardiogram and impedance cardiography) and time perception data before, during, and after a modified version of the Trier Social Stress Test for 42 participants. Based on prior theories and evidence from the time perception literature, we hypothesized that experiencing a stressful event would result in time distortion. This hypothesis was supported by the data, with individuals on average reproducing short and long duration negative and positive stimuli as lasting longer after experiencing social stress, t(41) = -3.55, p = .001, and t(41) = -4.12, p < .001 for negative stimuli, and t(41) = -2.43, p = .02, and t(41) = -3.07, p = .004 for positive stimuli. However, changes in time perception were largely unrelated to psychophysiological reactivity to social stress. These findings are in line with some other studies of time distortion, and provide evidence for the interoceptive salience model of time perception. Implications for mechanisms of time distortion are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Social
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Percepção do Tempo/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo
Cardiografia de Impedância
Eletrocardiografia
Feminino
Frequência Cardíaca
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Psicofisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/psyp.12836



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