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Pesquisa : E02.190.901.411 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29227774
[Au] Autor:Patcas R; van Waes HJ; Daum MM; Landolt MA
[Ad] Endereço:Centre of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland raphael.patcas@zzm.uzh.ch.
[Ti] Título:Tooth Fairy guilty of favouritism!
[So] Source:Med J Aust;207(11):482-486, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:1326-5377
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of children visited by the Tooth Fairy, the child-related factors that influence the likelihood of her visit, and the parent-related variables that affect the amount of money the Tooth Fairy leaves. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: Zürich, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: 3617 parents of children (mean age of children, 6.8 years; 51.9% girls) who had lost at least one deciduous tooth received a self-developed questionnaire; 1274 questionnaires were returned (35.2%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome variables were the Tooth Fairy's visit after tooth loss and the amount of money given in case of a visit. Child- and parent-related variables were assessed as predictors of the main outcomes. RESULTS: Most parents (71.0%) reported that the Tooth Fairy visited their child. She usually exchanged the lost tooth for money (55.8% of visits) or placed money next to the tooth (40.7%); rarely did she take the tooth without pecuniary substitution. The Tooth Fairy left an average of 7.20 Swiss francs (approximately AU$9.45). The Tooth Fairy favoured visiting for the teeth of older children (odds ratio [OR], per year, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.09-3.21), of boys (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.09-6.42), and of children who believed in her (OR, 4.12; 95% CI, 1.77-9.64). The amount of money was influenced by maternal, but not paternal socio-demographic factors, including level of education (OR, per level, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.66-0.92) and country of origin (OR, Western countries v non-Western countries, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.20-4.62). CONCLUSIONS: The Tooth Fairy does not visit all children after tooth loss, displaying clear preferences in her choice of business partners. The odds of a visit are dramatically increased if she is believed in, and the value of a deciduous tooth is influenced by socio-demographic factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Magia
Pais/psicologia
Psicologia da Criança
Dente Decíduo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia da Criança/economia
Psicologia da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28792941
[Au] Autor:Williams H; McOwan PW
[Ad] Endereço:School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The magic words: Using computers to uncover mental associations for use in magic trick design.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0181877, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The use of computational systems to aid in the design of magic tricks has been previously explored. Here further steps are taken in this direction, introducing the use of computer technology as a natural language data sourcing and processing tool for magic trick design purposes. Crowd sourcing of psychological concepts is investigated; further, the role of human associative memory and its exploitation in magical effects is explored. A new trick is developed and evaluated: a physical card trick partially designed by a computational system configured to search for and explore conceptual spaces readily understood by spectators.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Computadores
Magia/psicologia
Memória/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Crowdsourcing
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181877


  3 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28107850
[Au] Autor:Lam MT; Lam HR; Chawla L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Denistry, Western University, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Application of magic in healthcare: A scoping review.
[So] Source:Complement Ther Clin Pract;26:5-11, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6947
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. INTRODUCTION: The art and science of magic traces back to ancient days. Physicians are often compared to magicians metaphorically. Nonetheless, there exist various genuine applications of magic in the healthcare setting. PURPOSE: To explore and summarize the literature reporting the applications of magic tricks or any derived techniques in healthcare or clinical environments. METHODS: A literature search was performed on ten databases: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro, Scopus, the International Index to Performing Arts, General OneFile and Newstand, to identify references related to the application of magic in healthcare. Relevant studies were charted, categorized, and summarized. RESULTS: 29 relevant references were found, consisting of 20 peer-reviewed publications and nine popular literature articles. Five distinct applications of magic in the clinical setting were identified. The literature showed an overall lack of academic evidence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapias Complementares
Magia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Terapia do Riso
Terapia Ocupacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170122
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28073329
[Au] Autor:Ekroll V; Sayim B; Wagemans J
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Experimental Psychology, University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium.
[Ti] Título:The Other Side of Magic.
[So] Source:Perspect Psychol Sci;12(1):91-106, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1745-6924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:When magicians perform spectacles that seem to defy the laws of nature, they do so by manipulating psychological reality. Hence, the principles underlying the art of conjuring are potentially of interest to psychological science. Here, we argue that perceptual and cognitive principles governing how humans experience hidden things and reason about them play a central role in many magic tricks. Different from tricks based on many other forms of misdirection, which require considerable skill on the part of the magician, many elements of these tricks are essentially self-working because they rely on automatic perceptual and cognitive processes. Since these processes are not directly observable, even experienced magicians may be oblivious to their central role in creating strong magical experiences and tricks that are almost impossible to debunk, even after repeated presentations. We delineate how insights from perceptual psychology provide a framework for understanding why these tricks work so well. Conversely, we argue that studying magic tricks that work much better than one intuitively would believe provides a promising heuristic for charting unexplored aspects of perception and cognition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ilusões
Magia
Metacognição
Percepção Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1745691616654676


  5 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27221655
[Au] Autor:Streuli JC; Obrist G; Brugger P
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Neurology, Neuropsychology Unit , University Hospital Zürich , Zürich , Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Childrens' left-turning preference is not modulated by magical ideation.
[So] Source:Laterality;22(1):90-104, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1464-0678
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The literature on human turning preferences is inconsistent. While the few studies with children below 14 years of age uniformly describe an overall left-turning (counterclockwise) tendency, a recent Internet study with more than 1500 adults found a right-sided (clockwise) bias. We set out to investigate spontaneous turning behaviour in children age 5-3 years and, based on neuropsychiatric work in adults, also explored a potential association with magical thinking. Findings indicated a clear left-turning preference, independent of a participant's sex and handedness. Whether a child responded a question about the existence of extrasensory communication in the affirmative or not was unrelated to direction and size of turning bias and lateral preference. Our results are consistent with a left-sided turning preference reported for children, but in opposition to the clockwise bias recently described in a large-scale study with adults. Whether they point to a maturational gradient in the preferred direction of spontaneous whole-body rotation or rather to a lack of comparability between measures used in observational versus Internet-based studies remains to be further investigated. Regarding a purported association between body turns and magical thinking, our study is preliminary, as only one single question was used to probe the latter.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lateralidade Funcional
Magia/psicologia
Desempenho Psicomotor
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Psicologia da Criança
Rotação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170203
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170203
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/1357650X.2015.1134565


  6 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26916041
[Au] Autor:Stavrova O; Meckel A
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The role of magical thinking in forecasting the future.
[So] Source:Br J Psychol;108(1):148-168, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2044-8295
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article explores the role of magical thinking in the subjective probabilities of future chance events. In five experiments, we show that individuals tend to predict a more lucky future (reflected in probability judgements of lucky and unfortunate chance events) for someone who happened to purchase a product associated with a highly moral person than for someone who unknowingly purchased a product associated with a highly immoral person. In the former case, positive events were considered more likely than negative events, whereas in the latter case, the difference in the likelihood judgement of positive and negative events disappeared or even reversed. Our results indicate that this effect is unlikely to be driven by participants' immanent justice beliefs, the availability heuristic, or experimenter demand. Finally, we show that individuals rely more heavily on magical thinking when their need for control is threatened, thus suggesting that lack of control represents a factor in driving magical thinking in making predictions about the future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Previsões
Magia
Princípios Morais
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicometria
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bjop.12187


  7 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28529303
[Au] Autor:Nam JK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of History, Ewha Womans University.
[Ti] Título:Social Perception of Infertility and Its Treatment in Late Medieval Italy: Margherita Datini, an Italian Merchant's Wife.
[So] Source:Uisahak;25(3):519-556, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1225-505X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Because the perception of infertility in medieval Europe ranged from the extremely religious view of it as a malediction of God or the devil's work, to the reasonable medical conception of it as a sort of disease to treat, it is very difficult to determine the general attitudes of ordinary people towards infertility. This article seeks to elucidate the common social perception of infertility and its treatment in late medieval Europe by analyzing the case of Margherita Datini, an Italian merchant's wife who lived in the 1400s. It relies heavily on the documents left by her and her husband, Francesco Datini; the couple left many records, including letters of correspondence between them. Margherita and those around her regarded infertility not as the devil's curse or a punishment by God but as a disease that can be cured. Margherita and her husband, Francesco, tried hard to cure their infertility. They received treatment and prescriptions from several doctors while also relying on folk remedies, religious therapies, and even magical remedies. The comparative analysis of Datini documents, medical books, and theoretical treatises or prescriptive essays by clerics suggests that the general perception of infertility in medieval Europe was located between the extremely religious and modern medical conceptions of it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Infertilidade/história
Percepção Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XV
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Infertilidade/tratamento farmacológico
Infertilidade/psicologia
Infertilidade/terapia
Itália
Magia
Medicina Tradicional/utilização
Medicamentos sob Prescrição/uso terapêutico
Religião
Cônjuges/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Datini M; Datini F
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Prescription Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13081/kjmh.2016.25.519


  8 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28032579
[Au] Autor:Kállai J
[Ad] Endereço:Pecsi Tudomanyegyetem, Altalanos Orvostudomanyi Kar, Magatartastudomanyi Intezet, Pecs, Hungary, E-mail: janos.kallai@aok.pte.hu.
[Ti] Título:[Magical and physical reality].
[So] Source:Psychiatr Hung;31(4):301-312, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0237-7896
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:hun
[Ab] Resumo:In the postmodern countries the computer generated virtual reality provides new perceptual domains wherein the evaluation of real and unreal contents generates an essential challenge for both children and adults. The expectances to perceive unreal content which is contradictory with the common sense experiences become seductive for most of people. The time in front of the screen that emits the magic reality gradually rises. The sudden advance in generation of alternative realities demands that we have to recall the basic principles of psychological reality testing and the involving mechanism that produces a distinction between phantasy and reality for both healthy and pathological mind. Frame of reference usually restrains the thinking. This review contains two parts, the first is focuses on the historical aspect of magical and physical reality and the second one, that will be published in a next issue, will present an evaluation of the boundary between self and another person in point of view of the psychopathological phenomenon. This analysis will focus on how the boundary of the self behaves in physically real and magic computer generated environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teste de Realidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fantasia
Seres Humanos
Magia
Transtornos Mentais
Pensamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27682557
[Au] Autor:Bates J
[Ad] Endereço:Hampshire.
[Ti] Título:Animal magic in tending the sick.
[So] Source:Nurs Stand;31(5):31, 2016 Sep 28.
[Is] ISSN:2047-9018
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Most people are given grapes or flowers when they are ill. My friend got a dead magpie from her moggie Fergus.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Magia
Animais de Estimação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos
Seres Humanos
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7748/ns.31.5.31.s33


  10 / 1378 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27455557
[Au] Autor:Helmstädter A
[Ti] Título:Ethnopharmacology in the work of Melville William Hilton-Simpson (1881-1938)--historical analysis and current research opportunities.
[So] Source:Pharmazie;71(6):352-60, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7144
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the early 20th century, the British anthropologist Melville William Hilton-Simpson (1881-1938) did explorations in Africa, mainly the Congo region and the Aurès region in Algeria. He showed considerable interest in local medicinal practices and plants used by the natives, mainly the Algerian Berbers. He left notes, letters and publications about traditional medicine which were screened for relevant information about medicinal plant use. His reports were compared with current knowledge and recent study results. Many plants described by Hilton-Simpson as therapeutically relevant could prove their efficacy in current studies which again shows that historical sources may exert some reliability. The study, however, unveiled a couple of plants reported as traditionally used, but neglected by modern science so far. These, including Marrubium supinum, Cynoglossum pictum (= C. creticum), Sonchus maritimus, and two Erodium species, are strongly recommended to be further studied. Foresightedly, this approach was already intended by Hilton-Simpson himself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Congo
Etnofarmacologia/tendências
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Magia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Hilton-Simpson M
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160727
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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