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[PMID]:27583088
[Au] Autor:Joe KK; Mapatano MA; Manyonga T; Mwadianvita CK; Valérien M; Stanis W; Kavulu M; Espérance K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Internal Medicine, Psychiatry Unit, University of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo.
[Ti] Título:Normal grief and its correlates in Lubumbashi, an urban city in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;24:24, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Grief is a universal experience faced at one time or another by most people during their lives. Response to grief and bereavement losses can lead to psychiatric disorders such as mood disorders, post traumatic responses, insomnia loss of appetite, anxiety, and depression. The aim of our study is to value in our community the physical and psychological complications of a normal grief. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from March 2012 to September 2012 in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo. Two questionnaires, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory scale were used as screening tool. A snow ball sampling method was performed and the questionnaires were administered only to those who consented to participate in the study. RESULTS: A total of 78 subjects were included in the study of which 87.2% were aged between 14-50 years old. The majority of the subjects were female 65.4%, and about a quarter (28%) was unemployed. The main correlates of the grief reported in the present study were being treated as witchcraft or accused to be responsible of a death (68%), being rejected by family and not being allowed to inherit (32%). Being homeless was reported in 26%. The main psychological symptoms reported were psychological distress after 1 year (65%) and related physical health problems after the death (72%). Depression and mild anxiety were the most reported disorders, with respectively 92.3% and 74.4% of the subjects. CONCLUSION: Grief in Lubumbashi is associated with a large number of psychological, social and health problems. Health problems such as gastric is, high blood pressure were often reported. Being accused of witchcraft remains the main social impact. Depression and anxiety were the most psychological problem associated with grief.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Depressão/epidemiologia
Pesar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ansiedade/etiologia
Estudos Transversais
República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia
Depressão/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Inquéritos e Questionários
População Urbana
Bruxaria/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160902
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2016.24.24.5533


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[PMID]:26979075
[Au] Autor:Sneddon A
[Ti] Título:Medicine, belief, witchcraft and demonic possession in late seventeenth-century Ulster.
[So] Source:Med Humanit;42(2):81-6, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1473-4265
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ireland's only published witchcraft pamphlet, written by Daniel Higgs, The Wonderful and True Relation of the Bewitching of a Young Girle in Ireland, What Ways she was Tormented, and a Receipt of the Ointment that she was Cured with (1699), works within the confines of late seventeenth-century demonology, while upholding the patriarchy of the fledgling Protestant Ascendancy. More importantly, it provides rare insight into early modern Protestant witchcraft beliefs, highlights the limits of contemporary medical care and provision and details the pathways of self-medication people resorted to. Higgs' method of promoting self-medication as a cure to bewitchment and demonic possession was based on a remedy described in an obscure Renaissance magical text. To promote his 'cure' the pamphlet included a particularly vitriolic critique of the established Irish medical profession, as self-regarding and incompetent witchcraft deniers. This article uses Higgs' pamphlet to explore the limits to/of medical knowledge in early modern Ireland and Europe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Magia/história
Medicina
Protestantismo/história
Religião e Medicina
Possessão Espiritual/história
Bruxaria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Irlanda
Conhecimento
Folhetos
Autocuidado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/medhum-2015-010830


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[PMID]:26971596
[Au] Autor:Havik PJ
[Ti] Título:Hybridising Medicine: Illness, Healing and the Dynamics of Reciprocal Exchange on the Upper Guinea Coast (West Africa).
[So] Source:Med Hist;60(2):181-205, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present article seeks to fill a number of lacunae with regard to the study of the circulation and assimilation of different bodies of medical knowledge in an important cultural contact zone, that is the Upper Guinea Coast. Building upon ongoing research on trade and cultural brokerage in the area, it focuses upon shifting attitudes and practices with regard to health and healing as a result of cultural interaction and hybridisation against the background of growing intra-African and Afro-Atlantic interaction from the fifteenth to the late seventeenth century. Largely based upon travel accounts, missionary reports and documents produced by the Portuguese Inquisition, it shows how forms of medical knowledge shifted and circulated between littoral areas and their hinterland, as well as between the coast, the Atlantic and beyond. It shows that the changing patterns of trade, migration and settlement associated with Mandé influence and Afro-Atlantic exchange had a decisive impact on changing notions of illness and therapeutic trajectories. Over the centuries, cross-cultural, reciprocal borrowing contributed to the development of healing kits employed by Africans and non-African outsiders alike, which were used and brokered by local communities in different locations in the region.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação/história
Medicina Tradicional Africana/história
Ocidente/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África Ocidental
Guiné-Bissau
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Magia/história
Portugal
Bruxaria/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2016.3


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[PMID]:26852074
[Au] Autor:Nicastro N; Picard F
[Ad] Endereço:Neurology Department, Geneva University Hospitals, 4 Avenue G. Perret-Gentil, 1205 Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: Nicolas.Nicastro@hcuge.ch.
[Ti] Título:Joan of Arc: Sanctity, witchcraft or epilepsy?
[So] Source:Epilepsy Behav;57(Pt B):247-50, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1525-5069
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe whether Joan of Arc had epilepsy and how that may have influenced her sense of mission and ability to encourage thousands of people to help her to chase the English out of France. METHODS: Documentation of her Trial of Condemnation in 1431 provides a description of her episodes of experienced voices and visions. RESULTS: From the age of thirteen, Joan of Arc experienced frequent episodes of auditory hallucinations associated with elementary or complex visual hallucinations (e.g., a great light or human faces). These had sudden onset, lasting seconds or minutes at most, and occurred when awake or during sleep, arousing her. Some could be triggered by an auditory stimulus. She had no disorganized thought between the episodes. CONCLUSIONS: The semiology of the episodes is very suggestive of epileptic seizures, which have been considered as ecstatic by some authors or as partial epilepsy with auditory features by others, which seems more concordant with the ictal symptoms. The auditory and visual hallucinations could have had a religious content because during her childhood and adolescence, she was brought up in a religious environment, insomuch as this content first undefined only appeared after a few seizures. We can suppose that such hallucinations, without the knowledge of their medical origin, gave her a sense of divine mission, hence, a real strength to try to accomplish the orders she heard during the episodes. Her role during the Hundred Years' War and her narration of her strange episodes led her to be burned for heresy at the age of nineteen, yet rehabilitated 25 years later and to be canonized for her achievements in 1920. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Epilepsy, Art, and Creativity".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epilepsia
Pessoas Famosas
Alucinações/etiologia
Convulsões
Bruxaria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Epilepsia/complicações
Feminino
França
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Convulsões/complicações
Sensação
Acidente Vascular Cerebral
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26813193
[Au] Autor:Cole TB
[Ti] Título:Nkisi Nkondi (Nail Figure): Congolese, Republic of the Congo.
[So] Source:JAMA;315(4):330-1, 2016 Jan 26.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escultura/história
Superstições/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Congo/etnologia
Haiti
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Escultura/psicologia
Superstições/psicologia
Bruxaria/história
Bruxaria/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2015.14073


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[PMID]:26745309
[Au] Autor:Stefanovics EA; He H; Cavalcanti M; Neto H; Ofori-Atta A; Leddy M; Ighodaro A; Rosenheck R
[Ad] Endereço:*VA New England Mental Illness Research and Education Center, West Haven; †Yale Medical School, New Haven, CT; ‡Guangzhou Psychiatric Hospital, Guangzhou, China; §Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and ∥University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
[Ti] Título:Witchcraft and Biopsychosocial Causes of Mental Illness: Attitudes and Beliefs About Mental Illness Among Health Professionals in Five Countries.
[So] Source:J Nerv Ment Dis;204(3):169-74, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1539-736X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examines the intercorrelation of measures reflecting beliefs about and attitudes toward people with mental illness in a sample of health professionals (N = 902) from five countries: Brazil, China, Ghana, Nigeria, and the United States, and, more specifically, the association of beliefs in supernatural as contrasted with biopsychosocial causes of mental illness. Factor analysis of a 43-item questionnaire identified four factors favoring a) socializing with people with mental illness; b) normalizing their roles in society; c) belief in supernatural causes of mental illness (e.g., witchcraft, curses); and d) belief in biopsychosocial causes of mental illness. Unexpectedly, a hypothesized negative association between belief in supernatural and biopsychosocial causation of mental illness was not found. Belief in the biopsychosocial causation was weakly associated with less stigmatized attitudes towards socializing and normalized roles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde/etnologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Transtornos Mentais/etnologia
Bruxaria/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Brasil
China/etnologia
Feminino
Gana/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nigéria/etnologia
Estados Unidos/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000422


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[PMID]:26691140
[Au] Autor:Roberts LW
[Ad] Endereço:Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. LWRoberts.EIC@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Recommended Readings.
[So] Source:Acad Psychiatry;40(1):184-5, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1545-7230
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identidade de Gênero
Pessoal de Saúde
Literatura Moderna
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cuidadores
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Bruxaria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s40596-015-0478-7


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[PMID]:26752315
[Au] Autor:Arcadi P; Manzoni E
[Ad] Endereço:Infermiera, Tutor didattico Corso di Laurea in Infermieri- stica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Sezione 'A.O. Ospedale Civile di Legnano'. Correspondence: paola.arcadi@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Et d'allhora in poi, mai si sentì più bene: a historical survey to find nursing origins in post-tridentine whitchcraft lawsuits in County of Bormio (1596-1630)].
[Ti] Título:Et d'allhora in poi, mai si sentì più bene: un'indagine storica alla ricerca delle origini dell'assistenza infermieristica nei processi per stregoneria del Contado di Bormio nel periodo post-tridentino (1596-1630)..
[So] Source:Prof Inferm;68(4):236-43, 2015 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0033-0205
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:ita
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The phenomenon of witch-hunting in the post-tridentine period is a crucial moment for the history of nursing care. Modern historiography tells that women accused of witchcraft were custodian of female knowledge, both in domestic and small communities. PURPOSE: To investigate the witchcraft phenomenon in specific context of Bormio country- side, in order to identify proper nursing acts in gestures of women accused of witchcraft or sorcery. METHODS: Process for witchcraft - sorcery against 7 women in Bormio, between 1590 and 1631, were reviewed through a historical research methodology: sources retrieval, description and documentary analysis characterization, interpretation. RESULTS: In nearly all legal proceedings analyzed an indictment due to a healthcare expertise was found in terms of touch, feed, nearness, word. By multiple daily acts of women, intention to help and to express solidarity was clear, in a scenario of disease and suffering, solidarity is shown by acts of care. CONCLUSIONS: As a result of this study, we can resume that the period of the witches, so hard for women , was an age of repression for history of nursing itself. Mankind lifestyle, assistance, aid are ontological and anthropological foundations of nursing. Therefore, a past research of the traces of those foundations could mean rebuilding the own sense of nursing act: we tried to get an approach to that sense also "listening to" the gestures of women in Bormio.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História da Enfermagem
Legislação de Enfermagem
Bruxaria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Itália
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160112
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160112
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7429/pi.2015.684236


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[PMID]:26676473
[Au] Autor:Köhler D
[Ad] Endereço:Krankenhaus Kloster Grafschaft, Schmallenberg.
[Ti] Título:[Witch hunt and hypotheses loss].
[Ti] Título:Von Hexenverfolgung und Hypothesenverlust..
[So] Source:Dtsch Med Wochenschr;140(25):1894-7, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1439-4413
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:At this time randomized controlled studies (RCT) in clinical trials usually have high quality. But this quality is only true for the included patients (intrinsic validity). It is common to generalize the results to more or less similar patients. This inductive method is prohibited in epistemology what is known for 250 years (D Hume, K R Popper). Therefore the external validity for the data of RCT is low. To solve this problem additional clinical and pathophysiological based data are necessary to generalize the results. Unfortunately RCT show less quality in their premises. This is partly due to the influence of the pharmaceutical industry. A loss of universality of the hypothesis for RCT decreases basically the extrinsic validity. The articles describe this problem with examples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Religião/história
Ciência/história
Problemas Sociais/história
Bruxaria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alemanha
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0041-105591


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[PMID]:26665366
[Au] Autor:Yadav P; Verma P; Singal A
[Ti] Título:Leprosy presenting as a non-healing ulcer and associated unusual myth.
[So] Source:Lepr Rev;86(3):288-91, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0305-7518
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A case of a 70 year old lady with borderline tuberculoid leprosy who presented with a chronic ulcer and associated myth has been illustrated. The need for awareness programmes focusing on these types. of myths has been stressed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hanseníase Paucibacilar/diagnóstico
Hanseníase Paucibacilar/patologia
Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico
Úlcera Cutânea/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hansenostáticos/uso terapêutico
Hanseníase Paucibacilar/tratamento farmacológico
Bruxaria/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Leprostatic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151216
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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