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[PMID]:28459071
[Au] Autor:Jakse B; Pinter S; Jakse B; Bucar Pajek M; Pajek J
[Ad] Endereço:Barbara Jakse s.p., SI-1230 Domzale, Slovenia.
[Ti] Título:Effects of an Ad Libitum Consumed Low-Fat Plant-Based Diet Supplemented with Plant-Based Meal Replacements on Body Composition Indices.
[So] Source:Biomed Res Int;2017:9626390, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2314-6141
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:. To document the effect of a diet free from animal-sourced nutrients on body composition indices. . This was a nonrandomized interventional ( = 241)-control ( = 84) trial with a 10-week, low-fat, plant-based diet supplemented with two daily meal replacements. The meals were allowed to be eaten to full satiety without prespecified calorie restrictions. Control subjects received weekly lectures on the rationale and expected benefits of plant-based nutrition. Body composition indices were measured with bioimpedance analysis. . Relative to controls, in cases, postintervention body fat percentage was reduced by 4.3 (95% CI 4.1-4.6)% points (a relative decrement of -13.4%), visceral fat by 1.6 (95% CI 1.5-1.7) fat cross-sectional surface units, and weight by 5.6 kg (95% CI 5.2-6), while muscle mass was reduced by 0.3 kg (95% CI 0.06-0.5) with a relative increase of muscle mass percentage of 4.2 (3.9-4.4)% points. Analysis of covariance showed significantly larger adjusted fat reductions in cases compared to controls. Late follow-up revealed further weight loss in 60% of cases and no significant change in controls. . Low-fat, plant-based diet in free-living nonresidential conditions eaten ad libitum enables significant and meaningful body fat reductions with relative preservation of muscle mass. This trial is registered with NCT02906072, ClinicalTrials.gov.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras
Dieta Vegetariana
Perda de Peso/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2017/9626390


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[PMID]:29174030
[Au] Autor:Agnoli C; Baroni L; Bertini I; Ciappellano S; Fabbri A; Papa M; Pellegrini N; Sbarbati R; Scarino ML; Siani V; Sieri S
[Ad] Endereço:Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Position paper on vegetarian diets from the working group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition.
[So] Source:Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis;27(12):1037-1052, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1590-3729
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Interest in vegetarian diets is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health/nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Pubmed search, up to September, 2015, for studies on key nutrients (proteins, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, and n-3 fatty acids) in vegetarian diets. From 295 eligible publications the following emerged: Vegetarians should be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements). Since the plant protein digestibility is lower than that of animal proteins it may be appropriate for vegetarians to consume more proteins than recommended for the general population. Vegetarians should also be encouraged to habitually consume good sources of calcium, iron and zinc - particularly vegetables that are low in oxalate and phytate (e.g. Brassicaceae), nuts and seeds, and calcium-rich mineral water. Calcium, iron, and zinc bioavailability can be improved by soaking, germination, and sour-dough leavening that lower the phytate content of pulses and cereals. Vegetarians can ensure good n-3 fatty acid status by habitually consuming good sources of a-linolenic acid (walnuts, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and their oils) and limiting linoleic acid intake (corn and sunflower oils). CONCLUSIONS: Well-planned vegetarian diets that include a wide variety of plant foods, and a reliable source of vitamin B12, provide adequate nutrient intake. Government agencies and health/nutrition organizations should provide more educational resources to help Italians consume nutritionally adequate vegetarian diets.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta Vegetariana/normas
Dieta Saudável/normas
Ciências da Nutrição/normas
Estado Nutricional
Valor Nutritivo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Dieta Vegana/normas
Suplementos Nutricionais/normas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Itália
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Avaliação Nutricional
Gravidez
Recomendações Nutricionais
Sociedades Médicas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PRACTICE GUIDELINE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171218
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28841661
[Au] Autor:Buscail C; Sabate JM; Bouchoucha M; Torres MJ; Allès B; Hercberg S; Benamouzig R; Julia C
[Ad] Endereço:Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Université Paris 13, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques (CRESS), Inserm 1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny, France.
[Ti] Título:Association between self-reported vegetarian diet and the irritable bowel syndrome in the French NutriNet cohort.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0183039, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in using diet counselling in the management of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Among new emerging diets, vegetarian diets (VD) seem to be experiencing an important popularity, partly because of their alleged health benefits. A recent study performed among a rural Indian population showed that predominant VD could be associated with IBS. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing the association between the VD and IBS, among a large French cohort, the NutriNet-santé study. METHODS: Subjects participating in the NutriNet-Santé cohort study completed a questionnaire based on Rome III criteria (N = 41,682). Anthropometrics, socio-demographical and lifestyle data, including VD, were collected prior to the completion of Rome III questionnaire via self-administered questionnaires. Association between VD and IBS and its subtypes was investigated through multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The included subjects were mainly women (78.0%) and the mean age was 49.8±14.3 years. Among these individuals, 2,264 (5.4%) presented an IBS, and 805 (1.9%) reported a VD. Overall, VD was not associated with IBS or subtypes. A stable VD (i.e. self-declared at least three times) was associated with IBS (aOR 2.60 95%CI [1.37-4.91]), IBS mixed (aOR 2.97 95%CI [1.20-7.36]) and IBS diarrhoea (aOR 2.77 95%CI [1.01-7.59]). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that a long term VD could be associated with IBS. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to confirm these results, and investigate the multiple aspects of the vegetarian diet, possibly related to the IBS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta Vegetariana
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia
Autorrelato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
França/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183039


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[PMID]:28792501
[Au] Autor:Takayasu L; Suda W; Watanabe E; Fukuda S; Takanashi K; Ohno H; Takayasu M; Takayasu H; Hattori M
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8561, Japan.
[Ti] Título:A 3-dimensional mathematical model of microbial proliferation that generates the characteristic cumulative relative abundance distributions in gut microbiomes.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0180863, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The gut microbiome is highly variable among individuals, largely due to differences in host lifestyle and physiology. However, little is known about the underlying processes or rules that shape the complex microbial community. In this paper, we show that the cumulative relative abundance distribution (CRAD) of microbial species can be approximated by a power law function, and found that the power exponent of CRADs generated from 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic data for normal gut microbiomes of humans and mice was similar consistently with ∼0.9. A similarly robust power exponent was observed in CRADs of gut microbiomes during dietary interventions and several diseases. However, the power exponent was found to be ∼0.6 in CRADs from gut microbiomes characterized by lower species richness, such as those of human infants and the small intestine of mice. In addition, the CRAD of gut microbiomes of mice treated with antibiotics differed slightly from those of infants and the small intestines of mice. Based on these observations, in addition to data on the spatial distribution of microbes in the digestive tract, we developed a 3-dimensional mathematical model of microbial proliferation that reproduced the experimentally observed CRAD patterns. Our model indicated that the CRAD may be determined by the ratio of emerging to pre-existing species during non-uniform spatially competitive proliferation, independent of species composition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proliferação Celular
Microbioma Gastrointestinal
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Proliferação Celular/fisiologia
Colo/efeitos dos fármacos
Colo/metabolismo
Colo/microbiologia
Colo/patologia
Simulação por Computador
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/microbiologia
Dieta Vegetariana
Fezes/microbiologia
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia
Intestino Delgado/efeitos dos fármacos
Intestino Delgado/metabolismo
Intestino Delgado/microbiologia
Intestino Delgado/patologia
Camundongos
Esclerose Múltipla/metabolismo
Esclerose Múltipla/microbiologia
RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180863


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[PMID]:28728684
[Au] Autor:Satija A; Bhupathiraju SN; Spiegelman D; Chiuve SE; Manson JE; Willett W; Rexrode KM; Rimm EB; Hu FB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: ams131@mail.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Healthful and Unhealthful Plant-Based Diets and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in U.S. Adults.
[So] Source:J Am Coll Cardiol;70(4):411-422, 2017 Jul 25.
[Is] ISSN:1558-3597
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets are recommended for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevention. However, not all plant foods are necessarily beneficial for health. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine associations between plant-based diet indices and CHD incidence. METHODS: We included 73,710 women in NHS (Nurses' Health Study) (1984 to 2012), 92,329 women in NHS2 (1991 to 2013), and 43,259 men in Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986 to 2012), free of chronic diseases at baseline. We created an overall plant-based diet index (PDI) from repeated semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire data, by assigning positive scores to plant foods and reverse scores to animal foods. We also created a healthful plant-based diet index (hPDI) where healthy plant foods (whole grains, fruits/vegetables, nuts/legumes, oils, tea/coffee) received positive scores, whereas less-healthy plant foods (juices/sweetened beverages, refined grains, potatoes/fries, sweets) and animal foods received reverse scores. To create an unhealthful PDI (uPDI), we gave positive scores to less-healthy plant foods and reverse scores to animal and healthy plant foods. RESULTS: Over 4,833,042 person-years of follow-up, we documented 8,631 incident CHD cases. In pooled multivariable analysis, higher adherence to PDI was independently inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio [HR] comparing extreme deciles: 0.92; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.83 to 1.01; p trend = 0.003). This inverse association was stronger for hDPI (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.68 to 0.83; p trend <0.001). Conversely, uPDI was positively associated with CHD (HR: 1.32; 95% CI: 1.20 to 1.46; p trend <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Higher intake of a plant-based diet index rich in healthier plant foods is associated with substantially lower CHD risk, whereas a plant-based diet index that emphasizes less-healthy plant foods is associated with higher CHD risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença das Coronárias/dietoterapia
Dieta Vegetariana/métodos
Previsões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia
Doença das Coronárias/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170722
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28394274
[Au] Autor:Gluba-Brzózka A; Franczyk B; Rysz J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine, WAM Teaching Hospital of Lodz, Zeromskiego 113, 90-549 Lodz, Poland. aniagluba@yahoo.pl.
[Ti] Título:Vegetarian Diet in Chronic Kidney Disease-A Friend or Foe.
[So] Source:Nutrients;9(4), 2017 Apr 10.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6643
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension). It has been suggested that plant proteins may exert beneficial effects on blood pressure, proteinuria, and glomerular filtration rate, as well as results in milder renal tissue damage when compared to animal proteins. The National Kidney Foundation recommends vegetarianism, or part-time vegetarian diet as being beneficial to CKD patients. Their recommendations are supported by the results of studies demonstrating that a plant-based diet may hamper the development or progression of some complications of chronic kidney disease, such as heart disease, protein loss in urine, and the progression of kidney damage. However, there are sparse reports suggesting that a vegan diet is not appropriate for CKD patients and those undergoing dialysis due to the difficulty in consuming enough protein and in maintaining proper potassium and phosphorus levels. Therefore, this review will focus on the problem as to whether vegetarian diet and its modifications are suitable for chronic kidney disease patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta Vegetariana
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
Falência Renal Crônica/prevenção & controle
Rim/fisiopatologia
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/dietoterapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos
Comorbidade
Dieta Vegana/efeitos adversos
Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos
Progressão da Doença
Seres Humanos
Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia
Necessidades Nutricionais
Estado Nutricional
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Estados Unidos
Uremia/etiologia
Uremia/prevenção & controle
Instituições Filantrópicas de Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28100209
[Au] Autor:Gathani T; Barnes I; Ali R; Arumugham R; Chacko R; Digumarti R; Jivarajani P; Kannan R; Loknatha D; Malhotra H; Mathew BS; INDOX Cancer Research Network Collaborators
[Ad] Endereço:Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK. toral.gathani@ceu.ox.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Lifelong vegetarianism and breast cancer risk: a large multicentre case control study in India.
[So] Source:BMC Womens Health;17(1):6, 2017 Jan 18.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6874
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The lower incidence of breast cancer in Asian populations where the intake of animal products is lower than that of Western populations has led some to suggest that a vegetarian diet might reduce breast cancer risk. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014 we conducted a multicentre hospital based case-control study in eight cancer centres in India. Eligible cases were women aged 30-70 years, with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer (ICD10 C50). Controls were frequency matched to the cases by age and region of residence and chosen from the accompanying attendants of the patients with cancer or those patients in the general hospital without cancer. Information about dietary, lifestyle, reproductive and socio-demographic factors were collected using an interviewer administered structured questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals for the risk of breast cancer in relation to lifelong vegetarianism, adjusting for known risk factors for the disease. RESULTS: The study included 2101 cases and 2255 controls. The mean age at recruitment was similar in cases (49.7 years (SE 9.7)) and controls (49.8 years (SE 9.1)). About a quarter of the population were lifelong vegetarians and the rates varied significantly by region. On multivariate analysis, with adjustment for known risk factors for the disease, the risk of breast cancer was not decreased in lifelong vegetarians (OR 1.09 (95% CI 0.93-1.29)). CONCLUSIONS: Lifelong exposure to a vegetarian diet appears to have little, if any effect on the risk of breast cancer.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia
Dieta Vegetariana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Dieta/mortalidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Índia/epidemiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Medição de Risco/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12905-016-0357-8


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[PMID]:27020325
[Au] Autor:Kanakubo K; Fascetti AJ; Larsen JA
[Ad] Endereço:Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Determination of mammalian deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in commercial vegetarian and vegan diets for dogs and cats.
[So] Source:J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl);101(1):70-74, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0396
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The determination of undeclared ingredients in pet food using different analytical methods has been reported in recent years, raising concerns regarding adequate quality control, dietary efficacy and the potential for purposeful adulteration. The objective of this study was to determine the presence or absence of mammalian DNA using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on diets marketed as vegetarian or vegan for dogs and cats. The diets were tested in duplicate; two samples were purchased approximately 3 to 4 months apart with different lot numbers. Multiplex PCR-targeted mitochondrial DNA with two species-specific primers was used to amplify and sequence two sections of the cytochrome b gene for each of the 11 mammalian species. Half of the diets assessed (7/14) were positive for one or more undeclared mammalian DNA source (bovine, porcine, or ovine), and the result was repeatable for one or more species in six diets. While most of the detected DNA was found at both time points, in some cases, the result was positive only at one time point, suggesting the presence may have been due to unintentional cross-contact with animal-sourced ingredients. DNA from feline, cervine, canine, caprine, equine, murine (mouse and rat) and leporine was not identified in any samples. However, evidence of mammalian DNA does not confirm adulteration by the manufacturer nor elucidate its clinical significance when consumed by animals that may benefit from a vegetarian or vegan diet.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Gatos
DNA/genética
DNA/isolamento & purificação
Dieta Vegetariana/veterinária
Cães
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160330
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jpn.12506


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[PMID]:26502280
[Au] Autor:Schüpbach R; Wegmüller R; Berguerand C; Bui M; Herter-Aeberli I
[Ad] Endereço:Human Nutrition Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Schmelzbergstrasse 7, LFV D22, 8092, Zurich, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Micronutrient status and intake in omnivores, vegetarians and vegans in Switzerland.
[So] Source:Eur J Nutr;56(1):283-293, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1436-6215
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Vegetarian and vegan diets have gained popularity in Switzerland. The nutritional status of individuals who have adopted such diets, however, has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the intake and status of selected vitamins and minerals among vegetarian and vegan adults living in Switzerland. METHODS: Healthy adults [omnivores (OVs), n  = 100; vegetarians (VGs), n  = 53; vegans (VNs), n  = 53] aged 18-50 years were recruited, and their weight and height were measured. Plasma concentrations of the vitamins A, C, E, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid, pantothenic acid, niacin, biotin and ß-carotene and of the minerals Fe, Mg and Zn and urinary iodine concentration were determined. Dietary intake was assessed using a three-day weighed food record, and questionnaires were issued in order to assess the physical activity and lifestyle of the subjects. RESULTS: Omnivores had the lowest intake of Mg, vitamin C, vitamin E, niacin and folic acid. Vegans reported low intakes of Ca and a marginal consumption of the vitamins D and B12. The highest prevalence for vitamin and mineral deficiencies in each group was as follows: in the omnivorous group, for folic acid (58 %); in the vegetarian group, for vitamin B6 and niacin (58 and 34 %, respectively); and in the vegan group, for Zn (47 %). Despite negligible dietary vitamin B12 intake in the vegan group, deficiency of this particular vitamin was low in all groups thanks to widespread use of supplements. Prevalence of Fe deficiency was comparable across all diet groups. CONCLUSIONS: Despite substantial differences in intake and deficiency between groups, our results indicate that by consuming a well-balanced diet including supplements or fortified products, all three types of diet can potentially fulfill requirements for vitamin and mineral consumption.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Micronutrientes/sangue
Estado Nutricional
Veganos
Vegetarianos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Dieta Vegana
Dieta Vegetariana
Suplementos Nutricionais
Exercício
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem
Micronutrientes/deficiência
Meia-Idade
Avaliação Nutricional
Necessidades Nutricionais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Suíça
Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
Vitaminas/sangue
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Micronutrients); 0 (Vitamins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170510
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170510
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151027
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00394-015-1079-7


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[PMID]:25898027
[Au] Autor:Kumar P; Chatli MK; Mehta N; Singh P; Malav OP; Verma AK
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Livestock Products Technology , College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterianry and Animal Sciences University , Ludhiana , Punjab , India.
[Ti] Título:Meat analogues: Health promising sustainable meat substitutes.
[So] Source:Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr;57(5):923-932, 2017 Mar 24.
[Is] ISSN:1549-7852
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is a scarcity of protein of high biological value due to rapid increase in the world population and limited natural resources. Meat is a good source of protein of high biological value but converting the vegetable protein into animal protein is not economical. There is a trend of production of healthy and delicious meat free food for satisfaction of vegetarian and personal well beings. This resulted in increasing use of low cost vegetable protein such as textured soy protein, mushroom, wheat gluten, pulses etc as a substitute for animal-protein. These simulated meat-like products, with similar texture, flavor, color, and nutritive value can be substituted directly for meat to all sections of the society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta Vegetariana
Produtos da Carne
Paladar
Proteínas de Vegetais Comestíveis/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agaricales/química
Animais
Cor
Comportamento do Consumidor
Carboidratos da Dieta/análise
Proteínas do Ovo/química
Gengiva/química
Glutens/química
Seres Humanos
Valor Nutritivo
Proteínas de Soja/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Egg Proteins); 0 (Soybean Proteins); 0 (Vegetable Proteins); 8002-80-0 (Glutens); FX065C7O71 (glutenin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170315
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170315
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150422
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10408398.2014.939739



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