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[PMID]:28361724
[Au] Autor:Murphy TF
[Ti] Título:Sex before the State: Civic Sex, Reproductive Innovations, and Gendered Parental Identity.
[So] Source:Camb Q Healthc Ethics;26(2):267-277, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2147
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Certain changes in the way that states classify people by sex as well as certain reproductive innovations undercut the rationale for state identification of people as male or female in signifying gendered parental relationships to children. At present, people known to the state as men may be genetic mothers to their children; people known to the state as women may be genetic fathers to their children. Synthetic gametes would make it possible for transgender men to be genetically related to children as fathers and transgender women to be genetically related to children as mothers, even if they have otherwise relied on naturally-occurring gametes to be genetic mothers and genetic fathers of children respectively. Synthetic gametes would presumably make it possible for any person to be the genetic father or genetic mother of children, even in a mix-and-match way. Other reproductive innovations will also undercut existing expectations of gendered parental identity. Uterus transplants would uncouple the maternal function of gestation from women, allowing men to share in maternity that way. Extracorporeal gestation ((ExCG)-gestation outside anyone's body-would also undercut the until-now absolute connection between female sex and maternity. In kind, effects such as these-undoing conventionally gendered parenthood-undercut the state's interest in knowing whether parents are male or female in relation to a given child, as against knowing simply whether someone stands in a parental relationship to that child, as a matter of rights and duties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identidade de Gênero
Células Germinativas
Relações Pais-Filho
Pais
Técnicas Reprodutivas
Biologia Sintética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Características da Família
Relações Familiares
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pessoas Transgênero
Transexualismo/genética
Útero/transplante
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0963180116000864


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[PMID]:28108866
[Au] Autor:Wong KA
[Ad] Endereço:School of Philosophical and Historical Inquiry, University of Sydney, Quadrangle A14, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia. karen-anne.wong@sydney.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Donor Conception and "Passing," or; Why Australian Parents of Donor-Conceived Children Want Donors Who Look Like Them.
[So] Source:J Bioeth Inq;14(1):77-86, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1176-7529
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article explores the processes through which Australian recipients select unknown donors for use in assisted reproductive technologies and speculates on how those processes may affect the future life of the donor-conceived person. I will suggest that trust is an integral part of the exchange between donors, recipients, and gamete agencies in donor conception and heavily informs concepts of relatedness, race, ethnicity, kinship, class, and visibility. The decision to be transparent (or not) about a child's genetic parentage affects recipient parents' choices of donor, about who is allowed to "know" children's genetic backgrounds, and how important it is to be able to "pass" as an unassisted conception. In this way, recipients must trust the process, institutions, and individuals involved in their treatment, as well as place trust in the future they imagine for their child. The current market for donor gametes reproduces normative conceptions of the nuclear family, kinship, and relatedness by facilitating "matching" donors to recipients by phenotype and cultural affinities. Recipient parents who choose not to prioritize "matching," and actively disclose the process of children's conceptions, may embark on a project of queering heteronormative family structures and place great trust in both their own children and changing social attitudes to reduce stigma and generate acceptance for non-traditional families.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso à Informação/ética
Antropologia Física/ética
Inseminação Artificial Heteróloga/ética
Doação de Oócitos/ética
Pais/psicologia
Técnicas Reprodutivas/ética
Doadores de Tecidos/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Austrália
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Inseminação Artificial Heteróloga/psicologia
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Narração
Doação de Oócitos/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
Gravidez
Técnicas Reprodutivas/psicologia
Percepção Social
Estigma Social
Revelação da Verdade/ética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170122
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11673-016-9755-8


  3 / 2738 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27923416
[Au] Autor:Hunter RH
[Ad] Endereço:Ladfield,Oxnam,Jedburgh TD8 6RJ,Roxburghshire,UK.
[Ti] Título:Charles Georges Thibault (1919-2003): inspirational leader in French reproductive biology.
[So] Source:Zygote;25(1):1-9, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1469-8730
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The contribution of Charles Thibault in creating and developing a major international centre of animal research at Jouy-en-Josas (near Versailles) in post Second World War France is recorded in detail. Not only did he select a team of gifted young chercheurs, but he stimulated and supported their research in diverse ways. The projects covered were not only primarily of significance to animal reproduction, but they also became relevant to human infertility studies and to IVF treatments. Members of the team in Physiologie Animale gained international research reputations and seasoned overseas researchers were attracted to Jouy-en-Josas for their sabbaticals. Thibault himself was known especially for his studies on the mammalian oocyte, on fertilization both in vivo and in vitro, and for a key publication on parthenogenesis. Over and above leading the department of Physiologie Animale at the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), he was Professor of Reproductive Physiology at the University of Paris VI and an influential member of national committees in Paris. His formal career reached a peak with his appointment as President of the French scientific research organisation (CNRS), and his overall contributions were celebrated both nationally and internationally, not least as Commander of the Legion d'Honneur and recipient of the Wolf Prize, the latter being presented in the Israeli Parliament, the Knessett. His influence continues to be strong, felt in France and beyond through his protégés and his publications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Técnicas Reprodutivas/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Técnicas de Cultura de Células
Transferência Embrionária
Fertilização In Vitro
França
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Infertilidade/terapia
Masculino
Oócitos/citologia
Partenogênese
Coelhos
Espermatogênese
Espermatozoides/fisiologia
Sus scrofa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Thibault CG
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170411
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170411
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0967199416000320


  4 / 2738 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27760894
[Au] Autor:Ogura A
[Ad] Endereço:RIKEN BioResource Center, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0074, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Development of reproductive engineering techniques at the RIKEN BioResource Center.
[So] Source:Exp Anim;66(1):1-16, 2017 Jan 27.
[Is] ISSN:1881-7122
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Reproductive engineering techniques are essential for assisted reproduction of animals and generation of genetically modified animals. They may also provide invaluable research models for understanding the mechanisms involved in the developmental and reproductive processes. At the RIKEN BioResource Center (BRC), I have sought to develop new reproductive engineering techniques, especially those related to cryopreservation, microinsemination (sperm injection), nuclear transfer, and generation of new stem cell lines and animals, hoping that they will support the present and future projects at BRC. I also want to combine our techniques with genetic and biochemical analyses to solve important biological questions. We expect that this strategy makes our research more unique and refined by providing deeper insights into the mechanisms that govern the reproductive and developmental systems in mammals. To make this strategy more effective, it is critical to work with experts in different scientific fields. I have enjoyed collaborations with about 100 world-recognized laboratories, and all our collaborations have been successful and fruitful. This review summarizes development of reproductive engineering techniques at BRC during these 15 years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Geneticamente Modificados
Engenharia Genética/veterinária
Técnicas Reprodutivas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Criopreservação
Inseminação Artificial
Japão
Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear
Transplante de Células-Tronco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1538/expanim.16-0074


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[PMID]:27445066
[Au] Autor:Barker L; Bunce C; Husain S; Adams GG
[Ad] Endereço:Rwanda International Institute of Ophthalmology, Dr Agarwal's Eye Hospital, Kigali - Rwanda.
[Ti] Título:Is artificial reproductive technology a risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity independent of the generation of multiple births?
[So] Source:Eur J Ophthalmol;27(2):174-178, 2017 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:1724-6016
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: There is some debate regarding whether artificial reproductive technology (ART) constitutes an independent risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). We wanted to assess the prevalence of ART in multiple birth infants seen for ROP screening and whether or not ROP was identified or treated, in order to evaluate whether ART contributes a risk factor for ROP independent of the generation of multiple births. METHODS: A retrospective audit was performed of all multiple birth babies admitted to a tertiary neonatal unit who met the UK ROP screening criteria (<32 weeks gestational age [GA] and/or <1,501 g birthweight [BW]). RESULTS: A total of 205 babies met our criteria, of whom 87.3% were twins. A total of 39.5% were born following ART. A total of 30.5% of the non-ART group developed ROP vs 34% of the ART group (p = 0.837). Stage 3 ROP developed in 5.1% of non-ART babies and 6% of ART babies. A total of 8.5% of non-ART babies and 10% of ART babies required treatment for ROP. Logistic regression demonstrated that ART was not independently associated with development of ROP. CONCLUSIONS: Artificial reproductive technology multiple birth babies make up a considerable proportion of the ROP screening burden and their number is likely to increase as ART is increasingly available and utilized. We found no significant difference between the numbers of babies developing ROP in the ART vs non-ART groups, but the numbers are small. The estimated odds of developing ROP are slightly higher in the ART babies, so our data do not rule out a possible association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prole de Múltiplos Nascimentos
Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/efeitos adversos
Retinopatia da Prematuridade/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Peso ao Nascer
Feminino
Idade Gestacional
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Recém-Nascido Prematuro
Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso
Masculino
Idade Materna
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Gravidez Múltipla
Técnicas Reprodutivas
Retinopatia da Prematuridade/diagnóstico
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170404
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170404
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5301/ejo.5000832


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[PMID]:27353387
[Au] Autor:Singh HD
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.
[Ti] Título:Fertility Control: Reproductive Desires, Kin Work, and Women's Status in Contemporary India.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol Q;31(1):23-39, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0745-5194
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article reappraises the link between fertility and women's status by examining changing means and meanings of reproduction in India. It is based on data gathered during and after 16 months of ethnographic fieldwork conducted between 2005 and 2007 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, on social and cultural contexts of infertility. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state. Historical views of population and fertility control in India and perspectives on the contemporary use of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) for practices such as surrogacy situate the ethnographic perspectives. Analysis of ARTs in practice complicates ideas of autonomy and choice in reproduction. Results show that these technologies allow women to challenge power relations within their marital families and pursue stigmatized forms of reproduction. However, they also offer new ways for families to continue and extend an old pattern of exerting control over women's reproductive potential.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infertilidade Feminina
Técnicas Reprodutivas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Médica
Anticoncepção
Serviços de Planejamento Familiar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia/etnologia
Infertilidade Feminina/etnologia
Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia
Infertilidade Feminina/terapia
Pais/psicologia
Gravidez
Reprodução
Cônjuges/psicologia
Mães Substitutas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/maq.12312


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[PMID]:27292792
[Au] Autor:Judycka S; Ciereszko A; Dobosz S; Zalewski T; Dietrich GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gametes and Embryo Biology, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, Tuwima 10, 10-748 Olsztyn, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Effect of dilution in sperm maturation media and time of storage on sperm motility and fertilizing capacity of cryopreserved semen of sex-reversed female rainbow trout.
[So] Source:Gen Comp Endocrinol;245:89-93, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-6840
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Masculinized females, also called neomales or sex-reversed females have a male phenotype but retain the female genotype (XX). Therefore, all spermatozoa produced in their functional testes carry an X chromosome, which is desired for the production of all-female rainbow trout populations. Semen of sex-reversed female rainbow trout is of low quality and in vitro maturation is required, which includes dilution of sperm suspensions with specially formulated maturation solutions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of dilution in different maturation media on sperm quality (sperm motility characteristics and fertilizing capacity) of frozen/thawed sperm of sex-reversed female rainbow trout. The effect of time of post-thaw storage (0, 15, 60 and 120min) on semen quality was also tested. Sperm motility parameters and fertilization rate at the eyed and hatching stages were assessed for post-thaw semen diluted in different media. The cryopreservation procedure resulted in high post-thaw sperm motility of about 57% and did not differ from fresh semen. Unexpectedly, maturation media decreased sperm activation capacity immediately after dilution; however, sperm motility increased over time. Fertilization rates of frozen/thawed semen were high (71-87%) and did not differ significantly between experimental variants at any of tested periods of storage. Our results demonstrated that the effect of the maturation media on frozen/thawed sperm is different from that of fresh sperm. The progressive increase in post-thaw sperm motility in maturation media can potentially be applied to routine hatchery practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criopreservação/veterinária
Análise do Sêmen/veterinária
Sêmen/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aquicultura
Feminino
Fertilização
Fertilização In Vitro/veterinária
Congelamento
Masculino
Oncorhynchus mykiss/fisiologia
Técnicas Reprodutivas/veterinária
Preservação do Sêmen
Maturação do Esperma
Motilidade Espermática/fisiologia
Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160614
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26916677
[Au] Autor:Barratt CL
[Ad] Endereço:University of Dundee, Level 5, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK c.barratt@dundee.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:'Single cell analysis in development' special series.
[So] Source:Mol Hum Reprod;22(3):159, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2407
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Embrionário
Análise de Célula Única
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Técnicas Reprodutivas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/molehr/gaw010


  9 / 2738 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26906343
[Au] Autor:Teman E; Ivry T; Goren H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ruppin Academic Center, Emek Hefer, Israel. mslula@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Obligatory Effort [Hishtadlut] as an Explanatory Model: A Critique of Reproductive Choice and Control.
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;40(2):268-88, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studies on reproductive technologies often examine women's reproductive lives in terms of choice and control. Drawing on 48 accounts of procreative experiences of religiously devout Jewish women in Israel and the US, we examine their attitudes, understandings and experiences of pregnancy, reproductive technologies and prenatal testing. We suggest that the concept of hishtadlut-"obligatory effort"-works as an explanatory model that organizes Haredi women's reproductive careers and their negotiations of reproductive technologies. As an elastic category with negotiable and dynamic boundaries, hishtadlut gives ultra-orthodox Jewish women room for effort without the assumption of control; it allows them to exercise discretion in relation to medical issues without framing their efforts in terms of individual choice. Haredi women hold themselves responsible for making their obligatory effort and not for pregnancy outcomes. We suggest that an alternative paradigm to autonomous choice and control emerges from cosmological orders where reproductive duties constitute "obligatory choices."
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Escolha
Judaísmo
Autonomia Pessoal
Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/psicologia
Religião e Medicina
Religião e Psicologia
Técnicas Reprodutivas/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Israel/etnologia
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Estados Unidos/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-016-9488-5


  10 / 2738 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26797999
[Au] Autor:Isasi R; Kleiderman E; Knoppers BM
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. John T. MacDonald Foundation Department of Human Genetics, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA. Centre of Genomics and Policy, Department of Human Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A4, Canada. rosario.isasi@icloud.com.
[Ti] Título:GENETIC TECHNOLOGY REGULATION. Editing policy to fit the genome?
[So] Source:Science;351(6271):337-9, 2016 Jan 22.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapia Genética/ética
Terapia Genética/legislação & jurisprudência
Genoma Humano/genética
Células Germinativas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia
Seres Humanos
Políticas
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Técnicas Reprodutivas/ética
Técnicas Reprodutivas/legislação & jurisprudência
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/ética
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aad6778



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