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  1 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29506509
[Au] Autor:Zhang Z; Zhou M; Liu K; Zhu B; Liu H; Sun X; Xu X
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Key Laboratory of Ocular Fundus Diseases, Shanghai, China.
[Ti] Título:Development of a new valid and reliable microsurgical skill assessment scale for ophthalmology residents.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;18(1):68, 2018 Mar 05.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: More and more concerns have been arisen about the ability of new medical graduates to meet the demands of today's practice environment. In this study, we wanted to develop a valid, reliable and standardized assessment tool for evaluating the basic microsurgical skills of residents in a microsurgery laboratory, to get them well prepared before entering the surgical realm of ophthalmology. METHODS: Twenty-three experts who have teaching experience reviewed the assessment scale. Constructive comments were incorporated to ensure face and content validity. Twenty-one attendings from different specialties then graded eight corneal rupture suturing videos with the scale to investigate interrater reliability. Fourteen of them graded the same videos 3 months later to investigate intrarater reliability (repeatability). RESULTS: A total of 280 assessment scales were completed. All the ICC values of interrater reliability were greater than 0.8 with 75% data greater than 0.9 (range 0.860-0.976). All the ICC values of intrarater reliability (repeatability) were also greater than 0.8 with 63% data greater than 0.9 (range 0.833-0.954). CONCLUSIONS: The assessment scale we developed is valid and reliable. This tool could be useful to ensure that junior residents achieve a certain level of microsurgical technique in a laboratory environment before training in the operation room. Hopefully, this tool will provide a structured template for other residency programs to assess their residents for basic microsurgical skills.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica/normas
Avaliação Educacional/métodos
Internato e Residência
Microcirurgia/educação
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/educação
Oftalmologia/educação
Técnicas de Sutura/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Lesões da Córnea/cirurgia
Seres Humanos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-018-0736-z


  2 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771785
[Au] Autor:Ke Y; Ng T; Yeo HL; Shwe M; Gan YX; Chan A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Blk S4A level 3, 18 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 117543, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Psychometric properties and measurement equivalence of the English and Chinese versions of the Beck Anxiety Inventory in patients with breast cancer.
[So] Source:Support Care Cancer;25(2):633-643, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1433-7339
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: There is a lack of psychometric data for both the English and Chinese versions of Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) to support its usage among breast cancer patients. This study examined the psychometric properties and measurement equivalence of the English and Chinese versions of BAI among breast cancer patients in Singapore. METHODS: Patients were recruited from two major cancer centers in Singapore. The criterion and construct validity of BAI was assessed by its correlation strength with (1) the emotional functioning subdomain of EORTC QLQ-C30 and (2) constructs related to anxiety, namely fatigue, dyspnea, and quality of life. The known-group validity was assessed according to the patients' breast cancer stage, religious beliefs, and emotional functioning levels. The internal consistency of the BAI domains was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Regression analysis was performed to compare the BAI total and domain scores between the two language versions. RESULTS: Data from 244 patients (144 English-speaking and 100 Chinese-speaking) were analyzed. For both language versions, the BAI total scores correlated moderately with the EORTC QLQ-C30 emotional functioning subdomain (r = -0.655 and -0.601). Correlations with fatigue, quality of life, and dyspnea were moderate (|r| = 0.456-0.606). Patients with poorer emotional functioning reported higher anxiety levels, establishing known-group validity. All BAI domains demonstrated satisfactory internal consistencies (α = 0.74-0.87), except for the panic domain (α = 0.57-0.61). Possible measurement equivalence between the language versions was established. CONCLUSION: Both English and Chinese versions of BAI are valid, reliable, and possibly equivalent for future use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/psicologia
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia
Psicometria/métodos
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180310
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180310
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00520-016-3452-3


  3 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770709
[Au] Autor:Wang B; Chen Q; Shen L; Zhao S; Pang W; Zhang J
[Ad] Endereço:MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China.
[Ti] Título:Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in cord blood of newborns in Shanghai, China: Implications for risk assessment.
[So] Source:Environ Int;97:7-14, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6750
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are commonly used in industrial applications and consumer products, and their potential health impacts are of concern, especially for vulnerable population like fetuses. However, in utero exposure to PFASs and health implications are far from fully characterized in China. To fill in the gap, we analyzed 10 PFASs in cord plasma samples (N=687) collected in Shanghai between 2011 and 2012, one of the regions widely polluted with PFASs in China. A questionnaire survey on maternal and diet-related factors was conducted. Except for perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA), all other PFASs were detected in ˃90% of the samples. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was the most predominant PFAS (median value: 6.96ng/mL), followed by perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) (2.48ng/mL). PFOA and PFOS combined contributed to 80% of the total PFASs. The final multiple regression models showed that maternal factors including maternal age, body mass index, gestational age, economic status and educational level as well as consumption of fish and wheat were significantly related with concentrations of PFASs in cord blood. The risk assessment using the hazard quotients (HQs) approach on the basis of plasma PFAS levels indicated no potential concern for developmental toxicity in the local newborns. The results demonstrate the unique profiles of local prenatal exposure to PFASs, suggesting that PFOA has been the primary human exposure due to its widespread use and pollution. Special attention to high PFOA exposure and confirmation of potential determinants should be taken as a priority in the future plan for risk management and actions in this area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/sangue
Sangue Fetal/química
Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
Feminino
Peixes
Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Medição de Risco
Sulfonamidas/sangue
Ácidos Sulfônicos/sangue
Inquéritos e Questionários
Triticum
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated); 0 (Sulfonamides); 0 (Sulfonic Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29505535
[Au] Autor:Yokoyama Y; Kakudate N; Sumida F; Matsumoto Y; Gordan VV; Gilbert GH
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, Fujisawa City, Kanagawa.
[Ti] Título:Dentist's distress in the management of chronic pain control: The example of TMD pain in a dental practice-based research network.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(1):e9553, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We aimed to obtain greater understanding of dentists' distress when they diagnose and treat patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and to explore ways in which TMD can be better treated.We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey of dentists (n = 148). Dentists were queried using an open-ended questionnaire about distress they experienced when treating patients with TMD. Survey responses were analyzed using mixed methods. Associations between specific dentist and patient characteristics and types of distress were analyzed by one way analysis of variance and residual analysis.One hundred thirteen clinicians responded to the questionnaire, giving a 76% response rate. Thematic analysis identified 6 major themes: difficulty in predicting therapeutic effect and prognosis; difficulty in diagnosis; difficulty in the decision about whether to do occlusal adjustment; difficulty in specifying a cause; difficulty in communicating with patients and mental factors; and health insurance system barriers. Clinicians who reported difficulty in deciding whether to do occlusal adjustment saw significantly more patients who experienced shoulder stiffness and headache (P = .008 and P = .022, respectively). Dentists' knowledge of TMD guidelines was associated with a lower percentage of difficulty in predicting therapeutic effect and prognosis (residual analysis; P = .010).These findings provide important insights into clinician's perception of difficulties with patients experiencing TMD-related pain. Knowledge of the existence of TMD clinical practice guidelines may lower dentist distress, particularly with regard to prognosis. Further studies are needed to decrease dentist's distress and to overcome the evidence-practice gap in TMD treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Odontólogos/psicologia
Manejo da Dor/psicologia
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Dor Crônica/etiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180306
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009553


  5 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29496809
[Au] Autor:Candamo F; Tobey M; Simon L
[Ad] Endereço:Ms. Candamo is a DMD student, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; Dr. Tobey is Instructor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Associate Program Director, Rural Health Leadership Fellowship, Massachusetts General Hospital; and Dr. Simon is Fellow in Oral Health and Medicine Integration, Harvard School of Dental Medicine and an MD student, Harvard Medical School.
[Ti] Título:Teaching Dental Students About Incarceration and Correctional Dentistry: Results from a National Survey.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;82(3):299-305, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:People who are incarcerated or have a history of incarceration have high rates of dental disease, but access to dental treatment is often a challenge during and after incarceration. Dental students' exposure to this population is unknown: no data exist regarding the number of schools that provide didactic and clinical training in correctional dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of instruction in correctional dentistry and clinical opportunities at correctional facilities for dental students in the U.S. A survey was distributed to the academic deans at all 66 U.S. dental schools in 2017. Respondents were asked if their institutions had curricular content on correctional health and if they provided clinical opportunities in the correctional setting. Respondents from 30 schools completed the survey, for a response rate of 45%. Nearly two-thirds of the respondents said their institutions offered didactic instruction on the impact of incarceration on health, and eight schools offered a clinical experience at a correctional facility. The most common format was a community-based dental externship involving fourth-year dental students. Oral exams, prophylaxis, and extractions were the most common procedures performed. Respondents from schools that offered a clinical experience agreed more strongly than those that did not that exposure to correctional health care was important and that their students believed incarceration to be a social determinant of health. This study found that a substantial proportion of dental schools offered didactic education on correctional health, but a much smaller number offered student rotations in correctional facilities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação em Odontologia
Prisões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Currículo
Educação em Odontologia/métodos
Educação em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Prisioneiros
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.018.030


  6 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29496807
[Au] Autor:Reinke RE; Enright T; Love R; Patel SA; Ali AO; Horvath Z
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Reinke is Associate Professor, School of Dental Medicine, University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Ms. Enright is Director, Bachelor of Health Science in Dental Hygiene, Allen College; Dr. Love is Assistant Professor of Dental Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, Roseman University of Health Sciences;
[Ti] Título:Methods and Purposes for Conducting Students' Course Evaluations Reported by North American Dental School and Dental Hygiene Program Leaders: A Preliminary Survey Study.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;82(3):286-290, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this preliminary survey study was to determine the perceptions of leaders of dental schools and dental hygiene programs regarding methods of and purposes for conducting students' course evaluations and their role in course improvement, curriculum design, and faculty assessment. A short electronic survey was distributed in 2016 to the academic deans of all 76 dental schools in the U.S. and Canada and a convenience sample of program directors of 232 of the total 332 accredited dental hygiene programs. Individuals from 93 institutions responded for an overall response rate of 30%: 30 of 76 dental schools (39.5% response rate) and 63 of the 232 dental hygiene programs (27% response rate). All of the respondents (100%) reported that their institutions' full-time faculty members were assessed by students in course evaluations for each course and semester they taught. However, only 78% reported that their part-time faculty members were evaluated by students. Course evaluations were mandatory in 62% (n=58) of the responding institutions, with the remaining 38% (n=35) optional. Respondents indicated course directors received the evaluation results for purposes of annual review (n=73, 78%) and instructional review (n=70, 75%). Further investigation of the use and effects of student evaluations is needed to better understand their role in faculty assessment and other aspects of the administration of dental schools and dental hygiene programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo/normas
Higiene Bucal/educação
Faculdades de Odontologia/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Canadá
Educação em Odontologia/organização & administração
Educação em Odontologia/normas
Avaliação Educacional/métodos
Seres Humanos
Faculdades de Odontologia/normas
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.018.027


  7 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29496803
[Au] Autor:Duong MT; Cothron AE; Lawson NC; Doherty EH
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Duong is Assistant Professor, Center for Advanced Oral Health, Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health, A.T. Still University; Ms. Cothron is a biostatistician at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; Dr. Lawson is Assistant Professor, Division of Biomaterials, Scho
[Ti] Título:U.S. Dental Schools' Preparation for the Integrated National Board Dental Examination.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;82(3):252-259, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An Integrated National Board Dental Examination (INBDE) combining basic, behavioral, and clinical sciences will be implemented in 2020 to replace the current two-part National Board Dental Examination required for all candidates who seek to practice dentistry in the U.S. The aims of this study were to determine how U.S. dental schools are preparing for implementation of the INBDE and to assess their top administrators' attitudes about the new exam. A total of 150 deans, academic deans, and other administrators at all 64 U.S. dental schools with graduating classes in 2016 were emailed a 19-question electronic survey. The survey questions addressed the respondents' level of support, perceived benefits and challenges, and planned preparation strategies for the INBDE. The individual response rate was 59%, representing 57 of the 64 schools. Approximately 60% of the respondents either agreed or strongly agreed that they support the integrated exam, while roughly 25% either somewhat or strongly disagreed. While most respondents (72%) reported that their institutions would be prepared for the INBDE, 74% reported that the merged exam created additional strain for their institutions. Respondents reported viewing content integration and clinical applicability as benefits of the INBDE, while required curriculum changes and student preparedness and stress were seen as challenges. Most of the respondents reported their schools were currently employing strategies to prepare for the INBDE including meetings with faculty and students and changes to curricula and course content. The beginning of the fourth year and the end of the third year were the most frequently reported times when schools planned to require students to take the INBDE, although almost half of the respondents did not yet know what it would be required at their school. Several schools were reconsidering using the boards as a passing requirement. This study found that support for the INBDE was not universal, but strategies are under way to prepare students, faculty, and curricula for this new means of assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Licenciamento em Odontologia
Faculdades de Odontologia
Conselhos de Especialidade Profissional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Licenciamento em Odontologia/normas
Faculdades de Odontologia/organização & administração
Conselhos de Especialidade Profissional/organização & administração
Conselhos de Especialidade Profissional/normas
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.018.024


  8 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29484746
[Au] Autor:Hauge SC; Jensen CK; Nielsen LK; Pedersen OB; Sørensen E; Thørner LW; Hjalgrim H; Erikstrup C; Nielsen KR; Kaspersen KA; Didriksen M; Dziegiel M; Ullum H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Immunology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:The association of IgA deficiency on infection rate, self-perceived health, and levels of C-reactive protein in healthy blood donors.
[So] Source:APMIS;126(3):248-256, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1600-0463
[Cp] País de publicação:Denmark
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The clinical importance of immunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency in otherwise healthy individuals is not well described. We aimed to investigate the self-reported mental and physical health and the risk of infection in IgA-deficient blood donors compared to healthy control blood donors. Infectious events, recorded in public health registries either as prescriptions filled of any antimicrobial medicine or as hospital infections, were compared between 177 IgA-deficient blood donors and 1770 control blood donors. A subset of the IgA-deficient donors were further characterized by self-reported health (Short Form-12, n = 28) and circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) (n = 10). IgA-deficient individuals had lower self-reported mental health (p = 0.01) and higher CRP (p < 0.05). A strong trend was found regarding prescription of antimicrobial medicine (hazard ratio = 1.19, p = 0.05). No association was found with hospital infections (hazard ratio = 1.02, p = 0.95) or self-reported physical health (p = 0.86). IgA-deficient blood donors have impaired self-reported mental health, enhanced inflammation and possibly an increased risk of infection. Despite these findings, this study does not provide sufficient evidence to warrant specific health precautions for donors with IgA deficiency.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo
Autoavaliação Diagnóstica
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Deficiência de IgA/imunologia
Imunoglobulina A/imunologia
Infecção/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Doadores de Sangue
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Deficiência de IgA/genética
Imunoglobulina A/genética
Infecção/imunologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Immunoglobulin A); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/apm.12807


  9 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447193
[Au] Autor:Gärtner FR; Bomhof-Roordink H; Smith IP; Scholl I; Stiggelbout AM; Pieterse AH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Decision Making, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:The quality of instruments to assess the process of shared decision making: A systematic review.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191747, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To inventory instruments assessing the process of shared decision making and appraise their measurement quality, taking into account the methodological quality of their validation studies. METHODS: In a systematic review we searched seven databases (PubMed, Embase, Emcare, Cochrane, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Academic Search Premier) for studies investigating instruments measuring the process of shared decision making. Per identified instrument, we assessed the level of evidence separately for 10 measurement properties following a three-step procedure: 1) appraisal of the methodological quality using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist, 2) appraisal of the psychometric quality of the measurement property using three possible quality scores, 3) best-evidence synthesis based on the number of studies, their methodological and psychometrical quality, and the direction and consistency of the results. The study protocol was registered at PROSPERO: CRD42015023397. RESULTS: We included 51 articles describing the development and/or evaluation of 40 shared decision-making process instruments: 16 patient questionnaires, 4 provider questionnaires, 18 coding schemes and 2 instruments measuring multiple perspectives. There is an overall lack of evidence for their measurement quality, either because validation is missing or methods are poor. The best-evidence synthesis indicated positive results for a major part of instruments for content validity (50%) and structural validity (53%) if these were evaluated, but negative results for a major part of instruments when inter-rater reliability (47%) and hypotheses testing (59%) were evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Due to the lack of evidence on measurement quality, the choice for the most appropriate instrument can best be based on the instrument's content and characteristics such as the perspective that they assess. We recommend refinement and validation of existing instruments, and the use of COSMIN-guidelines to help guarantee high-quality evaluations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomada de Decisões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191747


  10 / 380982 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29447172
[Au] Autor:Alemayehu AM; Belete GT; Adimassu NF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Optometry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
[Ti] Título:Knowledge, attitude and associated factors among primary school teachers regarding refractive error in school children in Gondar city, Northwest Ethiopia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191199, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Refractive error is an important cause of correctable visual impairment in the worldwide with a global distribution of 1.75% to 20.7% among schoolchildren. Teacher's knowledge about refractive error play an important role in encouraging students to seek treatment that helps in reducing the burden of visual impairment. OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge, attitude and associated factors among primary school teachers regarding refractive error in school children in Gondar city. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on 565 primary school teachers in Gondar city using pretested and structured self-administered questionnaire. For processing and analysis, SPSS version 20 was used and variables which had a P value of <0.05 in the multivariable analysis were considered as statistically significant. RESULT: A total of 565 study subjects were participated in this study with a mean age of 42.05 ± 12.01 years. Of these study participants 55.9% (95% CI: 51.9, 59.8) had good knowledge and 57.2% (95% CI: 52.9, 61.4) had favorable attitude towards refractive error. History of spectacle use [AOR = 2.13 (95% CI: 1.32, 3.43)], history of eye examination [AOR = 1.67 (95% CI: 1.19, 2.34)], training on eye health [AOR = 1.94 (95% CI; 1.09, 3.43)] and 11-20 years of experience [AOR = 2.53 (95% CI: 1.18, 5.43)] were positively associated with knowledge. Whereas being male [AOR = 2.03 (95% CI: 1.37, 3.01)], older age [AOR = 3.05 (95% CI: 1.07, 8.72)], 31-40 years of experience [AOR = 0.23 (95% CI: 0.07, 0.72)], private school type [AOR = 1.76 (95% CI: 1.06, 2.93)] and 5th -8th teaching category [AOR = 1.54 (95% CI: 1.05, 2.24)] were associated with attitude. CONCLUSION: Knowledge and attitude of study subjects were low which needs training of teachers about the refractive error.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Capacitação de Professores/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Etiópia
Óculos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Conhecimento
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Erros de Refração/diagnóstico
Erros de Refração/etiologia
Erros de Refração/prevenção & controle
Fatores de Risco
Professores Escolares
Instituições Acadêmicas
Estudantes
Inquéritos e Questionários
Capacitação de Professores/classificação
Baixa Visão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191199



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