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Pesquisa : E05.318.308.980.438.475 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29437654
[Au] Autor:Woolf SH; Aron L
[Ad] Endereço:Center on Society and Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, 830 East Main Street, Suite 5035, Richmond, Virginia 23298-0212, USA steven.woolf@vcuhealth.org.
[Ti] Título:Failing health of the United States.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k496, 2018 02 07.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Expectativa de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etnologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/mortalidade
Suicídio/etnologia
Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k496


  2 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431967
[Au] Autor:Izmaylova OA; Kiku PF; Yarygina MV; Moreva VG; Ananev VY; Kosolapov AB
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic aspects of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents of the Primorsky Krai].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1075-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:With the use of the methodology of the system approach there were obtained results of the evaluation of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. Analysis of the prevalence of the main classes of ecologically dependent diseases according to the appealability (diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of digestive organs, diseases of blood and blood-forming organs, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, diseases of the genitourinary system, neoplasms, congenital anomalies, infectious diseases) was performed with the use of official statistical report forms No. 12 (ICD-10) over the period of2000-2014. Informational Database of parameters of the environment was represented by the factor modules: 6 - sanitary, and 5-environmental ones). By means of the method of the regression analysis there was established the relationship between environmental factors and the prevalence of ecological-dependent diseases, there were calculated values of the factor loads influencing on the indices of the morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The analysis of morbidity according to classes showed that during the study period, in the total there was a gain in the indicator ecologically dependent morbidity rate in children by 33.3%, in adolescents - by 35.3%. In the children and adolescent population there are prevalent diseases of the respiratory system - 67.3% and 52.45%, respectively; further in children and adolescent groups diseases of the digestive system - 9.45% and 17.08% take place; then in the children cohort are infectious diseases, and in adolescents - diseases of the genitourinary system. The level of ecologically dependent morbidity rate is determined by the complex impact of environmental and hygienic factors, with a predominance of sanitary-hygienic component and related with it parameters of the environment of habitation, such as chemical pollution of urban areas (soil, air, water sources), nevertheless biotropic factors (temperature, humidity, fog, number of days with biologically active solar radiation) make a significant contribution. The revealed various degree of the response of children and adolescents through the prevalence rate level to the exposure of ecological and hygienic factors of environment should be taken into account in the development and carrying out medical-preventive measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431341
[Au] Autor:Sakiev KZ; Ibraeva LK; Dyusembaeva NK; Rybalkina DK; Drobchenko EA
[Ti] Título:[Qualitative index of population health losses in the aral sea region].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):950-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:eng; rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article is devoted to the approbation of the modification of the method of the presentation of indices of medical and social losses of the population on an example of environmentally unfavorable Aral Sea region in Kazakhstan. The first step in improvement of the system ofpublic health care is the identification of the most important problems related with the assessment of the disease burden and the adjustment of data of such type in accordance national aims on the decline of medical and social losses in this problem area. So far according to the criteria for the determination of the boundary of ecological catastrophe area one of the indices is the steady gain in the mortality rate. Using the index "Years of Life Lost" (YLL) in medical statistics as a relatively new approach that continues to be improved and its development supposes the improvement in the quality of health statistics. We modified this method consisting in the determination of the coefficient of loss of years. In the given work after comprehensive analysis of the loss of years due to morbidity and mortality on the base of life tables the potential of lost years for the population was determined with bearing in mind of module tables and compared with the loss in years due to the health loss. So far there was declined the dimension of the comprehensive index, there was elevated its comparability with other indices, and the data interpretation has been optimized. Suggested modification can be used for a comprehensive assessment of health state in the execution of epidemiological studies and monitoring of medical and social situation in ecologically unfavorable regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Expectativa de Vida
Saúde Pública
Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental/métodos
Saúde Ambiental/normas
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Cazaquistão/epidemiologia
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231005
[Au] Autor:He JF; Hong W; Shao Y; Han HQ; Xie B
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200030, China.
[Ti] Título:[Application of MOAS for Evaluating of Violence Risk in the Inpatients with Mental Disorders].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):28-31, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) on predicting serious aggressive behavior in the inpatients with mental disorders and to provide theoretical basis for violence risk assessments in the inpatients with mental disorders. METHODS: Total 918 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital were evaluated by trained medical workers using MOAS in September 2009, and their serious violent behavior were followed up for 2 years. The value of MOAS on predicting violence in the inpatients with mental disorders was analyzed by SPSS 21.0. RESULTS: (1) Compared to the patients without serious aggressive behaviors, the patients with serious aggressive behavior within 2 years showed significantly higher scores (P<0.05) on verbal aggression, aggression against property, physical aggression and total weighted score of MOAS; (2) Significant correlation was found between the score of verbal aggression and the serious acts of violence within 2 years (P<0.05); (3) Scores of verbal aggression, physical aggression and total weighted score of MOAS had predictive value on serious aggressive behaviors within 2 years. CONCLUSIONS: MOAS has certain value on predicting the serious aggressive behaviors of patients with mental disorders within 2 years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Hospitais Psiquiátricos
Pacientes Internados
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seguimentos
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Medição de Risco
Fatores de Risco
Assunção de Riscos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.007


  5 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29465590
[Au] Autor:Nishimura T; Arima K; Abe Y; Kanagae M; Mizukami S; Okabe T; Tomita Y; Goto H; Horiguchi I; Aoyagi K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Sakamoto.
[Ti] Título:Relationship between bone turnover markers and the heel stiffness index measured by quantitative ultrasound in middle-aged and elderly Japanese men.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(8):e9962, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present study was to investigate the age-related patterns and the relationships between serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b) or bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), and the heel stiffness index measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in 429 Japanese men, with special emphasis on 2 age groups (40-59 years and 60 years or over). The heel stiffness index (bone mass) was measured by QUS. Serum samples were collected, and TRACP-5b and BAP levels were measured. The stiffness index was significantly decreased with age. Log (TRACP-5b) was significantly increased with age, but Log (BAP) was stable. Generalized linear models showed that higher levels of Log (TRACP-5b) and Log (BAP) were correlated with a lower stiffness index after adjusting for covariates in men aged 60 years or over, but not in men aged 40 to 59 years. In conclusion, higher rates of bone turnover markers were associated with a lower stiffness index only in elderly men. These results may indicate a different mechanism of low bone mass among different age groups of men.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Calcanhar/diagnóstico por imagem
Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Biomarcadores/sangue
Densidade Óssea
Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina
Calcanhar/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Japão
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ultrassonografia/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); EC 3.1.3.1 (Alkaline Phosphatase); EC 3.1.3.2 (Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009962


  6 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425000
[Au] Autor:Zubaydullina OR; Povargo EA; Zulkarnaev TR
[Ti] Título:[Dynamics of indices of physical development of preschool children of the city of Ufa].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):658- 60, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:A comparative analysis of indices of physical development of preschool children of Ufa for 1978, 1999 and 2014 showed mixed changes or no statistically reliable changes in the indices in preschool children of different groups from 1978 to 1999. In the period from 1999 to 2014 in some groups of preschool children there were revealed statistically reliable positive changes in the indices, whereas there was no statistically reliable decrease of indices. A favorable fact is also the increment in the percentage of preschool children with harmonious physical development in the comparison with 1999.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropometria/métodos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Tamanho Corporal
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424991
[Au] Autor:Budanova EI; Bogomolov AV
[Ti] Título:[Description of the life quality of contracted servicemen].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):627-32, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There are presented results of a comprehensive study of the life quality of representatives of three reference groups of servicemen on contract: cadets of military high schools (n = 400), contracted servicemen of the units of power ministries and departments (n = 453), common soldiers and junior commanders (n = 357). The study was executed with the aid of the public survey, the performing of both psychological and functional load tests. This work is notable for the complexation of indices which characterize socio-hygienic, psychological and medical aspects of the life quality, life values, life satisfaction, and specific features of the military profession. Results of the study, which differ from the prior investigation by inclusion of indices characterizing the specific features of military-professional activity, lifestyle and spirituality, for the first time made it possible to assess the life quality related to health, taking into account the axiological values in life and important needs of the studied population. Changes in the life quality indices of contract servicemen were shown to be more sensitive to changes in their health than the traditional clinical-laboratory and instrumental data, which allows to recommend a wide practical use of the monitoring the life quality for professional selection and medical support of the military service, including the implementation of measures on optimization of psychological climate in military units, and the personification of the complex of therapeutic-recreational measures. The results allow us to recommend to military medical commissions of military commissariats in the call of citizens for military service under contract to carry out studies of quality and lifestyle of recruits for the early detection of groups of risk for their health. The program of in-depth medical examinations of military-contract there is recommended to include research aimed at identifying adverse social and hygienic factors of service and living conditions, psychopathological personality traits, rehabilitation and psychological climate in a military collective, execution of a personalized set of therapeutic measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Nível de Saúde
Militares
Qualidade de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Medicina Militar/métodos
Medicina Militar/estatística & dados numéricos
Militares/psicologia
Militares/estatística & dados numéricos
Psicologia Militar/métodos
Psicologia Militar/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424495
[Au] Autor:Bekmuhambetov EZ; Mamyrbaev AA; Dzharkenov TA
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic assessment of working conditions in the production of ferro-alloys].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(6):545-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:This work is devoted to the study of conditions of the work of employees of the modern ferro-alloy production, which was performed in the framework of the evaluation of working places at the Open Joint-Stock Company «Ferrokhrom¼, which is part of Joint-Stock Transnational Company "Kazchrom". The studies were performed with account of the full range of the list of working places, both in the main and auxiliary shops. The work activity of the workers from leading professional groups was established to be conjugate of the impact of the complex of unfavorable factors of occupational environment and labor process. There are given comprehensive measures to improve working conditions and health maintenance in workers from leading professional groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ligas de Cromo
Compostos Ferrosos
Metalurgia
Doenças Profissionais
Saúde Pública/métodos
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Cazaquistão/epidemiologia
Metalurgia/métodos
Metalurgia/organização & administração
Metalurgia/normas
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Medição de Risco
Local de Trabalho/normas
Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Chromium Alloys); 0 (Ferrous Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424223
[Au] Autor:Kondrova NS; Shaykhlislamova ER; Zul'karnaev TR; Stepanov EG; Gilmanov SZ; Sandakova IV; Khisamiev II
[Ti] Título:[Modern features of the formation of occupational diseases and insurance coverage on the example of the Republic of Bashkortostan].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(6):539-44, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There was executed the analysis of morbidity and disability rate in workers with occupational diseases (poisoning) of the Republic ofBashkortostan for the periodfrom 2010 to 2014. There is reflected the sectoral distribution of the relative indices of the occupational morbidity. There are selected factors of labor and the labor process, promoting occupational diseases (OD). The leading place in the structure of primary morbidity is held by OD related to physical overload and functional overexertion of certain organs and systems; the second - by diseases associated with exposure to physicalfactors; the third - by diseases from exposure to workplace allergens. This is followed by illness (intoxications) caused by exposure to chemical factors, industrial aerosols. The share of OD from exposure to biological agents and professional tumors in total accounts for about 2.0% of all cases of OD revealed for the first time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Indústrias
Doenças Profissionais
Exposição Ocupacional
Saúde Pública/métodos
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Agricultura/métodos
Agricultura/normas
Bashkiria/epidemiologia
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Indústrias/métodos
Indústrias/normas
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/etiologia
Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Local de Trabalho/normas
Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 22018 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424209
[Au] Autor:Zubaydullina OR; Povargo EA; Zul'karnaev TR
[Ti] Título:[Dynamics of indicators of physical development of preschool children of ufa].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(5):476-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:A comparative analysis of indicators ofphysical development ofpreschool children of Ufa for 1978, 1999 and 2014 showed mixed changes or no statistically reliable changes in the indicators in preschool children of different groups from 1978 to 1999. In the periodfrom 1999 to 2014 in some groups of preschool children revealed statistically reliable positive changes in the indices, whereas statistically reliable decrease of indicators was not. A favorable fact is also increase in comparison with 1999, the percentage of preschool children with harmonious physical development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropometria/métodos
Saúde da Criança/tendências
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/normas
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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