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[PMID]:29297068
[Au] Autor:Xu G; Strathearn L; Liu B; Bao W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 2014-2016.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(1):81-82, 2018 01 02.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.17812


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[PMID]:29447196
[Au] Autor:Verani JR; Massora S; Acácio S; Dos Santos RT; Vubil D; Pimenta F; Moura I; Whitney CG; Costa MH; Macete E; Matsinhe MB; Carvalho MDG; Sigaúque B
[Ad] Endereço:Respiratory Diseases Branch, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae among HIV-infected and -uninfected children <5 years of age before introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in Mozambique.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191113, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nasopharyngeal carriage is a precursor for pneumococcal disease and can be useful for evaluating pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) impact. We studied pre-PCV pneumococcal carriage among HIV-infected and -uninfected children in Mozambique. Between October 2012 and March 2013, we enrolled HIV-infected children age <5 years presenting for routine care at seven HIV clinics in 3 sites, including Maputo (urban-south), Nampula (urban-north), and Manhiça (rural-south). We also enrolled a random sample of HIV-uninfected children <5 years old from a demographic surveillance site in Manhiça. A single nasopharyngeal swab was obtained and cultured following enrichment in Todd Hewitt broth with yeast extract and rabbit serum. Pneumococcal isolates were serotyped by Quellung reaction and multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Factors associated with pneumococcal carriage were examined using logistic regression. Overall pneumococcal carriage prevalence was 80.5% (585/727), with similar prevalences among HIV-infected (81.5%, 339/416) and HIV-uninfected (79.1%, 246/311) children, and across age strata. Among HIV-infected, after adjusting for recent antibiotic use and hospitalization, there was no significant association between study site and colonization: Maputo (74.8%, 92/123), Nampula (83.7%, 82/98), Manhiça (84.6%, 165/195). Among HIV-uninfected, report of having been born to an HIV-infected mother was not associated with colonization. Among 601 pneumococcal isolates from 585 children, serotypes 19F (13.5%), 23F (13.1%), 6A (9.2%), 6B (6.2%) and 19A (5.2%) were most common. The proportion of serotypes included in the 10- and 13-valent vaccines was 44.9% and 61.7%, respectively, with no significant differences by HIV status or age group. Overall 36.9% (n = 268) of children were colonized with a PCV10 serotype and 49.7% (n = 361) with a PCV13 serotype. Pneumococcal carriage was common, with little variation by geographic region, age, or HIV status. PCV10 was introduced in April 2013; ongoing carriage studies will examine the benefits of PCV10 among HIV-infected and-uninfected children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Pneumocócicas/imunologia
Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem
Vacinas Pneumocócicas/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Portador Sadio/epidemiologia
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/imunologia
Infecções por HIV/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos
Moçambique/epidemiologia
Nasofaringe/imunologia
Infecções Pneumocócicas/fisiopatologia
Prevalência
População Rural
Sorogrupo
Streptococcus pneumoniae/imunologia
Streptococcus pneumoniae/patogenicidade
Vacinas Conjugadas/administração & dosagem
Vacinas Conjugadas/uso terapêutico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine); 0 (Pneumococcal Vaccines); 0 (Vaccines, Conjugate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191113


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[PMID]:29431967
[Au] Autor:Izmaylova OA; Kiku PF; Yarygina MV; Moreva VG; Ananev VY; Kosolapov AB
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic aspects of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents of the Primorsky Krai].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1075-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:With the use of the methodology of the system approach there were obtained results of the evaluation of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. Analysis of the prevalence of the main classes of ecologically dependent diseases according to the appealability (diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of digestive organs, diseases of blood and blood-forming organs, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, diseases of the genitourinary system, neoplasms, congenital anomalies, infectious diseases) was performed with the use of official statistical report forms No. 12 (ICD-10) over the period of2000-2014. Informational Database of parameters of the environment was represented by the factor modules: 6 - sanitary, and 5-environmental ones). By means of the method of the regression analysis there was established the relationship between environmental factors and the prevalence of ecological-dependent diseases, there were calculated values of the factor loads influencing on the indices of the morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The analysis of morbidity according to classes showed that during the study period, in the total there was a gain in the indicator ecologically dependent morbidity rate in children by 33.3%, in adolescents - by 35.3%. In the children and adolescent population there are prevalent diseases of the respiratory system - 67.3% and 52.45%, respectively; further in children and adolescent groups diseases of the digestive system - 9.45% and 17.08% take place; then in the children cohort are infectious diseases, and in adolescents - diseases of the genitourinary system. The level of ecologically dependent morbidity rate is determined by the complex impact of environmental and hygienic factors, with a predominance of sanitary-hygienic component and related with it parameters of the environment of habitation, such as chemical pollution of urban areas (soil, air, water sources), nevertheless biotropic factors (temperature, humidity, fog, number of days with biologically active solar radiation) make a significant contribution. The revealed various degree of the response of children and adolescents through the prevalence rate level to the exposure of ecological and hygienic factors of environment should be taken into account in the development and carrying out medical-preventive measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29431940
[Au] Autor:Novichkova NI; Kallistov DY; Romanova EA; Sobolevskaya OV; Romanov AI
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic analysis of factors affecting of the occurrence of sleep disorders prevalence rate].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1037-40, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Aim: To evaluate the prevalence rate of sleep disorders in various age and professional groups of the population - residents of different regions of Russia and to estimate the relative role of environmental, work-related and life style factors in their progression. Materials and Methods: 6 groups of the population including more than 2500 adults and children - residents of areas with various levels of environmental pollution were examined with the use of the structured questionnaire. Working conditions of state employees and health care professionals were examined. Statistical analysis including the calculation of odds ratios for sleep disorders was performed Results: Disorders of the sleep maintenance among adults were found in 49% of men and 51% of women in Moscow; 49.3% of men and 26.7% of women in Voronezh. Air pollution and noise levels increased risks of insomnia by 10% and 20% respectively. In the city of Serpukhov (the Moscow Region) 78.7% of girls and 94.1% of boys estimated their sleep as deep and sound; in the Great Novgorod so did 69.2% girls and 66.0% boys. A trend (R=0.97) for the increasing of the prevalence rate of insomnia symptoms among children with the age was revealed. In working populations there was shown the positive correlation between the prevalence rate of sleep disorders and job environment, hardness of the work (r=0.28) and work-related stress (odds ratio = 1.8). Conclusion: Harmful environmental factors, life style, hardness of the work and work related stress are independent risk factors of chronic insomnia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Estilo de Vida
Estresse Ocupacional
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estresse Ocupacional/complicações
Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia
Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/prevenção & controle
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29431342
[Au] Autor:Meshkov NA; Rakhmanov RS; Valtseva EA; Alter TV; Russkova AN; Troshin VV; Fomina YN
[Ti] Título:[Epidemiological and hygiene assessment of the health status of population in the area of the construction site of low-head water power development].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):955-61, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Hydrotechnical facilities have significant environmental and health imyacts. Results of a hygienic assessment of the condition of environmental objects in the area of the yrojected Nizhny Novgorod low-head water ylant develoyment showed that the both air and water pollution level in decentralized water supply sources in Balakhna and Gorodets are lower than in the city of Nizhny Novgorod, and those of the water in the water supply network are higher than in the reference area. A cross-sectional study has revealed in the main grouf (Gorodets, Zavolzhye and Balakhna) the rate of morbidity of nervous system and cardiovascular diseases to be higher than in the reference group (Nizhny Novgorod), with cardiovascular diseases being the largest contributor to the overall grevalence rate in the groug under analysis; and digestive system diseases, in the reference group. The study has no revealed direct correlation between morbidity rate in children and adults and the studied factors. However, a direct relationship has been found between the prevalence rate of endocrine diseases in children and the quality of water in the water supply network in Balakhna District (p<0.007); also, there's a correlation between the morbidity rate of digestive diseases and air pollution and water quality in the water supply network (p<0.009). In the Gorodets District, the same situation has been revealed: the morbidity rate of endocrine diseases in children depends on quality of water from the water supply network (p<0.049); the prevalence rate of digestive diseases, on air pollution and water quality in the water supply network (p<0.048). In the same region in adults the prevalence rate of the nervous system diseases, digestive diseases and diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue depends on air pollution and pollution of water in the water supply network (p<0.011, p<0.01 and p<0.02, respectively).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Doença Ambiental
Poluição da Água
Abastecimento de Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Doença Ambiental/classificação
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Desenvolvimento Industrial
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/normas
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Poluição da Água/efeitos adversos
Poluição da Água/análise
Qualidade da Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água/métodos
Abastecimento de Água/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29415030
[Au] Autor:Lerman S; Jung M; Arredondo EM; Barnhart JM; Cai J; Castañeda SF; Daviglus ML; Espinoza RA; Giachello AL; Molina KM; Perreira K; Salgado H; Wassertheil-Smoller S; Kaplan RC
[Ad] Endereço:University of Massachusetts Medical School, Division of Preventive & Behavioral Medicine, Worcester, MA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Religiosity prevalence and its association with depression and anxiety symptoms among Hispanic/Latino adults.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0185661, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i.e., religious affiliation, frequency of attending religious activities and importance of religion), depression (assessed with the CESD-10), and trait anxiety (assessed with the STAI-10) were included in the present study. Distribution of religiosity is described by sociodemographic characteristics. Associations between religiosity with depression and anxiety were examined with logistic regression models controlling for sex, age group, education, Hispanic/Latino background, clinical center, and nativity. RESULTS: The majority of the population (89.5%) reported having a religious affiliation. Weekly attendance at religious activities was reported by 41.6% of participants, while 20.6% did not attend any religious activities. Religion was very important to 63.9% and not at all important to 6.7% of the population. The CES-D scores and trait anxiety scores were not significantly related in the overall group to frequency of attending religious activity or perceived importance of religion. However, in age-stratified analyses, among older individuals (65+ years old) reporting "never" participating in religious activities compared to more than once per week was associated with an 80% higher likelihood of having high depressive symptomatology. Similarly, in the older age group, no religious affiliation or reporting that religion is "not at all important" was associated with greater anxiety symptomatology. CONCLUSION: Religiosity varied by Hispanic/Latino background. Lack of religiosity was associated with elevated depressive or anxiety symptomology in older adults but not in young or middle-aged adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Hispano-Americanos/psicologia
Religião
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Depressão/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185661


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[PMID]:29364952
[Au] Autor:Tseng SH; Lee JY; Chou YL; Sheu ML; Lee YW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Association between socioeconomic status and cerebral palsy.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191724, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The present study investigated the annual prevalence of cerebral palsy (CP) among children aged <7 years in Taiwan and the association between socioeconomic status and CP prevalence. METHODS: Data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 2002-2008 period were used in this population-based study. Severe and total CP were defined according to catastrophic illness certificate and medical claim records, respectively. The annual CP prevalence was calculated as the number of children with CP among all children aged <7 years. RESULTS: From 2002 to 2008, the annual prevalence of total and severe CP ranged from 1.9 to 2.8 and from 1.1 to 1.4 per 1000 children, respectively. Boys were 30% more likely to have CP than girls [adjusted relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) ranged from 1.3 (1.2-1.4) to 1.4 (1.2-1.5)]. Low family income was associated with a higher CP prevalence [adjusted RR (95% CI) ranged from 5.1 (4.2-6.2) to 6.4 (5.4-7.6)]. The prevalence of CP in rural area was higher than that in urban or suburban areas. The mortality rate of severe CP ranged from 12.2-22.7 per 1000 children within the 7 years study period. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of CP in Taiwan is similar to that in Western countries. A higher prevalence of CP is associated with male sex, low income, and rural residential location. Our findings provide insights into CP epidemiology among the Chinese population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Paralisia Cerebral/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Prevalência
Taiwan/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191724


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[PMID]:29364928
[Au] Autor:Levintow SN; Pence BW; Ha TV; Minh NL; Sripaipan T; Latkin CA; Vu PT; Quan VM; Frangakis C; Go VF
[Ad] Endereço:University of North Carolina, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, NC, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among HIV-positive men who inject drugs in Vietnam.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191548, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: HIV infection is common among people who inject drugs (PWID), and HIV-positive PWID may be particularly vulnerable to depression. This study measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the factors associated with severe symptoms among 455 HIV-positive PWID in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from PWID in a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce high-risk injecting and sexual behaviors in Thai Nguyen from 2009-2013. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). We used logistic regression to assess demographic, clinical, and psychosocial predictors of severe depressive symptoms (CES-D≥23) with prevalence odds ratios (POR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The prevalence of severe depressive symptoms (CES-D≥23) was 44%. 25% of participants had mild to moderate depressive symptoms (16≤CES-D<23), and 31% experienced no depressive symptoms (CES-D<16). Not being married, self-rated poor health, greater frequency of injection drug use, history of overdose, no alcohol use, and daily cigarette smoking were positively associated with severe depressive symptoms in unadjusted models and remained predictive in a multivariable model. The strongest predictors of depressive symptoms were self-reported poor health (POR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.82, 4.76), no current alcohol use (POR = 2.35, 95% CI: 1.47, 3.77), and not currently married or cohabitating (POR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.40, 3.47). CONCLUSION: Severe depressive symptoms were common among HIV-positive PWID in Thai Nguyen and were strongly associated with demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. Interventions that promote social support from family and reduce drug dependence may particularly benefit PWID experiencing severe depressive symptoms. Greater recognition and treatment of depressive symptoms has the potential to enhance quality of life and improve HIV clinical outcomes for PWID.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/fisiopatologia
Infecções por HIV/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Depressão/complicações
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Vietnã/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191548


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[PMID]:29346448
[Au] Autor:Stella JL; Bauer AE; Croney CC
[Ad] Endereço:USDA-APHIS, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:A cross-sectional study to estimate prevalence of periodontal disease in a population of dogs (Canis familiaris) in commercial breeding facilities in Indiana and Illinois.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191395, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objectives of this cross-sectional study were: 1) to estimate the prevalence and characterize the severity of periodontal disease in a population of dogs housed in commercial breeding facilities; 2) to characterize PD preventive care utilized by facility owners; and 3) to assess inter-rater reliability of a visual scoring assessment tool. Adult dogs (N = 445) representing 42 breeds at 24 CB facilities in Indiana and Illinois were assessed. Periodontal disease was scored visually using the American Veterinary Dental Collage 0-IV scale. Inter-rater reliability was assessed on 198 dogs and facility owners were asked to provide information about the preventive care utilized. The overall prevalence of periodontal disease (Grades I-IV) was 86.3% (95% CI: 82.9, 89.3). An ordered logistic regression analysis found age (OR = 1.4; 95% CI 1.24, 1.54; P<0.0001), facility (OR = 1.13; 95% CI 1.09, 1.18; P<0.0001), sex (OR = 1.7; 95% CI 1.12, 2.65; P = 0.013), and non-professional dental scaling (OR = 2.82; 95% CI 1.34, 5.91; P = 0.006) to be statistically significant. Inter-rater reliability analysis found agreement to be 86.2%, with a weighted kappa of 0.4731 (95% CI 0.3847, 0.5615) indicating moderate agreement. Risk of periodontal disease increased with increasing age. Additionally, a trend toward decreasing risk with increasing weight was also found, although it was not statistically significant. The trends identified agree with studies that have evaluated periodontal disease in the companion dog population and do not support the assumption that the dental health of dogs in commercial breeding facilities is worse than that of the population as a whole. Although there were few cases of severe periodontal disease and all facilities employed some type of preventive care in this sample, the large number of dogs with some degree of disease (Grades I-IV) suggests that further investigation of preventive care is warranted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cruzamento
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Doenças Periodontais/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos Transversais
Cães
Feminino
Illinois/epidemiologia
Indiana/epidemiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191395


  10 / 241747 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320824
[Au] Autor:Hou H; Cao L; Ren W; Wang D; Ding H; You J; Yao X; Dong H; Guo Y; Yuan S; Zhang X; Gong P
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, China.
[Ti] Título:Seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in Cats from Liaoning Province, Northeastern China.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):673-677, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence and risk factors for Dirofilaria immitis infection in cats from Liaoning province, northeastern China. From October 2014 to September 2016, sera of 651 cats, including 364 domestic cats and 287 feral cats (332 females and 319 males) were assessed. They were tested for the presence of D. immitis antigen using SNAP Heartworm RT test kit. In this population, the average prevalence was 4.5%. Age and rearing conditions (feral or domestic) were found to be associated with the prevalence of D. immitis. The prevalence was significantly higher in feral cats compared with domestic cats (8.4% vs 1.4%, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between males and females (4.7% vs 4.2%, P>0.05), but older cats (≥3 years old) showed a statistically higher prevalence compared with younger cats (<3 years old) in feral populations (16.8 vs 2.4%, P<0.01), while the difference between the age groups was not statistically significant in domestic cats (2.4% vs 0.51%, P>0.05), all these results suggest that outdoor exposure time may be one of the most important factors for D. immitis prevalence in cats. Results reveal that D. immitis are prevalence in domestic and feral cats in northeastern China, which indicates that appropriate preventive measures should be taken to decrease the incidence of feline heartworm disease in Liaoning province, northeastern China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia
Dirofilaria immitis
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Animais Domésticos
Antígenos de Helmintos/sangue
Biomarcadores/sangue
Doenças do Gato/prevenção & controle
Gatos
China/epidemiologia
Dirofilaria immitis/imunologia
Dirofilariose/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Helminth); 0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.673



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