Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : E05.598 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29446584
[Au] Autor:Sosedova LM; Novikov MA; Titov EA; Rukavishnikov VS
[Ti] Título:[Induction of apoptosis in neurons of white rats under exposure of nanobiocomposite based on ag (0) nanoparticles and arabinogalactan].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1210-13, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There are presented results of the immunohistochemical study of neural tissue of outbred albino rats exposed for 9 days to the influence of the silver nanobiocomposite consisted of silver nanoparticles encapsulated into a matrix of a natural polymer - arabinogalactan. The research of albino rats was performed in 2 stages: half of the rats in each groups were decapitated immediately after the exposure (early period) and the rest animals - 6 months after the end of exposure (remote period). The impact of the studied substance was proved to cause functional changes in cells of the nervous tissue. After the subacute administration of the nanobiocomposite - argentum-arabinogalactan (nano-Ag-AG) in cells of the nervous tissue of the brain of albino rats the expression of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic protein (caspase-3 and bcl-2) was established to be changed. The number of normal neurons producing protein caspase-3 sharply increases. Herewith the number of immunonegative neurons fairly declines. Along with this there is noted the high level of bcl-2 content, one function ofwhich is the preclusion ofapoptosis. In preparations there is revealed a significant gain in the number of bcl-2 expressing neurons, however, the protective effect of the protein is not fully realized, that leads to the significantly increase in the content of damaged hyperchromatic cells. The evaluation of results of the immunohistochemical study of the nervous tissue of albino rats according to data concerning the proteins caspase-3 and bcl-2 expression permits to make a conclusion about the capability of nanoargentum encapsulated into polymer matrix by passing the blood-brain barrier to induce the triggering apoptosis cascade in neurons of the cerebral cortex.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo
Galactanos/farmacologia
Larix
Nanopartículas Metálicas/efeitos adversos
Prata
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Biopolímeros/farmacologia
Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos
Encéfalo/patologia
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia
Caspase 3/metabolismo
Imuno-Histoquímica
Modelos Animais
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo
Ratos
Prata/efeitos adversos
Prata/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biopolymers); 0 (Galactans); 0 (Plant Preparations); 0 (Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2); 3M4G523W1G (Silver); EC 3.4.22.- (Caspase 3); SL4SX1O487 (arabinogalactan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 37185 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431353
[Au] Autor:Yashchenko SG; Rybalko
[Ti] Título:[Morphological structure of rat epiphysis exposed to electromagnetic radiation from communication devices].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):977-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Pineal gland is one of the most important components of homeostasis - the supporting system of the body. It participates in the launch of stress responses, restriction of their development, prevention of adverse effects on the body. There was proved an impact of electromagnetic radiation on the epiphysis. However, morphological changes in the epiphysis under exposure to electromagnetic radiation of modern communication devices are studied not sufficiently. For the time present the population is daily exposed to electromagnetic radiation, including local irradiation on the brain. These date determined the task of this research - the study of the structure of rat pineal gland under the exposure to electromagnetic radiation from personal computers and mobile phones. These date determined the task of this research - the study of the structure of rat pineal gland under the exposure to electromagnetic radiation from personal computers and mobile phones. Performed transmission electron microscopy revealed signs of degeneration of dark and light pinealocytes. These signs were manifested in the development of a complex of general and specific morphological changes. There was revealed the appearance of signs of aging and depletion transmission electron microscopy both in light and dark pinealocytes. These signs were manifested in the accumulation of lipofuscin granules and electron-dense "brain sand", the disappearance of nucleoli, cytoplasm vacuolization and mitochondrial cristae enlightenment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Telefone Celular
Campos Eletromagnéticos/efeitos adversos
Epífises
Microcomputadores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Radiação Eletromagnética
Epífises/diagnóstico por imagem
Epífises/patologia
Epífises/efeitos da radiação
Modelos Animais
Ratos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 37185 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431352
[Au] Autor:Popova OA; Khatuaev RO
[Ti] Título:[Radiosensitivity of morphoenzymological structural elements of the jejunum mucous membrane in chronodynamics of the impact of electromagnetic fields impulses].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):974-6, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Results of numerous researches have revealed that most sensitive to electromagnetic radiations are the nervous, endocrine and cardiovascular systems of an organism, however, the analysis of literary data confirms also the direct involvement of organs of the intestinal system in physiological, and not seldom, and the pathological program of the response of an organism to the action of extreme factors. In the experiment executed on white laboratory male rats by ourselves there was studied the grade of the radiosensitivity of morphoenzymological structural elements of jejunum mucous membrane after 5, 7 and 10 months of chronic influence of electromagnetic fields impulses with a density of induced currents 0.37; 0.7; 0.8; 2.7 kA/m and frequency of impulses 50, 100 and 500 in a week irrespective of their divisibility of ultrashort duration of 15 a 40 ns. Scientific value and novelty of results is concluded in revealed multiple linear relationships between indices of electromagneticfields (duration of the impact, density of induced currents, periodicity of impulses and the dynamics of the studied indices of a morphofunctional condition of a jejunum mucous membrane). Besides that, there was found the critical population to indices of electromagneticfields impulses parameters - the jejunum mast cells differing in hypersensitivity and dependence on duration of influence and density of induced currents revealed, at that their bioeffects were unidirectional.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Campos Eletromagnéticos/efeitos adversos
Mucosa Intestinal
Jejuno
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Radiação Eletromagnética/classificação
Mucosa Intestinal/patologia
Mucosa Intestinal/fisiopatologia
Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos da radiação
Jejuno/patologia
Jejuno/fisiopatologia
Jejuno/efeitos da radiação
Masculino
Modelos Animais
Tolerância a Radiação
Ratos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29377941
[Au] Autor:Kunio M; Wong G; Markham PM; Edelman ER
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Medical Engineering and Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Sex differences in the outcomes of stent implantation in mini-swine model.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192004, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sex-related differences have been noted in cardiovascular anatomy, pathophysiology, and treatment responses, yet we continued to drive evaluation of vascular device development in animal models without consideration of animal sex. We aimed to understand sex-related differences in the vascular responses to stent implantation by analyzing the pooled data of endovascular interventions in 164 Yucatan mini-swine (87 female, 77 male). Bare metal stents (BMS) or drug-eluting stents (DES) were implanted in 212 coronary arteries (63 single BMS implantation, 68 single DES implantation, 33 overlapped BMS implantation, and 48 overlapped DES implantation). Histomorphological parameters were evaluated from vascular specimens at 3-365 days after stent implantation and evaluated values were compared between female and male groups. While neointima formation at all times after implantation was invariant to sex, statistically significant differences between female and male groups were observed in injury, inflammation, adventitial fibrosis, and neointimal fibrin deposition. These differences were observed independently, i.e., for different procedure types and at different follow-up timings. Only subtle temporal sex-related differences were observed in extent and timing of resolution of inflammation and fibrin clearance. These subtle sex-related differences may be increasingly important as interventional devices meld novel materials that erode and innovations in drug delivery. Erodible materials may act differently if inflammation has a different temporal sequence with sex, and drug distribution after balloon or stent delivery might be different if the fibrin clearance speaks to different modes of pharmacokinetics in male and female swine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Animais
Fatores Sexuais
Stents
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Suínos
Porco Miniatura
Túnica Íntima
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192004


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[PMID]:29377912
[Au] Autor:Robertson MJ; Soibam B; O'Leary JG; Sampaio LC; Taylor DA
[Ad] Endereço:Scientific Stem Cell, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Texas, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Recellularization of rat liver: An in vitro model for assessing human drug metabolism and liver biology.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191892, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Liver-like organoids that recapitulate the complex functions of the whole liver by combining cells, scaffolds, and mechanical or chemical cues are becoming important models for studying liver biology and drug metabolism. The advantages of growing cells in three-dimensional constructs include enhanced cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions and preserved cellular phenotype including, prevention of de-differentiation. In the current study, biomimetic liver constructs were made via perfusion decellularization of rat liver, with the goal of maintaining the native composition and structure of the extracellular matrix. We optimized our decellularization process to produce liver scaffolds in which immunogenic residual DNA was removed but glycosaminoglycans were maintained. When the constructs were recellularized with rat or human liver cells, the cells remained viable, capable of proliferation, and functional for 28 days. Specifically, the cells continued to express cytochrome P450 genes and maintained their ability to metabolize a model drug, midazolam. Microarray analysis showed an upregulation of genes involved in liver regeneration and fibrosis. In conclusion, these liver constructs have the potential to be used as test beds for studying liver biology and drug metabolism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fígado/citologia
Modelos Animais
Farmacocinética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Reatores Biológicos
Adesão Celular
Proliferação Celular
Meios de Cultura
Matriz Extracelular
Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Hepatócitos/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Técnicas In Vitro
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Culture Media)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191892


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[PMID]:29373598
[Au] Autor:Maccabi A; Shin A; Namiri NK; Bajwa N; St John M; Taylor ZD; Grundfest W; Saddik GN
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Quantitative characterization of viscoelastic behavior in tissue-mimicking phantoms and ex vivo animal tissues.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191919, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Viscoelasticity of soft tissue is often related to pathology, and therefore, has become an important diagnostic indicator in the clinical assessment of suspect tissue. Surgeons, particularly within head and neck subsites, typically use palpation techniques for intra-operative tumor detection. This detection method, however, is highly subjective and often fails to detect small or deep abnormalities. Vibroacoustography (VA) and similar methods have previously been used to distinguish tissue with high-contrast, but a firm understanding of the main contrast mechanism has yet to be verified. The contributions of tissue mechanical properties in VA images have been difficult to verify given the limited literature on viscoelastic properties of various normal and diseased tissue. This paper aims to investigate viscoelasticity theory and present a detailed description of viscoelastic experimental results obtained in tissue-mimicking phantoms (TMPs) and ex vivo tissues to verify the main contrast mechanism in VA and similar imaging modalities. A spherical-tip micro-indentation technique was employed with the Hertzian model to acquire absolute, quantitative, point measurements of the elastic modulus (E), long term shear modulus (η), and time constant (τ) in homogeneous TMPs and ex vivo tissue in rat liver and porcine liver and gallbladder. Viscoelastic differences observed between porcine liver and gallbladder tissue suggest that imaging modalities which utilize the mechanical properties of tissue as a primary contrast mechanism can potentially be used to quantitatively differentiate between proximate organs in a clinical setting. These results may facilitate more accurate tissue modeling and add information not currently available to the field of systems characterization and biomedical research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Elasticidade
Modelos Animais
Imagens de Fantasmas
Viscosidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Masculino
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Suínos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191919


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[PMID]:28466357
[Au] Autor:Kavuzlu A; Tatar EÇ; Karagöz T; Pinarli FA; Tatar I; Bayir Ö; Korkmaz MH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Research and Training Hospital, Ministiry of Health, Ankara, Turkey. akavuzlu@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The effects of the stem cell on ciliary regeneration of injured rabbit sinonasal epithelium.
[So] Source:Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol;274(8):3057-3064, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1434-4726
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Defects in mucosal healing after sinonasal surgery cause infection, scar formation causing obstruction, relapse of the disease within a shorter period and revision surgery. The present study aimed to create a functional ciliated epithelium using a stem cell and stem cell sheet of adipose tissue origin and to show such regeneration ultra-structurally on experimentally injured rabbit nasal epithelium. This was an experimental animal study and basic research. A total of 18 white New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups. The medial wall of the maxillary sinus of the subjects was peeled off bilaterally. No additional procedure was applied to the subjects in Group 1. In Group 2, adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell was implanted on the wound edges of the subjects. In Group 3, a stem cell sheet of three layers was laid onto the defect area. All subjects were killed after 3 weeks. The presence of the stem cell stained with bromo-deoxyuridine was assessed with a light microscope, whereas cilia density, ciliated orientation and cilia structure were evaluated with a scanning electron microscope. Ciliary densities in Group 2 and Group 3 were statistically superior compared to the control group (p < 0.001, p = 0.007). Cilia morphology in Group 2 and Group 3 was also better than the control group (p < 0.01, p = 0.048). Ciliary orientation in Group 2 was scored highest (p < 0.01). The ratio of BrDu-stained cells was observed to be 27% in Group 3 and 8% in Group 2. Sub-epithelial recovery was observed to be better in Group 3. Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell increased the healing of the injured maxillary sinus mucosa of the rabbits in terms of cilia presence, density and morphology regardless of the implementation technique. Level of evidence NA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cílios/fisiologia
Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/fisiologia
Mucosa Nasal
Cicatrização/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tecido Adiposo/citologia
Animais
Masculino
Seio Maxilar/patologia
Seio Maxilar/fisiopatologia
Seio Maxilar/cirurgia
Modelos Animais
Mucosa Nasal/lesões
Mucosa Nasal/patologia
Mucosa Nasal/fisiopatologia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Nasais
Coelhos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00405-017-4595-7


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[PMID]:28968938
[Au] Autor:Rotini A; Gallo A; Parlapiano I; Berducci MT; Boni R; Tosti E; Prato E; Maggi C; Cicero AM; Migliore L; Manfra L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), Rome, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Insights into the CuO nanoparticle ecotoxicity with suitable marine model species.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:852-860, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Metal oxide nanoparticles, among them copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), are widely used in different applications (e.g. batteries, gas sensors, superconductors, plastics and metallic coatings), increasing their potential release in the environment. In aquatic matrix, the behavior of CuO NPs may strongly change, depending on their surface charge and some physical-chemical characteristics of the medium (e.g. ionic strength, salinity, pH and natural organic matter content). Ecotoxicity of CuO NPs to aquatic organisms was mainly studied on freshwater species, few tests being performed on marine biota. The aim of this study was to assess the toxicity of CuO NPs on suitable indicator species, belonging to the ecologically relevant level of consumers. The selected bioassays use reference protocols to identify Effect/Lethal Concentrations (E(L)C), by assessing lethal and sub-lethal endpoints. Mortality tests were performed on rotifer (Brachionus plicatilis), shrimp (Artemia franciscana) and copepod (Tigriopus fulvus). While moult release failure and fertilization rate were studied, as sub-lethal endpoints, on T. fulvus and sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus), respectively. The size distribution and sedimentation rates of CuO NPs, together with the copper dissolution, were also analyzed in the exposure media. The CuO NP ecotoxicity assessment showed a concentration-dependent response for all species, indicating similar mortality for B. plicatilis (48hLC = 16.94 ± 2.68mg/l) and T. fulvus (96hLC = 12.35 ± 0.48mg/l), followed by A. franciscana (48hLC = 64.55 ± 3.54mg/l). Comparable EC values were also obtained for the sub-lethal endpoints in P. lividus (EC = 2.28 ± 0.06mg/l) and T. fulvus (EC = 2.38 ± 0.20mg/l). Copper salts showed higher toxicity than CuO NPs for all species, with common sensitivity trend as follows: P. lividus ≥ T. fulvus (sublethal endpoint) ≥ B. plicatilis >T. fulvus (lethal endpoint) >A. franciscana. CuO NP micrometric aggregates and high sedimentation rates were observed in the exposure media, with different particle size distributions depending on the medium. The copper dissolution was about 0.16% of the initial concentration, comparable to literature values. The integrated ecotoxicological-physicochemical approach was used to better describe CuO NP toxicity and behavior. In particular, the successful application of ecotoxicological reference protocols allowed to produce reliable L(E)C data useful to identify thresholds and assess potential environmental hazard due to NPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos dos fármacos
Cobre/toxicidade
Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecotoxicologia
Água Doce
Modelos Animais
Tamanho da Partícula
Salinidade
Especificidade da Espécie
Propriedades de Superfície
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 789U1901C5 (Copper); V1XJQ704R4 (cupric oxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28460646
[Au] Autor:Markusic DM; Nichols TC; Merricks EP; Palaschak B; Zolotukhin I; Marsic D; Zolotukhin S; Srivastava A; Herzog RW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA. dmarkusic@ufl.edu.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of engineered AAV capsids for hepatic factor IX gene transfer in murine and canine models.
[So] Source:J Transl Med;15(1):94, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1479-5876
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy vectors have shown the best outcomes in human clinical studies for the treatment of genetic diseases such as hemophilia. However, these pivotal investigations have also identified several challenges. For example, high vector doses are often used for hepatic gene transfer, and cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses against viral capsid may occur. Therefore, achieving therapy at reduced vector doses and other strategies to reduce capsid antigen presentation are desirable. METHODS: We tested several engineered AAV capsids for factor IX (FIX) expression for the treatment of hemophilia B by hepatic gene transfer. These capsids lack potential phosphorylation or ubiquitination sites, or had been generated through molecular evolution. RESULTS: AAV2 capsids lacking either a single lysine residue or 3 tyrosine residues directed substantially higher coagulation FIX expression in mice compared to wild-type sequence or other mutations. In hemophilia B dogs, however, expression from the tyrosine-mutant vector was merely comparable to historical data on AAV2. Evolved AAV2-LiC capsid was highly efficient in hemophilia B mice but lacked efficacy in a hemophilia B dog. CONCLUSIONS: Several alternative strategies for capsid modification improve the in vivo performance of AAV vectors in hepatic gene transfer for correction of hemophilia. However, capsid optimization solely in mouse liver may not predict efficacy in other species and thus is of limited translational utility.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Capsídeo/metabolismo
Dependovirus/genética
Fator IX/genética
Técnicas de Transferência de Genes
Engenharia Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
Vetores Genéticos/metabolismo
Hemofilia B/genética
Hepatócitos/metabolismo
Fígado/metabolismo
Lisina/genética
Masculino
Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Modelos Animais
Mutação/genética
Transdução Genética
Tirosina/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
42HK56048U (Tyrosine); 9001-28-9 (Factor IX); K3Z4F929H6 (Lysine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12967-017-1200-1


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[PMID]:27779202
[Au] Autor:Moschini M; Soria F; Briganti A; Shariat SF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Urology, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria.
[Ti] Título:The impact of local treatment of the primary tumor site in node positive and metastatic prostate cancer patients.
[So] Source:Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis;20(1):7-11, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5608
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of the primary tumor in patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa) is gaining traction. We discuss the biological rational and the existing literature on this approach. METHODS: We reviewed the literature regarding surgical management of advanced and mPCa disease. RESULTS: Surgical removal of the primary tumor despite metastases is becoming a standard in an increasing number of malignancies. Basic science data support the use of surgical removal of the prostate in metastatic PCa. In addition, durable long-term survival has been reported in patients with node-positive PCa treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) as mono or multimodal approach. Based on these data, several groups have demonstrated the feasibility and safety of RP in the metastatic setting. Retrospective series have also reported an improvement in survival for metastatic patients treated with RP in addition to systemic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Although no level I data exist at this time to support the use of RP in clinically node-positive or mPCa patients, retrospective data together with basic research data and experience from other malignancies suggest that treatment of the primary tumor, in form of a RP, is safe and could improve long-term quality of life and survival. However, prospective evaluations are requested to validate these findings before including in the standard clinical practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prostatectomia
Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico
Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Terapia Combinada
Gerenciamento Clínico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Animais
Metástase Neoplásica
Estadiamento de Neoplasias
Prostatectomia/métodos
Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade
Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia
Resultado do Tratamento
Carga Tumoral
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/pcan.2016.52



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