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[PMID]:29446575
[Au] Autor:Kuchma VR; Tkachuk EA; Tarmaeva IY
[Ti] Título:[Psychophysiological state of children in conditions of informatization of their life activity and intensification of education].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1183-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The transition to a new stage of the development - the information society is an objective reality and has an influence on all areas of the activity of the society, including the establishment of a child as an object of the hygienic research. In conditions of the general informatization of the society, the appearance of so-called "clip thinking," explains the maladjustment of educational technologies to mechanisms of children ' and teenagers 'perception and is confirmed by the growth of the school pathology and the gain in the morbidity rate. In the investigation on the example of the educational institutions of Irkutsk it was executed the evaluation of the impact of the intensification of informatization of education and personal development. For the investigation there were formed 2 groups ofpreschools with different levels of informatization in the same preschool institution of the central district of the city of Irkutsk but in different periods of time. In total there were observed 211 children aged of 5.5 to 6.5 years. For the study the influence of the intensification (and informatization of training there were formed 2 groups of small schoolchildren with different levels of intensification (and informatization) of education. The total number of cases accountedfor 465 children aged of 7-9 years. There were suggested methodical approaches to the estimation of the health status of the children, with taking into account the inevitable influence offactors of informatization and the intensification of education. The performed investigations have allowed to reveal the following tendencies in the shaping of the psychophysical state of health and development of children: an increase of level of informatization of education and personal and accomplishment; intensification of learning working; reduction of the attention level; imagination and visual divergence; capability to the linear differentiation and construction of inferences; fear to fail to meet the expectations of surrounding people and low resistance to stress; the increase speed of data processing along with fall in quality; the gain in hyperactivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Estresse Psicológico
Ensino
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Criança
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Técnicas Psicológicas
Psicofisiologia
Federação Russa
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
Ensino/organização & administração
Ensino/psicologia
Ensino/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29301420
[Au] Autor:Reus VI; Fochtmann LJ; Bukstein O; Eyler AE; Hilty DM; Horvitz-Lennon M; Mahoney J; Pasic J; Weaver M; Wills CD; McIntyre J; Kidd J; Yager J; Hong SH
[Ad] Endereço:From the APA Practice Guideline Writing Group (Victor I. Reus, M.D., Chair).
[Ti] Título:The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guideline for the Pharmacological Treatment of Patients With Alcohol Use Disorder.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;175(1):86-90, 2018 01 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alcoolismo
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Psicotrópicos/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcoolismo/diagnóstico
Alcoolismo/terapia
Seres Humanos
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/normas
Técnicas Psicológicas
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.1750101


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[PMID]:28746708
[Au] Autor:Thyrian JR; Hertel J; Wucherer D; Eichler T; Michalowsky B; Dreier-Wolfgramm A; Zwingmann I; Kilimann I; Teipel S; Hoffmann W
[Ad] Endereço:German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Greifswald, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness and Safety of Dementia Care Management in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
[So] Source:JAMA Psychiatry;74(10):996-1004, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6238
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Dementia care management (DCM) can increase the quality of care for people with dementia. Methodologically rigorous clinical trials on DCM are lacking. Objective: To test the effectiveness and safety of DCM in the treatment and care of people with dementia living at home and caregiver burden (when available). Design, Setting, and Participants: This pragmatic, general practitioner-based, cluster-randomized intervention trial compared the intervention with care as usual at baseline and at 12-month follow-up. Simple 1:1 randomization of general practices in Germany was used. Analyses were intent to treat and per protocol. In total, 6838 patients were screened for dementia (eligibility: 70 years and older and living at home) from January 1, 2012, to March 31, 2016. Overall, 1167 (17.1%) were diagnosed as having dementia, and 634 (9.3%) provided written informed consent to participate. Interventions: Dementia care management was provided for 6 months at the homes of patients with dementia. Dementia care management is a model of collaborative care, defined as a complex intervention aiming to provide optimal treatment and care for patients with dementia and support caregivers using a computer-assisted assessment determining a personalized array of intervention modules and subsequent success monitoring. Dementia care management was targeted at the individual patient level and was conducted by 6 study nurses with dementia care-specific qualifications. Main Outcomes and Measures: Quality of life, caregiver burden, behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, pharmacotherapy with antidementia drugs, and use of potentially inappropriate medication. Results: The mean age of 634 patients was 80 years. A total of 407 patients received the intended treatment and were available for primary outcome measurement. Of these patients, 248 (60.9%) were women, and 204 (50.1%) lived alone. Dementia care management significantly decreased behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (b = -7.45; 95% CI, -11.08 to -3.81; P < .001) and caregiver burden (b = -0.50; 95% CI, -1.09 to 0.08; P = .045) compared with care as usual. Patients with dementia receiving DCM had an increased chance of receiving antidementia drug treatment (DCM, 114 of 291 [39.2%] vs care as usual, 31 of 116 [26.7%]) after 12 months (odds ratio, 1.97; 95% CI, 0.99 to 3.94; P = .03). Dementia care management significantly increased quality of life (b = 0.08; 95% CI, 0 to 0.17; P = .03) for patients not living alone but did not increase quality of life overall. There was no effect on potentially inappropriate medication (odds ratio, 1.86; 95% CI, 0.62 to 3.62; P = .97). Conclusions and Relevance: Dementia care management provided by specifically trained nurses is an effective collaborative care model that improves relevant patient- and caregiver-related outcomes in dementia. Implementing DCM in different health care systems should become an active area of research. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01401582.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demência
Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos
Qualidade de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Cuidadores/psicologia
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
Demência/diagnóstico
Demência/psicologia
Demência/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Vida Independente/psicologia
Masculino
Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos
Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente
Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
Técnicas Psicológicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.2124


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[PMID]:28470486
[Au] Autor:Lavender JM; Brown TA; Murray SB
[Ad] Endereço:Eating Disorders Center for Treatment & Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 4510 Executive Drive, Suite 315, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA. jlavender@ucsd.edu.
[Ti] Título:Men, Muscles, and Eating Disorders: an Overview of Traditional and Muscularity-Oriented Disordered Eating.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(6):32, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is growing recognition that eating disorder (ED) symptoms, particularly those of a muscularity-oriented nature, are more common in men than previously understood. The purpose of the current review is to describe contemporary directions and implications of research on traditional and muscularity-oriented ED symptoms among males. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence indicates that ED symptoms occur in a substantial minority of men. Importantly, recent research has focused on muscularity-oriented body image and disordered eating in males, demonstrating the prevalence, correlates, and consequences of maladaptive muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviors. A growing number of assessments are available to measure these constructs in males, and preliminary treatment considerations have begun to be addressed in the literature. Research on male EDs and body image is increasingly focusing on muscularity-oriented manifestations. Continued empirical work will be critical to improve our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of muscularity-oriented disordered eating in males.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico
Gerenciamento Clínico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Músculo Esquelético
Técnicas Psicológicas
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0787-5


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[PMID]:28877316
[Au] Autor:Moreno-Peral P; Conejo-Cerón S; Rubio-Valera M; Fernández A; Navas-Campaña D; Rodríguez-Morejón A; Motrico E; Rigabert A; Luna JD; Martín-Pérez C; Rodríguez-Bayón A; Ballesta-Rodríguez MI; Luciano JV; Bellón JÁ
[Ad] Endereço:Research Unit, Primary Care District of Málaga-Guadalhorce, Málaga, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of Psychological and/or Educational Interventions in the Prevention of Anxiety: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-regression.
[So] Source:JAMA Psychiatry;74(10):1021-1029, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6238
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: To our knowledge, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have been conducted to assess the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied populations. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varied population types. Data Sources: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted based on literature searches of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, EMBASE, OpenGrey, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and other sources from inception to March 7, 2017. Study Selection: A search was performed of randomized clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of preventive psychological and/or educational interventions for anxiety in varying populations free of anxiety at baseline as measured using validated instruments. There was no setting or language restriction. Eligibility criteria assessment was conducted by 2 of us. Data Extraction and Synthesis: Data extraction and assessment of risk of bias (Cochrane Collaboration's tool) were performed by 2 of us. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs) were calculated using random-effect models. Heterogeneity was explored by random-effects meta-regression. Main Outcomes and Measures: Incidence of new cases of anxiety disorders or reduction of anxiety symptoms as measured by validated instruments. Results: Of the 3273 abstracts reviewed, 131 were selected for full-text review, and 29 met the inclusion criteria, representing 10 430 patients from 11 countries on 4 continents. Meta-analysis calculations were based on 36 comparisons. The pooled SMD was -0.31 (95% CI, -0.40 to -0.21; P < .001) and heterogeneity was substantial (I2 = 61.1%; 95% CI, 44% to 73%). There was evidence of publication bias, but the effect size barely varied after adjustment (SMD, -0.27; 95% CI, -0.37 to -0.17; P < .001). Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of effect size results. A meta-regression including 5 variables explained 99.6% of between-study variability, revealing an association between higher SMD, waiting list (comparator) (ß = -0.33 [95% CI, -0.55 to -0.11]; P = .005) and a lower sample size (lg) (ß = 0.15 [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.23]; P = .001). No association was observed with risk of bias, family physician providing intervention, and use of standardized interviews as outcomes. Conclusions and Relevance: Psychological and/or educational interventions had a small but statistically significant benefit for anxiety prevention in all populations evaluated. Although more studies with larger samples and active comparators are needed, these findings suggest that anxiety prevention programs should be further developed and implemented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/prevenção & controle
Técnicas Psicológicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos
Psiquiatria Preventiva/métodos
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.2509


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[PMID]:28700807
[Au] Autor:Viktorin A; Uher R; Kolevzon A; Reichenberg A; Levine SZ; Sandin S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:Association of Antidepressant Medication Use During Pregnancy With Intellectual Disability in Offspring.
[So] Source:JAMA Psychiatry;74(10):1031-1038, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6238
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Maternal antidepressant medication use during pregnancy has previously been associated with adverse outcomes in offspring, but to our knowledge, the association with intellectual disability (ID) has not been investigated. Objectives: To examine the association of maternal antidepressant medication use during pregnancy with ID in offspring and investigate the importance of parental mental illness for such an association. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study of 179 007 children born from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2007, with complete parental information from national registers who were followed up from birth throughout 2014. Main Outcomes and Measures: We estimated relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs of ID in children exposed during pregnancy to any antidepressant medication or specifically to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants, all other non-SSRI antidepressants, or other nonantidepressant psychotropic medications. Analyses were adjusted for potential confounders. In addition to full population analyses, we used a subsample to compare mothers who used antidepressants during pregnancy with mothers who had at least one diagnosis of depression or anxiety before childbirth but did not use antidepressants during pregnancy. Results: Of the 179 007 children included in the study (mean [SD] age at end of follow-up, 7.9 [0.6] years; 92 133 [51.5%] male and 86 874 [48.5%] female), ID was diagnosed in 37 children (0.9%) exposed to antidepressants and in 819 children (0.5%) unexposed to antidepressants. With adjustment for potential confounders, the RR of ID after antidepressant exposure was estimated at 1.33 (95% CI, 0.90-1.98) in the full population sample and 1.64 (95% CI, 0.95-2.83) in the subsample of women with depression. Results from analyses of SSRI antidepressants, non-SSRI antidepressants, and nonantidepressant psychotropic medications and analyses in the clinically relevant subsample did not deviate from the full-sample results. Conclusions and Relevance: The unadjusted RR of ID was increased in offspring born to mothers treated with antidepressants during pregnancy. After adjustment for confounding factors, however, the current study did not find evidence of an association between ID and maternal antidepressant medication use during pregnancy. Instead, the association may be attributable to a mechanism integral to other factors, such as parental age and mother's psychiatric disorder.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antidepressivos
Depressão/tratamento farmacológico
Deficiência Intelectual
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antidepressivos/administração & dosagem
Antidepressivos/efeitos adversos
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico
Deficiência Intelectual/epidemiologia
Deficiência Intelectual/etiologia
Masculino
Gravidez
Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico
Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico
Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/diagnóstico
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/etiologia
Técnicas Psicológicas
Sistema de Registros
Medição de Risco
Fatores de Risco
Estatística como Assunto
Suécia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antidepressive Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.1727


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[PMID]:28417270
[Au] Autor:Stewart DE; Vigod SN; MacMillan HL; Chandra PS; Han A; Rondon MB; MacGregor JCD; Riazantseva E
[Ad] Endereço:University Health Network Centre for Mental Health, University of Toronto, 200 Elizabeth Street, EN-7-229, Toronto, ON, M5G2C4, Canada. donna.stewart@uhn.ca.
[Ti] Título:Current Reports on Perinatal Intimate Partner Violence.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(5):26, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on perinatal intimate partner violence, focusing on recent knowledge to guide mental health professionals on the best approaches to identify and treat women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors have been broadened from individual victim and perpetrator factors to include relationship, community, and societal factors which interact together. Better information is now available on how to identify, document, and treat women exposed to violence around the time of conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period. Recent information helps psychiatrists and other mental health professionals assist women exposed to violence related to the perinatal period; however, further research is needed to provide improved evidence for optimal interventions for better patient outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Violência por Parceiro Íntimo
Período Periparto/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/prevenção & controle
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos
Gravidez
Técnicas Psicológicas
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0778-6


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[PMID]:28417269
[Au] Autor:Kampman O; Viikki M; Leinonen E
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, University of Tampere, PO Box 100, 33014, Tampere, FI, Finland. olli.kampman@uta.fi.
[Ti] Título:Anxiety Disorders and Temperament-an Update Review.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(5):27, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review focused on associations between temperament dimensions and clinical features in different anxiety disorders, likewise in obsessive-compulsive disorder in clinical samples of adults. A literature search was conducted in the Medline and PsycINFO databases covering the years 2010-2016. A systematic review and grading of the level of evidence for an association between temperament dimension scores and clinical features in each disorder were performed. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty papers reporting 18 different studies were included. Five of the papers focused on panic disorder (PD), five on social anxiety disorder (SAD), three on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), one on generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), three on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and an additional three papers on several anxiety disorders. The review consolidates the finding that trait anxiety, especially as assessed by Cloninger's model or the five-factor model, is a phenomenon common to all anxiety disorders and OCD. More follow-up studies including large samples are needed to differentiate the dimensional profiles of trait anxiety in specific disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Temperamento/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos de Ansiedade/classificação
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Técnicas Psicológicas
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0779-5


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[PMID]:28362333
[Au] Autor:Baucom BR; Georgiou P; Bryan CJ; Garland EL; Leifker F; May A; Wong A; Narayanan SS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. brian.baucom@psych.utah.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Promise and the Challenge of Technology-Facilitated Methods for Assessing Behavioral and Cognitive Markers of Risk for Suicide among U.S. Army National Guard Personnel.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(4), 2017 Mar 31.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Suicide was the 10th leading cause of death for Americans in 2015 and rates have been steadily climbing over the last 25 years. Rates are particularly high amongst U.S. military personnel. Suicide prevention efforts in the military are significantly hampered by the lack of: (1) assessment tools for measuring baseline risk and (2) methods to detect periods of particularly heightened risk. Two specific barriers to assessing suicide risk in military personnel that call for innovation are: (1) the geographic dispersion of military personnel from healthcare settings, particularly amongst components like the Reserves; and (2) professional and social disincentives to acknowledging psychological distress. The primary aim of this paper is to describe recent technological developments that could contribute to risk assessment tools that are not subject to the limitations mentioned above. More specifically, Behavioral Signal Processing can be used to assess behaviors during interaction and conversation that likely indicate increased risk for suicide, and computer-administered, cognitive performance tasks can be used to assess activation of the suicidal mode. These novel methods can be used remotely and do not require direct disclosure or endorsement of psychological distress, solving two challenges to suicide risk assessment in military and other sensitive settings. We present an introduction to these technologies, describe how they can specifically be applied to assessing behavioral and cognitive risk for suicide, and close with recommendations for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Militares/psicologia
Técnicas Psicológicas/instrumentação
Suicídio/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cognição
Seres Humanos
Medição de Risco/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Suicídio/psicologia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170807
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170807
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28288401
[Au] Autor:Anand K; Singh T; Madhumitha G; Phulukdaree A; Gengan RM; Chuturgoon AA
[Ad] Endereço:Discipline of Medical Biochemistry and Chemical Pathology, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Electronic address: organicanand@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Biosynthesis and computational analysis of amine-ended dual thiol ligand functionalized gold nanoparticles for conventional spectroscopy detection of melamine.
[So] Source:J Photochem Photobiol B;169:75-82, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2682
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The bio-synthesized DTAuNPs have an average size of 21nm. The aggregation extent depends on the concentration of melamine, which was validated by UV-vis spectra and visual method of melamine detection was developed. The major observation in this method was the color change of DTAuNPs from red to purple due to the aggregation of ligand capped gold nanoparticles instigated by melamine. The reaction of color changes were processed due to the shifting of bonding in hydrogen in between nanoparticles and melamine. The aggregation extent depends on the concentration of melamine, which can be validated UV-vis spectra and visual method of detecting melamine is developed. The electron density and conventional UV-vis, FTIR spectroscopy and DFT studies on the ligand was performed using computational methods. The theoretical and experimental data for the energy transitions and the molar extinction coefficients of the ligands studied has been obtained. Further, the ligand capped gold nanoparticles was assessed for cytotoxicity against A549 cells which resulted in significant decrease in cell viability was noted in 50µg/mL DTAu, 4-ATP and AXT treated cells at 2h (85% and 66%) and 6h (83% and 36%) respectively, (p<0.01) were studied and reported in this manuscript.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
Triazinas/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Células A549
Aminas
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Cor
Ouro/química
Seres Humanos
Ligantes
Limite de Detecção
Técnicas Psicológicas
Análise Espectral
Compostos de Sulfidrila
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amines); 0 (Ligands); 0 (Sulfhydryl Compounds); 0 (Triazines); 7440-57-5 (Gold); N3GP2YSD88 (melamine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170426
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170426
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170314
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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