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Pesquisa : E06.761.599 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29185657
[Au] Autor:Croll TP
[Ti] Título:Universal-Size Mouthguards: An Affordable Alternative for the Young Athlete.
[So] Source:Dent Today;35(12):80-1, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:8750-2186
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Protetores Bucais
Traumatismos Dentários/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29019383
[Au] Autor:Breitbach A; Nativi P
[Ti] Título:The Dentist and the Athletic Trainer: A Winning Team for Oral Health Care.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(6):305-09, 2017 06 22.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Oral health is a key concern for student athletes. The dentist is the primary oral health care provider. Athletic trainers (ATs) are health professionals who have a primary care role for the student athlete. They are often the first to respond when dental trauma occurs in athletics. This paper informs dentists and ATs about each other and includes best practice in the care of athletes, which can be improved through interprofessional collaboration between dentists and ATs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Odontólogos
Relações Interprofissionais
Esportes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia
Promoção da Saúde
Seres Humanos
Protetores Bucais
Saúde Bucal
Traumatismos Dentários/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29019380
[Au] Autor:Cox RE
[Ti] Título:Save Our Smiles.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(6):297-99, 2017 06 22.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Protetores Bucais
Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos
Traumatismos Dentários/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Especialidades Odontológicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29016093
[Au] Autor:Ray JW; Hwang C; Baine J; Fredericson M; Keane GP
[Ti] Título:Current Concepts in Concussion: A Review.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(6):285-89, 2017 06 22.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico
Concussão Encefálica/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico
Traumatismos em Atletas/terapia
Encefalopatia Traumática Crônica/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Protetores Bucais
Síndrome Pós-Concussão/prevenção & controle
Aposentadoria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29016092
[Au] Autor:Stephens JD
[Ti] Título:Sports Dentistry-More Than Mouthguards.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(6):283-4, 2017 06 22.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Protetores Bucais
Especialidades Odontológicas
Traumatismos Dentários/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Esportes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28685557
[Au] Autor:D'Ercole S; Tieri M; Fulco D; Martinelli D; Tripodi D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The use of chlorhexidine in mouthguards.
[So] Source:J Biol Regul Homeost Agents;31(2):487-493, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0393-974X
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sports mouthguards have the potential to become a microbial reservoir, to produce oral and systemic diseases and cause changes in environmental oral factors, inhibiting the protective effect of saliva. The aim of this study was to monitor, in vivo, oral environmental changes caused by chlorhexidine and sports mouthguards and in vitro, the effects of microbial strains, saliva and chlorhexidine on Ethylene-Vinyl-Acetate (EVA) material. Seventy-two athletes were analyzed at different time points: before training session (T0), post-training (TA), post-training with mouthguard (TB), post-training with mouthguard and chlorhexidine (TC). At each time of observation, saliva was collected and subjected to microbiological analysis. In vitro, EVA disks were incubated with bacterial cultures, saliva and clorexidine. Culture of supernatant solution, SEM and bacterial counts of EVA disks were performed. S. mutans and Candida spp. load decreased significantly in TC. The pH value significantly decreased in TB and improved in TC. In vitro, the analyzed bacteria were organized to form a biofilm on the EVA disk surface. The addition of chlorhexidine to the bacterial culture and saliva inhibited the growth in all tested conditions. In vivo, the use of chlorhexidine associated with the sports mouthguard inhibited the growth of pathogenic microbial species, and improved pH values. In vitro, EVA stimulated biofilm formation on its surface, but this action was contrasted by chlorhexidine. The effects found in vitro encouraged the use of chlorhexidine in vivo as a valuable tool in the use of mouthguards.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos
Candida/fisiologia
Clorexidina/administração & dosagem
Protetores Bucais/microbiologia
Saliva/microbiologia
Streptococcus mutans/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
R4KO0DY52L (Chlorhexidine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170708
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28668098
[Au] Autor:Green JI
[Ti] Título:The Role of Mouthguards in Preventing and Reducing Sports-related Trauma.
[So] Source:Prim Dent J;6(2):27-34, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:2050-1684
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:a mouthguard, also known as a gumshield, mouth protector or sports guard is an appliance that covers the teeth and surrounding mucosa with the aim of preventing or reducing trauma to the teeth, gingival tissue, lips and jaws. The device is usually worn on the maxillary arch and works by separating the maxillary and mandibular dentition, protecting the teeth from the surrounding soft tissue, absorbing or redistributing shock and/or stabilising the mandible during traumatic jaw closure. They may also play a role in preventing and reducing concussion by absorbing impact forces that would otherwise be transmitted through the base of the skull to the brain, although the evidence for this is less conclusive. A mouthguard will usually fall into one of three categories: stock mouthguards (which are made ready to use and are believed to give the least protection), the mouth-formed or 'boil and bite' type (which are heated in hot water, placed in the mouth and moulded to the teeth) and custom-made mouthguards (which are usually made on a stone model of the maxillary teeth and surrounding tissue and are thought to give the most protection). These devices can be made from various materials but ethylene-vinyl acetate is by far the most popular material, probably because of the ease with which it can be used for the production of custom-made mouthguards. This paper gives a review of the role of mouthguards in preventing and reducing sports-related trauma and examines the materials that are used to fabricate them.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Protetores Bucais
Boca/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Modelos Dentários
Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170703
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1308/205016817821281738


  8 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28642567
[Au] Autor:Afrashtehfar KI; Chung J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Mouthguard use may reduce dentofacial injuries in field hockey players.
[So] Source:Evid Based Dent;18(2):48-49, 2017 06 23.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5446
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, OvidSP, Web of Science, Cochrane and CINAHL databases were searched up to February 2015 with no language restrictions.Study selectionTwo review authors independently assessed tiles and abstracts of the retrieved case-control, cohorts and cross-sectional studies. For the studies to have been included in the meta-analysis, they must have included the total number of hockey players reporting at least one dentofacial injury, the total number of these injuries compared with other types of injuries and quantitative data on characteristics of dentofacial injuries. Recreational and competitive elite level were included.Data extraction and synthesisThe included studies fell into three categories, related to dentofacial injury, mouthguard use or both, and their quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). A random effects model was used to calculate the overall effect size when appropriate; if not, then pooled prevalence was reported. Binary variables were used in order to express the results as Mantel-Haenszel pooled prevalence odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and a p-value of the overall effect. To compare the between-studies differences, a χ test was used. The heterogeneity across the studies was evaluated using the I .ResultsEleven studies were included: six related to dentofacial injury, one related to mouthguard use and four to both. The numbers of field hockey players who presented at least one dentofacial injury was 12.7% (95% CI 8.5% to 17.0%) and 45.2% (95% CI 39.3% to 51.0%) in junior/senior players and elite players, respectively. There were no significant differences with respect to sex. After 2000, 84.5% (95% CI 69.3% to 99.7%) of players regularly wore mouthguards, whereas only 31.4% (95% CI 22.7% to 40.1%) wore mouthguards previous to 2000. The mouthguards were commonly depicted as unnecessary and uncomfortable by players.ConclusionsDentofacial trauma poses a serious problem in field hockey, but a considerable number of players still do not regularly wear mouthguards. The likelihood is that if mouthguard usage were higher, fewer dentofacial injuries would occur during field hockey games and in training.Source of fundingNone declared.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Hóquei/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Protetores Bucais
Traumatismos Dentários/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170624
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/sj.ebd.6401239


  9 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28552930
[Au] Autor:Gawlak D; Manka-Malara K; Mierzwinska-Nastalska E; Gieleta R; Kaminski T; Luniewska M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
[Ti] Título:A comparison of impact force reduction by polymer materials used for mouthguard fabrication.
[So] Source:Acta Bioeng Biomech;19(1):89-95, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1509-409X
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The essential function of mouthguards is protection against the effects of injuries sustained during sports activities. This purpose will be successfully achieved if appropriate materials ensuring sufficient reduction of the injury force are used for mouthguard fabrication. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the force reduction capability of selected materials as well as to identify which material reduces the impact force to the highest degree. METHODS: The material for the study were samples of polymers (6 samples in total), obtained during the process of deep pressing (2 samples), flasking (3 samples) and thermal injection (1 sample), which were tested for impact force damping using an impact device - Charpy impact hammer. The control group comprised of the ceramic material samples subjected to the hammer impact. The statistical analysis applied in this study were one-way Welch ANOVA with post-hoc Games-Howell pairwise comparisons. RESULTS: The test materials reduced the impact force of the impact hammer to varying degrees. The greatest damping capability was demonstrated for the following materials: Impak with 1:1 powder-to-liquid weight ratio polymerized with the conventional flasking technique, and Corflex Orthodontic used in the thermal injection technique of mouthguard fabrication. CONCLUSIONS: Impak with 1:1 weight ratio and Corflex Orthodontic should be recommended for the fabrication of mouthguards since they demonstrated the most advantageous damping properties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transferência de Energia
Testes de Dureza/métodos
Protetores Bucais
Estimulação Física/métodos
Polímeros/química
Equipamentos Esportivos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aceleração
Força Compressiva
Módulo de Elasticidade
Desenho de Equipamento
Análise de Falha de Equipamento
Teste de Materiais/métodos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Estresse Mecânico
Viscosidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Polymers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170530
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1183 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28538314
[Au] Autor:Cotter JA; Jamison ST; Schloemer SA; Chaudhari AMW
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Long Beach, California; 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding National Running Center, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts; 3Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; and 4Division of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
[Ti] Título:Do Neuromuscular Dentistry-Designed Mouthguards Enhance Dynamic Movement Ability in Competitive Athletes?
[So] Source:J Strength Cond Res;31(6):1627-1635, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4287
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neuromuscular dentistry-designed mouthguard (NMDD) on dynamic movement ability. Forty-two competitive athletes (8 women, 21.9 ± 2.9 years, 66.8 ± 18.8 kg, 1.68 ± 0.11 m; 34 men, 22.8 ± 4.8 years, 77.4 ± 12.7 kg, 1.78 ± 0.08 m) with greater than 2 years' experience in their designated sport were enrolled in the study. Participants completed the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT), and a single-leg landing (SLL) task. Each subject was tested with 3 separate mouthguard conditions in random order: (a) no mouthguard (NO), (b) over-the-counter boil-and-bite mouthguard (BB; Shockdoctor Gravity, (c) and an NMDD (Pure Power Elite). Data were analyzed using a repeated-measures analysis of variance for each variable. There were no differences between mouthguard conditions in each of the 7 individual components or composite FMS score (p > 0.05). No differences were seen in the anterior, posteromedial, or posterolateral movements of the mSEBT; overall composite score; or time-to-contact measurements (p > 0.05). The BB condition (2.16 Nm·kg) exhibited higher peak knee valgus moments (pKVM) on the right leg only when compared with the NMDD condition (1.95 Nm·kg; p = 0.003) but not the NO condition (2.09 Nm·kg; p = 0.7262) during the SLL task. No differences in pKVM were seen on the left leg (p = 0.324). In conclusion, an NMDD was not effective at enhancing or diminishing measures of dynamic movement ability compared with BB or NO conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia
Protetores Bucais
Movimento/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Cross-Over
Método Duplo-Cego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170525
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1519/JSC.0000000000001632



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