Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : E07.108 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 6 [refinar]
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  1 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28656596
[Au] Autor:Saxton RE; Yeasmin F; Alam MU; Al-Masud A; Dutta NC; Yeasmin D; Luby SP; Unicomb L; Winch PJ
[Ad] Endereço:Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
[Ti] Título:If I do not have enough water, then how could I bring additional water for toilet cleaning?! Addressing water scarcity to promote hygienic use of shared toilets in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Trop Med Int Health;22(9):1099-1111, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Provision of toilets is necessary but not sufficient to impact health as poor maintenance may impair toilet function and discourage their consistent use. Water in urban slums is both scarce and a prerequisite for toilet maintenance behaviours. We describe the development of behaviour change communications and selection of low-cost water storage hardware to facilitate adequate flushing among users of shared toilets. METHODS: We conducted nine focus group discussions and six ranking exercises with adult users of shared toilets (50 females, 35 males), then designed and implemented three pilot interventions to facilitate regular flushing and improve hygienic conditions of shared toilets. We conducted follow-up assessments 1 and 2 months post-pilot including nine in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions with adult residents (23 females, 15 males) and three landlords in the pilot communities. RESULTS: Periodic water scarcity was common in the study communities. Residents felt embarrassed to carry water for flushing. Reserving water adjacent to the shared toilet enabled slum residents to flush regularly. Signs depicting rules for toilet use empowered residents and landlords to communicate these expectations for flushing to transient tenants. Residents in the pilot reported improvements in cleanliness and reduced odour inside toilet cubicles. CONCLUSIONS: Our pilot demonstrates the potential efficacy of low-cost water storage and behaviour change communications to improve maintenance of and user satisfaction with shared toilets in urban slum settings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário
Higiene
Áreas de Pobreza
Sanitários Públicos
População Urbana
Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bangladesh
Criança
Comunicação
Comportamento Cooperativo
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Projetos Piloto
Distribuição Espacial da População
Saneamento
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/tmi.12914


  2 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27964907
[Au] Autor:Collins S; Stevenson D; Bennett A; Walker J
[Ad] Endereço:Biosafety, Air and Water Microbiology Group, National Infection Service, Public Health England, Porton Down, Salisbury, UK. Electronic address: Samuel.collins@phe.gov.uk.
[Ti] Título:Occurrence of Legionella in UK household showers.
[So] Source:Int J Hyg Environ Health;220(2 Pt B):401-406, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1618-131X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Household water systems have been proposed as a source of sporadic, community acquired Legionnaires' disease. Showers represent a frequently used aerosol generating device in the domestic setting yet little is known about the occurrence of Legionella spp. in these systems. This study has investigated the prevalence of Legionella spp. by culture and qPCR in UK household showers. Ninety nine showers from 82 separate properties in the South of England were sampled. Clinically relevant Legionella spp. were isolated by culture in 8% of shower water samples representing 6% of households. Legionella pneumophila sg1 ST59 was isolated from two showers in one property and air sampling demonstrated its presence in the aerosol state. A further 31% of showers were positive by Legionella spp. qPCR. By multi-variable binomial regression modelling Legionella spp. qPCR positivity was associated with the age of the property (p=0.02), the age of the shower (p=0.01) and the frequency of use (p=0.09). The concentration of Legionella spp. detected by qPCR was shown to decrease with increased frequency of use (p=0.04) and more frequent showerhead cleaning (p=0.05). There was no association between Legionella spp. qPCR positivity and the cold water supply or the showerhead material (p=0.65 and p=0.71, respectively). Household showers may be important reservoirs of clinically significant Legionella and should be considered in source investigations. Simple public health advice may help to mitigate the risk of Legionella exposure in the domestic shower environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário/microbiologia
Legionella/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aerossóis
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise
DNA Bacteriano/análise
Monitoramento Ambiental
Habitação
Legionella/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Reino Unido
Microbiologia da Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aerosols); 0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (DNA, Bacterial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27885906
[Au] Autor:Farrington N; Hill T; Fader M; Richardson A
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Academic Fellow and Staff Nurse, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK.
[Ti] Título:Supporting women with toileting in palliative care: use of the female urinal for bladder management.
[So] Source:Int J Palliat Nurs;22(11):524-533, 2016 Nov 02.
[Is] ISSN:1357-6321
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether a female urinal is an acceptable, safe and effective product to meet the toileting requirements of women receiving palliative care on oncology wards in hospitals. BACKGROUND: There is minimal evidence on how urinary incontinence should be managed in women receiving palliative care. Female urinals may present an option. There have been two general reviews of products, but no formal evaluation since 1999. METHODS: This qualitative interview study used semi-structured interviews. Eleven healthy volunteers, 9 patients and 7 staff members used (or assisted with) a VernaFem (Vernacare) female urinal and were subsequently interviewed. Directed content analysis was used to analyse the interviews. RESULTS: User testing confirmed that the VernaFem is an acceptable, safe and effective product. Design improvements were suggested. CONCLUSIONS: While unlikely to be suitable for all patients, hospitals should consider offering a female urinal to patients in receipt of palliative care.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário
Desenho de Equipamento
Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida
Incontinência Urinária/enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Voluntários Saudáveis
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias/enfermagem
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Micção
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26747841
[Au] Autor:Apple M
[Ad] Endereço:Healthcare Architect at HDR, Tampa, FL, USA mike.apple@hdrinc.com.
[Ti] Título:Toward a Safer and Cleaner Way: Dealing With Human Waste in Healthcare.
[So] Source:HERD;9(4):26-34, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:2167-5112
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Organizations must evaluate their infection control plans in a holistic and inclusive manner to continue reducing healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates, including giving consideration to the manner of collecting and disposing of patient waste. Manual washing of bedpans and other containers poses a risk of spreading infection via caregivers, the environment, and the still-contaminated bedpan. Several alternative disposal methods are available and have been tested in some countries for decades, including options such as bedpan washer-disinfector machines, macerator machines, and disposable bedpans. This article reviews methods and issues related to human waste disposal in healthcare settings. Healthcare organizations must evaluate the options thoroughly and then consistently implement the option most in line with its goals and culture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário
Controle de Infecções/métodos
Eliminação de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle
Desenho de Equipamento
Hospitais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Waste Disposal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1937586715619739


  5 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26475260
[Au] Autor:Norling M; Stenzelius K; Ekman N; Wennick A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Care Science, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden Department of Pediatrics, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:High School Students' Experiences in School Toilets or Restrooms.
[So] Source:J Sch Nurs;32(3):164-71, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1546-8364
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research about school toilets is based on studies of children in elementary school. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences when using the school toilets reported by students aged 16-18 years. Qualitative interviews with 21 students were conducted and analyzed using content analysis. The data revealed that the toilets were considered insecure, dirty, and unpleasant. Additionally, students refrained from drinking during school hours and remained in constant movement or jumped up and down to withhold urine and stool. This was illustrated in the following categories: assessing the toilet environment, coping with the situation, and feeling exposed Hence, there is an urgent need to improve the school toilet environment in order to respect the rights of all students to void or defecate when necessary, a process which will require involvement of students, teachers, and other school staff as well as the School Health Service.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos
Saneamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Instituições Acadêmicas
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Higiene
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1059840515611476


  6 / 6 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26294459
[Au] Autor:Friesen EL; Russell TG; Theodoros D
[Ad] Endereço:School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Testing usability of Mobile Shower Commodes for adults with Spinal Cord Injury: research method and overview.
[So] Source:Stud Health Technol Inform;217:98-105, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0926-9630
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper provides an overview of research to develop a new questionnaire testing mobile shower commode usability. It describes the methodology used to develop the questionnaire, and reports significant findings that have been published in peer-reviewed journals. Implications of the research and recommendations for further research on mobile shower commode usability are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelho Sanitário
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Projetos de Pesquisa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170424
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170424
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150822
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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