Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : E07.796.250 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2349 [refinar]
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  1 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776421
[Au] Autor:Schäfer MC; Sutherland D; McLay L; Achmadi D; van der Meer L; Sigafoos J; Lancioni GE; O'Reilly MF; Schlosser RW; Marschik PB
[Ad] Endereço:a New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain and Behaviour and School of Health Sciences, University of Canterbury , Christchurch , New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Research note: attitudes of teachers and undergraduate students regarding three augmentative and alternative communication modalities.
[So] Source:Augment Altern Commun;32(4):312-319, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1477-3848
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The social validity of different communication modalities is a potentially important variable to consider when designing augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions. To assess the social validity of three AAC modes (i.e., manual signing, picture exchange, and an iPad -based speech-generating device), we asked 59 undergraduate students (pre-service teachers) and 43 teachers to watch a video explaining each mode. They were then asked to nominate the mode they perceived to be easiest to learn as well as the most intelligible, effective, and preferred. Participants were also asked to list the main reasons for their nominations and report on their experience with each modality. Most participants (68-86%) nominated the iPad-based speech-generating device (SGD) as easiest to learn, as well as the most intelligible, effective, and preferred. This device was perceived to be easy to understand and use and to have familiar and socially acceptable technology. Results suggest that iPad-based SGDs were perceived as more socially valid among this sample of teachers and undergraduate students. Information of this type may have some relevance to designing AAC supports for people who use AAC and their current and future potential communication partners.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Transtornos da Comunicação/reabilitação
Professores Escolares
Estudantes
Capacitação de Professores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Computadores de Mão
Gestos
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28763445
[Au] Autor:Ellis M; Astell A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St Andrews, St. Andrews, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Communicating with people living with dementia who are nonverbal: The creation of Adaptive Interaction.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0180395, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Loss of verbal language production makes people with dementia appear unreachable. We previously presented a case study applying nonverbal communication techniques with a lady with dementia who could no longer speak, which we termed Adaptive Interaction. The current small-n study examines the applicability of Adaptive Interaction as a general tool for uncovering the communication repertoires of non-verbal individuals living with dementia. Communicative responses of 30 interaction sessions were coded and analysed in two conditions: Standard (Baseline) and Adaptive Interaction (Intervention). All participants retained the ability to interact plus a unique communication repertoire comprising a variety of nonverbal components, spanning eye gaze, emotion expression, and movement. In comparison to Baseline sessions, Intervention sessions were characterised by more smiling, looking at ME and imitation behaviour from the people with dementia. These findings allude to the potential of Adaptive Interaction as the basis for interacting with people living with dementia who can no longer speak.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Demência/fisiopatologia
Demência/psicologia
Comunicação não Verbal/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Expressão Facial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Comportamento Verbal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180395


  3 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28700603
[Au] Autor:O'Connor TF; Fach ME; Miller R; Root SE; Mercier PP; Lipomi DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of NanoEngineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The Language of Glove: Wireless gesture decoder with low-power and stretchable hybrid electronics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0179766, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This communication describes a glove capable of wirelessly translating the American Sign Language (ASL) alphabet into text displayable on a computer or smartphone. The key components of the device are strain sensors comprising a piezoresistive composite of carbon particles embedded in a fluoroelastomer. These sensors are integrated with a wearable electronic module consisting of digitizers, a microcontroller, and a Bluetooth radio. Finite-element analysis predicts a peak strain on the sensors of 5% when the knuckles are fully bent. Fatigue studies suggest that the sensors successfully detect the articulation of the knuckles even when bent to their maximal degree 1,000 times. In concert with an accelerometer and pressure sensors, the glove is able to translate all 26 letters of the ASL alphabet. Lastly, data taken from the glove are used to control a virtual hand; this application suggests new ways in which stretchable and wearable electronics can enable humans to interface with virtual environments. Critically, this system was constructed of components costing less than $100 and did not require chemical synthesis or access to a cleanroom. It can thus be used as a test bed for materials scientists to evaluate the performance of new materials and flexible and stretchable hybrid electronics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Linguagem de Sinais
Tecnologia sem Fio/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Elementos Finitos
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179766


  4 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28320669
[Au] Autor:Kim M; Kim Y; Yoo J; Wang J; Kim H
[Ti] Título:Regularized Speaker Adaptation of KL-HMM for Dysarthric Speech Recognition.
[So] Source:IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng;25(9):1581-1591, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1558-0210
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper addresses the problem of recognizing the speech uttered by patients with dysarthria, which is a motor speech disorder impeding the physical production of speech. Patients with dysarthria have articulatory limitation, and therefore, they often have trouble in pronouncing certain sounds, resulting in undesirable phonetic variation. Modern automatic speech recognition systems designed for regular speakers are ineffective for dysarthric sufferers due to the phonetic variation. To capture the phonetic variation, Kullback-Leibler divergence-based hidden Markov model (KL-HMM) is adopted, where the emission probability of state is parameterized by a categorical distribution using phoneme posterior probabilities obtained from a deep neural network-based acoustic model. To further reflect speaker-specific phonetic variation patterns, a speaker adaptation method based on a combination of L2 regularization and confusion-reducing regularization, which can enhance discriminability between categorical distributions of the KL-HMM states while preserving speaker-specific information is proposed. Evaluation of the proposed speaker adaptation method on a database of several hundred words for 30 speakers consisting of 12 mildly dysarthric, 8 moderately dysarthric, and 10 non-dysarthric control speakers showed that the proposed approach significantly outperformed the conventional deep neural network-based speaker adapted system on dysarthric as well as non-dysarthric speech.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disartria/fisiopatologia
Disartria/reabilitação
Aprendizado de Máquina
Modelos Estatísticos
Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos
Medida da Produção da Fala/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Algoritmos
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Simulação por Computador
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Cadeias de Markov
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1109/TNSRE.2017.2681691


  5 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28300954
[Au] Autor:Ferreira C; Bevilacqua M; Ishihara M; Fiori A; Armonia A; Perissinoto J; Tamanaha AC
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Selection of words for implementation of the Picture Exchange Communication System - PECS in non-verbal autistic children.
[Ti] Título:Seleção de vocábulos para implementação do Picture Exchange Communication System ­ PECS em autistas não verbais..
[So] Source:Codas;29(1):e20150285, 2017 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: It is known that some autistic individuals are considered non-verbal, since they are unable to use verbal language and barely use gestures to compensate for the absence of speech. Therefore, these individuals' ability to communicate may benefit from the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System - PECS. The objective of this study was to verify the most frequently used words in the implementation of PECS in autistic children, and on a complementary basis, to analyze the correlation between the frequency of these words and the rate of maladaptive behaviors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The sample was composed of 31 autistic children, twenty-five boys and six girls, aged between 5 and 10 years old. To identify the most frequently used words in the initial period of implementation of PECS, the Vocabulary Selection Worksheet was used. And to measure the rate of maladaptive behaviors, we applied the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC). Results: There was a significant prevalence of items in the category "food", followed by "activities" and "beverages". There was no correlation between the total amount of items identified by the families and the rate of maladaptive behaviors. Conclusion: The categories of words most mentioned by the families could be identified, and it was confirmed that the level of maladaptive behaviors did not interfere directly in the preparation of the vocabulary selection worksheet for the children studied.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Autístico/reabilitação
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Comunicação não Verbal
Simbolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno Autístico/complicações
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Transtornos da Comunicação/etiologia
Transtornos da Comunicação/reabilitação
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Vocabulário
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170317
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28211839
[Au] Autor:Stern SE; Chobany CM; Beam AA; Hoover BN; Hull TT; Linsenbigler M; Makdad-Light C; Rubright CN
[Ti] Título:Use of speech generating devices can improve perception of qualifications for skilled, verbal, and interactive jobs.
[So] Source:Work;56(2):199-211, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1875-9270
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that when speech generating devices (SGD) are used as assistive technologies, they are preferred over the users' natural voices. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine whether using SGDs would affect listener's perceptions of hirability of people with complex communication needs. METHODS: In a series of three experiments, participants rated videotaped actors, one using SGD and the other using their natural, mildly dysarthric voice, on (a) a measurement of perceptions of speaker credibility, strength, and informedness and (b) measurements of hirability for jobs coded in terms of skill, verbal ability, and interactivity. Experiment 1 examined hirability for jobs varying in terms of skill and verbal ability. Experiment 2 was a replication that examined hirability for jobs varying in terms of interactivity. Experiment 3 examined jobs in terms of skill and specific mode of interaction (face-to-face, telephone, computer-mediated). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Actors were rated more favorably when using SGD than their own voices. Actors using SGD were also rated more favorably for highly skilled and highly verbal jobs. This preference for SGDs over mildly dysarthric voice was also found for jobs entailing computer-mediated-communication, particularly skillful jobs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência/normas
Comportamento do Consumidor
Percepção
Fala
Desempenho Profissional/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Comunicação
Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos
Reabilitação Vocacional/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3233/WOR-172489


  7 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28182997
[Au] Autor:Grove N; Woll B
[Ad] Endereço:Tizard Centre, University of Kent at Canterbury, Kent CT2 7LR, United Kingdom. Electronic address: drnicolagrove@fastmail.net.
[Ti] Título:Assessing language skills in adult key word signers with intellectual disabilities: Insights from sign linguistics.
[So] Source:Res Dev Disabil;62:174-183, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3379
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Manual signing is one of the most widely used approaches to support the communication and language skills of children and adults who have intellectual or developmental disabilities, and problems with communication in spoken language. A recent series of papers reporting findings from this population raises critical issues for professionals in the assessment of multimodal language skills of key word signers. Approaches to assessment will differ depending on whether key word signing (KWS) is viewed as discrete from, or related to, natural sign languages. Two available assessments from these different perspectives are compared. Procedures appropriate to the assessment of sign language production are recommended as a valuable addition to the clinician's toolkit. Sign and speech need to be viewed as multimodal, complementary communicative endeavours, rather than as polarities. Whilst narrative has been shown to be a fruitful context for eliciting language samples, assessments for adult users should be designed to suit the strengths, needs and values of adult signers with intellectual disabilities, using materials that are compatible with their life course stage rather than those designed for young children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico
Linguagem de Sinais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Deficiência Intelectual/complicações
Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/complicações
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/fisiopatologia
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/reabilitação
Testes de Linguagem
Linguística
Narração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28128442
[Au] Autor:Stasolla F; Caffò AO; Perilli V; Boccasini A; Stella A; Damiani R; Albano V; Damato C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurosciences, University of Bari, Bari (Italy).
[Ti] Título:A microswitch-based program for promoting initial ambulation responses: An evaluation with two girls with multiple disabilities.
[So] Source:J Appl Behav Anal;50(2):345-356, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3703
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We assessed the use of a microswitch-based program for promoting ambulation responses by two children with multiple disabilities. The goals of the study were to: (a) evaluate the importance of the contingency between the target behavior (forward step) and the programmed consequence (preferred stimuli), (b) measure effects of the intervention on indices of happiness, and (c) assess the social validation of the procedure using 20 physiotherapists as external raters. The intervention involved the automatic delivery of preferred stimuli contingent on forward steps. Results showed that both participants improved their performance (forward steps and indices of happiness) during contingent reinforcement phases compared to baseline and noncontingent reinforcement phases. Moreover, physiotherapists rated the intervention as socially valid.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapia Comportamental/métodos
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia
Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação
Emoções/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia
Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação
Meia-Idade
Fisioterapeutas/psicologia
Reforço (Psicologia)
Validade Social em Pesquisa
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jaba.374


  9 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28114681
[Au] Autor:Lund SK; Quach W; Weissling K; McKelvey M; Dietz A
[Ad] Endereço:University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, WI.
[Ti] Título:Assessment With Children Who Need Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC): Clinical Decisions of AAC Specialists.
[So] Source:Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch;48(1):56-68, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1558-9129
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) specialists approach the assessment process for 2 case studies, 1 child with cerebral palsy and 1 with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of the study was to answer the following questions: (a) How do clinicians with expertise approach the AAC assessment process for children with developmental disabilities? (b) Can any initial hypothesis be drawn about how SLPs approach the assessment of children with motor versus social interactive deficits? Method: This study used a phenomenological qualitative design. The researchers conducted 2 in-depth, semistructured interviews with 8 SLPs who specialized in AAC and self-identified as primarily working with children. Results: Four major themes emerged from the data: area of assessment, method of assessment, evaluation preparation, and parent education. Each major theme contained multiple subthemes and categories within those subthemes. Conclusions: Participants discussed similar areas of assessment for both cases, indicating that some aspects of AAC assessment are universal. However, the specific aspects of what they were assessing and how they went about assessing them differed between the 2 cases. The results of the current study provide an outline of an assessment protocol for children with complex communication needs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia
Paralisia Cerebral/psicologia
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Transtornos da Comunicação/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Comunicação/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Tomada de Decisão Clínica
Comunicação
Transtornos da Comunicação/reabilitação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1044/2016_LSHSS-15-0086


  10 / 2349 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28113859
[Au] Autor:Kwang-Ryeol Lee; Won-Du Chang; Sungkean Kim; Chang-Hwan Im
[Ti] Título:Real-Time "Eye-Writing" Recognition Using Electrooculogram.
[So] Source:IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng;25(1):37-48, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1558-0210
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Eye movements can be used as alternative inputs for human-computer interface (HCI) systems such as virtual or augmented reality systems as well as new communication ways for patients with locked-in syndrome. In this study, we developed a real-time electrooculogram (EOG)-based eye-writing recognition system, with which users can write predefined symbolic patterns with their volitional eye movements. For the "eye-writing" recognition, the proposed system first reconstructs the eye-written traces from EOG waveforms in real-time; then, the system recognizes the intended symbolic inputs with a reliable recognition rate by matching the input traces with the trained eye-written traces of diverse input patterns. Experiments with 20 participants showed an average recognition rate of 87.38% (F1 score) for 29 different symbolic patterns (26 lower case alphabet characters and three functional input patterns representing Space, Backspace, and Enter keys), demonstrating the promise of our EOG-based eye-writing recognition system in practical scenarios.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Algoritmos
Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência
Eletroculografia/métodos
Sistemas Homem-Máquina
Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos
Redação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sistemas de Computação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Processamento de Texto
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1109/TNSRE.2016.2542524



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