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  1 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29258487
[Au] Autor:Ferrari C; Salle R; Callemeyn-Torre N; Jovelin R; Cutter AD; Braendle C
[Ad] Endereço:CNRS, IBV, Inserm, Université Côte d'Azur, Nice, France.
[Ti] Título:Ephemeral-habitat colonization and neotropical species richness of Caenorhabditis nematodes.
[So] Source:BMC Ecol;17(1):43, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6785
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The drivers of species co-existence in local communities are especially enigmatic for assemblages of morphologically cryptic species. Here we characterize the colonization dynamics and abundance of nine species of Caenorhabditis nematodes in neotropical French Guiana, the most speciose known assemblage of this genus, with resource use overlap and notoriously similar external morphology despite deep genomic divergence. METHODS: To characterize the dynamics and specificity of colonization and exploitation of ephemeral resource patches, we conducted manipulative field experiments and the largest sampling effort to date for Caenorhabditis outside of Europe. This effort provides the first in-depth quantitative analysis of substrate specificity for Caenorhabditis in natural, unperturbed habitats. RESULTS: We amassed a total of 626 strain isolates from nine species of Caenorhabditis among 2865 substrate samples. With the two new species described here (C. astrocarya and C. dolens), we estimate that our sampling procedures will discover few additional species of these microbivorous animals in this tropical rainforest system. We demonstrate experimentally that the two most prevalent species (C. nouraguensis and C. tropicalis) rapidly colonize fresh resource patches, whereas at least one rarer species shows specialist micro-habitat fidelity. CONCLUSION: Despite the potential to colonize rapidly, these ephemeral patchy resources of rotting fruits and flowers are likely to often remain uncolonized by Caenorhabditis prior to their complete decay, implying dispersal-limited resource exploitation. We hypothesize that a combination of rapid colonization, high ephemerality of resource patches, and species heterogeneity in degree of specialization on micro-habitats and life histories enables a dynamic co-existence of so many morphologically cryptic species of Caenorhabditis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Caenorhabditis/fisiologia
Ecossistema
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biota
Guiana Francesa
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12898-017-0150-z


  2 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29258485
[Au] Autor:Aït Hamza M; Ali N; Tavoillot J; Fossati-Gaschignard O; Boubaker H; El Mousadik A; Mateille T
[Ad] Endereço:Faculté Des Sciences, Laboratoire LBVRN, Université Ibn Zohr, BP 8106, 80000, Agadir, Morocco. mohamed.aithamza@edu.uiz.ac.ma.
[Ti] Título:Diversity of root-knot nematodes in Moroccan olive nurseries and orchards: does Meloidogyne javanica disperse according to invasion processes?
[So] Source:BMC Ecol;17(1):41, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6785
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Root-knot nematodes (RKN) are major pest of olive tree (Olea europaea ssp. europaea), especially in nurseries and high-density orchards. Soil samples were collected from main olive growing areas of Morocco, to characterize Meloidogyne species and to discuss the contribution of biotic and abiotic factors in their spatial distribution. RESULTS: RKN were found in 159 soil samples out of 305 from nurseries (52.1% occurrence) and in 11 out of 49 soil samples from orchards (23.2% occurrence). Biochemical and molecular characterisation (PAGE esterase and SCAR) revealed the dominance of M. javanica both in nurseries and orchards with minor presence of M. incognita only in nurseries, and M. arenaria in only one nursery. RKN were distributed on aggregated basis. Frequent presence of M. javanica in orchards might have come from nurseries. In contrast, the detection of M. incognita in nurseries alone suggests that this species could not reproduce in orchards because of either the competition with other plant-parasitic nematodes or unfit local habitats. The impact of environmental variables (climate, habitat origin and physicochemical characteristics of the substrates) on the distribution of Meloidogyne species is also discussed. CONCLUSION: Olive nurseries in Morocco are not able to guarantee the safety of rooted plants. As a result, olive production systems are exposed to strong RKN invasion risks. Consequently, the use of healthy substrates in nurseries may prevent plant-parasitic nematode induction in orchards.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Olea/parasitologia
Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia
Tylenchoidea/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biota
Marrocos
Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia
Solo/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12898-017-0153-9


  3 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453779
[Au] Autor:Borges DA; Molina SMG; Pinto MC; Galati EAB; Cesario M; Ortiz DGS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ) - University of São Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:First Record of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) on the Trinational Frontier (Brazil-Peru-Bolivia) of South-Western Amazonia.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1425-1429, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In South America, the main sand fly species involved in the transmission of Leishmania infantum chagasi (Cunha & Chagas, 1937), etiological agent of the visceral leishmaniasis (VL), is Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912). The species has been recorded in Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil, where it is recorded in 24 of the 27 Brazilian states, except Acre, Amazonas, and Santa Catarina. Collections were carried out for one year (April 2013 to March 2014) using modified CDC light traps in different environments in Assis Brasil municipality, state of Acre. Two males of Lu. longipalpis were found in peridomiciliary location in a peri-urban area. This is the first record of the species in Acre. This finding may be considered by the health agencies located in the trinational frontier, and new collections are needed to evaluate the real distribution of the species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Insetos Vetores/fisiologia
Psychodidae/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Leishmania infantum/fisiologia
Leishmaniose Visceral/transmissão
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx086


  4 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29277002
[Au] Autor:Irigoitia MM; Braicovich PE; Lanfranchi AL; Farber MD; Timi JT
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratorio de Ictioparasitología, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (IIMyC), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Funes 3350, 7600 Mar del Plata, Argentina. Electronic ad
[Ti] Título:Distribution of anisakid nematodes parasitizing rajiform skates under commercial exploitation in the Southwestern Atlantic.
[So] Source:Int J Food Microbiol;267:20-28, 2018 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3460
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In order to evaluate the infestation by anisakids present in elasmobranchs and their distribution in the Argentine Sea, this study was carried at a regional scale with the following aims: 1) to identify those anisakid species present in skates under exploitation; 2) to characterize quantitatively these infestations and 3) to determine those factors driving the variability in parasite burdens across skate species. A total of 351 skates, belonging to 3 species (218 Sympterygia bonapartii, 86 Zearaja chilensis and 47 Atlantoraja castelnaui) and from different localities of the Argentine Sea were examined for anisakids. Parasites were found in the stomach wall at high prevalence in some samples. Based on morphology and mtDNA cox2 sequences analyses (from 24 larval worms), specimens were identified as Anisakis berlandi, A. pegreffii and Pseudoterranova cattani; the last two known as potentially pathogenic for humans. Differential distribution patterns were observed across parasite and hosts species. In general, fish caught in southern and deeper waters exhibited higher loads of Anisakis spp., whereas infestation levels by P. cattani increase in larger skates. Taking into account that the mere presence of worms or their antigens in fish meat can provoke allergic responses, information on distribution of parasites and their variability is essential for the implementation of food safety practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anisaquíase/parasitologia
Anisakis/fisiologia
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia
Raias/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Anisaquíase/epidemiologia
Anisakis/genética
Oceano Atlântico/epidemiologia
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia
Pesqueiros
Larva
Carga Parasitária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171226
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29274215
[Au] Autor:Sayono S; Nurullita U; Sumanto D; Handoyo W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang, Jalan Kedungmundu Raya 18, 50273, Semarang, Indonesia
[Ti] Título:Altitudinal distribution of Aedes indices during dry season in the dengue endemic area of Central Java, Indonesia
[So] Source:Ann Parasitol;63(3):213­221, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2299-0631
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Aedes mosquitoes, mainly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, are the primary and secondary vectors of dengue viruses in Indonesia, with transmission occurring by sucking blood. The density of the vectors is influenced by season and rainfall, but limited by altitude. The aim of the study is to describe the density and distribution of dengue vectors during the dry season based on the altitudes of recent dengue cases in five regencies of Central Java Province, Indonesia. Mosquito larvae and pupae were collected from the indoor and outdoor water containers from 253 houses within 50 m of houses occupied by a dengue patient. A considerable dengue vector population was found in all localities and altitudes based on the Aedes indices: an HI of 41.7% (15.0­70.6), CI of 33.6% (8.1­69.6) and BI of 57.1 (15.0­94.1). The highest indices were found in the highest altitude settlement; as the most common larval habitat in this village was a large-sized cement tank, larvivorous fish can act as effective predators in this case. This finding indicates an expansion of the dengue problem from low to high altitudes, causing a high potential for dengue transmission in all of the localities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aedes/fisiologia
Altitude
Distribuição Animal/fisiologia
Dengue/epidemiologia
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dengue/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Indonésia
Mosquitos Vetores
Chuvas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17420/ap6303.108


  6 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181904
[Au] Autor:Qin T; Chen ZY; Xu LL; Zaw P; Mi Mi Kyaw Y; Win Maung K; Chen XY
[Ad] Endereço:Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yezin Nay Pyi Taw 05282, Myanmar.
[Ti] Título:Five newly recorded Cyprinid fish (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) in Myanmar.
[So] Source:Zool Res;38(5):300-309, 2017 Sep 18.
[Is] ISSN:2095-8137
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Freshwater fish from the Putao and Myitkyina areas were collected in three ichthyofaunal surveys of the Mali Hka River and tributaries in and around Khakaborazi National Park and Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary, Kachin State, from 2014-2016. Chen et Yang 2004, Wu et al. 1977, Wu et al. 1977, Zhang 2005, and Huang 1985, originally described from the upper Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwaddy) River in China, are first reported herein as new records to Myanmar. Counts, measurements, descriptions, photographs, and distributions of the specimens of the five newly recorded species are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cipriniformes/anatomia & histologia
Cipriniformes/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Cipriniformes/fisiologia
Mianmar
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.063


  7 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181903
[Au] Autor:Chen XY; J Poly W; Catania D; Jiang WS
[Ad] Endereço:Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yezin Nay Pyi Taw 05282, Myanmar. chenxy@mail.kiz.ac.cn.
[Ti] Título:A new species of sisorid catfish of the genus from the Salween drainage, Yunnan, China.
[So] Source:Zool Res;38(5):291-299, 2017 Sep 18.
[Is] ISSN:2095-8137
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A new species of the sisorid catfish genus Blyth, 1860 was collected from two hill-stream tributaries of the Nujiang (Salween River) drainage in Gaoligong Mountain, south-western Yunnan Province, China from 2003 to 2006 and from two tributaries of the Salween River in Cangyuan County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2007) and in Yongde County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2015). . is the 10th species of the genus and is most similar to in morphology but can be distinguished by pelvic fin reaching anus vs. not reaching; maxillary barbels just reaching or slightly surpassing pectoral-fin origin vs. surpassing pectoral-fin origin or even reaching posterior end of gill membrane; abdominal vertebrae 23-25 vs. 25-27; length of dorsal fin/dorsal to adipose distance 90.3%-287.0% vs. 59.2-85.7. A key to spp. is provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes-Gato/anatomia & histologia
Peixes-Gato/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Peixes-Gato/fisiologia
China
Rios
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.065


  8 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181901
[Au] Autor:Zhang MX; Kyaw M; Li GG; Zhao JB; Zeng XL; Swa K; Quan RC
[Ad] Endereço:Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yezin Nay Pyi Taw 05282, Myanmar.
[Ti] Título:Bird diversity in northern Myanmar and conservation implications.
[So] Source:Zool Res;38(5):264-280, 2017 Sep 18.
[Is] ISSN:2095-8137
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We conducted four bird biodiversity surveys in the Putao area of northern Myanmar from 2015 to 2017. Combined with anecdotal information collected between 2012 and 2015, we recorded 319 bird species, including two species ( and ) previously unrecorded in Myanmar. Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae), babblers (Timaliidae), pigeons and doves (Columbidae), and pheasants and partridges (Phasianidae) were the most abundant groups of birds recorded. Species richness below 1 500 m a. s. l. was higher than species richness at higher elevations. Our results suggest that the current protected areas in this region should be expanded to lower elevations to cover critical conservation gaps.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/classificação
Aves/fisiologia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Biodiversidade
Mianmar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.059


  9 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181902
[Au] Autor:Zheng YM; Hou ZE
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
[Ti] Título: sp. nov. (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Talitridae), a new species of landhopper from the high altitude forests in Myanmar.
[So] Source:Zool Res;38(5):281-290, 2017 Sep 18.
[Is] ISSN:2095-8137
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:. is described from high altitude habitats in Myanmar. The new species differs morphologically from its congeners by palp of maxilliped narrow; sexually dimorphic gnathopod â…¡, propodus of male chelate and propodus of female mitten-shaped; and dimorphic uropod â…¡, outer ramus of male with small teeth distally, outer ramus of female with three distal spines. Analysis of DNA barcode sequences and niche distinctiveness support recognition of the new species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altitude
Anfípodes/anatomia & histologia
Anfípodes/classificação
Florestas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anfípodes/fisiologia
Distribuição Animal
Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Mianmar
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.067


  10 / 7940 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181900
[Au] Autor:Ren JL; Wang K; Jiang K; Guo P; Li JT
[Ad] Endereço:CAS Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration and Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu Sichuan 610041, China.
[Ti] Título:A new species of the Southeast Asian genus (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae) from western Hunan, China.
[So] Source:Zool Res;38(5):251-263, 2017 Sep 18.
[Is] ISSN:2095-8137
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A new species of natricine snake of the Southeast Asian genus Gü nther, 1872 is described from western Hunan Province of China based on both mitochondrial DNA and morphological data. The new species is morphologically most similar and genetically most closely related to Zhao, 1999 and (Boulenger, 1899), but possesses considerable genetic divergence ( -distance 5.1%-16.7%) and can be differentiated from all other congeners by a combination of the following morphological characters: (1) body size large (total length 514-586 mm) and strongly built; (2) dorsal scale rows 17 throughout, feebly keeled anteriorly and moderately keeled posteriorly; (3) ventral scales 147-152, subcaudal scales 54-62; (4) preocular absent, loreal elongated and touching orbit; (5) supralabials 8-9, fifth and sixth entering obit; (6) anterior temporals short, length 1.74-2.04 times longer than width; (7) maxillary teeth subequal, 28-30; (8) dorsal surface of head with distinct irregular yellow stripes and markings edged with ochre; (9) body with clear black and yellow longitudinal streaks, partly fused to several lighter patches or thicker stripes anteriorly; and (10) venter pale yellow, with asymmetric blackish speckles along outer margin. We present an updated diagnostic key to all members of the genus , and recommendations on the ecological study for the group are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colubridae/anatomia & histologia
Colubridae/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
China
Colubridae/genética
Colubridae/fisiologia
DNA/genética
Filogenia
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.24272/j.issn.2095-8137.2017.068



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