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[PMID]:27585101
[Au] Autor:Gerard AF; Larson M; Baldwin CJ; Petersen C
[Ti] Título:Telephone survey to investigate relationships between onychectomy or onychectomy technique and house soiling in cats.
[So] Source:J Am Vet Med Assoc;249(6):638-43, 2016 Sep 15.
[Is] ISSN:1943-569X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE To determine whether associations existed between onychectomy or onychectomy technique and house soiling in cats. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE 281 owners of 455 cats in Polk County, Iowa, identified via a list of randomly selected residential phone numbers of cat owners in that region. PROCEDURES A telephone survey was conducted to collect information from cat owners on factors hypothesized a priori to be associated with house soiling, including cat sex, reproductive status, medical history, and onychectomy history. When cats that had undergone onychectomy were identified, data were collected regarding the cat's age at the time of the procedure and whether a carbon dioxide laser (CDL) had been used. Information on history of house soiling behavior (urinating or defecating outside the litter box) was also collected. RESULTS Onychectomy technique was identified as a risk factor for house soiling. Cats for which a non-CDL technique was used had a higher risk of house soiling than cats for which the CDL technique was used. Cats that had undergone onychectomy and that lived in a multicat (3 to 5 cats) household were more than 3 times as likely to have house soiled as were single-housed cats with intact claws. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results of this cross-sectional study suggested that use of the CDL technique for onychectomy could decrease the risk of house soiling by cats relative to the risk associated with other techniques. This and other findings can be used to inform the decisions of owners and veterinarians when considering elective onychectomy for cats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos/cirurgia
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Casco e Garras/cirurgia
Tendões/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Iowa
Masculino
Telefone
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160902
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2460/javma.249.6.638


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[PMID]:27394831
[Au] Autor:Rocha IC; Dumas LL; Nessimian JL
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68044, Cidade Universitária, 21941-971, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Tel. 55 21 3938-6371.; Email: isaabio@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Three new species and a new record of Smicridea McLachlan 1871 (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) from Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4107(3):423-30, 2016 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three new species of Smicridea McLachlan 1871 are described and illustrated based on specimens collected in Parque Nacional da Serra da Canastra and its surrounding area, Minas Gerais state, southeastern Brazil. Smicridea (Rhyacophylax) necator sp. nov. possibly belongs to the S. (R.) dispar Group, but its placement in this group is weakly supported; S. (Smicridea) franciscana sp. nov. belongs to the S. (S.) nigripennis Group based on morphology of the phallus; S. (S.) sepala sp. nov. is a member of the S. (S.) fasciatella Group, also based on the morphology of the phallus. A new record of S. (S.) sattleri Denning & Sykora 1968 is provided for Minas Gerais state, Brazil.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Insetos/anatomia & histologia
Insetos/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Insetos/fisiologia
Masculino
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4107.3.10


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[PMID]:26517612
[Au] Autor:Martin KM
[Ti] Título:Animal Behavior Case of the Month. Reactional urine marking.
[So] Source:J Am Vet Med Assoc;247(10):1109-12, 2015 Nov 15.
[Is] ISSN:1943-569X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Gatos
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Territorialidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão/efeitos dos fármacos
Animais
Ansiolíticos/administração & dosagem
Ansiolíticos/farmacologia
Feminino
Fluoxetina/administração & dosagem
Fluoxetina/farmacologia
Lorazepam/administração & dosagem
Lorazepam/farmacologia
Masculino
Inibidores da Captação de Serotonina/administração & dosagem
Inibidores da Captação de Serotonina/farmacologia
Estresse Psicológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Anxiety Agents); 0 (Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors); 01K63SUP8D (Fluoxetine); O26FZP769L (Lorazepam)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151031
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2460/javma.247.10.1109


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[PMID]:26302833
[Au] Autor:Talaga S; Dézerald O; Carteron A; Petitclerc F; Leroy C; Céréghino R; Dejean A
[Ad] Endereço:Université Antilles-Guyane, Écologie des forêts de Guyane (UMR-CNRS 8172), campus agronomique, BP 316, 97379 Kourou cedex, France; CNRS, Écologie des forêts de Guyane (UMR-CNRS 8172), campus agronomique, BP 316, 97379 Kourou cedex, France. Electronic address: stantalaga@free.fr.
[Ti] Título:Tank bromeliads as natural microcosms: a facultative association with ants influences the aquatic invertebrate community structure.
[So] Source:C R Biol;338(10):696-700, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1768-3238
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many tank bromeliads have facultative relationships with ants as is the case in French Guiana between Aechmea aquilega (Salib.) Griseb. and the trap-jaw ant, Odontomachus haematodus Linnaeus. Using a redundancy analysis, we determined that the presence of O. haematodus colonies is accompanied by a greater quantity of fine particulate organic matter in the water likely due to their wastes. This increase in nutrient availability is significantly correlated with an increase in the abundance of some detritivorous taxa, suggesting a positive bottom-up influence on the aquatic macroinvertebrate communities living in the A. aquilega wells. On the other hand, the abundance of top predators is negatively affected by a lower number of available wells due to ant constructions for nesting, releasing a top-down pressure that could also favor lower trophic levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formigas/fisiologia
Organismos Aquáticos/fisiologia
Bromeliaceae
Ecossistema
Invertebrados/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biodiversidade
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Fezes
Comportamento Alimentar
Cadeia Alimentar
Substâncias Húmicas
Comportamento de Nidação
Compostos Orgânicos/análise
Tamanho da Partícula
Folhas de Planta
Comportamento Predatório
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Humic Substances); 0 (Organic Chemicals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150826
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26302832
[Au] Autor:Dejean A; Groc S; Hérault B; Rodriguez-Pérez H; Touchard A; Céréghino R; Delabie JH; Corbara B
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratoire « écologie fonctionnelle et environnement ¼, université de Toulouse, UPS, INP, 118, route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France; CNRS (UMR CNRS 5245), Ecolab, 31062 Toulouse, France; CNRS (UMR CNRS 8172), « Écologie des forêts de Guyane ¼ (Ecofog), campus agronomique, BP 316, 97387 Kourou
[Ti] Título:Bat aggregation mediates the functional structure of ant assemblages.
[So] Source:C R Biol;338(10):688-95, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1768-3238
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the Guianese rainforest, we examined the impact of the presence of guano in and around a bat roosting site (a cave). We used ant communities as an indicator to evaluate this impact because they occupy a central place in the functioning of tropical rainforest ecosystems and they play different roles in the food web as they can be herbivores, generalists, scavengers or predators. The ant species richness around the cave did not differ from a control sample situated 500m away. Yet, the comparison of functional groups resulted in significantly greater numbers of detritivorous fungus-growing and predatory ant colonies around the cave compared to the control, the contrary being true for nectar and honeydew feeders. The role of bats, through their guano, was shown using stable isotope analyses as we noted significantly greater δ(15)N values for the ant species captured in and around the cave compared to controls.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formigas/fisiologia
Quirópteros/fisiologia
Comportamento Excretor Animal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Formigas/classificação
Cavernas
Ecossistema
Fezes/química
Fezes/microbiologia
Comportamento Alimentar
Guiana Francesa
Comportamento de Nidação
Ciclo do Nitrogênio
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise
Comportamento Predatório
Floresta Úmida
Especificidade da Espécie
Urina/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nitrogen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150826
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25973884
[Au] Autor:Lampa S; Mihoub JB; Gruber B; Klenke R; Henle K
[Ad] Endereço:UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Conservation Biology, Permoserstrasse 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany; Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Institute of Ecology, Dornburger Strasse 159, 07743 Jena, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Non-Invasive Genetic Mark-Recapture as a Means to Study Population Sizes and Marking Behaviour of the Elusive Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra).
[So] Source:PLoS One;10(5):e0125684, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Quantifying population status is a key objective in many ecological studies, but is often difficult to achieve for cryptic or elusive species. Here, non-invasive genetic capture-mark-recapture (CMR) methods have become a very important tool to estimate population parameters, such as population size and sex ratio. The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) is such an elusive species of management concern and is increasingly studied using faecal-based genetic sampling. For unbiased sex ratios or population size estimates, the marking behaviour of otters has to be taken into account. Using 2132 otter faeces of a wild otter population in Upper Lusatia (Saxony, Germany) collected over six years (2006-2012), we studied the marking behaviour and applied closed population CMR models accounting for genetic misidentification to estimate population sizes and sex ratios. We detected a sex difference in the marking behaviour of otters with jelly samples being more often defecated by males and placed actively exposed on frequently used marking sites. Since jelly samples are of higher DNA quality, it is important to not only concentrate on this kind of samples or marking sites and to invest in sufficiently high numbers of repetitions of non-jelly samples to ensure an unbiased sex ratio. Furthermore, otters seemed to increase marking intensity due to the handling of their spraints, hence accounting for this behavioural response could be important. We provided the first precise population size estimate with confidence intervals for Upper Lusatia (for 2012: N = 20 ± 2.1, 95% CI = 16-25) and showed that spraint densities are not a reliable index for abundances. We further demonstrated that when minks live in sympatry with otters and have comparably high densities, a non-negligible number of supposed otter samples are actually of mink origin. This could severely bias results of otter monitoring if samples are not genetically identified.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal/fisiologia
DNA/genética
Comportamento Excretor Animal/fisiologia
Lontras/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Fezes/química
Feminino
Genótipo
Alemanha
Masculino
Vison/classificação
Vison/genética
Lontras/classificação
Densidade Demográfica
Razão de Masculinidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150528
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150528
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150515
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0125684


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[PMID]:25211782
[Ti] Título:Guidelines address house soiling in cats.
[So] Source:J Am Vet Med Assoc;245(4):367, 2014 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:1943-569X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração
Medicina Veterinária/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1503
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140913
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25146665
[Ti] Título:Feline house-soiling: useful information for cat owners.
[So] Source:J Feline Med Surg;16(9):770-1, 2014 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2750
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos/fisiologia
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Animais de Estimação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1098612X14545295a


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[PMID]:24966283
[Au] Autor:Carney HC; Sadek TP; Curtis TM; Halls V; Heath S; Hutchison P; Mundschenk K; Westropp JL; American Association of Feline Practitioners; International Society of Feline Medicine
[Ad] Endereço:WestVet Emergency and Specialty Center, Garden City, ID 83617, USA Email: hcarney@westvet.net.
[Ti] Título:AAFP and ISFM Guidelines for diagnosing and solving house-soiling behavior in cats.
[So] Source:J Feline Med Surg;16(7):579-98, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2750
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: These Guidelines have been developed by the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) and the International Society of Feline Medicine (ISFM) as a resource for veterinary practitioners who want to better understand and manage the important clinical condition of house-soiling in their feline patients. The Guidelines offer straightforward, practical solutions that, in most cases, will help veterinarians and cat owners prevent, manage or entirely remediate feline house-soiling behavior. EVIDENCE BASE: The Guidelines include scientifically documented information when it is available. However, because research is often lacking, some recommendations reflect the accumulated clinical experience of the authors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos/fisiologia
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Animais de Estimação/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico
Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico
Sociedades
Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico
Doenças Urológicas/veterinária
Médicos Veterinários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:GUIDELINE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140627
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1098612X14539092


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[PMID]:24464688
[Au] Autor:Soetan BK; O'Connell PR; Jones JF
[Ad] Endereço:Anatomy, School of Medicine and Medical Science, Health Science Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland, babatundesoetan@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Behavioural studies of faecal continence in the rat.
[So] Source:Ir J Med Sci;183(4):629-32, 2014 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1863-4362
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: A behavioural animal model of faecal continence and/or incontinence would be of value in experimental studies of the mechanisms by which sacral neuromodulation can effect continence mechanisms in humans. AIM: The aim of this behavioural study was to establish whether the rat, an obligate coprophagic species, exhibits patterns of faecal continence. METHODS: Standard rat cages were modified to consist of a food and drink area, a nesting area and an empty latrine area. Three floor pressure pads were connected to hour meters to record the time spent in each area over the course of 4 days. The door to the latrine was open for 2 days and closed for another 2 days to create a physical barrier that could only be surmounted by climbing over a partition. RESULTS: In the first 2 days, most faecal pellets (74 ± 20 %; p < 0.0001) were deposited in the latrine and this was not changed by door closure (81 ± 13 %). Door closure had no effect per se on pellet output (p = 0.99), nor did it alter the place preference for defaecation (p = 0.17, two factor ANOVA). Rats spent less time in the latrine area accounting for 23 and 13 % of total time before and after the door was closed, respectively. Normal and infrared videography showed that the place preference for pellets was not due to pellet collection for coprophagic purposes. CONCLUSIONS: The rat demonstrates place preference for defaecation and may drop pellets to mark remote boundaries. This simple method may prove useful in future animal studies of neuropathic faecal incontinence and refinement of neuromodulation interventions that lack placebo effects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Animais de Doenças
Comportamento Excretor Animal
Incontinência Fecal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Coprofagia
Defecação
Fezes
Feminino
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11845-013-1064-1



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