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[PMID]:29446575
[Au] Autor:Kuchma VR; Tkachuk EA; Tarmaeva IY
[Ti] Título:[Psychophysiological state of children in conditions of informatization of their life activity and intensification of education].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1183-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The transition to a new stage of the development - the information society is an objective reality and has an influence on all areas of the activity of the society, including the establishment of a child as an object of the hygienic research. In conditions of the general informatization of the society, the appearance of so-called "clip thinking," explains the maladjustment of educational technologies to mechanisms of children ' and teenagers 'perception and is confirmed by the growth of the school pathology and the gain in the morbidity rate. In the investigation on the example of the educational institutions of Irkutsk it was executed the evaluation of the impact of the intensification of informatization of education and personal development. For the investigation there were formed 2 groups ofpreschools with different levels of informatization in the same preschool institution of the central district of the city of Irkutsk but in different periods of time. In total there were observed 211 children aged of 5.5 to 6.5 years. For the study the influence of the intensification (and informatization of training there were formed 2 groups of small schoolchildren with different levels of intensification (and informatization) of education. The total number of cases accountedfor 465 children aged of 7-9 years. There were suggested methodical approaches to the estimation of the health status of the children, with taking into account the inevitable influence offactors of informatization and the intensification of education. The performed investigations have allowed to reveal the following tendencies in the shaping of the psychophysical state of health and development of children: an increase of level of informatization of education and personal and accomplishment; intensification of learning working; reduction of the attention level; imagination and visual divergence; capability to the linear differentiation and construction of inferences; fear to fail to meet the expectations of surrounding people and low resistance to stress; the increase speed of data processing along with fall in quality; the gain in hyperactivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Estresse Psicológico
Ensino
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Criança
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Técnicas Psicológicas
Psicofisiologia
Federação Russa
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle
Ensino/organização & administração
Ensino/psicologia
Ensino/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29203741
[Au] Autor:Medvedovska NV; Bukhanovska TM; Shevchyk AA
[Ad] Endereço:Shupyk National Medical Academy Of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:[Studying of life's quality changes among children of the first three year of life with visual analyzer's congenital pathology as instrument of their social adaptation's formation in the future became a research objective].
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):917-920, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:ukr
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The study of the composite qualities of life is an important component of the quality of provided medical aid. The way of our investigation that was chosen by us, the quality of life of the children of first years of life with the congenital pathology of vision arises the significant problem of assessment of its changes, because children of these ages can't take part in an interview and we adapted the standard questionnaire "Children Visual Function Questionnaire" (CVFQ) with its help the components of quality of the children of first years of life assess their parents. THE AIM: Studying of life's quality changes among children of the first three year of life with visual analyzer's congenital pathology as instrument of their social adaptation's formation in the future became a research objective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out-patient and polyclinic units of Kyiv's healthcare institutions in which the medical care is provided to children of the first three years of life, particularly with congenital ophthalmic pathology (3 institutions) were scientific base of a research. We have been used the adapted version of the standardized questionnaire of Children's Visual Function Questionnaire (CVFQ) Felius et al were primary material. (2004) - 498 questionnaires, from them 398 of the main group and 100 of control. The purpose of a research required using the complex of research methods, a basis for which is a system approach, namely: medico-statistical and sociological (the respondents were informed about the purpose and research problems and timely gave the oral voluntary agreement in anonymous poll before the filling of questionnaires) methods. RESULTS: The results of a research has established that parents of children from control group have estimated the general condition of children's vision totally in 89,75 ± 1,33 points vs 60,25 ± 1,96 points according to a total score of children's parents from the main group (the difference was 32,87%, at Ñ€<0,001). In general, the total number of points was 64,89 ± 1,01 vs 84,67 ± 0,92, with a difference in 23,4% (Ñ€<0,001) in the main group, according to life's quality total score of early years children's parents. Our research proves existence of children's life quality changes at the presence of visual violations among them that substantiates expediency of strengthening of early identification and treatment measures of visual function's violations at children, within the approved medico-technological documents. CONCLUSION: Interaction in form of cooperation between the family doctor and children's ophthalmologist within the competences on maintaining children with visual analyzer's violation of functions from the first days of life, allows to perform effective long observation of a family, preventing development of medico-social disadaptation both the child, and a family in which it appeared. Research results of life's quality components changes are informative for a future social functioning of the child, his family, the parent's attitude to a child's disease and it's treatments, and performance of disease's treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
Qualidade de Vida
Transtornos da Visão/psicologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Casos e Controles
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Comportamento Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
Ucrânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27771616
[Au] Autor:Mitchell TB; Steele RG
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA.
[Ti] Título:Bidirectional Associations Between Disordered Eating and Health-Related Quality of Life in Elementary School-Age Youth.
[So] Source:J Pediatr Psychol;42(3):315-324, 2017 04 01.
[Is] ISSN:1465-735X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective: To examine longitudinal, bidirectional associations between disordered eating and physical/psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a nonclinical community sample of elementary school-age youth. Methods: Participants included 130 children between the ages of 7 and 10 years ( M age = 8.62). Disordered eating and physical/psychosocial HRQOL were assessed using self-report measures at three time points. The potential bidirectional associations were examined using a longitudinal panel model. Results: Higher disordered eating predicted lower psychosocial HRQOL during a 6-month period within the same academic year, and lower HRQOL predicted higher disordered eating during a 6-month period across academic years. Conclusion: The current study found longitudinal, bidirectional associations between disordered eating and psychosocial, but not physical, HRQOL. The results provide evidence for psychosocial HRQOL as a potential predictor and consequence of disordered eating attitudes. Limitations, future directions, and implications of this research are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jsw082


  4 / 15564 MEDLINE  
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Roesler, Rafael
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[PMID]:28452904
[Au] Autor:Marchezan J; Becker M; Schwartsmann G; Ohlweiler L; Roesler R; Renck LB; Gonçalves MMM; Ranzan J; Riesgo RDS
[Ad] Endereço:*Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul; †Department of Pediatrics, Child Neurology Unit, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre; ‡Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Cancer and Neurobiology Laboratory, Experimental Research Center, Clinical Hospital (CPE-HCPA), §Department of Pharmacology, Institute for Basic Health Sciences, Cancer and Neurobiology Laboratory, Experimental Research Center, Clinical Hospital (CPE-HCPA), and ∥Department of Pediatrics, Child Neurology Unit, Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:A Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial of Gastrin-Releasing Peptide in Childhood Autism.
[So] Source:Clin Neuropharmacol;40(3):108-112, 2017 May/Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1537-162X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) compared with placebo in autism spectrum disorder symptoms. METHODOLOGY: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial using GRP 160 pmol/kg for 4 consecutive days in 10 children with autism. Outcomes were measured by the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) scale. RESULTS: All participants were boys, aged between 4 and 9 years. There was a reduction in the scores of the ABC range and its subscales after use GRP and placebo. The reduction was more prominent with GRP, particularly in the subscale "hyperactivity and noncompliance," but there was no statistical difference between the results (P = 0.334). After a week of infusion, 5 children showed improvement of 25% or greater in the total score of the ABC scale with GRP use and 2 with placebo use; however, there was no statistical difference (P = 0.375). There were no adverse effects, changes in vital signs, or laboratory abnormalities associated with the use of GRP. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study, despite the small sample size, reinforce previous data on the safety of the GRP in short-term use. There is a need for further research with other designs and a larger sample size to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GRP in children with autism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/tratamento farmacológico
Comportamento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos
Peptídeo Liberador de Gastrina/uso terapêutico
Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antiulcerosos/uso terapêutico
Anticonvulsivantes/efeitos adversos
Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico
Antipsicóticos/efeitos adversos
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos
Estudos Cross-Over
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Método Duplo-Cego
Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos
Seguimentos
Peptídeo Liberador de Gastrina/administração & dosagem
Peptídeo Liberador de Gastrina/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Infusões Intravenosas
Masculino
Omeprazol/uso terapêutico
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Psicotrópicos/administração & dosagem
Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Ulcer Agents); 0 (Anticonvulsants); 0 (Antipsychotic Agents); 0 (Psychotropic Drugs); 80043-53-4 (Gastrin-Releasing Peptide); KG60484QX9 (Omeprazole)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/WNF.0000000000000213


  5 / 15564 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452694
[Au] Autor:Cullen KW; Liu Y; Thompson D
[Ad] Endereço:USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.
[Ti] Título:Diet and Physical Activity in African-American Girls: Seasonal Differences.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):171-178, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Diet and physical activity (PA) may vary by season. METHODS: Two 24-hour dietary recalls and 7 days of accelerometry were collected from 342 8-10 year-old African-American girls between January 2013 and October 2014. Season was based on time of data collection (fall, spring, winter, summer). Seasonal differences in diet and PA were assessed. RESULTS: Mean age was 8.9 years; 53% were low income. Girls with summer baseline data collection reported consuming significantly less 100% fruit juice than those with winter and spring data. Summer dairy consumption was significantly lower than the other 3 seasons for low-income girls. Significantly more desserts were consumed during winter than in spring or summer. Significantly more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) were consumed during spring and summer for all girls than in the fall. Steps per day for all girls and the low-income girls were significantly lower in summer compared to the other seasons. CONCLUSIONS: Higher consumption SSBs and lower steps per day during the summer are a concern, particulary for African-American girls at high risk for obesity. Interventions to address these seasonal differences should be initiated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/etnologia
Bebidas
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Açúcares da Dieta
Exercício
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Sugars)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.8


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[PMID]:28743040
[Au] Autor:Furlong MA; Herring A; Buckley JP; Goldman BD; Daniels JL; Engel LS; Wolff MS; Chen J; Wetmur J; Barr DB; Engel SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States. Electronic address: mfurlong@email.arizona.edu.
[Ti] Título:Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides and childhood neurodevelopmental phenotypes.
[So] Source:Environ Res;158:737-747, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) has been associated with different neurodevelopmental outcomes across different cohorts. A phenotypic approach may address some of these differences by incorporating information across scales and accounting for the complex correlational structure of neurodevelopmental outcomes. Additionally, Bayesian hierarchical modeling can account for confounding by collinear co-exposures. We use this framework to examine associations between prenatal exposure to OPs and behavior, executive functioning, and IQ assessed at age 6-9 years in a cohort of 404 mother/infant pairs recruited during pregnancy. We derived phenotypes of neurodevelopment with a factor analysis, and estimated associations between OP metabolites and these phenotypes in Bayesian hierarchical models for exposure mixtures. We report seven factors: 1) Impulsivity and Externalizing, 2) Executive Functioning, 3) Internalizing, 4) Perceptual Reasoning, 5) Adaptability, 6) Processing Speed, and 7) Verbal Intelligence. These, along with the Working Memory Index, were standardized and scaled so that positive values reflected positive attributes and negative values represented adverse outcomes. Standardized dimethylphosphate metabolites were negatively associated with Internalizing factor scores (ß^ - 0.13, 95% CI - 0.26, 0.00) but positively associated with Executive Functioning factor scores (ß^ 0.18, 95% CI 0.04, 0.31). Standardized diethylphosphate metabolites were negatively associated with the Working Memory Index (ß^ - 0.17, 95% CI - 0.33, - 0.03). Associations with factor scores were generally stronger and more precise than associations with individual instrument-specific items. Factor analysis of outcomes may provide some advantages in etiological studies of childhood neurodevelopment by incorporating information across scales to reduce dimensionality and improve precision.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Função Executiva/efeitos dos fármacos
Inteligência/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos Organofosforados/toxicidade
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Testes de Inteligência
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Exposição Materna
Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia
Praguicidas/toxicidade
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Organophosphorus Compounds); 0 (Pesticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180303
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180303
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28459274
[Au] Autor:Qian MK; Quinn PC; Heyman GD; Pascalis O; Fu G; Lee K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Hangzhou Normal University.
[Ti] Título:Perceptual individuation training (but not mere exposure) reduces implicit racial bias in preschool children.
[So] Source:Dev Psychol;53(5):845-859, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0599
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two studies with preschool-age children examined the effectiveness of perceptual individuation training at reducing racial bias (Study 1, N = 32; Study 2, N = 56). We found that training preschool-age children to individuate other-race faces resulted in a reduction in implicit racial bias while mere exposure to other-race faces produced no such effect. We also showed that neither individuation training nor mere exposure reduced explicit racial bias. Theoretically, our findings provide strong evidence for a causal link between individual-level face processing and implicit racial bias, and are consistent with the newly proposed perceptual-social linkage hypothesis. Practically, our findings suggest that offering children experiences that allow them to increase their expertise in processing individual other-race faces will help reduce their implicit racial bias. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia
Individuação
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Racismo/psicologia
Percepção Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/dev0000290


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[PMID]:28459276
[Au] Autor:Pinquart M
[Ad] Endereço:Philipps University.
[Ti] Título:Associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing problems of children and adolescents: An updated meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Dev Psychol;53(5):873-932, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0599
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present meta-analysis integrates research from 1,435 studies on associations of parenting dimensions and styles with externalizing symptoms in children and adolescents. Parental warmth, behavioral control, autonomy granting, and an authoritative parenting style showed very small to small negative concurrent and longitudinal associations with externalizing problems. In contrast, harsh control, psychological control, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful parenting were associated with higher levels of externalizing problems. The strongest associations were observed for harsh control and psychological control. Parental warmth, behavioral control, harsh control, psychological control, autonomy granting, authoritative, and permissive parenting predicted change in externalizing problems over time, with associations of externalizing problems with warmth, behavioral control, harsh control, psychological control, and authoritative parenting being bidirectional. Moderating effects of sampling, child's age, form of externalizing problems, rater of parenting and externalizing problems, quality of measures, and publication status were identified. Implications for future research and practice are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
Poder Familiar/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/dev0000295


  9 / 15564 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27774613
[Au] Autor:Thomsen T; Kappes C; Schwerdt L; Sander J; Poller C
[Ad] Endereço:University of Hildesheim, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Modelling goal adjustment in social relationships: Two experimental studies with children and adults.
[So] Source:Br J Dev Psychol;35(2):267-287, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2044-835X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In two experiments, we investigated observational learning in social relationships as one possible pathway to the development of goal adjustment processes. In the first experiment, 56 children (M = 9.29 years) observed their parent as a model; in the second, 50 adults (M = 32.27 years) observed their romantic partner. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: goal engagement (GE), goal disengagement (GD), or control group (CO) and were asked to solve (unsolvable) puzzles. Before trying to solve the puzzles by themselves, subjects observed the instructed model, who was told to continue with the same puzzle (GE) or to switch to the next puzzle (GD). Results show that children in the GE group switched significantly less than in the GD or CO group. There was no difference between the GD group and CO group. Adults in the GE group switched significantly less than in the GD or CO group, whereas subjects in the GD group switched significantly more often than the CO group. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Previous research focused mainly on the functions of goal adjustment processes. It rarely considered processes and conditions that contribute to the development of goal engagement and goal disengagement. There are only two cross-sectional studies that directly investigate this topic. Previous research that claims observational learning as a pathway of learning emotion regulation or adjustment processes has (only) relied on correlational methods and, thus, do not allow any causal interpretations. Previous research, albeit claiming a life span focus, mostly investigated goal adjustment processes in one specific age group (mainly adults). There is no study that investigates the same processes in different age groups. What does this study add? In our two studies, we focus on the conditions of goal adjustment processes and sought to demonstrate one potential pathway of learning or changing the application of goal adjustment processes, namely observational learning. We employed an experimental design to study observational learning, instead of using a correlational design. The present studies are the first to apply an experimental design to investigate observational learning of adjustment processes. In our studies, we implemented the same design and studied the same process in different age groups. Thus, they expand knowledge beyond a particular age group and under a life span perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Metas
Resolução de Problemas/fisiologia
Aprendizado Social/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bjdp.12162


  10 / 15564 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27774612
[Au] Autor:Leduc K; Williams S; Gomez-Garibello C; Talwar V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The contributions of mental state understanding and executive functioning to preschool-aged children's lie-telling.
[So] Source:Br J Dev Psychol;35(2):288-302, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2044-835X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, preschool-aged children's lie-telling behaviour was examined in relation to mental state understanding and executive functioning. Sixty-seven children aged between 25 and 43 months (M  = 34.80, SD = 4.39) participated in a temptation resistance paradigm (TRP). Children completed emerging ToM tasks measuring the following mental states: (1) diverse beliefs, (2) diverse desires, and (3) knowledge access. Children also completed measures of inhibitory control and working memory. In total, 63 of the 67 children peeked at the toy during the TRP, and a total of 26 of those children denied their transgression to the research assistant. Inhibitory control and understanding of knowledge access predicted lie-telling behaviour. Results are discussed in relation to a developmental model of children's lie-telling behaviour. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? The relationship between lie-telling, executive functioning, and ToM has been established in older children (aged 4 and above). Inhibitory control plays a role in young children's lie-telling (aged 2-4). Children above 3 years of age have some understanding of mental states. What does this study add? Very young children (2-3-year-olds) also possess an understanding of mental states. Mental state understanding is related to 2-3-year-old children's lie-telling behaviours and may be more predictive than inhibitory control. While the results were not significant, this study is the first to look at the unique role of working memory in very young children's lie-telling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Decepção
Função Executiva/fisiologia
Inibição (Psicologia)
Teoria da Mente/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bjdp.12163



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