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[PMID]:29447192
[Au] Autor:Abbasi A; Sadeghi-Niaraki A; Jalili M; Choi SM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Engineering and IT, University of New South Wales (UNSW), Canberra, ACT, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Enhancing response coordination through the assessment of response network structural dynamics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191130, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Preparing for intensifying threats of emergencies in unexpected, dangerous, and serious natural or man-made events, and consequent management of the situation, is highly demanding in terms of coordinating the personnel and resources to support human lives and the environment. This necessitates prompt action to manage the uncertainties and risks imposed by such extreme events, which requires collaborative operation among different stakeholders (i.e., the personnel from both the state and local communities). This research aims to find a way to enhance the coordination of multi-organizational response operations. To do so, this manuscript investigates the role of participants in the formed coordination response network and also the emergence and temporal dynamics of the network. By analyzing an inter-personal response coordination operation to an extreme bushfire event, the networks' and participants' structural change is evaluated during the evolution of the operation network over four time durations. The results reveal that the coordination response network becomes more decentralized over time due to the high volume of communication required to exchange information. New emerging communication structures often do not fit the developed plans, which stress the need for coordination by feedback in addition to by plan. In addition, we find that the participant's brokering role in the response operation network identifies a formal and informal coordination role. This is useful for comparison of network structures to examine whether what really happens during response operations complies with the initial policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Administração de Recursos Humanos/métodos
Alocação de Recursos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Comunicação
Socorristas
Bombeiros
Seres Humanos
Organizações/organização & administração
Incêndios Florestais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191130


  2 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29377930
[Au] Autor:Eghdam A; Hamidi U; Bartfai A; Koch S
[Ad] Endereço:Health Informatics Centre (HIC), Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Facebook as communication support for persons with potential mild acquired cognitive impairment: A content and social network analysis study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191878, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Social media has the potential to increase social participation and support for the well-being of individuals with chronic medical conditions. To date, Facebook is the most popular social medium for different types of communication. However, there is a lack of knowledge about the potential use of Facebook as a means of communication for persons with potential Mild Acquired Cognitive Impairment (MACI), a non-progressive mild cognitive impairment after an acquired brain injury. The aim of this study was to explore how persons with potential MACI, specifically persons with perceived brain fatigue after brain injury, communicate through Facebook, to classify the content of the communication and to visualize the frequency and types of interactions. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A social network analysis of the interactions between members' and a qualitative content analysis of a whole year's communication of a public Facebook group for Swedish speaking persons (1310 members) with perceived brain fatigue after an illness or injury to the brain were performed. RESULTS: The results showed how members use social media technology and Facebook as a means for communication and support for their condition. Individual group members showed very different patterns of communication and interactions. However, for the group as a whole, the most frequent topics in their communication were related to informational support and banter in posts, and socialization in comments. The findings also showed that the majority of members only communicated with few other members and had few direct communications. The most used communication feature of Facebook was likes in form of "thumbs-up". CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that social media and in this case Facebook is used for communication and social support by persons with potential MACI, and revealed that their communication behavior is similar to the healthy population. Further studies relating specific cognitive problems of the participants to the use of social media would provide more reliable results for this specific group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia
Comunicação
Mídias Sociais
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Defesa do Paciente
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191878


  3 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462636
[Au] Autor:Ditton-Phare P; Loughland C; Duvivier R; Kelly B
[Ad] Endereço:1 Hunter New England Mental Health, Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Communication skills in the training of psychiatrists: A systematic review of current approaches.
[So] Source:Aust N Z J Psychiatry;51(7):675-692, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1440-1614
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: A range of communication skills training programmes have been developed targeting trainees in various medical specialties, predominantly in oncology but to a lesser extent in psychiatry. Effective communication is fundamental to the assessment and treatment of psychiatric conditions, but there has been less attention to this in clinical practice for psychiatrists in training. This review examines the outcomes of communication skills training interventions in psychiatric specialty training. METHODS: The published English-language literature was examined using multiple online databases, grey literature and hand searches. The review was conducted and reported using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. Studies examining the efficacy of communication skills training were included. Randomised controlled trials, pseudo-randomised studies and quasi-experimental studies, as well as observational analytical studies and qualitative studies that met criteria, were selected and critically appraised. No limits were applied for date of publication up until 16 July 2016. RESULTS: Total search results yielded 2574 records. Of these, 12 studies were identified and reviewed. Two were randomised controlled trials and the remaining 10 were one-group pretest/posttest designs or posttest-only designs, including self-report evaluations of communication skills training and objective evaluations of trainee skills. There were no studies with outcomes related to behaviour change or patient outcomes. Two randomised controlled trials reported an improvement in clinician empathy and psychotherapeutic interviewing skills due to specific training protocols focused on those areas. Non-randomised studies showed varying levels of skills gains and self-reported trainee satisfaction ratings with programmes, with the intervention being some form of communication skills training. CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of communication skills training is a barrier to evaluating the efficacy of different communication skills training programmes. Further validation studies examining specific models and frameworks would support a stronger evidence base for communication skills training in psychiatry. It remains a challenge to develop research to investigate behaviour change over time in clinical practice or to measure patient outcomes due to the effects of communication skills training.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina
Psiquiatria/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0004867417707820


  4 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29193745
[Au] Autor:Park DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Communications Department, Florida International University, North Miami, Florida, USA.
[Ti] Título:United States news media and climate change in the era of US President Trump.
[So] Source:Integr Environ Assess Manag;14(2):202-204, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1551-3793
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Donald J Trump administration's strategy to disengage and downplay the Paris Climate Agreement will likely result in a slight decrease in the already low levels of US news media global warming coverage. This is because significant limitations with the news media's ability to adequately cover climate change predated the administration. First, studies indicate that advertising interests and editors have always challenged journalists' abilities to adequately report on climate change issues. Instead of climate change stories, editors often prefer more sensational topics that garner higher ratings and approval with advertisers. Second, the journalistic norm of balance and the role of sourcing give climate skeptics exceptional media exposure, which creates a "false balance" or equivalency between skeptics and scientists. Third, the massive power and influence of the fossil fuel industry's public relations arm has also had a tremendous impact on public (mis)understanding of climate change. Fourth, a trend toward declining climate change coverage and "climate silence" in US media is developing. Media corporations have substantially eliminated the number of environmental journalists that cover climate change. The overall effect of these limitations distorts public understanding of climate change and delays potential government action. Moving away from a predominantly commercial media system to one with a substantial noncommercial component can improve US journalism, whereas using advertising to increase rates for environmentally unsound products and services may also help mitigate global warming. Integr Environ Assess Manag 2018;14:202-204. © 2018 SETAC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Aquecimento Global
Meios de Comunicação de Massa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Política Ambiental
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ieam.2011


  5 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28466684
[Au] Autor:Spalding R; Kozlov E; Carpenter BD
[Ad] Endereço:1 Washington University in St. Louis, MO, USA.
[Ti] Título:Words Matter.
[So] Source:Int J Aging Hum Dev;85(1):123-130, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1541-3535
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Palliative care consultation teams (PCCTs) provide input to other health-care providers working with patients who have life-limiting disease. This study examines whether the diction and phrasing of consultation recommendations in the electronic health record influence their implementation. We reviewed 288 verbatim PCCT recommendations that were made for 111 unique patients in a Veterans Affairs hospital and available in the electronic health record. Recommendations were coded for linguistic features, such as the presence of conditionals (e.g., "could") and tentative phrasing (e.g., "would suggest"). Each patient's subsequent treatment was followed in the medical record to determine whether PCCT recommendations were implemented. Only 57% of the consultation recommendations were eventually implemented. Recommendations that included a conditional word or phrase were significantly less likely to be implemented. In particular, recommendations that included the words "could" and "consider" were less likely to be implemented. PCCTs may enhance their effectiveness by attending to the subtle pragmatics of how they communicate with other health-care providers, particularly in electronic communication where nonverbal features of communication are unavailable.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos
Relações Profissional-Paciente
Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Verbal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Assistência de Longa Duração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0091415016685328


  6 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29348197
[Au] Autor:Blustein J; Weinstein BE; Chodosh J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Policy, Robert F Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York University. 295 Lafayette Street, New York, NY, USA jan.blustein@wagner.nyu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Tackling hearing loss to improve the care of older adults.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k21, 2018 01 18.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Perda Auditiva/psicologia
Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/psicologia
Relações Profissional-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Comunicação
Meio Ambiente
Auxiliares de Audição/psicologia
Perda Auditiva/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
Percepção da Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k21


  7 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406636
[Au] Autor:Bennett KL
[Ti] Título:Use Your Words: Healing Communication with Children and Teens in Healthcare Settings.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(4):204-5, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Enfermeiras Pediátricas/psicologia
Enfermagem Pediátrica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406633
[Au] Autor:Coleman CL
[Ti] Título:Empowered by Nurses.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(4):193-6, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Before Justice Hope Coleman was born, nurses in an antenatal testing center provided her parents with support and encouragement, the first steps in empowering them in their roles as parents of a child with multiple disabilities and complex medical needs. Over time, other nurses supported Justice's parents as they learned to communicate clearly and collaboratively with professionals; to provide a high level of care for their daughter in a loving, family-oriented way; and to advocate not only for Justice and their family as a whole, but also for other children and families in the healthcare system. This article describes the important role nurses played in empowering Justice's parents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia
Enfermagem Pediátrica/organização & administração
Poder (Psicologia)
Relações Profissional-Família
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29339817
[Au] Autor:Crandall JW; Oudah M; Tennom; Ishowo-Oloko F; Abdallah S; Bonnefon JF; Cebrian M; Shariff A; Goodrich MA; Rahwan I
[Ad] Endereço:Computer Science Department, Brigham Young University, 3361 TMCB, Provo, UT, 84602, USA. crandall@cs.byu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Cooperating with machines.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):233, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since Alan Turing envisioned artificial intelligence, technical progress has often been measured by the ability to defeat humans in zero-sum encounters (e.g., Chess, Poker, or Go). Less attention has been given to scenarios in which human-machine cooperation is beneficial but non-trivial, such as scenarios in which human and machine preferences are neither fully aligned nor fully in conflict. Cooperation does not require sheer computational power, but instead is facilitated by intuition, cultural norms, emotions, signals, and pre-evolved dispositions. Here, we develop an algorithm that combines a state-of-the-art reinforcement-learning algorithm with mechanisms for signaling. We show that this algorithm can cooperate with people and other algorithms at levels that rival human cooperation in a variety of two-player repeated stochastic games. These results indicate that general human-machine cooperation is achievable using a non-trivial, but ultimately simple, set of algorithmic mechanisms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inteligência Artificial
Comportamento Cooperativo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Comunicação
Seres Humanos
Processos Estocásticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02597-8


  10 / 71825 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425004
[Au] Autor:Labow K
[Ti] Título:Making the Call for Patient Experience: Using Health IT to Address Gaps in Patient Data-Sharing, Communication, and Interoperability.
[So] Source:J AHIMA;87(8):20-2, 2016 08.
[Is] ISSN:1060-5487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso à Informação
Registros de Saúde Pessoal
Acesso dos Pacientes aos Registros
Integração de Sistemas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Seres Humanos
Disseminação de Informação
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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