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[PMID]:28771555
[Au] Autor:Nagy E; Pilling K; Watt R; Pal A; Orvos H
[Ad] Endereço:Psychology, University of Dundee, Park Place, Dundee, DD14HN, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Neonates' responses to repeated exposure to a still face.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0181688, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: The main aims of the study were to examine whether human neonates' responses to communication disturbance modelled by the still-face paradigm were stable and whether their responses were affected by their previous experience with the still-face paradigm. METHODS: The still face procedure, as a laboratory model of interpersonal stress, was administered repeatedly, twice, to 84 neonates (0 to 4 day olds), with a delay of an average of 1.25 day. RESULTS: Frame-by-frame analysis of the frequency and duration of gaze, distressed face, crying, sleeping and sucking behaviours showed that the procedure was stressful to them both times, that is, the still face effect was stable after repeated administration and newborns consistently responded to such nonverbal violation of communication. They averted their gaze, showed distress and cried more during the still-face phase in both the first and the second administration. They also showed a carry-over effect in that they continued to avert their gaze and displayed increased distress and crying in the first reunion period, but their gaze behaviour changed with experience, in the second administration. While in the first administration the babies continued averting their gaze even after the stressful still-face phase was over, this carry-over effect disappeared in the second administration, and the babies significantly increased their gaze following the still-face phase. CONCLUSION: After excluding explanations of fatigue, habituation and random effects, a self-other regulatory model is discussed as a possible explanation for this pattern.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afeto
Face
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento
Choro/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Comunicação não Verbal
Sono
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181688


  2 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28662238
[Au] Autor:Liu YC; Varier I; Ongkasuwan J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Houston.
[Ti] Título:Use of Audiometric Measurement for Assessment of Vocal-Fold Function in Postextubation Infants.
[So] Source:JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg;143(9):908-911, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-619X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Infants with vocal-fold motion impairment (VFMI) have an increased risk of aspiration and pulmonary complications. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) is the gold standard for evaluation of vocal-fold mobility. Although safe, FNL causes measurable physiologic changes. Noxious stimuli, especially in neonates in the cardiovascular intensive care unit, may cause imbalance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and potentially circulatory collapse. Objective: To examine whether bedside measurement of infant cry volume using a smartphone application can be a screening tool for vocal-fold movement in FNL. Design, Study, and Participants: This case-control study performed from December 1, 2013, through January 31, 2015, included 42 infants in the intensive care unit at Texas Children's Hospital, Houston. Main Outcomes and Measures: Patient cry volume in decibels was recorded using a smartphone application placed 12 in from their mouth. Results: Forty-two infants were identified at the intensive care unit (median age, 33 days; 20 [48%] female and 22 [52%] male), 21 with VFMI and 21 without, based on FNL findings. A statistically significant difference was found in the mean cry volume of infants with (76.60 dB) and without (85.72 dB) VFMI. The absolute difference in the mean cry volume was 9.12 dB (95% CI, 2.74-15.50 dB). A cry volume of 90 dB or greater had a sensitivity of 90.4% (95% CI, 71%-97%) for identification of normal vocal-fold mobility. A cry volume of 75 dB or less had a specificity of 90.5% (95% CI, 71%-97%) for the identification of VFMI. The mean (SE) area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.721 (0.080) (95% CI, 0.565-0.877). The cry volume, however, was not a good screen for aspiration. Conclusions and Relevance: Bedside measurement of the cry volume with a smartphone application can be used by untrained health care professionals to screen patients for further evaluation of vocal-fold mobility using FNL.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Choro
Aplicativos Móveis
Smartphone
Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Extubação
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Aspiração Respiratória/diagnóstico
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.0848


  3 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28572273
[Au] Autor:Thakore NJ; Pioro EP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurology, Neuromuscular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
[Ti] Título:Laughter, crying and sadness in ALS.
[So] Source:J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry;88(10):825-831, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1468-330X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is prevalent in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but there is limited information on its associations and course. OBJECTIVES: Explore prevalence, associations, course and manifestations of PBA in outpatient cohort of patients with ALS and examine its relationship to depression. METHODS: Self-reported measures of PBA and depression (Center for Neurologic Study-Lability Scale (CNS-LS) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), respectively) were obtained from consecutive patients with ALS using tablet devices in waiting rooms (Knowledge Program). RESULTS: PBA (CNS-LS ≥13) was seen in 209/735 patients (28.4%). PBA was associated with bulbar onset and dysfunction, upper motor neuron dysfunction, cognitive impairment, depression and lower quality of life. A multivariable model that included lower bulbar and gross motor subscores, female gender, younger age and shorter duration of disease predicted PBA with 74% accuracy. CNS-LS scores increased only slowly with time. Women with PBA reported more crying than men. Crying (but not laughter) correlated with depression, and crying was associated with poorer quality of life. Exploratory factor analysis of pooled questions of CNS-LS and PHQ-9 identified three underlying factors (laughter, crying and depression) loaded on appropriate questions of the respective instruments. CONCLUSION: This study identifies associations of PBA and additionally finds PBA (especially crying-predominant PBA) more prevalent in women with ALS. Although the two self-report instruments (CNS-LS and PHQ-9) discriminate well between PBA and depression, there is significant overlap between depression and crying in PBA. Studies of PBA should stratify for gender, examine crying and laughter as separate outcomes and adjust for depression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações
Choro
Riso
Paralisia Pseudobulbar/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171114
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171114
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/jnnp-2017-315622


  4 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28554786
[Au] Autor:Harb T; Frederiksen N; Hill RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Children's Nutrition Research Centre, UQ Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: t.harb@uq.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Is sensory processing an issue for infants with colic?
[So] Source:Infant Behav Dev;48(Pt B):105-113, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1934-8800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory functioning, sleep, cry/fuss, and feeding behaviors of infants with colic younger than 4 months of age. METHODS: Dunn's Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile™ and a modified Barr Baby Day Diary were used to assess 44 breastfed infants with colic under four months of age. Colic was defined according to Wessel's criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 44 infants with colic (77%) scored as atypical for sensory processing. Of these, 56% scored atypical for sensory processing on quadrant one (Q1) (Low Registration), with 24%, 65%, and 18% scoring as atypical for sensory processing on Q2 (Sensory seeking), Q3 (Sensory sensitivity), and Q4 (Sensation avoiding), respectively. All infants demonstrating sensation avoiding also scored as Low Threshold. A moderate statistically significant correlation was found between sensation seeking and time spent sleeping (r=0.31; p=0.04). No other statistically significant associations between infant behaviors and their sensory functioning were demonstrated. Overall, infants demonstrating atypical sensory responses (in any quadrant) slept significantly more than infants demonstrating typical sensory responses (mean difference=-67.8min/day; 95% CI=-133.6 to -2.1; p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Very limited associations between infant behaviors and sensory functioning were demonstrated, suggesting that sensory functioning may not be a significant factor in the multifactorial nature of infant colic. Further well-designed studies using validated tools for infants with colic are required to determine whether associations between infant behaviors and sensory functioning exist.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cólica/fisiopatologia
Comportamento do Lactente/fisiologia
Sensação/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aleitamento Materno
Estudos Transversais
Choro/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Sono/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170531
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28552590
[Au] Autor:Hiraoka D; Nomura M
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Education, Kyoto University, Yoshida Hon-machi, Sakyo-ku, 606-8501, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: hiraoka.daiki.54r@st.kyoto-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Would situational stress be harmful for anyone? The influence of situational factors and trait empathy on women's response to infant crying.
[So] Source:Infant Behav Dev;48(Pt B):147-156, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1934-8800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Individual differences in responsiveness toward infant crying are well understood. Little research, however, has examined the effects of situational risk factors (e.g., social stress, cognitive load) and possible interactions between situational and dispositional factors on response toward infant crying. This study examined if trait empathy (conceptualized as empathic concern; EC, and personal distress; PD) moderate situational factors' relationship with people's intentions in response to infant crying. Social stress was manipulated using the Trier Social Stress Test. Cognitive load was manipulated by requiring participants to keep syllable-strings of either two or eight syllables in mind while listening to an infant crying. Participants responded to question items examining their caregiving and neglect intentions in response to the crying stimulus. Multilevel regression analyses demonstrated that trait empathy (empathic concern in particular) was strongly associated with neglect intention under cognitive load. Participants with high EC showed strong neglect intention with increasing cognitive load. Furthermore, results also showed that social stress increased neglect intentions and reduced care intentions; these effects were more remarkable among participants with both low EC and low PD. These results suggest that dispositional factors moderate situational factors' effect on response to infant crying.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Choro/psicologia
Empatia
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Individualidade
Lactente
Intenção
Masculino
Fenótipo
Análise de Regressão
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sociológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170530
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28500064
[Au] Autor:Maitre NL; Stark AR; McCoy Menser CC; Chorna OD; France DJ; Key AF; Wilkens K; Moore-Clingenpeel M; Wilkes DM; Bruehl S
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Perinatal Research, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
[Ti] Título:Cry presence and amplitude do not reflect cortical processing of painful stimuli in newborns with distinct responses to touch or cold.
[So] Source:Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed;102(5):F428-F433, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2052
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Newborns requiring hospitalisation frequently undergo painful procedures. Prevention of pain in infants is of prime concern because of adverse associations with physiological and neurological development. However, pain mitigation is currently guided by behavioural observation assessments that have not been validated against direct evidence of pain processing in the brain. The aim of this study was to determine whether cry presence or amplitude is a valid indicator of pain processing in newborns. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. SETTING: Newborn nursery. PATIENTS: Healthy infants born at >37 weeks and <42 weeks gestation. INTERVENTIONS: We prospectively studied newborn cortical responses to light touch, cold and heel stick, and the amplitude of associated infant vocalisations using our previously published paradigms of time-locked electroencephalogram (EEG) with simultaneous audio recordings. RESULTS: Latencies of cortical peak responses to each of the three stimuli type were significantly different from each other. Of 54 infants, 13 (24%), 19 (35%) and 35 (65%) had cries in response to light touch, cold and heel stick, respectively. Cry in response to non-painful stimuli did not predict cry in response to heel stick. All infants with EEG data had measurable pain responses to heel stick, whether they cried or not. There was no association between presence or amplitude of cries and cortical nociceptive amplitudes. CONCLUSIONS: In newborns with distinct brain responses to light touch, cold and pain, cry presence or amplitude characteristics do not provide adequate behavioural markers of pain signalling in the brain. New bedside assessments of newborn pain may need to be developed using brain-based methodologies as benchmarks in order to provide optimal pain mitigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Choro
Eletroencefalografia
Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados
Percepção da Dor
Percepção do Tato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Coortes
Temperatura Baixa
Feminino
Calcanhar
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Flebotomia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170514
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2016-312279


  7 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28401845
[Au] Autor:Swain JE; Ho SS; Rosenblum KL; Morelen D; Dayton CJ; Muzik M
[Ad] Endereço:Stony Brook University Medical Center.
[Ti] Título:Parent-child intervention decreases stress and increases maternal brain activity and connectivity during own baby-cry: An exploratory study.
[So] Source:Dev Psychopathol;29(2):535-553, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2198
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parental responses to their children are crucially influenced by stress. However, brain-based mechanistic understanding of the adverse effects of parenting stress and benefits of therapeutic interventions is lacking. We studied maternal brain responses to salient child signals as a function of Mom Power (MP), an attachment-based parenting intervention established to decrease maternal distress. Twenty-nine mothers underwent two functional magnetic resonance imaging brain scans during a baby-cry task designed to solicit maternal responses to child's or self's distress signals. Between scans, mothers were pseudorandomly assigned to either MP (n = 14) or control (n = 15) with groups balanced for depression. Compared to control, MP decreased parenting stress and increased child-focused responses in social brain areas highlighted by the precuneus and its functional connectivity with subgenual anterior cingulate cortex, which are key components of reflective self-awareness and decision-making neurocircuitry. Furthermore, over 13 weeks, reduction in parenting stress was related to increasing child- versus self-focused baby-cry responses in amygdala-temporal pole functional connectivity, which may mediate maternal ability to take her child's perspective. Although replication in larger samples is needed, the results of this first parental-brain intervention study demonstrate robust stress-related brain circuits for maternal care that can be modulated by psychotherapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia
Conectoma
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Mães/psicologia
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos
Estresse Psicológico/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Pré-Escolar
Choro/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170413
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0954579417000165


  8 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28385295
[Au] Autor:Wolke D; Bilgin A; Samara M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom; Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom. Electronic address: D.Wolke@warwick.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: Fussing and Crying Durations and Prevalence of Colic in Infants.
[So] Source:J Pediatr;185:55-61.e4, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean duration of fussing and crying and prevalence of colic using modified Wessel criteria in infants in the first 3 months of life. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using the databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase. The major outcome measure was mean total fuss/cry duration during 24 hours at ages 1-2 weeks (11 samples), 3-4 weeks (6 samples), 5-6 weeks (28 samples), 8-9 weeks (9 samples), and 10-12 weeks (12 samples). RESULTS: Of 5687 articles reviewed, 28 diary studies (33 samples) were suitable for inclusion in meta-analysis; these studies included 8690 infants. No statistical evidence for a universal crying peak at 6 weeks of age across studies was found. Rather, the mean fuss/cry duration across studies was stable at 117-133 minutes (SDs: 66-70) in the first 6 weeks and dropped to a mean of 68 minutes (SD: 46.2) by 10-12 weeks of age. Colic was much more frequent in the first 6 weeks (17%-25%) compared with 11% by 8-9 weeks of age and 0.6% by 10-12 weeks of age, according to modified Wessel criteria and lowest in Denmark and Japan. CONCLUSIONS: The duration of fussing/crying drops significantly after 8-9 weeks of age, with colic as defined by modified Wessel criteria being rare in infants older than 9 weeks. Colic or excessive fuss/cry may be more accurately identified by defining fuss/cry above the 90th percentile in the chart provided based on the review.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cólica/diagnóstico
Choro
Comportamento do Lactente
Humor Irritável
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Prevalência
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28350192
[Au] Autor:Goldman M; Beaumont T
[Ad] Endereço:Chief Medical Officer, Iatros Consulting, London.
[Ti] Título:A real world evaluation of a treatment for infant colic based on the experience and perceptions of 4004 parents.
[So] Source:Br J Nurs;26(5 Suppl 1):S3-S10, 2017 03 01.
[Is] ISSN:0966-0461
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Infant colic (IC) is a common condition in young babies seen by primary care health professionals, especially health visitors. Nevertheless, the diagnostic criteria for IC are vague, which has resulted in a lack of clarity in published guidance on its causes and treatment. Credence has been given to alternative therapies, while health professionals are sceptical about the efficacy of over-the-counter treatments. Some 4004 parents of babies considered to have IC participated in this retrospective real world evidence study on the efficacy of a simeticone suspension in the treatment of IC. They were recruited via social media sources and were eligible for inclusion if their baby had received at least one dose of the simeticone suspension. Data were collected via an online questionnaire. The results showed that crying and discomfort-associated behaviour reduced and the babies' sleeping patterns improved following use of the suspension. More than two-thirds (69.7%) of respondents, who either used the suspension on its own or alongside another treatment, reported improvements in the signs of IC within one day. Almost all (93.2%) considered that its use was associated with either complete resolution of IC or had some effect on symptoms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antiespumantes/uso terapêutico
Cólica/tratamento farmacológico
Choro
Pais
Simeticone/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Enfermeiras de Saúde Comunitária
Estudos Retrospectivos
Sono
Inquéritos e Questionários
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antifoaming Agents); 8050-81-5 (Simethicone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/bjon.2017.26.Sup5.S3


  10 / 2332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28285033
[Au] Autor:Pérez-Hernández M; Hernández-González M; Hidalgo-Aguirre RM; Amezcua-Gutiérrez C; Guevara MA
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Francisco de Quevedo 180, Colonia Arcos-Vallarta, C.P. 44130, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Electronic address: mariselh@cencar.udg.mx.
[Ti] Título:Listening to a baby crying induces higher electroencephalographic synchronization among prefrontal, temporal and parietal cortices in adoptive mothers.
[So] Source:Infant Behav Dev;47:1-12, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1934-8800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Women who adopt babies show caring behaviors and respond to stimuli from their infants just as biological mothers do, but several studies have shown that the cerebral functionality of biological mothers (BM) and adoptive mothers (AM) changes in relation to the type and emotional mean of the stimuli they receive from their babies. The complex perception and processing of different stimuli with emotional content (such as those emitted by babies) require functional synchronization among different cortical and subcortical brain areas. To determine whether the degree of functional synchronization between cortices varies when they perceive such stimuli, this study characterized the degree of cortical electroencephalographic (EEG) synchronization (correlation) among prefrontal, temporal and parietal areas in BM, AM and non-mothers while listening to a recording of a baby crying. BM showed a decreased EEG synchronization between the prefrontal and temporal cortices that may indicate a decrease in the modulatory control that the former exerts on the posterior cortices, and could be associated with deeper emotional involvement and increased sensitivity to the baby crying. The AM, in contrast, had higher degree of EEG synchronization between cortical areas in both hemispheres, likely associated with a greater modulation of the affective information of the crying baby, which allowed them to perceive it as less unpleasant. These data enrich our knowledge of the neurofunctional changes involved in motherhood, and of the neural processes that allow mothers (biological and adoptive) to be sensitive to their infants' cues and respond appropriately.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Encéfalo/fisiologia
Choro/psicologia
Mães/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adoção
Adulto
Eletroencefalografia/métodos
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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