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[PMID]:29451669
[Au] Autor:Celeste LC; Pereira ES; Pereira NRR; Alves LM
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Prosodic parameters of reading in 2nd to 5th grade students.
[Ti] Título:Parâmetros prosódicos de leitura em escolares do segundo ao quinto ano do ensino fundamental..
[So] Source:Codas;30(1):e20170034, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng; por
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose Characterize and compare melodic variation and reading speed and verify their evolution throughout the development of schooling. Methods The reading of 78 Elementary School (2nd to 5th grade) students was analyzed using the Praat program with regards to the parameters of melodic variation (F0) and reading speed (Duration). Statistical measures (mean and standard deviation) were taken and the Student´s t-test was applied at significance level of 5%. Results Melodic variation and reading speed increased as schooling progressed, especially during 5th grade. Conclusion Melodic variation increases as schooling progresses, mainly during 5th grade. First minute of reading analysis is sufficient to assess reading speed, not being necessary to analyze the full text.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leitura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Compreensão
Avaliação Educacional
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Fala/fisiologia
Estudantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29360867
[Au] Autor:Mücke D; Hermes A; Roettger TB; Becker J; Niemann H; Dembek TA; Timmermann L; Visser-Vandewalle V; Fink GR; Grice M; Barbe MT
[Ad] Endereço:IfL-Phonetics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The effects of Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation on speech dynamics in patients with Essential Tremor: An articulographic study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191359, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Acoustic studies have revealed that patients with Essential Tremor treated with thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) may suffer from speech deterioration in terms of imprecise oral articulation and reduced voicing control. Based on the acoustic signal one cannot infer, however, whether this deterioration is due to a general slowing down of the speech motor system (e.g., a target undershoot of a desired articulatory goal resulting from being too slow) or disturbed coordination (e.g., a target undershoot caused by problems with the relative phasing of articulatory movements). To elucidate this issue further, we here investigated both acoustics and articulatory patterns of the labial and lingual system using Electromagnetic Articulography (EMA) in twelve Essential Tremor patients treated with thalamic DBS and twelve age- and sex-matched controls. By comparing patients with activated (DBS-ON) and inactivated stimulation (DBS-OFF) with control speakers, we show that critical changes in speech dynamics occur on two levels: With inactivated stimulation (DBS-OFF), patients showed coordination problems of the labial and lingual system in terms of articulatory imprecision and slowness. These effects of articulatory discoordination worsened under activated stimulation, accompanied by an additional overall slowing down of the speech motor system. This leads to a poor performance of syllables on the acoustic surface, reflecting an aggravation either of pre-existing cerebellar deficits and/or the affection of the upper motor fibers of the internal capsule.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos da Articulação/etiologia
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/efeitos adversos
Tremor Essencial/terapia
Tálamo/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Transtornos da Articulação/fisiopatologia
Transtornos da Articulação/psicologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Tremor Essencial/fisiopatologia
Tremor Essencial/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fala/fisiologia
Acústica da Fala
Testes de Articulação da Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191359


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[PMID]:29351319
[Au] Autor:Cataldo DM; Migliano AB; Vinicius L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Speech, stone tool-making and the evolution of language.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191071, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The 'technological hypothesis' proposes that gestural language evolved in early hominins to enable the cultural transmission of stone tool-making skills, with speech appearing later in response to the complex lithic industries of more recent hominins. However, no flintknapping study has assessed the efficiency of speech alone (unassisted by gesture) as a tool-making transmission aid. Here we show that subjects instructed by speech alone underperform in stone tool-making experiments in comparison to subjects instructed through either gesture alone or 'full language' (gesture plus speech), and also report lower satisfaction with their received instruction. The results provide evidence that gesture was likely to be selected over speech as a teaching aid in the earliest hominin tool-makers; that speech could not have replaced gesturing as a tool-making teaching aid in later hominins, possibly explaining the functional retention of gesturing in the full language of modern humans; and that speech may have evolved for reasons unrelated to tool-making. We conclude that speech is unlikely to have evolved as tool-making teaching aid superior to gesture, as claimed by the technological hypothesis, and therefore alternative views should be considered. For example, gestural language may have evolved to enable tool-making in earlier hominins, while speech may have later emerged as a response to increased trade and more complex inter- and intra-group interactions in Middle Pleistocene ancestors of Neanderthals and Homo sapiens; or gesture and speech may have evolved in parallel rather than in sequence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia
Linguagem
Fala
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Homem de Neandertal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191071


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[PMID]:29384973
[Au] Autor:Chang CS; Wallace CG; Hsiao YC; Lu TC; Chen SH; Chan FC; Chen PK; Chen JP; Chang CJ; Noordhoff MS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Chang Gung University.
[Ti] Título:Patient and parent reported outcome measures in cleft lip and palate patients before and after secondary alveolar bone grafting.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(52):e9541, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:European and Northern American healthcare authorities increasingly encourage the use of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) that complement clinical and laboratory assessments to help holistically evaluate reconstructive outcomes. This is the first study to evaluate PROMs in cleft lip/palate patients who have, or have not, undergone secondary alveolar bone grafting (SABG).A PROMs study was conducted; 40 consecutive consenting cleft lip/palate children between 8 and 14 years old were included. Twenty patients did, and 20 patients did not, have SABG. PROMs scores from children and parents in the 2 groups were compared.Forty patients completed the trial. No significant differences in total score from the Chang Gung Short Form-15 (CGSF-15) were found between children and their parents. Children with SABG reported no more oral-nasal regurgitation than children without SABG, but tended to report more nasal obstruction. There were no statistically significant differences in parent reported outcomes between the 2 groups.Cleft lip/palate patients who underwent SABG reported significantly less nasal regurgitation and more nasal obstruction compared to those patients who did not undergo SABG.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enxerto de Osso Alveolar/métodos
Fenda Labial/cirurgia
Fissura Palatina/cirurgia
Pais/psicologia
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Enxerto de Osso Alveolar/psicologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia
Aparência Física
Estudos Prospectivos
Qualidade de Vida
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009541


  5 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29248009
[Au] Autor:Johnstone MJ
[Ti] Título:THE HARMS OF HATE SPEECH.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(4):25, 2016 10.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2009, Andrew Bolt, an Australian journalist and right wing columnist, published two articles in the Herald-Sun in which he impugned the identity and authenticity of 'fair skinned' Aboriginal people. His articles conveyed the offensive messages that fair-skinned Aboriginal people 'were not genuinely Aboriginal and were pretending to be Aboriginal so they could access benefits that are available to Aboriginal people' (http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgibin/sinodisp/au/cases/cth/FCA/2011/1103.html).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética em Enfermagem
Ódio
Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos
Preconceito
Fala
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459758
[Au] Autor:Dawson C; Al-Qamachi L; Martin T
[Ad] Endereço:OMFS Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Speech and swallowing outcomes following oral cavity reconstruction.
[So] Source:Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg;25(3):200-204, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1531-6998
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores speech and swallowing outcomes following oral cavity reconstruction for treatment of head and neck cancer, with focus on articles published within 2015-2016. RECENT FINDINGS: There is limited recent evidence that explores functional outcomes following oral cavity surgery in the literature; therefore, an overview of the literature describing surgical interventions and their associated functional outcomes is timely. SUMMARY: We discuss the challenges associated with achieving adequate surgical margins, alongside optimal functional outcomes. The correlation between the size, site and type of reconstruction with speech and swallowing function are described, along with novel surgical and therapeutic interventions that may reduce treatment morbidity and have the potential to impact positively on quality of life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia
Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia
Boca/cirurgia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Qualidade de Vida
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos
Distúrbios da Fala/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Deglutição
Seres Humanos
Fala
Retalhos Cirúrgicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180111
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180111
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MOO.0000000000000359


  7 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776478
[Au] Autor:Sollmann N; Hauck T; Tussis L; Ille S; Maurer S; Boeckh-Behrens T; Ringel F; Meyer B; Krieg SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Results on the spatial resolution of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for cortical language mapping during object naming in healthy subjects.
[So] Source:BMC Neurosci;17(1):67, 2016 10 24.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2202
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The spatial resolution of repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for language mapping is largely unknown. Thus, to determine a minimum spatial resolution of rTMS for language mapping, we evaluated the mapping sessions derived from 19 healthy volunteers for cortical hotspots of no-response errors. Then, the distances between hotspots (stimulation points with a high error rate) and adjacent mapping points (stimulation points with low error rates) were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean distance values of 13.8 ± 6.4 mm (from hotspots to ventral points, range 0.7-30.7 mm), 10.8 ± 4.8 mm (from hotspots to dorsal points, range 2.0-26.5 mm), 16.6 ± 4.8 mm (from hotspots to apical points, range 0.9-27.5 mm), and 13.8 ± 4.3 mm (from hotspots to caudal points, range 2.0-24.2 mm) were measured. CONCLUSIONS: According to the results, the minimum spatial resolution of rTMS should principally allow for the identification of a particular gyrus, and according to the literature, it is in good accordance with the spatial resolution of direct cortical stimulation (DCS). Since measurement was performed between hotspots and adjacent mapping points and not on a finer-grained basis, we only refer to a minimum spatial resolution. Furthermore, refinement of our results within the scope of a prospective study combining rTMS and DCS for resolution measurement during language mapping should be the next step.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mapeamento Encefálico
Córtex Cerebral/fisiologia
Linguagem
Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos
Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Testes de Linguagem
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Fala/fisiologia
Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29195624
[Au] Autor:Carter A; Breen L; Yaruss JS; Beilby J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Western Australia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Self-efficacy and quality of life in adults who stutter.
[So] Source:J Fluency Disord;54:14-23, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-801X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Self-efficacy has emerged as a potential predictor of quality of life for adults who stutter. Research has focused primarily on the positive relationship self-efficacy has to treatment outcomes, but little is known about the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life for adults who stutter. The purpose of this mixed- methods study is to determine the predictive value of self-efficacy and its relationship to quality of life for adults who stutter. METHOD: The Self-Efficacy Scale for Adult Stutterers and the Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience with Stuttering were administered to 39 adults who stutter, aged 18- 77. Percentage of syllables stuttered was calculated from a conversational speech sample as a measure of stuttered speech frequency. Qualitative interviews with semi-structured probes were conducted with 10 adults and analyzed using thematic analysis to explore the lived experience of adults who stutter. RESULTS: Self-efficacy emerged as a strong positive predictor of quality of life for adults living with a stuttered speech disorder. Stuttered speech frequency was a moderate negative predictor of self-efficacy. Major qualitative themes identified from the interviews with the participants were: encumbrance, self-concept, confidence, acceptance, life-long journey, treatment, and support. CONCLUSION: Results provide clarity on the predictive value of self-efficacy and its relationship to quality of life and stuttered speech frequency. Findings highlight that the unique life experiences of adults who stutter require a multidimensional approach to the assessment and treatment of stuttered speech disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Autoeficácia
Distúrbios da Fala/psicologia
Gagueira/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Autoimagem
Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29224774
[Au] Autor:Chacon A; Parkin M; Broome K; Purcell A
[Ad] Endereço:The University of Sydney, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cumberland Campus C42, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia. Electronic address: acha1503@uni.sydney.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Australian children with cleft palate achieve age-appropriate speech by 5 years of age.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;103:93-102, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used. Eligible participants were aged 3 or 5 years with a repaired cleft palate. The Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP) Articulation subtest and a non-standardised list of mono- and polysyllabic words were administered once for each child. The Profile of Phonology (PROPH) was used to analyse each child's speech. RESULTS: N = 51 children with cleft palate participated in the study. Three-year-old children with cleft palate produced significantly more speech errors than their typically-developing peers, but no difference was apparent at 5 years. The 5-year-olds demonstrated greater phonetic and phonological accuracy than the 3-year-old children. Polysyllabic words were more affected by errors than monosyllables in the 3-year-old group only. CONCLUSIONS: Children with cleft palate are prone to phonetic and phonological speech errors in their preschool years. Most of these speech errors approximate typically-developing children by 5 years. At 3 years, word shape has an influence upon phonological speech accuracy. Speech pathology intervention is indicated to support the intelligibility of these children from their earliest stages of development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fissura Palatina/fisiopatologia
Fonética
Distúrbios da Fala/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Pré-Escolar
Fissura Palatina/cirurgia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fala
Medida da Produção da Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 18608 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29176886
[Au] Autor:Lin Y; Fan R; Mo L
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Studies of Psychological Application & School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.
[Ti] Título:Differences in phonetic discrimination stem from differences in psychoacoustic abilities in learning the sounds of a second language: Evidence from ERP research.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187135, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The scientific community has been divided as to the origin of individual differences in perceiving the sounds of a second language (L2). There are two alternative explanations: a general psychoacoustic origin vs. a speech-specific one. A previous study showed that such individual variability is linked to the perceivers' speech-specific capabilities, rather than the perceivers' psychoacoustic abilities. However, we assume that the selection of participants and parameters of sound stimuli might not appropriate. Therefore, we adjusted the sound stimuli and recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) from two groups of early, proficient Cantonese (L1)-Mandarin (L2) bilinguals who differed in their mastery of the Mandarin (L2) phonetic contrast /in-ing/, to explore whether the individual differences in perceiving L2 stem from participants' ability to discriminate various pure tones (frequency, duration and pattern). To precisely measure the participants' acoustic discrimination, mismatch negativity (MMN) elicited by the oddball paradigm was recorded in the experiment. The results showed that significant differences between good perceivers (GPs) and poor perceivers (PPs) were found in the three general acoustic conditions (frequency, duration and pattern), and the MMN amplitude for GP was significantly larger than for PP. Therefore, our results support a general psychoacoustic origin of individual variability in L2 phonetic mastery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Discriminação (Psicologia)
Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia
Linguagem
Aprendizagem
Fonética
Psicoacústica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Percepção Auditiva
Eletrodos
Seres Humanos
Fala
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187135



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