Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.145.527.100.120 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 7102 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 711 ir para página                         

  1 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29267424
[Au] Autor:Chapellon S; Houssier F
[Ad] Endereço:MINEA (Migrations, Interculturalité et Education en Amazonie), EA-7485, Université de la Guyane; PCPP (Psychologie Clinique, Psychopathologie, Psychanalyse), EA-4056, Université Paris Descartes.
[Ti] Título:[Iron Man: Between Confusion of Identity and Addiction to Technology].
[Ti] Título:Iron Man : entre confusion identitaire et addiction à la technologie..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):245-261, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:The fascination surrounding a successful artwork is linked to the fact it faces the viewer to unknown aspects of his/her own psychic life. The same applies to the comics Iron Man. Behind the armour is hiding a man caught up in the traumatic incidences of life. The hero demonstrates a psychic weakness which, despite being deep, is, however, showing universal aspects.The analysis of his misfortunes reveals a narcissistic disorder. The article intends to set out the identity confusion the Marvel's protagonist is trapped in while highlighting the addictive troublesome linking him to his high-tech armour. This article also seeks to attest the fact the symbiosis between Tony Stark and Iron Man is anticipating the evolution of our behaviour with regard to new technologies.To this end, the authors are recalling the episodes of the series. Through the analysis of the confrontational dialogue the hero is maintaining with his iron armour, they explore how the internal experiment related to the sense of identity disorder is figured out. Thus, going through the key moments of the saga, the authors raise the ambiguity of his hero. The metapsychological analysis of the actions undertaken by Iron Man reflects a little-known facet of his personality, revealing a character more tormented than he really looks. However, the point is not to "treat" a fictional man, but to observe how he can help us to understand the internal behaviour of our patients, and also our own.The Faustian drama this comic leads to is hence understood as a living testimony of our own psychic conflicts. Furthermore, the analysis gives rise to a questioning as to the risk of identity confusion the technological progress can create at a time when the Human is more and more depending on the machines he creates himself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo
Desenhos Animados como Assunto
Tecnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Identificação Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29267421
[Au] Autor:Hartmann É; Mathieu C
[Ad] Endereço:Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.
[Ti] Título:[The Relationship between Workaholism, Burnout and Personality: A Literature Review].
[Ti] Título:Liens entre ergomanie, épuisement professionnel et traits de personnalité associés : une synthèse des écrits..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):197-218, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives This paper reviews and summarizes the literature on personality traits associated with workaholism and burnout, using the Five Factors Model (FFM) of personality.Methods We searched among PsycINFO Database and Google Scholar web search engine to identify relevant articles and studies on workaholism, burnout and personality.Results The first part of this paper defines each concept individually, focussing on personal, environmental and organizational factors associated with workaholism and burnout. We also explore the impact on family, social and professional life. In the second part, results suggest that neuroticism, a personality trait, is associated with workaholism and burnout. Conscientiousness, agreeableness and extraversion also appear to have a significant but specific effects on burnout and workaholism.Conclusion It appears desirable for personal and organizational health, to explore specific factors of work-related illness, like personality traits. Implications for employee well-being and organizational health are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Personalidade
Trabalho/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29179822
[Au] Autor:Choi M; Park S; Cha S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nursing Science, Chungbuk National University, Chungdae-ro 1, Seowon-Gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28644, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: myb98@chungbuk.ac.kr.
[Ti] Título:Relationships of Mental Health and Internet Use in Korean Adolescents.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(6):566-571, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships of mental health and internet use in Korean adolescents. Also, it was intended to provide guidelines for reducing internet overuse based on the influencing factors of internet use. METHODS: Participants in this study were convenient sampling, and selected middle and high school students in Incheon metropolitan city, South Korea. Internet use and mental health of adolescents were measured by self-reported instruments. This study was carried out from June to July 2014. 1248 participants were collected overall except for insufficient data. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. RESULTS: There were significant correlations between mental health and internet use. The significant influencing factors of internet use were normal internet use group, mental health, middle school, internet using time on weekends (3h or more), internet using time at a time (3h or more), and high school record. These six variables accounted for 38.1% of internet use. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study will be used as guidelines for reducing internet overuse of adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet/utilização
Saúde Mental
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28458097
[Au] Autor:King DL; Delfabbro PH; Wu AMS; Doh YY; Kuss DJ; Pallesen S; Mentzoni R; Carragher N; Sakuma H
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, The University of Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address: daniel.king@adelaide.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Treatment of Internet gaming disorder: An international systematic review and CONSORT evaluation.
[So] Source:Clin Psychol Rev;54:123-133, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7811
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Treatment services for Internet gaming disorder are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, particularly in East Asia. This international systematic review was designed to appraise the quality standards of the gaming disorder treatment literature, a task previously undertaken by King et al. (2011) prior to the inclusion of Internet gaming disorder in Section III of the DSM-5 and 'Gaming disorder' in the draft ICD-11. The reporting quality of 30 treatment studies conducted from 2007 to 2016 was assessed. Reporting quality was defined according to the 2010 Consolidating Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. The results reaffirmed previous criticisms of these trials, namely: (a) inconsistencies in the definition, diagnosis, and measurement of disordered use; (b) lack of randomization and blinding; (c) lack of controls; and (d) insufficient information on recruitment dates, sample characteristics, and effect sizes. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy has a larger evidence base than other therapies, it remains difficult to make definitive statements on its benefits. Study design quality has not improved over the last decade, indicating a need for greater consistency and standardization in this area. Continuing international efforts to understand the core psychopathology of gaming disorder are vital to developing a model of best practice in treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/terapia
Terapia Cognitiva
Internet
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27776735
[Au] Autor:Kwako LE; Momenan R; Litten RZ; Koob GF; Goldman D
[Ad] Endereço:Office of the Clinical Director, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: laura.kwako@nih.gov.
[Ti] Título:Reply to: Neuroclinical Assessment of Addiction Needs to Incorporate Decision-Making Measures and Ecological Validity.
[So] Source:Biol Psychiatry;81(7):e55, 2017 04 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2402
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo
Tomada de Decisões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., INTRAMURAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27776736
[Au] Autor:Verdejo-Garcia A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychological Sciences and Monash Institute of Cognitive and Clinical Neurosciences, Melbourne, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Neuroclinical Assessment of Addiction Needs to Incorporate Decision-Making Measures and Ecological Validity.
[So] Source:Biol Psychiatry;81(7):e53-e54, 2017 04 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2402
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo
Tomada de Decisões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29240768
[Au] Autor:Jeong JE; Rhee JK; Kim TM; Kwak SM; Bang SH; Cho H; Cheon YH; Min JA; Yoo GS; Kim K; Choi JS; Choi SW; Kim DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:The association between the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor α4 subunit gene (CHRNA4) rs1044396 and Internet gaming disorder in Korean male adults.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188358, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The primary aim of this study was to investigate the genetic predisposition of Internet gaming disorder (IGD), and the secondary aim was to compare the results to those of alcohol dependence (AD). Two independent case-control studies were conducted. A total of 30 male participants with IGD, diagnosed according to the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria, and 30 sex-matched controls participated in study 1. We designed targeted exome sequencing (TES) to test for 72 candidate genes that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of addiction. The genes included seven neurotransmitter (dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, r-aminobutyric acid (GABA), norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and opioid) system genes. A total of 31 male in-patients with AD and 29 normal male controls (NC) were enrolled in study 2. The same 72 genes included in study 1 and ten additional genes related to alcohol-metabolic enzyme were selected as the target genes, and we identified the genetic variants using the same method (TES). The IGD group had a lower frequency of the T allele of rs1044396 in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 4 subunit (CHRNA4), and this variant represents a protective allele against IGD. However, we did not find a significant difference in the polymorphisms of the 72 genes that encode neurotransmitter systems between the AD and NC groups. This study demonstrated that rs1044396 of CHRNA4 was significantly associated with IGD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/genética
Internet
Receptores Nicotínicos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
República da Coreia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Receptors, Nicotinic); 0 (nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha4 subunit)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188358


  8 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29315092
[Au] Autor:Öksüz E; Guvenc G; Mumcu S
[Ad] Endereço:Author Affiliations: Department of Psychiatry (Dr Öksüz) and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Dr Guvenc), Gulhane School of Nursing (Ms Mumcu), University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Relationship Between Problematic Internet Use and Time Management Among Nursing Students.
[So] Source:Comput Inform Nurs;36(1):55-61, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1538-9774
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Internet is an essential part of everyday life, particularly for the younger generation. The aims of this study were to evaluate nursing students' problematic Internet use and time management skills and to assess relationship between Internet use and time management. This descriptive study was conducted with 311 nursing students in Ankara, Turkey, from February to April 2016. The data were collected using the Problematic Internet Use Scale and Time Management Inventory. The Problematic Internet Use Scale and Time Management Inventory median scores were 59.58 ± 20.69 and 89.18 ± 11.28, respectively. There were statistically significant differences between both nursing students' Problematic Internet Use Scale and Time Management Inventory median scores and some variables (school grade, the time spent on the Internet). Fourth-year students were more prone to excessive use of the Internet and the resulting negative consequences than students from other year levels (P < .05). A significant negative relationship was also found between problematic Internet use and time management (P < .05). This study demonstrates that the Internet use of participants was not problematic and their time management skills were on a moderate level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo
Internet/utilização
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
Gerenciamento do Tempo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem
Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem
Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
Turquia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/CIN.0000000000000391


  9 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29339724
[Au] Autor:Calipari ES; Godino A; Peck EG; Salery M; Mervosh NL; Landry JA; Russo SJ; Hurd YL; Nestler EJ; Kiraly DD
[Ad] Endereço:Fishberg Department of Neuroscience, Friedman Brain Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
[Ti] Título:Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor controls neural and behavioral plasticity in response to cocaine.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):9, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cocaine addiction is characterized by dysfunction in reward-related brain circuits, leading to maladaptive motivation to seek and take the drug. There are currently no clinically available pharmacotherapies to treat cocaine addiction. Through a broad screen of innate immune mediators, we identify granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) as a potent mediator of cocaine-induced adaptations. Here we report that G-CSF potentiates cocaine-induced increases in neural activity in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and prefrontal cortex. In addition, G-CSF injections potentiate cocaine place preference and enhance motivation to self-administer cocaine, while not affecting responses to natural rewards. Infusion of G-CSF neutralizing antibody into NAc blocks the ability of G-CSF to modulate cocaine's behavioral effects, providing a direct link between central G-CSF action in NAc and cocaine reward. These results demonstrate that manipulating G-CSF is sufficient to alter the motivation for cocaine, but not natural rewards, providing a pharmacotherapeutic avenue to manipulate addictive behaviors without abuse potential.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/tratamento farmacológico
Cocaína/farmacologia
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/metabolismo
Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Aditivo/tratamento farmacológico
Comportamento Aditivo/fisiopatologia
Cocaína/administração & dosagem
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/fisiopatologia
Condicionamento Operante
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Masculino
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Núcleo Accumbens/efeitos dos fármacos
Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Regulação para Cima
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
143011-72-7 (Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor); I5Y540LHVR (Cocaine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-01881-x


  10 / 7102 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29233278
[Au] Autor:Miller LN; Mercer SL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacy Practice, Lipscomb University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, One University Park Drive, Nashville, TN 37204, United States; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, United States. Electronic address: lindsey.miller@lipscomb.edu.
[Ti] Título:Drugs of Abuse and Addiction: An integrated approach to teaching.
[So] Source:Curr Pharm Teach Learn;9(3):405-414, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1877-1300
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the design, implementation, and student perceptions of a Drugs of Abuse and Addiction elective course utilizing an integrated teaching model. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Third-year pharmacy students enrolled in the two credit hour elective. Teaching methodology included didactic lecture, journal club, simulated addiction assignment with reflection, debates, external speakers, site visit to a residential drug court program and research paper with presentation. FINDINGS: A course objective survey was administered upon course completion. All students strongly agreed that having science- and clinical-based faculty members develop and deliver course content was beneficial. Additionally, all students agree to strongly agree that their research project helped them integrate and comprehend the science and practice surrounding drugs of abuse and addiction. DISCUSSION AND SUMMARY: Students enjoyed an integrated teaching approach and multiple teaching methodologies leading to increased engagement and enhancement of student learning. Course enrollment was beneficial for personalized learning, but limited student perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação em Farmácia/métodos
Drogas Ilícitas
Estudantes de Farmácia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Aditivo
Comportamento do Consumidor
Currículo
Seres Humanos
Drogas Ilícitas/química
Drogas Ilícitas/farmacologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Ensino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Street Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 711 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde