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Pesquisa : F01.145.527.100.120.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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[Au] Autor:Mallorquí-Bagué N; Fernández-Aranda F; Lozano-Madrid M; Granero R; Mestre-Bach G; Baño M; Pino-Gutiérrez AD; Gómez-Peña M; Aymamí N; Menchón JM; Jiménez-Murcia S
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL , Barcelona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Internet gaming disorder and online gambling disorder: Clinical and personality correlates.
[So] Source:J Behav Addict;6(4):669-677, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2063-5303
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background and aims The recent growth of Internet use has led to an increase of potentially problematic behaviors that can be engaged online, such as online gambling or Internet gaming. The aim of this study is to better conceptualize Internet gaming disorder (IGD) by comparing it with gambling disorder (GD) patients who only gamble online (online GD). Methods A total of 288 adult patients (261 online GD and 27 IGD) completed self-reported questionnaires for exploring psychopathological symptoms, food addiction (FA), and personality traits. Results Both clinical groups presented higher psychopathological scores and less functional personality traits when compared with a normative Spanish population. However, when comparing IGD to online GD, some singularities emerged. First, patients with IGD were younger, more likely single and unemployed, and they also presented lower age of disorder onset. In addition, they displayed lower somatization and depressive scores together with lower prevalence of tobacco use but higher FA scores and higher mean body mass index. Finally, they presented lower novelty seeking and persistence traits. Discussion GD is fully recognized as a behavioral addiction, but IGD has been included in the Appendix of DSM-5 as a behavioral addiction that needs further study. Our findings suggest that IGD and online GD patients share some emotional distress and personality traits, but patients with IGD also display some differential characteristics, namely younger age, lower novelty seeking scores and higher BMI, and FA scores. Conclusions IGD presents some characteristics that are not extensive to online GD. These specificities have potential clinical implications and they need to be further studied.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Jogo de Azar/psicologia
Jogos de Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Dependência de Alimentos/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/2006.6.2017.078

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[Au] Autor:Sudan R; Sudan R; Lyden E; Thompson JS
[Ad] Endereço:Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.
[Ti] Título:Food cravings and food consumption after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass versus cholecystectomy.
[So] Source:Surg Obes Relat Dis;13(2):220-226, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7533
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Food cravings and consumption of craved foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are poorly understood. Food cravings after bariatric surgery may explain why some patients fail to change eating behaviors after RYGB, and understanding these cravings may provide better information for nutritional counseling to either enhance weight loss or prevent weight regain. OBJECTIVES: To study cravings in RYGB patients and compare them with cholecystectomy (CC) control patients. SETTING: This study took place in a university hospital. METHODS: RYGB patients (n = 50) and CC control patients (n = 38) completed a validated food craving inventory before surgery and at 2 and 6 weeks postoperatively. In addition, RYGB patients completed the food craving inventory at 12, 24, 36, and 52 weeks postoperatively. A linear mixed-effect model with a first-order autoregressive structure for correlations was used to evaluate changes in food consumption and food cravings between visits. Correlations between food cravings and body mass index (BMI) or weight changes before and after RYGB were assessed with Spearman correlation coefficients. P<.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: After RYGB, food consumption decreased significantly compared with CC control patients and was lowest at 2 weeks. Consumption progressively increased over time in the first year but remained significantly less than that from presurgery. In addition, a higher preoperative BMI was found to correlate moderately with higher preoperative cravings of the total of all 4 food groups studied (r = .3, P = .04); high-fat foods (r = .3, P = .04); and sweets (r = .3, P = .03). However, with the exception of preoperative cravings for high-fat foods, these scores were not predictive of changes in BMI after surgery. Overall, RYGB did not significantly affect food cravings after surgery compared with CC control patients. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that RYGB may limit food consumption but does not affect the drive to consume certain types of food. Because food cravings are high in patients with obesity before surgery and remain high after surgery, these findings suggest a possible reason for noncompliance with dietary recommendations after RYGB.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colecistectomia
Dependência de Alimentos/etiologia
Derivação Gástrica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Índice de Massa Corporal
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Preferências Alimentares
Seres Humanos
Obesidade Mórbida/psicologia
Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
Cooperação do Paciente
Cuidados Pós-Operatórios
Estudos Prospectivos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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