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[PMID]:28423021
[Au] Autor:Huang S; Zhu Z; Zhang W; Chen Y; Zhen S
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, and Center for the Study of Applied Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.
[Ti] Título:Trait impulsivity components correlate differently with proactive and reactive control.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0176102, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The relationship between impulsivity and cognitive control is still unknown. We hypothesized that trait impulsivity would differentially correlate with specific cognitive control processes. Trait impulsivity was measured by the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, which assesses motor, attention, and non-planning impulsiveness components. Cognitive control was measured by a hybrid-designed Stroop task, which distinguishes proactive and reactive control. Thirty-three participants performed the Stroop task while they were scanned by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Proactive and reactive control involved increased activity in the fronto-parietal network, and brain activity was associated with impulsivity scores. Specifically, higher motor impulsiveness was associated with a larger proactive control effect in the inferior parietal lobule and a smaller reactive control effect in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and anterior cingulate contex. Higher attention impulsivity was associated with a smaller proactive control effect in the right DLPFC. Such a correlation pattern suggests that impulsivity trait components are attributable to different cognitive control subsystems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Giro do Cíngulo/fisiologia
Comportamento Impulsivo/fisiologia
Lobo Parietal/fisiologia
Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia
Inibição Proativa
Inibição Reativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mapeamento Encefálico
Feminino
Giro do Cíngulo/anatomia & histologia
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Lobo Parietal/anatomia & histologia
Córtex Pré-Frontal/anatomia & histologia
Testes Psicológicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0176102


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[PMID]:28288205
[Au] Autor:Missaire M; Fraize N; Joseph MA; Hamieh AM; Parmentier R; Marighetto A; Salin PA; Malleret G
[Ad] Endereço:Forgetting and Cortical Dynamics Team, Lyon Neuroscience Research Center (CRNL), University Lyon 1, Lyon, France.
[Ti] Título:Long-term effects of interference on short-term memory performance in the rat.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173834, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A distinction has always been made between long-term and short-term memory (also now called working memory, WM). The obvious difference between these two kinds of memory concerns the duration of information storage: information is supposedly transiently stored in WM while it is considered durably consolidated into long-term memory. It is well acknowledged that the content of WM is erased and reset after a short time, to prevent irrelevant information from proactively interfering with newly stored information. In the present study, we used typical WM radial maze tasks to question the brief lifespan of spatial WM content in rodents. Groups of rats were submitted to one of two different WM tasks in a radial maze: a WM task involving the repetitive presentation of a same pair of arms expected to induce a high level of proactive interference (PI) (HIWM task), or a task using a different pair in each trial expected to induce a low level of PI (LIWM task). Performance was effectively lower in the HIWM group than in LIWM in the final trial of each training session, indicative of a "within-session/short-term" PI effect. However, we also observed a different "between-session/long-term" PI effect between the two groups: while performance of LIWM trained rats remained stable over days, the performance of HIWM rats dropped after 10 days of training, and this impairment was visible from the very first trial of the day, hence not attributable to within-session PI. We also showed that a 24 hour-gap across training sessions known to allow consolidation processes to unfold, was a necessary and sufficient condition for the long-term PI effect to occur. These findings suggest that in the HIWM task, WM content was not entirely reset between training sessions and that, in specific conditions, WM content can outlast its purpose by being stored more permanently, generating a long-term deleterious effect of PI. The alternative explanation is that WM content could be transferred and stored more permanently in an intermediary form or memory between WM and long-term memory.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Memória de Longo Prazo
Memória de Curto Prazo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Inibição Proativa
Ratos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170314
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173834


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[PMID]:28251591
[Au] Autor:Turner D; Sebastian A; Tüscher O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Mainz, Untere Zahlbacherstraße 8, 55131, Mainz, Germany. daniel.turner@unimedizin-mainz.de.
[Ti] Título:Impulsivity and Cluster B Personality Disorders.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(3):15, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and an important personality trait in various mental health conditions. Among personality disorders (PDs), especially cluster B PDs are affected. The aims of this review are to summarize the relevant findings of the past 3 years concerning impulsivity in cluster B PDs and to identify those subcomponents of self-reported impulsivity and experimentally measured impulse control that are most affected in these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: All studies referred to antisocial (ASPD) or borderline PD (BPD), and none were found for narcissistic or histrionic PD. In ASPD as well as BPD, self-report scales primarily revealed heightened impulsivity compared to healthy controls. In experimental tasks, ASPD patients showed impairments in response inhibition, while fewer deficits were found in delay discounting. BPD patients showed specific impairments in delay discounting and proactive interference, while response inhibition was less affected. However, after inducing high levels of stress, deficits in response inhibition could also be observed in BPD patients. Furthermore, negative affect led to altered brain activation patterns in BPD patients during impulse control tasks, but no behavioral impairments were found. As proposed by the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorders, heightened impulsivity is a core personality trait in BPD and ASPD, which is in line with current research findings. However, different components of experimentally measured impulse control are affected in BPD and ASPD, and impulsivity occurring in negative emotional states or increased distress seems to be specific for BPD. Future research could be focused on measures that assess impulsive behaviors on a momentary basis as this is a promising approach especially for further ecological validation and transfer into clinical practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Desvalorização pelo Atraso
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/diagnóstico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inibição Proativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0768-8


  4 / 283 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28077328
[Au] Autor:Swick D; Cayton J; Ashley V; Turken AU
[Ad] Endereço:VA Northern California Health Care System, Martinez, CA, USA; University of California, Davis, USA. Electronic address: swicklab@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Dissociation between working memory performance and proactive interference control in post-traumatic stress disorder.
[So] Source:Neuropsychologia;96:111-121, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3514
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deficits in working memory (WM) and cognitive control processes have been reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in addition to clinical symptoms such as hypervigilance, re-experiencing, and avoidance of trauma reminders. Given the uncontrollable nature of intrusive memories, an important question is whether PTSD is associated with altered control of interference in WM. Some studies also suggest that episodic memory shows a material-specific dissociation in PTSD, with greater impairments in verbal memory and relative sparing of nonverbal memory. It is unclear whether this dissociation applies to WM, as no studies have used identical task parameters across material. Here we tested 29 combat Veterans with PTSD and 29 age-matched control Veterans on a recent probes WM task with words and visual patterns in separate blocks. Participants studied four-item sets, followed by a probe stimulus that had been presented in the previous set (recent probe) or not (nonrecent probe). Participants with PTSD made more errors than controls, and this decrement was similar for verbal and visual stimuli. Proactive interference from items recently presented, but no longer relevant, was not significantly different in the PTSD group and showed no relationship to re-experiencing symptom severity. These results demonstrate that PTSD is not reliably associated with increased intrusions of irrelevant representations into WM when non-emotional stimuli are used. Future studies that use trauma-related material may provide insight into the flashbacks and intrusive thoughts that plague those with PTSD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dissociativos/etiologia
Transtornos da Memória/etiologia
Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia
Inibição Proativa
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Campanha Afegã de 2001-
Análise de Variância
Teorema de Bayes
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estimulação Luminosa
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Aprendizagem Verbal
Veteranos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27854465
[Au] Autor:Lever AG; Ridderinkhof KR; Marsman M; Geurts HM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam.
[Ti] Título:Reactive and proactive interference control in adults with autism spectrum disorder across the lifespan.
[So] Source:Dev Psychol;53(2):379-395, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0599
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As a large heterogeneity is observed across studies on interference control in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research may benefit from the use of a cognitive framework that models specific processes underlying reactive and proactive control of interference. Reactive control refers to the expression and suppression of responses and proactive control refers to the adjustment of response to previous situations. We administered a Simon conflict task in 2 independent adult samples (IQ >80) and applied distributional analyses to examine temporal dynamics of interference control in ASD. Along comparable interference effects in both reactive and proactive control, young men (n = 23, 18-36 years) diagnosed with ASD made as many fast errors on conflict trials as neurotypical controls (n = 19) and showed similar suppression on slow responses (Study 1). However, over the adult life span (19-79 years), individuals with ASD (n = 118) made fewer fast errors on conflict trials, and had overall slower and more accurate responses than controls (n = 160; Study 2). These results converge to the idea that individuals with ASD adopt a more cautious response bias over the adult life span, which is not yet observed among young adults. Our findings suggest that it is fruitful to distinguish different processes involved in interference control and contribute to an increased understanding of interference control mechanisms in adults with ASD. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/psicologia
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia
Inibição Proativa
Inibição Reativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Conflito (Psicologia)
Função Executiva
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Meia-Idade
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Tempo de Reação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/dev0000219


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[PMID]:27838866
[Au] Autor:Cyr M; Nee DE; Nelson E; Senger T; Jonides J; Malapani C
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Dr, New York, NY, 10032, USA. cyrmari@nyspi.columbia.edu.
[Ti] Título:Effects of proactive interference on non-verbal working memory.
[So] Source:Cogn Process;18(1):1-12, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1612-4790
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Working memory (WM) is a cognitive system responsible for actively maintaining and processing relevant information and is central to successful cognition. A process critical to WM is the resolution of proactive interference (PI), which involves suppressing memory intrusions from prior memories that are no longer relevant. Most studies that have examined resistance to PI in a process-pure fashion used verbal material. By contrast, studies using non-verbal material are scarce, and it remains unclear whether the effect of PI is domain-general or whether it applies solely to the verbal domain. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of PI in visual WM using both objects with high and low nameability. Using a Directed-Forgetting paradigm, we varied discriminability between WM items on two dimensions, one verbal (high-nameability vs. low-nameability objects) and one perceptual (colored vs. gray objects). As in previous studies using verbal material, effects of PI were found with object stimuli, even after controlling for verbal labels being used (i.e., low-nameability condition). We also found that the addition of distinctive features (color, verbal label) increased performance in rejecting intrusion probes, most likely through an increase in discriminability between content-context bindings in WM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Inibição Proativa
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Discriminação (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161114
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10339-016-0784-3


  7 / 283 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27794134
[Au] Autor:Hermans L; Beeckmans K; Michiels K; Lafosse C; Sunaert S; Coxon JP; Swinnen SP; Leunissen I
[Ad] Endereço:1 Movement Control and Neuroplasticity Research Group, Biomedical Sciences Group, KU Leuven, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Proactive Response Inhibition and Subcortical Gray Matter Integrity in Traumatic Brain Injury.
[So] Source:Neurorehabil Neural Repair;31(3):228-239, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1552-6844
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been associated with impairments in inhibiting prepotent motor responses triggered by infrequent external signals (ie, reactive inhibition). It is unclear whether proactive preparation to inhibit upcoming responses is also affected (ie, proactive inhibition). Successful inhibition relies on frontosubcortical interactions; therefore, impairments might be linked with gray matter atrophy in subcortical structures. OBJECTIVE: We investigated reactive and proactive inhibition in TBI and control groups, and their relationship with subcortical gray matter. METHODS: Participants performed a response inhibition task in which the probability of stopping was manipulated. Reactive inhibition was measured as the stop-signal reaction time (SSRT) when the probability of stopping was low. Proactive inhibition was measured as the change in SSRT and in go response time with increasing probability of stopping. Subcortical gray matter structures were automatically segmented with FSL-FIRST. Group differences in subregional volume and associations with reactive and proactive inhibition efficiency were investigated using shape analysis. RESULTS: Reactive inhibition was impaired in TBI, as indicated by longer SSRTs. Moreover, the degree of atrophy in subregions of subcortical structures was predictive for SSRT in TBI. In contrast, proactive inhibition was not affected because both groups showed no response time slowing as a function of stopping probability. Proactive inhibition efficiency could be predicted by local volume in the anterior left putamen, bilateral pallidum, and right thalamus in controls but not in TBI. CONCLUSIONS: Our results reveal that proactive inhibition seems unaffected in TBI and that volume of subregions of subcortical nuclei is predictive for response inhibition proficiency and of clinical relevance in TBI.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/psicologia
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem
Atividade Motora
Inibição Proativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Atrofia
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Mãos/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Atividade Motora/fisiologia
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Tamanho do Órgão
Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão
Tempo de Reação
Inibição Reativa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161101
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1545968316675429


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[PMID]:27977790
[Au] Autor:Wilbiks JM; Dyson BJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The Dynamics and Neural Correlates of Audio-Visual Integration Capacity as Determined by Temporal Unpredictability, Proactive Interference, and SOA.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0168304, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Over 5 experiments, we challenge the idea that the capacity of audio-visual integration need be fixed at 1 item. We observe that the conditions under which audio-visual integration is most likely to exceed 1 occur when stimulus change operates at a slow rather than fast rate of presentation and when the task is of intermediate difficulty such as when low levels of proactive interference (3 rather than 8 interfering visual presentations) are combined with the temporal unpredictability of the critical frame (Experiment 2), or, high levels of proactive interference are combined with the temporal predictability of the critical frame (Experiment 4). Neural data suggest that capacity might also be determined by the quality of perceptual information entering working memory. Experiment 5 supported the proposition that audio-visual integration was at play during the previous experiments. The data are consistent with the dynamic nature usually associated with cross-modal binding, and while audio-visual integration capacity likely cannot exceed uni-modal capacity estimates, performance may be better than being able to associate only one visual stimulus with one auditory stimulus.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia
Processos Mentais/fisiologia
Vias Neurais/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Adolescente
Adulto
Sincronização Cortical/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estimulação Luminosa
Inibição Proativa
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0168304


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[PMID]:27664818
[Au] Autor:James EL; Lau-Zhu A; Tickle H; Horsch A; Holmes EA
[Ad] Endereço:University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK.
[Ti] Título:Playing the computer game Tetris prior to viewing traumatic film material and subsequent intrusive memories: Examining proactive interference.
[So] Source:J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry;53:25-33, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7943
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Visuospatial working memory (WM) tasks performed concurrently or after an experimental trauma (traumatic film viewing) have been shown to reduce subsequent intrusive memories (concurrent or retroactive interference, respectively). This effect is thought to arise because, during the time window of memory consolidation, the film memory is labile and vulnerable to interference by the WM task. However, it is not known whether tasks before an experimental trauma (i.e. proactive interference) would also be effective. Therefore, we tested if a visuospatial WM task given before a traumatic film reduced intrusions. Findings are relevant to the development of preventative strategies to reduce intrusive memories of trauma for groups who are routinely exposed to trauma (e.g. emergency services personnel) and for whom tasks prior to trauma exposure might be beneficial. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions. In the Tetris condition (n = 28), participants engaged in the computer game for 11 min immediately before viewing a 12-min traumatic film, whereas those in the Control condition (n = 28) had no task during this period. Intrusive memory frequency was assessed using an intrusion diary over 1-week and an Intrusion Provocation Task at 1-week follow-up. Recognition memory for the film was also assessed at 1-week. RESULTS: Compared to the Control condition, participants in the Tetris condition did not report statistically significant difference in intrusive memories of the trauma film on either measure. There was also no statistically significant difference in recognition memory scores between conditions. LIMITATIONS: The study used an experimental trauma paradigm and findings may not be generalizable to a clinical population. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to control, playing Tetris before viewing a trauma film did not lead to a statistically significant reduction in the frequency of later intrusive memories of the film. It is unlikely that proactive interference, at least with this task, effectively influences intrusive memory development. WM tasks administered during or after trauma stimuli, rather than proactively, may be a better focus for intrusive memory amelioration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Jogos e Brinquedos
Inibição Proativa
Processamento Espacial/fisiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Jogos de Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Afeto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inventário de Personalidade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Recognição (Psicologia)
Autorrelato
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/fisiopatologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160925
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 283 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27565516
[Au] Autor:Bartholdy S; Campbell IC; Schmidt U; O'Daly OG
[Ad] Endereço:King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Section of Eating Disorders, United Kingdom. Electronic address: savani.bartholdy@kcl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Proactive inhibition: An element of inhibitory control in eating disorders.
[So] Source:Neurosci Biobehav Rev;71:1-6, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7528
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aetiology of eating disorders (EDs) is unclear, but many hypotheses implicate alterations in behavioural control. Specifically and because of its relevance to symptomatology, there has been much interest in inhibitory control, i.e., the ability to inhibit inappropriate/unwanted behaviours. This has been studied in relation to reactive motor inhibition (withholding a response in reaction to a signal), reward-based inhibition (e.g., temporal discounting paradigms) and to reversal learning (e.g., set shifting tasks assessing cognitive flexibility and compulsivity). However, there has been less explicit exploration of proactive inhibitory control, i.e., a preparatory form of inhibitory control where responses are pre-emptively suppressed to improve performance either in terms of a dynamic strategy (e.g., post-error slowing) or as a more general suppression in the context of uncertainty (e.g., when the appropriateness of a response is less certain). This review considers proactive inhibition within the context of broader conceptual considerations of inhibitory control in EDs, discusses the existing behavioural and neural evidence, and concludes that this is a construct worthy of further exploration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos
Inibição Proativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Inibição Reativa
Recompensa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161107
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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