Base de dados : MEDLINE
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  1 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27760469
[Au] Autor:Agadjanian V; Markosyan K
[Ad] Endereço:a Center for Migration Research , University of Kansas , Lawrence , KS , USA.
[Ti] Título:Male labor migration, patriarchy, and the awareness-behavior gap: HIV risks and prevention among migrants' wives in Armenia.
[So] Source:AIDS Care;29(6):705-710, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1360-0451
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Unlike in most of the world, HIV incidence in the former Soviet Union continues to rise. While international labor migration has been identified as a potentially important contributor to this trend, most attention has been focused on risks of male migrants themselves. This study uses recent household survey data to examine HIV-related perceptions and actions of migrants' left-behind wives in Armenia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses show that migrants' wives are significantly more likely to suspect their husbands of extramarital sex than are non-migrants' wives. The analyses detect greater worries about HIV infection and a higher likelihood of spousal communication on HIV matters among migrants' wives, compared to non-migrants' wives, but these differences are largely explained by the suspicion of husband's extramarital sex. Finally, no difference between the two categories of women in the probability of consistent condom use with husbands is found. These findings are interpreted within the context of patriarchal culture and unequal gender relations in Armenian society as they are further reinforced by male migration. Implications of these findings for policies to increase women's awareness of HIV risks associated with migration and their ability to reduce those risks are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Características da Família
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Cônjuges/psicologia
Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos
Migrantes/psicologia
Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Armênia
Preservativos/utilização
Estudos Transversais
Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Revisão da Utilização de Recursos de Saúde
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09540121.2016.1242709


  2 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27473073
[Au] Autor:Scott SB; Parsons A; Post KM; Stanley SM; Markman HJ; Rhoades GK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Denver, Frontier Hall, 2155 S. Race St., Denver, CO, 80208, USA. shelbybscott@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Changes in the Sexual Relationship and Relationship Adjustment Precede Extradyadic Sexual Involvement.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(2):395-406, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Extradyadic sexual involvement (ESI) is associated with negative consequences for individuals and threatens couple stability. Research on ESI in unmarried samples has been marked by methodological limitations, such as examining only mean levels of sexual satisfaction or frequency to predict later ESI as opposed to changes in various aspects of the sexual relationship over time. The current study compared linear trajectories of four aspects of the sexual relationship-sexual satisfaction, frequency of sex, comfort communicating about sex, and sexual closeness-between individuals in opposite-sex, unmarried relationships who subsequently engaged in ESI (ESI group; n = 183) compared to individuals who did not engage in ESI (non-ESI group; n = 603). Trajectories of relationship adjustment were also evaluated leading up to ESI as well as controlled for in models evaluating the sexual relationship. Results indicated that relationship adjustment declined for individuals preceding ESI, but did not change for the non-ESI group. When controlling for relationship adjustment, comfort communicating about sex decreased for ESI women but increased for ESI men. Some results became nonsignificant after controlling for relationship adjustment, including that sexual satisfaction declined more steeply in the ESI group compared to the non-ESI group, and ESI women significantly decreased in sexual closeness while ESI men demonstrated no significant change. Some mean level differences were also discovered directly before ESI. Conclusions include that changes in a couple's sexual relationship and relationship adjustment are associated with ESI behaviors, providing novel information regarding normative and risk trajectories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Comunicação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Satisfação Pessoal
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160731
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0797-0


  3 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27164895
[Au] Autor:Tu SH; Hsieh SH
[Ad] Endereço:Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, Academia Sinica, 128 Sec. 2 Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan. suhao@gate.sinica.edu.tw.
[Ti] Título:Estimates of Lifetime Extradyadic Sex Using a Hybrid of Randomized Response Technique and Crosswise Design.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(2):373-384, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The prevalence of extradyadic sex (EDS) tends to be underestimated due to underreporting in national surveys, which use direct questioning. Self-administered questionnaires can reduce this response bias but may cause the anxiety of privacy exposure. Randomized Response Technique (RRT) can ensure participants' confidentiality under the randomized design of indirect questions to and was found to yield more valid estimates of sexual or other sensitive behaviors than direct questions. This study estimated the EDS rate among Taiwanese aged 18 years and over, using a hybrid of Randomized Response Technique and Crosswise Design (RRTCD) and the Weighted Conditional Likelihood (WCL) estimator. The data analyzed were from the 2012 Taiwan Social Change Survey, in which the answer to the innocuous question from the unrelated-question RRT of Greenberg, Abul-Ela, Simmons, and Horvitz (1969) was obtained indirectly from a demographic question related to the innocuous question. This RRTCD provided more information on the innocuous question to effectively improve the efficiency of the unrelated-question RRT of Greenberg et al. The WCL estimator was found to be more efficient than the Greenberg et al. estimator for estimating the EDS rate in terms of smaller standard errors and smaller differences in the levels of EDS across sociodemographics and extramarital-sex attitudes. Similar to those suggested in the literature, the estimated rates of EDS in two subsamples were higher among men, homosexuals, those who have or had wages, and those who accepted extramarital sex. The levels of EDS varying with sociodemographics were different between the married and the unmarried.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Casamento
Modelos Estatísticos
Distribuição Aleatória
Projetos de Pesquisa
Taiwan/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0740-4


  4 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27629745
[Au] Autor:Strama A; Heimrath J; Dudek K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
[Ti] Título:A Comparative Analysis of Selected Demographic Parameters for Evaluating Parity of Women in Poland, Spain, England and Wales for the Period 1996-2011.
[So] Source:Adv Clin Exp Med;25(3):551-60, 2016 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1899-5276
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Central Statistical Offices in Europe indicate an increase of women's parity age and extramarital births. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the chosen demographics of parity in European countries of Poland, Spain, England and Wales in 1996-2011. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Statistical packet: women's average age at the time of their first and subsequent births, newborns' average body weight in relation to the age of mother; live marital and extramarital births. The age of mothers giving birth to their first and subsequent children in 1998-2011 in all of the researched countries is presented, and next compared in 1999, 2005 and 2011. An analysis of the births of children in marital and extramarital relationships as well as the body weight of live newborns is presented in detail in 1996-2006, and next in 6 year periods: 1999, 2005 and 2011. RESULTS: The average age of the mother giving birth to her first baby in 1996-2011 oscillates around: 26-27 years in England and Wales, 28-30 years in Spain and 23-26 years in Poland. In Poland, the highest average children's body weight, 3394 g, was achieved by children born by mothers at the age of 25-29. In Spain, however, at the mothers' age of 20-24, it was 3317 g. In England and Wales, at 30-34 years, it was 3262 g. The number of extramarital births in comparison to marital births is increasing. England and Wales has the lowest percentage of marital births, whereas Poland, the highest. In Spain, England and Wales we can observe an increase of extramarital births, while in Poland this number is stable at around 21.3%. CONCLUSIONS: The age of women having their first baby, the parity of later children, and extramarital births are increasing. In Poland, infant body weight is significantly bigger than in Spain, England and Wales.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia/métodos
Demografia/estatística & dados numéricos
Paridade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Peso ao Nascer
Peso Corporal
Demografia/tendências
Inglaterra
Relações Extramatrimoniais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Casamento
Idade Materna
Polônia
Espanha
Fatores de Tempo
País de Gales
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17219/acem/40962


  5 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27443718
[Au] Autor:Maxmen A
[Ti] Título:Older men and young women drive South African HIV epidemic.
[So] Source:Nature;535(7612):335, 2016 07 21.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Comportamento Sexual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Busca de Comunicante
Relações Extramatrimoniais
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/virologia
HIV-1/genética
HIV-1/isolamento & purificação
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Profilaxia Pré-Exposição
África do Sul/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature.2016.20273


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[PMID]:27327064
[Au] Autor:Rodrigues D; Lopes D; Pereira M
[Ad] Endereço:1 Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) , CIS-IUL, Lisboa, Portugal .
[Ti] Título:"We Agree and Now Everything Goes My Way": Consensual Sexual Nonmonogamy, Extradyadic Sex, and Relationship Satisfaction.
[So] Source:Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw;19(6):373-9, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2152-2723
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In sexually monogamous relationships (SMR), sociosexuality, or the predisposition to engage in extradyadic casual sex, is negatively associated with relationship outcomes. However, mutually consenting to sexually non-MR (SNMR) does not hinder relationship outcomes. Recent research has extended these findings to the phenomenon of online extradyadic sexual behavior. The aim of this study was to examine whether this sexual agreement moderates the association between sociosexuality and relationship satisfaction in a sample of romantically involved heterosexuals registered on a dating Web site directed at other romantically involved heterosexuals-Second Love. A sample of 329 Portuguese heterosexuals (66% men) aged 18-68 (M = 41.47, SD = 10.19) completed a web survey. A bootstrapped moderation analysis showed the expected negative association between sociosexuality and satisfaction, b = -0.18, p = 0.013. However, this was moderated by sexual agreement, b = 1.12, p < 0.001. While individuals in SMR showed the negative association, bwomen = -0.46, p < 0.001, bmen = -0.67, p < 0.001, for those in SNMR the association between unrestricted sociosexuality and satisfaction was positive, bwomen = 0.63, p = 0.002, bmen = 0.46, p = 0.006. Gender did not moderate these results. The current study suggests that dating Web sites for romantically involved heterosexuals are not necessarily negative for relationship outcomes as long as there is a consensual agreement for sexual nonmonogamy. This adds to the growing body of literature examining online sexual behavior and sexual infidelity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Satisfação Pessoal
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Heterossexualidade/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160622
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/cyber.2016.0114


  7 / 513 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27009618
[Au] Autor:Dyer C
[Ad] Endereço:The BMJ.
[Ti] Título:Trainee who used escort while on call is suspended for 10 months.
[So] Source:BMJ;352:i1719, 2016 Mar 23.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disciplina no Trabalho/legislação & jurisprudência
Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência
Má Conduta Profissional/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Inglaterra
Relações Extramatrimoniais
Sistemas de Comunicação no Hospital
Seres Humanos
Responsabilidade Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160325
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.i1719


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[PMID]:26689912
[Au] Autor:Nguyen H; Shiu CS; Hardesty M
[Ad] Endereço:a College of Social Work , University of South Carolina.
[Ti] Título:Extramarital Sex Among Vietnamese Married Men: Results of a Survey in Urban and Rural Areas of Northern and Southern Vietnam.
[So] Source:J Sex Res;53(9):1065-1081, 2016 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1559-8519
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research on extramarital sex (EMS) is commonly conducted from a perspective that implicitly understands this behavior as a violation of the marital relationship. In contrast, Vietnamese cultural norms have, at some points in history, condoned if not outright encouraged EMS in the name of preserving family lineage. Yet little is known about the prevalence of EMS among contemporary Vietnamese men and its association with marriage quality. This is a notable gap, given the enormous sociocultural and ideological shifts the country has experienced over the past several decades. Drawing upon a sample of 126 married men (Mean age = 45.56; SD = 10.52) surveyed in urban (Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City) and rural areas (Ha Tay and Can Tho) in Vietnam, we examined the relationship between EMS and geographic region, demographic characteristics, sexual values, quality of marriage, and sexual satisfaction within marriage. Our results show that geographic location had a strong impact on EMS, while most marital relationship quality variables did not impact the odds of EMS for married men in Vietnam.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Extramatrimoniais/etnologia
Casamento/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
População Rural
População Urbana
Vietnã/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26519354
[Au] Autor:Whisman MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO.
[Ti] Título:Discovery of a Partner Affair and Major Depressive Episode in a Probability Sample of Married or Cohabiting Adults.
[So] Source:Fam Process;55(4):713-723, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5300
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prior research has found that humiliating marital events are associated with depression. Building on this research, the current study investigated the association between one specific humiliating marital event-discovering that one's partner had an affair-and past-year major depressive episode (MDE) in a probability sample of married or cohabiting men and women who were at high risk for depression based on the criterion that they scored below the midpoint on a measure of marital satisfaction (N = 227). Results indicate that (i) women were more likely than men to report discovering their partner had an affair in the prior 12 months; (ii) discovering a partner affair was associated with a higher prevalence of past-year MDE and a lower level of marital adjustment; and (iii) the association between discovering a partner affair and MDE remained statistically significant when holding constant demographic variables and marital adjustment. These results support continued investigation into the impact that finding out about an affair has on the mental health of the person discovering a partner affair.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia
Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Casamento/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Civil
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Amostragem
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171127
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171127
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151101
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/famp.12185


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[PMID]:26194971
[Au] Autor:Martins A; Pereira M; Andrade R; Dattilio FM; Narciso I; Canavarro MC
[Ad] Endereço:Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, 3001-802, Coimbra, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Infidelity in Dating Relationships: Gender-Specific Correlates of Face-to-Face and Online Extradyadic Involvement.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;45(1):193-205, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined the gender-specific correlates of face-to-face and online extradyadic involvement (EDI) in dating relationships. The sample consisted of 561 women (M age = 23.19 years) and 222 men (M age = 23.97 years), all of whom reported being in an exclusive dating relationship for an average of 35 months. Participants completed the following self-report measures: Extradyadic Behavior Inventory, Attitudes toward Infidelity Scale, and Investment Model Scale. During the current relationship, men were more likely than women to report engagement in face-to-face physical/sexual EDI (23.4 vs. 15.5 %) and online sexual EDI (15.3 vs. 4.6 %). Both men and women with a history of infidelity in a prior relationship were more likely to engage in EDI. More positive attitudes toward infidelity, lower relationship satisfaction, lower commitment, and higher quality of alternatives were significantly associated with EDI, regardless of gender. Women reporting infidelity of a partner in a prior relationship were more likely to engage in face-to-face and online emotional EDI; a longer relationship and a younger age at the first sexual encounter were significant correlates of the engagement in face-to-face emotional EDI. Women with higher education were approximately three times more likely to engage in online sexual EDI. Although men and women are converging in terms of overall EDI, men still report higher engagement in physical/sexual extradyadic behaviors, and the correlates of sexual and emotional EDI vary according to gender. This study contributes to a comprehensive approach of factors influencing the likelihood of EDI and encourages future research in this area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Corte/psicologia
Decepção
Relações Extramatrimoniais/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Casamento/psicologia
Meia-Idade
Satisfação Pessoal
Inventário de Personalidade
Fatores Sexuais
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-015-0576-3



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