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[PMID]:29303717
[Au] Autor:Yaqub F
[Ti] Título:2017: a year in review.
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10114):2753-2754, 2018 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conflitos Armados
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia
Cólera/epidemiologia
Epidemias
Direitos Humanos
Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia
Refugiados
Delitos Sexuais
Assédio Sexual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Pré-Escolar
China
Recessão Econômica
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Mianmar
Armas Nucleares
Política
Somália/epidemiologia
Linfócitos T/transplante
Transplante Autólogo
Estados Unidos
Venezuela
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Iêmen/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27771523
[Au] Autor:McGinley M; Rospenda KM; Liu L; Richman JA
[Ad] Endereço:North Central College, United States. Electronic address: meredithmcginley@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:It isn't all just fun and games: Collegiate participation in extracurricular activities and risk for generalized and sexual harassment, psychological distress, and alcohol use.
[So] Source:J Adolesc;53:152-163, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9254
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States. Activity participation was related to harassment, but the pattern depended on the activity, harassment type, and sex. Fraternity/sorority involvement was associated with generalized harassment, whereas school club involvement was linked to both generalized and sexual harassment. Female intramural athletes were at an increased risk to experience both harassment types. In addition to direct relations, activity participation was indirectly linked to future psychological distress (depression, anxiety) and heavy alcohol use via harassment. Implications for intervention with this college student population are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia
Bullying
Grupo Associado
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
Risco
Esportes/psicologia
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28748954
[Ti] Título:More universities must confront sexual harassment.
[So] Source:Nature;547(7664):379, 2017 07 26.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assédio Sexual
Universidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estudantes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/547379a


  4 / 1432 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28806368
[Au] Autor:Brignone E; Gundlapalli AV; Blais RK; Kimerling R; Barrett TS; Nelson RE; Carter ME; Samore MH; Fargo JD
[Ad] Endereço:*Informatics, Decision Enhancement, and Analytic Sciences Center, VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City †Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan ‡Departments of Internal Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT §National Center for PTSD ∥Center for Innovation to Implementation, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA.
[Ti] Título:Increased Health Care Utilization and Costs Among Veterans With a Positive Screen for Military Sexual Trauma.
[So] Source:Med Care;55 Suppl 9 Suppl 2:S70-S77, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1537-1948
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The effects of sexual trauma on long-term health care utilization and costs are not well understood due to infrequent documentation of sexual trauma history in health care systems. The Veteran's Health Administration provides a unique opportunity to address this constraint as sexual trauma is actively screened for as part of routine care. METHODS: We used a retrospective cohort design to analyze Veteran's Health Administration mental health and medical service utilization and costs as a function of a positive screen for exposure to military sexual trauma (MST) among Veterans of recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. We computed adjusted 5-year estimates of overall utilization and costs, and utilization and costs determined not to be related to MST. RESULTS: The cohort included 426,223 men and 59,611 women. A positive MST screen was associated with 50% higher health care utilization and costs relative to a negative screen. Overall, a positive relative to negative MST screen was associated with a 5-year incremental difference of 34.6 encounters and $10,734 among women, and 33.5 encounters and $11,484 among men. After accounting for MST-related treatment, positive MST screen was associated with 11.9 encounters and $4803 among women, and 19.5 encounters and $8001 among men. CONCLUSIONS: Results demonstrate significant and consistent differences in health care utilization and costs between Veterans with a positive relative to negative MST screen. Even after accounting for MST-related care, a positive screen was associated with significantly higher utilization and costs. MST-related needs may be more readily recognized in women relative to men.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/economia
Militares/psicologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia
Veteranos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Estupro/psicologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores Sexuais
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170815
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000767


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[PMID]:28715164
[Au] Autor:Griffin J
[Ad] Endereço:National Conference of State Legislatures
[Ti] Título:Sexual Harassment Policies and Training in State Legislatures.
[So] Source:NCSL Legisbrief;25(26):1-2, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1068-2716
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:(1) Sexual harassment is a violation of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. (2) Most states do not require employers to conduct sexual harassment training. (3) Most sexual harassment training for state legislators occurs at their orientation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empregados do Governo/legislação & jurisprudência
Capacitação em Serviço/legislação & jurisprudência
Assédio Sexual/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Empregados do Governo/educação
Seres Humanos
Políticas
Assédio Sexual/prevenção & controle
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos
Local de Trabalho/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170804
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170804
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170718
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1432 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28574238
[Au] Autor:Tani KM
[Ad] Endereço:University of California, Berkeley.
[Ti] Título:An administrative right to be free from sexual violence? Title IX enforcement in historical and institutional perspective.
[So] Source:Duke Law J;66(8):1847-903, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the most controversial administrative actions in recent years is the U.S. Department of Education's campaign against sexual assault on college campuses. Using its authority under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (mandating nondiscrimination on the basis of sex in all educational programs and activities receiving federal funds), the Department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has launched an enforcement effort that critics denounce as aggressive, manipulative, and corrosive of individual liberties. Missing from the commentary is a historically informed understanding of why this administrative campaign unfolded as it did. This Article offers crucial context by reminding readers that freedom from sexual violence was once celebrated as a national civil right--upon the enactment of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994--but then lost that status in a 5-4 decision by the U.S. Supreme Court. OCR's recent campaign reflects a legal and political landscape in which at least some potential victims of sexual violence had come to feel rightfully connected to the institutions of the federal government, and then became righteously outraged by the endurance of such violence in their communities. OCR's campaign also reflects the unique role of federal administrative agencies in this landscape. Thanks to the power of the purse and the conditions that Congress has attached to funding streams, agencies enjoy a powerful form of jurisdiction over particular spaces and institutions. Attempts to harness this jurisdiction in service of aspirational rights claims should not surprise us; indeed, we should expect such efforts to continue. Building on this insight, the Article concludes with a research agenda for other scholars seeking to understand and evaluate OCR's handiwork.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência
Assédio Sexual/legislação & jurisprudência
Direitos da Mulher/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Direitos Civis/história
Governo Federal
Feminino
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos
Universidades/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28566013
[Au] Autor:Romito P; Cedolin C; Bastiani F; Beltramini L; Saurel-Cubizolles MJ
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Life Sciences - Psychology Unit, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among Italian university women: A cross-sectional observational study.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;45(5):528-535, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: Menstrual disorders and sexual harassment are common among young women and interfere with their life and activities. We aimed to describe the association of sexual harassment and menstrual disorders among female university students. METHODS: This cross-sectional, observational study examined the association between sexual harassment and menstrual disorders in a sample of 349 university students in Italy. Students answered an anonymous self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive bivariate analyses and logistic regression analyses were performed. Main outcome measures were associations between levels of exposure to sexual harassment (none, levels 1 and 2) and five menstrual disorders (premenstrual symptoms, heavy bleeding, pain, irregular cycles, and amenorrhea). RESULTS: Among the women interviewed (mean age 20.4 ± 1.45 years), 146 (41.8%) had experienced sexual harassment in the previous 12 months: 91 (26.1%) level 1 and 55 (15.7%) level 2. The frequency of premenstrual symptoms was 31.9% ( n=110); heavy bleeding, 35.3% ( n=124); pain, 51.4% ( n=181); irregular cycles, 55.5% ( n=195); and amenorrhea, 6.7% ( n=23). After adjustment for age, place of birth, being in a couple relationship and receiving hormone therapy, the frequency of menstrual disorders, except for amenorrhea, was increased with sexual harassment, with a regular gradient from no harassment to level 2 harassment. Introducing factors of depression, specific gynaecological problems and lifetime sexual violence did not change the results. For instance, the adjusted odds ratios of premenstrual symptoms were 2.10 [1.19-3.68] for women with level 1 harassment and 3.58 [1.83-7.03] for women with level 2 compared with women without harassment exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Sexual harassment is related to the prevalence of menstrual disorders. Healthcare providers should encourage dialogue with patients and address the issue of sexual violence or harassment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distúrbios Menstruais/epidemiologia
Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170706
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170706
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170602
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817705559


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[PMID]:28135599
[Au] Autor:Goldstein LA; Dinh J; Donalson R; Hebenstreit CL; Maguen S
[Ad] Endereço:San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: Lizabeth.Goldstein2@va.gov.
[Ti] Título:Impact of military trauma exposures on posttraumatic stress and depression in female veterans.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;249:281-285, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of traumatic military experiences on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in female veterans. However, more research is needed to identify the unique predictors of distressing psychological symptoms when both combat-related and sexual trauma are considered, particularly as women's combat exposure in the military increases. Female veterans who had attended at least one appointment at a large Veterans Health Administration medical center were invited to complete questionnaires about traumatic military exposures and psychiatric symptoms. A total of 403 veterans responded, with 383 respondents' data used in analyses. Multiple regression analyses were conducted with trauma exposure items entered simultaneously to determine their association with symptoms of (1) PTSD and (2) depression. Sexual assault had the strongest relationship with both posttraumatic and depressive symptoms. Sexual assault, sexual harassment, feeling in danger of being killed, and seeing others killed/injured were associated with symptoms of PTSD, but only sexual assault and sexual harassment were associated with symptoms of depression, even when accounting for several aspects of combat exposure. Improving assessment for trauma exposure and developing treatments personalized to type of trauma experienced are important clinical research priorities as female service members' roles in the military expand.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distúrbios de Guerra/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Militares/psicologia
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Veteranos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distúrbios de Guerra/diagnóstico
Bases de Dados Factuais
Depressão/diagnóstico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Autorrelato
Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
United States Department of Veterans Affairs/tendências
Saúde dos Veteranos/tendências
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28088241
[Au] Autor:Kulaylat AN; Qin D; Sun SX; Hollenbeak CS; Schubart JR; Aboud AJ; Flemming DJ; Dillon PW; Bollard ER; Han DC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, The Pennsylvania State University, College of Medicine, P.O. Box 850, 500 University Drive, H137, Hershey, PA, 17033-0850, USA.
[Ti] Título:Perceptions of mistreatment among trainees vary at different stages of clinical training.
[So] Source:BMC Med Educ;17(1):14, 2017 Jan 14.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6920
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of trainees remains a frequently reported phenomenon in medical education. One barrier to creating an educational culture of respect and professionalism may be a lack of alignment in the perceptions of mistreatment among different learners. Through the use of clinical vignettes, our aim was to assess the perceptions of trainees toward themes of potential mistreatment at different stages of training. METHODS: Based on observations from external experts embedded in the clinical learning environment, six thematic areas of potential mistreatment were identified: verbal abuse, specialty-choice discrimination, non-educational tasks, withholding/denying learning opportunities, neglect and gender/racial insensitivity. Corresponding clinical vignettes were created and distributed to 1) medical students, 2) incoming interns, 3) residents/fellows. Perceptions of the appropriateness of the interactions depicted in the vignettes were measured on a 5-point Likert scale. Scores were categorized into neutral or appropriate (≤3) or inappropriate (i.e. mistreatment) (>3) and compared using chi-squared tests. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty seven trainees participated (182 students, 120 interns, 125 residents/fellows). Proportions of students perceiving mistreatment differed significantly from those of interns and residents/fellows in domains of verbal abuse, specialty discrimination and gender/racial insensitivity (p < 0.05). In scenarios comparing interns to residents/fellows, no significant differences were noted in perceptions of mistreatment in the domains of non-educational tasks, withholding learning and neglect. CONCLUSIONS: Perceptions of mistreatment differ at different developmental stages of medical training. After exposure to the clinical learning environment, perceptions of incoming interns did not differ from those of residents/fellows, implicating clinical rotations as a key period in indoctrinating students into the prevailing culture. More longitudinal studies are needed to confirm or better examine this phenomenon.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Educação de Graduação em Medicina
Preconceito/psicologia
Má Conduta Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
Comportamento Social
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Escolha da Profissão
Estágio Clínico
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/organização & administração
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Relações Interprofissionais
Aprendizagem
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Preconceito/estatística & dados numéricos
Má Conduta Profissional/psicologia
Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170321
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170321
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12909-016-0853-4


  10 / 1432 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27399252
[Au] Autor:Williams MJ; Gruenfeld DH; Guillory LE
[Ad] Endereço:Goizueta Business School, Emory University.
[Ti] Título:Sexual aggression when power is new: Effects of acute high power on chronically low-power individuals.
[So] Source:J Pers Soc Psychol;112(2):201-223, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1315
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous theorists have characterized sexually aggressive behavior as an expression of power, yet evidence that power causes sexual aggression is mixed. We hypothesize that power can indeed create opportunities for sexual aggression-but that it is those who chronically experience low power who will choose to exploit such opportunities. Here, low-power men placed in a high-power role showed the most hostility in response to a denied opportunity with an attractive woman (Studies 1 and 2). Chronically low-power men and women given acute power were the most likely to say they would inappropriately pursue an unrequited workplace attraction (Studies 3 and 4). Finally, having power over an attractive woman increased harassment behavior among men with chronic low, but not high, power (Study 5). People who see themselves as chronically denied power appear to have a stronger desire to feel powerful and are more likely to use sexual aggression toward that end. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Hostilidade
Poder (Psicologia)
Sexismo/psicologia
Assédio Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/pspi0000068



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