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[PMID]:29447148
[Au] Autor:Tsai J; Walton K; Coleman BN; Sharapova SR; Johnson SE; Kennedy SM; Caraballo RS
[Ti] Título:Reasons for Electronic Cigarette Use Among Middle and High School Students - National Youth Tobacco Survey, United States, 2016.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;67(6):196-200, 2018 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) were the most commonly used tobacco product among U.S. middle school and high school students in 2016 (1). CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) to assess self-reported reasons for e-cigarette use among U.S. middle school (grades 6-8) and high school (grades 9-12) student e-cigarette users. Among students who reported ever using e-cigarettes in 2016, the most commonly selected reasons for use were 1) use by "friend or family member" (39.0%); 2) availability of "flavors such as mint, candy, fruit, or chocolate" (31.0%); and 3) the belief that "they are less harmful than other forms of tobacco such as cigarettes" (17.1%). The least commonly selected reasons were 1) "they are easier to get than other tobacco products, such as cigarettes" (4.8%); 2) "they cost less than other tobacco products such as cigarettes" (3.2%); and 3) "famous people on TV or in movies use them" (1.5%). Availability of flavors as a reason for use was more commonly selected by high school users (32.3%) than by middle school users (26.8%). Efforts to prevent middle school and high school students from initiating the use of any tobacco product, including e-cigarettes, are important to reduce tobacco product use among U.S. youths (2).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estudantes/psicologia
Vaping/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
Vaping/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6706a5


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[PMID]:27773530
[Au] Autor:Wigginton B; Gartner C; Rowlands IJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia. Electronic address: b.wigginton@uq.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Is It Safe to Vape? Analyzing Online Forums Discussing E-Cigarette Use during Pregnancy.
[So] Source:Womens Health Issues;27(1):93-99, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1878-4321
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy. We focused on the major discursive strategies that forum posters used to debate the safety of e-cigarette use during pregnancy. RESULTS: We identified three distinct ways in which forum posters debated the safety of using e-cigarettes during pregnancy: 1) quitting (nicotine) cold turkey is unsafe, 2) vaping is the lesser of two evils, and 3) vaping is not worth the risk. CONCLUSIONS: Discussions about the safety of e-cigarettes drew on the premise that 1) immediate cessation of nicotine was potentially harmful and unsafe, 2) e-cigarettes were a harm reduction tool, or 3) vaping could be dangerous and should be avoided. Although these arguments are not necessarily specific to pregnancy (beside mentions of fetal-specific risks), this analysis points to the need to educate and support women about harm reduction options. IMPLICATIONS: Health professionals should be aware that some women may be currently using or considering using e-cigarettes in an effort to quit or reduce smoking. It is important that health professionals are equipped to educate women with accurate, up-to-date, and balanced information about the risks and benefits of e-cigarette use during pregnancy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Segurança
Mídias Sociais
Vaping/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Internet
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27770657
[Au] Autor:Cranford JA; Bohnert KM; Perron BE; Bourque C; Ilgen M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Rachel Upjohn Building, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2700, United States. Electronic address: jcranfor@med.umich.edu.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and correlates of "Vaping" as a route of cannabis administration in medical cannabis patients.
[So] Source:Drug Alcohol Depend;169:41-47, 2016 12 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0046
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of vaporization (i.e., "vaping") as a route of cannabis administration in a sample of medical cannabis patients. PROCEDURES: Adults ages 21 and older (N=1485M age=45.1) who were seeking medical cannabis certification (either for the first time or as a renewal) at medical cannabis clinics in southern Michigan completed a screening assessment. Participants completed measures of route of cannabis administration, cannabis use, alcohol and other substance use. FINDINGS: An estimated 39% (n=511) of the sample reported past-month cannabis vaping, but vaping as the sole route of cannabis administration was rare. Specifically, only 30 participants (2.3% of the full sample and 5.9% of those who reported any vaping) indicated vaping as the sole route of cannabis administration. The majority (87.3%) of those who reported vaping also reported smoking (combustion) as a route of cannabis administration. Being younger than age 44, having more than a high school education, engaging in nonmedical stimulant use, being a returning medical cannabis patient, and greater frequency of cannabis use were associated with higher odds of vaping at the bivariate level and with all variables considered simultaneously. CONCLUSIONS: Vaping appears to be relatively common among medical cannabis patients, but is seldom used as the sole route of cannabis administration. RESULTS: highlight the importance of monitoring trends in vaping and other substance use behaviors in this population and underscore the need for longitudinal research into the motives, correlates, and consequences of cannabis vaping in medical cannabis patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fumar Maconha/epidemiologia
Maconha Medicinal/administração & dosagem
Vaping/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Escolaridade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Michigan
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Medical Marijuana)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29240728
[Au] Autor:Marynak K; Kenemer B; King BA; Tynan MA; MacNeil A; Reimels E
[Ad] Endereço:Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC.
[Ti] Título:State Laws Regarding Indoor Public Use, Retail Sales, and Prices of Electronic Cigarettes - U.S. States, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands, September 30, 2017.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;66(49):1341-1346, 2017 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are the most frequently used tobacco product among U.S. youths, and past 30-day e-cigarette use is more prevalent among high school students than among adults (1,2). E-cigarettes typically deliver nicotine, and the U.S. Surgeon General has concluded that nicotine exposure during adolescence can cause addiction and can harm the developing adolescent brain (2). Through authority granted by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) prohibits e-cigarette sales to minors, free samples, and vending machine sales, except in adult-only facilities (3). States, localities, territories, and tribes maintain broad authority to adopt additional or more stringent requirements regarding tobacco product use, sales, marketing, and other topics (2,4). To understand the current e-cigarette policy landscape in the United States, CDC assessed state and territorial laws that 1) prohibit e-cigarette use and conventional tobacco smoking indoors in restaurants, bars, and worksites; 2) require a retail license to sell e-cigarettes; 3) prohibit e-cigarette self-service displays (e.g., requirement that products be kept behind the counter or in a locked box); 4) establish 21 years as the minimum age of purchase for all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes (tobacco-21); and 5) apply an excise tax to e-cigarettes. As of September 30, 2017, eight states, the District of Columbia (DC), and Puerto Rico prohibited indoor e-cigarette use and smoking in indoor areas of restaurants, bars, and worksites; 16 states, DC, and the U.S. Virgin Islands required a retail license to sell e-cigarettes; 26 states prohibited e-cigarette self-service displays; five states, DC, and Guam had tobacco-21 laws; and eight states, DC, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands taxed e-cigarettes. Sixteen states had none of the assessed laws. A comprehensive approach that combines state-level strategies to reduce youths' initiation of e-cigarettes and population exposure to e-cigarette aerosol, coupled with federal regulation, could help reduce health risks posed by e-cigarettes among youths (2,5).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/legislação & jurisprudência
Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina
Vaping/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/economia
Guam
Seres Humanos
Porto Rico
Estados Unidos
Ilhas Virgens Americanas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6649a1


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[PMID]:28741916
[Ti] Título:Study Links Vaping to Tobacco Use in Teens.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;44(9):539, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia
Vaping/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28937746
[Au] Autor:Talih S; Salman R; Karaoghlanian N; El-Hellani A; Saliba N; Eissenberg T; Shihadeh A
[Ad] Endereço:Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, American University of Beirut , Bliss Street, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon.
[Ti] Título:"Juice Monsters": Sub-Ohm Vaping and Toxic Volatile Aldehyde Emissions.
[So] Source:Chem Res Toxicol;30(10):1791-1793, 2017 Oct 16.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5010
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An emerging category of electronic cigarettes (ECIGs) is sub-Ohm devices (SODs) that operate at ten or more times the power of conventional ECIGs. Because carcinogenic volatile aldehyde (VA) emissions increase sharply with power, SODs may expose users to greater VAs. In this study, we compared VA emissions from several SODs and found that across device, VAs and power were uncorrelated unless power was normalized by coil surface area. VA emissions and liquid consumed were correlated highly. Analyzed in light of EU regulations limiting ECIG liquid nicotine concentration, these findings suggest potential regulatory levers and pitfalls for protecting public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aldeídos/análise
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/instrumentação
Vaping
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Nicotina/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aldehydes); 6M3C89ZY6R (Nicotine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.chemrestox.7b00212


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[PMID]:28440949
[Au] Autor:Barraza LF; Weidenaar KE; Cook LT; Logue AR; Halpern MT
[Ad] Endereço:Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
[Ti] Título:Regulations and policies regarding e-cigarettes.
[So] Source:Cancer;123(16):3007-3014, 2017 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0142
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a growing public health concern because of a dramatic increase in use by adolescents and the uncertainty of potential health impacts. These health concerns and lack of an established federal regulatory scheme have led many local and state governments to address the regulatory void for e-cigarettes by incorporating them into the statutory definition of tobacco or by passing laws specific to the use of e-cigarettes. In August 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a final rule deeming e-cigarettes within their authority; providing uniform requirements like premarket approval applications, Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents reporting, and warning labels; and establishing 18 years as a minimum age of purchase. Although the impact on the public's health remains uncertain, regulations and laws governing e-cigarettes continue to develop. This review highlights the available data regarding safety and public health impacts of e-cigarettes and details the status of US regulations and policies affecting their sale and use. Cancer 2017;123:3007-14. © 2017 American Cancer Society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/legislação & jurisprudência
Política Antifumo/legislação & jurisprudência
Vaping/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Rotulagem de Produtos/legislação & jurisprudência
Saúde Pública
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170426
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/cncr.30725


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[PMID]:28335449
[Au] Autor:Lee JA; Lee S; Cho HJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family Medicine, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea. junga_lee@amc.seoul.kr.
[Ti] Título:The Relation between Frequency of E-Cigarette Use and Frequency and Intensity of Cigarette Smoking among South Korean Adolescents.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(3), 2017 Mar 14.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of adolescent electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has increased in most countries. This study aims to determine the relation between the frequency of e-cigarette use and the frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking. Additionally, the study evaluates the association between the reasons for e-cigarette use and the frequency of its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, we included 6655 adolescents with an experience of e-cigarette use who were middle and high school students aged 13-18 years. We compared smoking experience, the frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking, and the relation between the reasons for e-cigarette uses and the frequency of e-cigarette use. RESULTS: The prevalence of e-cigarette ever and current (past 30 days) users were 10.1% and 3.9%, respectively. Of the ever users, approximately 60% used e-cigarettes not within 1 month. On the other hand, 8.1% used e-cigarettes daily. The frequent and intensive cigarette smoking was associated with frequent e-cigarette uses. The percentage of frequent e-cigarette users (≥10 days/month) was 3.5% in adolescents who did not smoke within a month, but 28.7% among daily smokers. Additionally, it was 9.1% in smokers who smoked less than 1 cigarette/month, but 55.1% in smokers who smoked ≥20 cigarettes/day. The most common reason for e-cigarette use was curiosity (22.9%), followed by the belief that they are less harmful than conventional cigarettes (18.9%), the desire to quit smoking (13.1%), and the capacity for indoor use (10.7%). Curiosity was the most common reason among less frequent e-cigarette users; however, the desire to quit smoking and the capacity for indoor use were the most common reasons among more frequent users. CONCLUSIONS: Results showed a positive relation between frequency or intensity of conventional cigarette smoking and the frequency of e-cigarette use among Korean adolescents, and frequency of e-cigarette use differed according to the reason for the use of e-cigarettes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina/estatística & dados numéricos
Fumar/epidemiologia
Produtos do Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos
Vaping/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
Motivação
Prevalência
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170325
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28274498
[Au] Autor:Serror K; Chaouat M; De Runz A; Mimoun M; Boccara D
[Ad] Endereço:Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Burn Center, Pr MiMOUN, CHU Saint Louis, Paris, 1 avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France. Electronic address: kserror@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Thigh deep burns caused by electronic vaping devices (e-cigarettes): A new mechanism.
[So] Source:Burns;43(5):1133-1135, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1409
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina
Vaping
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Queimaduras
Eletrônica
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Seres Humanos
Traumatismos da Perna
Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores
Nicotina
Medição de Risco
Fumar
Inquéritos e Questionários
Coxa da Perna
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
6M3C89ZY6R (Nicotine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28248987
[Au] Autor:Ayers JW; Leas EC; Allem JP; Benton A; Dredze M; Althouse BM; Cruz TB; Unger JB
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Why do people use electronic nicotine delivery systems (electronic cigarettes)? A content analysis of Twitter, 2012-2015.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0170702, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The reasons for using electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are poorly understood and are primarily documented by expensive cross-sectional surveys that use preconceived close-ended response options rather than allowing respondents to use their own words. We passively identify the reasons for using ENDS longitudinally from a content analysis of public postings on Twitter. All English language public tweets including several ENDS terms (e.g., "e-cigarette" or "vape") were captured from the Twitter data stream during 2012 and 2015. After excluding spam, advertisements, and retweets, posts indicating a rationale for vaping were retained. The specific reasons for vaping were then inferred based on a supervised content analysis using annotators from Amazon's Mechanical Turk. During 2012 quitting combustibles was the most cited reason for using ENDS with 43% (95%CI 39-48) of all reason-related tweets cited quitting combustibles, e.g., "I couldn't quit till I tried ecigs," eclipsing the second most cited reason by more than double. Other frequently cited reasons in 2012 included ENDS's social image (21%; 95%CI 18-25), use indoors (14%; 95%CI 11-17), flavors (14%; 95%CI 11-17), safety relative to combustibles (9%; 95%CI 7-11), cost (3%; 95%CI 2-5) and favorable odor (2%; 95%CI 1-3). By 2015 the reasons for using ENDS cited on Twitter had shifted. Both quitting combustibles and use indoors significantly declined in mentions to 29% (95%CI 24-33) and 12% (95%CI 9-16), respectively. At the same time, social image increased to 37% (95%CI 32-43) and lack of odor increased to 5% (95%CI 2-5), the former leading all cited reasons in 2015. Our data suggest the reasons people vape are shifting away from cessation and toward social image. The data also show how the ENDS market is responsive to a changing policy landscape. For instance, smoking indoors was less frequently cited in 2015 as indoor smoking restrictions became more common. Because the data and analytic approach are scalable, adoption of our strategies in the field can inform follow-up survey-based surveillance (so the right questions are asked), interventions, and policies for ENDS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina
Mídias Sociais
Vaping
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170702



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