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[PMID]:28452150
[Au] Autor:Rességuier A
[Ad] Endereço:PhD Candidate, Sciences Po, France, and Research Assistant, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The moral sense of humanitarian actors: an empirical exploration.
[So] Source:Disasters;42(1):62-80, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines humanitarianism's moral positioning above private and political interests to save lives and alleviate suffering. It does not aim to assess the legitimacy of this stance, but rather to probe the way in which humanitarian actors relate to this moral dimension in their everyday work. It investigates empirically humanitarian ethics from the perspective of humanitarian actors, drawing on interviews conducted in Beirut, Lebanon, in 2014. As it is exploratory, three key conceptual innovations were required. The first of these is the introduction of the tools developed to consider a neglected reality: humanitarian actors' 'moral sense' vis-à-vis the humanitarian sector's 'moral culture'. Second, the study shows how the sector's moral culture is structured around the notion of 'concern for persons in need'. Third, it analyses the way in which the sector and its actors handle the asymmetrical relationships encountered daily. Ultimately this paper seeks to valorise humanitarian actors' creativity in their common practices and explore potential challenges to it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Princípios Morais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Empírica
Seres Humanos
Líbano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12234


  2 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452127
[Au] Autor:Bealt J; Mansouri SA
[Ad] Endereço:Research Associate, Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:From disaster to development: a systematic review of community-driven humanitarian logistics.
[So] Source:Disasters;42(1):124-148, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A plethora of untapped resources exist within disaster-affected communities that can be used to address relief and development concerns. A systematic review of the literature relating to community participation in humanitarian logistics activities revealed that communities are able to form ad hoc networks that have the ability to meet a wide range of disaster management needs. These structures, characterised as Collaborative Aid Networks (CANs), have demonstrated efficient logistical capabilities exclusive of humanitarian organisations. This study proposes that CANs, as a result of their unique characteristics, present alternatives to established humanitarian approaches to logistics, while also mitigating the challenges commonly faced by traditional humanitarian organisations. Furthermore, CANs offer a more holistic, long-term approach to disaster management, owing to their impact on development through their involvement in humanitarian logistics. This research provides the foundation for further theoretical analysis of effective and efficient disaster management, and details opportunities for policy and practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração
Desastres
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12232


  3 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29235828
[Au] Autor:Cooper J
[Ti] Título:Personal Development is Professional Development. Taking care of the wellbeing of our nurses.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;22(5):32, 2014 11.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Satisfação no Emprego
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Altruísmo
Atenção
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Emoções
Metas
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29216027
[Au] Autor:Leidman E; Tromble E; Yermina A; Johnston R; Isokpunwu C; Adeniran A; Bulti A
[Ti] Título:Acute Malnutrition Among Children, Mortality, and Humanitarian Interventions in Conflict-Affected Regions - Nigeria, October 2016-March 2017.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;66(48):1332-1335, 2017 Dec 08.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A public health emergency was declared by the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health in northeastern Nigeria in June 2016 and escalated by the United Nations to a Level 3 Emergency in August 2016, after confirmation of wild poliovirus and measles outbreaks and evidence that prevalence of acute malnutrition exceeded emergency thresholds in areas newly liberated from Boko Haram control (1,2). To monitor rates of mortality, acute malnutrition among children, infectious disease morbidity, and humanitarian interventions after the emergency declaration, a series of cross-sectional household surveys were conducted in fall 2016 and winter 2017 in the northeastern states of Borno and Yobe using a cluster methodology. All-cause mortality among all age groups (crude mortality) and among children aged <5 years (under-five mortality) were above emergency thresholds in 2017 and significantly increased from 2016, despite evidence of increased preventive public health interventions, including measles vaccination. Access to treatment for common childhood illnesses remained very low, as evidenced by reports of fewer than one in six children in areas outside Borno's capital receiving any care for diarrhea. The data from these surveys provide evidence of excessively high mortality (particularly among children), highlight the impact of ongoing violence, and underscore the need for humanitarian efforts to scale up access to treatment services in conflict-affected areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Conflitos Armados
Mortalidade da Criança
Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Pré-Escolar
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Nigéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15585/mmwr.mm6648a4


  5 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283038
[Au] Autor:Sykes IJ
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Archaeology and History , University of Latrobe , Melbourne , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Humanitarian quarantine in practice: medicine, religion and leprosy in New Caledonia.
[So] Source:Anthropol Med;24(3):301-318, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2910
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Medicine and religion worked in close synchronisation during the leprosy outbreak of New Caledonia (1890-1950). Once isolation of leprosy-affected people became mandatory doctors and missionaries came together to promote a particular form of medical practice that tied charitable zeal with cutting-edge medical research, developing a sophisticated set of medical practices that catered for the soul as well as the body. Such practices went hand-in-hand with ideas developed by doctors in the earlier stages of the epidemic about the way in which the disease had entered the Kanak (local Melanesian) population. Doctors and missionaries admitted that immoral colonial channels had upset the delicate balance of local social and biological rhythms. Yet they also believed that the highly contagious nature of the outbreak was linked to the inferior state of Kanak. This paper aims to highlight the way in which the leprosaria system in New Caledonia represented a double-edged moral high-ground within the French medical colonial narrative. It tracks the complex way in which emotionally charged arguments about contagion, science and spirituality constructed an ideology of humanitarian quarantine which was used to justify a highly aggressive form of medical biocontrol.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Hospitais de Dermatologia Sanitária de Patologia Tropical/história
Hanseníase
Quarentena
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Hanseníase/história
Hanseníase/prevenção & controle
Hanseníase/terapia
Missionários
Nova Caledônia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13648470.2017.1389170


  6 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281136
[Au] Autor:Krystalli R; Hawkins A; Wilson K
[Ad] Endereço:Humanitarian Evidence Program Manager, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, and PhD Candidate, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, United States.
[Ti] Título:'I followed the flood': a gender analysis of the moral and financial economies of forced migration.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S17-S39, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:What would a gender analysis of refugee crises reveal if one expanded the focus beyond female refugees, and acts of physical violence? This paper draws on qualitative research conducted in Denmark, Greece, Jordan, and Turkey in July and August 2016 to spotlight the gendered kinship, hierarchies, networks, and transactions that affect refugees. The coping strategies of groups often overlooked in the gender conversation are examined throughout this study, including those of male refugees and those making crossings outside of the context of a family unit. The analysis is theoretically situated at the intersection of critical humanitarianism and the politics of vulnerability, and rooted in debates about the feminisation of refugees and corresponding protection agendas. A key contribution of this work is the ethnographic tracing of how refugees embody these politics along their journeys. In closing, the paper sketches out some implications of the findings for humanitarian practice and identifies avenues for further research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigração e Imigração
Refugiados/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Altruísmo
Dinamarca
Feminino
Grécia
Hierarquia Social
Seres Humanos
Jordânia
Masculino
Princípios Morais
Política
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12269


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[PMID]:29281135
[Au] Autor:Hilhorst D; Porter H; Gordon R
[Ad] Endereço:Professor of Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction, International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Gender, sexuality, and violence in humanitarian crises.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S3-S16, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gender, sexuality, and violence have attracted significant attention in the sphere of humanitarianism in recent years. While this shift builds on the earlier 'Gender and Development' approach and the 'Women, Peace, and Security Agenda', analytical depth is lacking in practice. Notably, 'gender' often means a singular concern for women, neglecting questions of agency and the dynamic and changing realities of gendered power relations. This introductory paper examines why this neglect occurs and proposes a more relational approach to gender. It explores how the contributions to this special issue of Disasters revisit classic gender issues pertaining to violence, livelihoods, and institutions in different settings of humanitarian emergencies, while expanding one's vision beyond them. It draws from the seven papers a number of lessons for humanitarianism, concerning the entangled nature of gender relations, the risks of the unintended effects of gender programming, and the importance of paying sustained attention to how gender relations unfold in a time of crisis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Relações Interpessoais
Sexualidade
Violência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12276


  8 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28471616
[Au] Autor:Zarka S
[Ad] Endereço:Director General, Ziv Medical Center, Safed, and School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:More than Three Years of Medical Humanitarian Aid to the Syrian People.
[So] Source:Isr Med Assoc J;18(10):586-589, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1565-1088
[Cp] País de publicação:Israel
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Cooperação Internacional
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
Guerra
Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Israel
Militares
Síria
Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28471615
[Au] Autor:Glick Y; Baruch EN; Tsur AM; Berg AL; Yifrah D; Yitzhak A; Dagan D; Bader T
[Ad] Endereço:Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps, Ramat Gan, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Extending a Helping Hand: A Comparison of Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps Humanitarian Aid Field Hospitals.
[So] Source:Isr Med Assoc J;18(10):581-585, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1565-1088
[Cp] País de publicação:Israel
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: During the past 6 years the Israel Defense Forces Medical Corps (IDF-MC) deployed three humanitarian delegation field hospitals (HDFHs) in disaster zones around the globe: Haiti (2010), the Philippines (2013), and Nepal (2015). OBJECTIVES: To compare the activity of these HDFHs and the characteristics of the patients they served. METHODS: This retrospective study was based on the HDFHs' operation logs and patients medical records. The study population included both the staff who participated and the patients who were treated in any of the three HDFHs. RESULTS: The Philippine HDFH was a "hybrid" type, i.e., it was integrated with a local hospital. Both the Haitian and the Nepali HDFHs were the "stand-alone" type, i.e., were completely autonomic in resources and in function. The Nepali HDFH had a larger staff, departed from Israel 4 hours earlier and was active 7 hours earlier as compared to the Haitian one. In total, 5465 patients, 55% of them female, were treated in the three HDFHs. In Haiti, Nepal and the Philippines, disaster-related injuries accounted for 66%, 26% and 2% of the cases, respectively. Disaster-related injuries presented mainly in the first days of the HDFHs' activity. CONCLUSIONS: The next HDFH should be planned to care for a significant proportion of routine medical illnesses. The IDF-MC continuous learning process will enable future HDFHs to save more lives as we "extend a helping hand" to foreign populations in crisis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Desastres
Cooperação Internacional
Unidades Móveis de Saúde/organização & administração
Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Haiti
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Israel
Masculino
Registros Médicos
Meia-Idade
Medicina Militar/organização & administração
Unidades Móveis de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Nepal
Filipinas
Estudos Retrospectivos
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 5977 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28457072
[Au] Autor:Gilbey P; Rudolf MCJ; Spitzer-Shohat S; Luder A
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Medicine in the Galilee, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel.
[Ti] Título:The Dedicated Enough Doctor: The Limits of Medical Altruism in the 21st Century.
[So] Source:Isr Med Assoc J;18(12):714-718, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1565-1088
[Cp] País de publicação:Israel
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The unique characteristics of the next generation of medical professionals in Israel and the current model of physician employment in the country may pose a real threat to the high quality of both public clinical care and medical education in the near future, and to the continued flourishing of clinical research. According to the Israel Medical Association's general obligations for Israeli physicians, the doctor should place the patient's interests foremost in his or her mind, before any other issue. This has led many to believe that selflessness or altruism should be among a physician's core values. Is the application and realization of these obligations compatible with the realities of 21st century medicine? Is altruism still a legitimate part of the modern medical world? The Y generation, those born in the 1980s and 1990s, now comprise the majority of the population of residents and young specialists. They have been characterized as ambitious, self-focused, entrepreneurial, lacking loyalty to their employer, and seeking immediate gratification. Under these circumstances, is it possible to encourage or even teach altruism in medical school? Demands on physicians' time are increasing. The shortage of doctors, the growth of the population, the way in which health care is consumed, and the increasing administrative burden have all gnawed away at the time available for individual patient care. This time needs to be protected. The altruism of physicians could become the guarantee of first-rate care in the public sector. The continued existence of clinical research and high level clinical teaching also depends on the allocation of protected time. In light of the emerging generation gap and the expected dominance of Y generation physicians in the medical workforce in the near future, for whom altruism may not be such an obvious value, solutions to these predicaments are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Assistência à Saúde/normas
Educação Médica/métodos
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde/tendências
Seres Humanos
Israel
Médicos/normas
Médicos/tendências
Sociedades Médicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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