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[PMID]:27383133
[Au] Autor:Teymoori A; Jetten J; Bastian B; Ariyanto A; Autin F; Ayub N; Badea C; Besta T; Butera F; Costa-Lopes R; Cui L; Fantini C; Finchilescu G; Gaertner L; Gollwitzer M; Gómez Á; González R; Hong YY; Jensen DH; Karasawa M; Kessler T; Klein O; Lima M; Mähönen TA; Megevand L; Morton T; Paladino P; Polya T; Ruza A; Shahrazad W; Sharma S; Torres AR; van der Bles AM; Wohl M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Revisiting the Measurement of Anomie.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(7):e0158370, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sociologists coined the term "anomie" to describe societies that are characterized by disintegration and deregulation. Extending beyond conceptualizations of anomie that conflate the measurements of anomie as 'a state of society' and as a 'state of mind', we disentangle these conceptualizations and develop an analysis and measure of this phenomenon focusing on anomie as a perception of the 'state of society'. We propose that anomie encompasses two dimensions: a perceived breakdown in social fabric (i.e., disintegration as lack of trust and erosion of moral standards) and a perceived breakdown in leadership (i.e., deregulation as lack of legitimacy and effectiveness of leadership). Across six studies we present evidence for the validity of the new measure, the Perception of Anomie Scale (PAS). Studies 1a and 1b provide evidence for the proposed factor structure and internal consistency of PAS. Studies 2a-c provide evidence of convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, assessing PAS in 28 countries, we show that PAS correlates with national indicators of societal functioning and that PAS predicts national identification and well-being (Studies 3a & 3b). The broader implications of the anomie construct for the study of group processes are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anomia (Social)
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Confiança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Austrália
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
América do Norte
Política
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160708
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158370


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[PMID]:27237941
[Au] Autor:Lopez-Tamayo R; LaVome Robinson W; Lambert SF; Jason LA; Ialongo NS
[Ad] Endereço:DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA. rlopezta@depaul.edu.
[Ti] Título:Parental Monitoring, Association with Externalized Behavior, and Academic Outcomes in Urban African-American Youth: A Moderated Mediation Analysis.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;57(3-4):366-79, 2016 06.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:African-American adolescents exposed to neighborhood disadvantage are at increased risk for engaging in problem behavior and academic underachievement. It is critical to identify the mechanisms that reduce problem behavior and promote better academic outcomes in this population. Based on social disorganization and socioecological theories, the current prospective study examined pathways from parental monitoring to academic outcomes via externalizing behavior at different levels of neighborhood disadvantage. A moderated mediation model employing maximum likelihood was conducted on 339 African-American students from 9th to 11th grade (49.3% females) with a mean age of 14.8 years (SD ± 0.35). The results indicated that parental monitoring predicted low externalizing behavior, and low externalizing behavior predicted better academic outcomes after controlling for externalizing behavior in 9th grade, intervention status, and gender. Mediation was supported, as the index of mediation was significant. Conversely, neighborhood disadvantage did not moderate the path from parental monitoring to externalizing behavior. Implications for intervention at both community and individual levels and study limitations are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/educação
Afroamericanos/psicologia
Anomia (Social)
Controle Interno-Externo
Poder Familiar/etnologia
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Distribuição Espacial da População
Baixo Rendimento Escolar
População Urbana
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Baltimore
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Pobreza/etnologia
Pobreza/psicologia
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Estatística como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12056


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[PMID]:26847829
[Au] Autor:Watts KN
[Ad] Endereço:Victorian Tuberculosis Program, Melbourne Health at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection andImmunity Level 5, 792 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne, Victoria, 3000, Australia. krista.watts@mh.org.au.
[Ti] Título:MDR-TB, Isolation, and Anomie: Has Anyone Referred to Social Work? : Comment on "The Ethics of Isolation for Patients With Tuberculosis in Australia".
[So] Source:J Bioeth Inq;13(1):157-8, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1176-7529
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:MDR-TB and admission to isolation can induce a situation in which individuals are normless, unable to achieve the social goals that they have learned to pursue. Described as anomie, this situation can induce deviant behaviour. Addressing the psychosocial ethics of MDR-TB and isolation, this paper responds to the call for consideration of resource allocation and liberty.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antituberculosos
Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anomia (Social)
Austrália
Seres Humanos
Serviço Social
Tuberculose
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antitubercular Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160407
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160407
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11673-016-9707-3


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[PMID]:26803693
[Au] Autor:Tonna M; Ottoni R; Paglia F; Ossola P; De Panfilis C; Marchesi C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mental Health, Local Health Service, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: mtonna@ausl.pr.it.
[Ti] Título:Obsessive-compulsive symptoms interact with disorganization in influencing social functioning in schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Schizophr Res;171(1-3):35-41, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2509
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Recent research has suggested a dual impact of obsessive-compulsive dimension on functioning in schizophrenia with a gradual transition from an improving to a worsening effect depending on obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) severity (from mild to moderate-severe). Aim of the present study was to investigate whether this varying effect of OCS on functioning might be mediated or moderated by schizophrenia symptom dimensions or occur independently. METHOD: Seventy-five patients affected by schizophrenia were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment. The sample was divided into two groups according to the severity of OCS (absent/mild and moderate/high OCS group). RESULTS: In both groups, the effect of OCS on functioning was not mediated by their effect on positive, negative or disorganization symptoms. Conversely, a significant interaction between OCS and disorganization dimension was found: the dual effect of OCS on functioning occurred only among patients with low disorganization symptoms while it was no more apparent at high levels of disorganization. CONCLUSION: Data suggest that in patients with schizophrenia, functioning at least in part depends on the interaction between disorganization and OCS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anomia (Social)
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/complicações
Ocupações
Esquizofrenia/complicações
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Psicometria
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160125
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26643585
[Au] Autor:Snowden AJ
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Criminal Justice , University of Wisconsin Milwaukee , Milwaukee , Wisconsin.
[Ti] Título:Neighborhood characteristics contribute to urban alcohol availability: Accounting for race/ethnicity and social disorganization.
[So] Source:J Ethn Subst Abuse;15(4):346-366, 2016 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1533-2659
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined the role that race/ethnicity and social disorganization play in alcohol availability in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, census block groups. This study estimated negative binomial regression models to examine separately the relationship between neighborhood racial/ethnic composition and social disorganization levels for (1) total, (2) on-premise, and (3) off-premise alcohol outlets. Results of this study suggest that proportion Hispanic was positively associated with total and with off-premise alcohol outlets. Second, proportion African American was negatively associated with on-premise alcohol outlets and positively associated with off-premise alcohol outlets. Proportion Asian was not associated with total, on-premise, or off-premise alcohol outlets. However, the effects of race/ethnicity on alcohol availability were either unrelated or negatively related to alcohol outlet availability once neighborhood social disorganization levels were taken into account, and social disorganization was positively and significantly associated with all alcohol outlet types. Neighborhood characteristics contribute to alcohol availability and must be considered in any efforts aimed toward prevention of alcohol-related negative health and social outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Anomia (Social)
Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos
Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Wisconsin
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26537601
[Au] Autor:Kruger LM; Lourens M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa. lkrug@sun.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Motherhood and the "Madness of Hunger": "...Want Almal Vra vir My vir 'n Stukkie Brood" ("...Because Everyone Asks Me for a Little Piece of Bread").
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;40(1):124-43, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is widely assumed that the social and economic conditions of poverty can be linked to common mental disorders in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Despite the considerable increase in quantitative studies investigating the link between poverty and mental health, the nature of the connection between poverty and emotional well-being/distress is still not fully comprehended. In this qualitative study, exploring how one group of Coloured South African women, diagnosed with depression and residing in a semi-rural low-income South African community, subjectively understand and experience their emotional distress, data was collected by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews and social constructionist grounded theory was used to analyse the data. We will attempt to show (1) that the depressed women in this group of respondents frequently refer to the emotional distress caused by hungry children and (2) that the emotional distress described by the respondents included emotions typically associated with depression (such as sadness, hopelessness and guilt), but also included emotions not necessarily associated with depression (such as anxiety, anger and anomie). In our attempt to understand (both psychologically and politically) the complex emotional response of mothers to their children's hunger, we argue that powerful gender and neo-liberal discourses within which mothers are interpellated to care for children, and more specifically, to make sure that children are not hungry, mean that the mothers of hungry children felt that they were not fulfilling their responsibilities and thus felt guilty and ashamed. This shame seemed, in turn, to lead to anger and/or anomie, informing acting out behaviours ranging from verbal and physical aggression to passive withdrawal. A vicious cycle of hunger, sadness and anxiety, shame, anger and anomie, aggression and withdrawal, negative judgement, and more shame, are thus maintained. As such, the unbearable rebukes of hungry children can be thought of as evoking a kind of "madness" in low-income mothers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abastecimento de Alimentos
Fome
Mães/psicologia
Pobreza/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ira
Anomia (Social)
Ansiedade
Criança
Depressão/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Saúde Mental/etnologia
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
População Rural
Vergonha
África do Sul/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-015-9480-5


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[PMID]:26275881
[Au] Autor:Beyer KM; Malecki KM; Hoormann KA; Szabo A; Nattinger AB
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Epidemiology, Institute for Health and Society, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA. kbeyer@mcw.edu.
[Ti] Título:Perceived Neighborhood Quality and Cancer Screening Behavior: Evidence from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin.
[So] Source:J Community Health;41(1):134-7, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3610
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Socioeconomic disparities in colorectal and breast cancer screening persist, partially accounting for disparities in cancer outcomes. Some neighborhood characteristics--particularly area level socioeconomic factors--have been linked to cancer screening behavior, but few studies have examined the relationship between perceived neighborhood quality and screening behavior, which may provide more insight into the ways in which neighborhood environments shape cancer related behaviors. This study examines the relationship between several aspects of the perceived neighborhood environment and breast and colorectal cancer screening behavior among a population-based sample of Wisconsin residents. A sub-goal was to compare the relevance of different perceived neighborhood factors for different screening tests. This is a cross-sectional study of 2008-2012 data from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin, a population-based annual survey of Wisconsin residents. An average risk sample of Black, Hispanic and White women age 50 and older (n = 1265) were selected. Survey regression analyses examined predictors of screening, as well as adherence to screening guidelines. Models controlled for individual socio-demographic information and insurance status. Perceptions of social and physical disorder, including fear of crime and visible garbage, were associated with screening rates. Findings emphasize the particular importance of these factors for colorectal cancer screening, indicating the necessity of improving screening rates in areas characterized by social disorganization, crime, and physical disorder. Additional work should be done to further investigate the pathways that explain the linkage between neighborhood conditions, perceived neighborhood risks and cancer screening behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico
Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos
Percepção
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Anomia (Social)
Crime/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Transversais
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos
Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
Wisconsin/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150816
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10900-015-0078-1


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[PMID]:26564491
[Au] Autor:Vlasik A
[Ad] Endereço:Lomonosov Moscow State University, ul. Leninskiye Gory, 1, Moskva, Russie, 119991. Electronic address: acilisa@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[The Other, the object and the social connection].
[Ti] Título:L'Autre, l'objet et le lien social..
[So] Source:Soins Psychiatr;(301):33-6, 2015 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0241-6972
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:The Occupy Abay movement was formed in Moscow in a context of anomie. This Russian opposition movement consisted in gatherings of strangers, without any predefined ideology, the tacit objective possibly being a civilizing project. The experience of the Scratch orchestra brought together nonprofessional musicians whose performances could be linked to political acts. The psychiatric institution brings people together; it must be able to offer a response to patients' suffering. The choice of working together through multi-person practice is an option. It is based on the fact of accepting, like the two movements cited above, the "lack of a master".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anomia (Social)
Hospitais Psiquiátricos
Música
Apego ao Objeto
Sistemas Políticos
Transtornos Psicóticos/enfermagem
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
Identificação Social
Socialização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151114
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26529955
[Au] Autor:Bogg T
[Ti] Título:The bigger picture.
[So] Source:Ment Health Today;:16, 2015 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1474-5186
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços de Saúde Mental/tendências
Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Distribuição Espacial da População
Identificação Social
Medicina Estatal/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Anomia (Social)
Criança
Inglaterra
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151105
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26463542
[Au] Autor:Wallace D; Schalliol D
[Ad] Endereço:Arizona State University, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 411 N. Central Ave, Room 600, Phoenix, AZ 85004, United States. Electronic address: danielle.wallace@asu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Testing the temporal nature of social disorder through abandoned buildings and interstitial spaces.
[So] Source:Soc Sci Res;54:177-94, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0317
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With the recent housing crisis, studying abandoned buildings has once again become important. However, it has been some time since abandoned buildings were the subject of direct study, leaving scholars with scant knowledge about the characteristics of abandoned buildings, how they change, and their relationship to neighborhood processes. To fill this gap, we employed longitudinal photographic and SSO evaluations of 36 abandoned buildings and their immediate surroundings in Chicago for one year (n=587). Results demonstrate the presence and severity of social disorder cues vary across time points and the time of day of observation. There is a relationship between abandoned buildings and social disorder, though the relationship is not a trend. Also, social disorder is diminished around extremely decayed buildings. Lastly, we find that our results are driven by the measurement of places ignored by most SSO studies, including alleys and the rear side of buildings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anomia (Social)
Habitação
Distribuição Espacial da População
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chicago
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151015
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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