Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.145.813.157 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 4099 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 410 ir para página                         

  1 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27774612
[Au] Autor:Leduc K; Williams S; Gomez-Garibello C; Talwar V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The contributions of mental state understanding and executive functioning to preschool-aged children's lie-telling.
[So] Source:Br J Dev Psychol;35(2):288-302, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2044-835X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, preschool-aged children's lie-telling behaviour was examined in relation to mental state understanding and executive functioning. Sixty-seven children aged between 25 and 43 months (M  = 34.80, SD = 4.39) participated in a temptation resistance paradigm (TRP). Children completed emerging ToM tasks measuring the following mental states: (1) diverse beliefs, (2) diverse desires, and (3) knowledge access. Children also completed measures of inhibitory control and working memory. In total, 63 of the 67 children peeked at the toy during the TRP, and a total of 26 of those children denied their transgression to the research assistant. Inhibitory control and understanding of knowledge access predicted lie-telling behaviour. Results are discussed in relation to a developmental model of children's lie-telling behaviour. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? The relationship between lie-telling, executive functioning, and ToM has been established in older children (aged 4 and above). Inhibitory control plays a role in young children's lie-telling (aged 2-4). Children above 3 years of age have some understanding of mental states. What does this study add? Very young children (2-3-year-olds) also possess an understanding of mental states. Mental state understanding is related to 2-3-year-old children's lie-telling behaviours and may be more predictive than inhibitory control. While the results were not significant, this study is the first to look at the unique role of working memory in very young children's lie-telling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Decepção
Função Executiva/fisiologia
Inibição (Psicologia)
Teoria da Mente/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bjdp.12163


  2 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29283542
[Au] Autor:Lucifora RM
[Ti] Título:[In process]
[Ti] Título:Une Therapie pour la Vieillesse: Deux Paradigmes Ovidiens..
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2):54-63, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:This passages of this discussion are related tot he VIIth book of the Metamorphoses. In the first extract Ovid illustrates the scientific method by which Medea rejuvenates Aeson, her father-in-law; in the second episode, Medea applies the same "treatment" to Baccus' nurturers, with a similar result. Then there's a famous hoax against Pelias: Medea, pretending to rejuvenate the old tyrant, kills him. The sham uses an accurate simulation of medicine's professional gestures and actions, that are similar to the ones of the previous episode to all the appearances: reflection and diagnosis, prognosis, patient;s anaesthesia, administration of the medications, surgery, etc. The restitution ad integrum belongs to the field of magic, but the described therapeutic procedure belongs to the medicine, and it adheres to the rules of the theory of the humors. The intentional reversal of the outcome in Pelias; mockery leads to an ethical issue about the mistrust against the doctors, a problem that was very rooted in Roman culture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Medicina na Literatura/história
Mundo Romano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Decepção
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Médicos/história
Confiança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29283530
[Au] Autor:Dirix T
[Ti] Título:Andreas Vesalius and his hoaxes, con variazioni.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):103-111, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Andreas Vesalius's popularity increases with every anniversary. The commemorations in 2014/2015, the quincentenary of his birth, were no exception and may mark the turning point in Vesalius research. Hoaxes surrounding the life and death of this famed anatomist, some of which have survived despite strong counter-evidence published some fifty, and even one hundred, years ago are finally dying out, while new myths are swiftly nipped in the bud thanks to today's speed of publication and communication.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomistas/história
Anatomia/história
Decepção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bélgica
História do Século XVI
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29172320
[Au] Autor:Trevor Burke FJ
[Ti] Título:Fake CPD.
[So] Source:Dent Update;44(3):173, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0305-5000
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Decepção
Educação Médica Continuada
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29073226
[Au] Autor:Isakov M; Tripathy A
[Ad] Endereço:Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School, Sudbury, Massachusetts, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral correlates of cheating: Environmental specificity and reward expectation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186054, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Academic dishonesty has been and continues to be a major problem in America's schools and universities. Such dishonesty is especially important in high schools, where grades earned directly impact the academic careers of students for many years to come. The rising pressure to get the best grades in school, get into the best college, and land the best paying job is a cycle that has made academic dishonesty increase exponentially. Thus, finding the widespread roots of cheating is more important now than ever. In this study, we focus on how societal norms and interactions with peers influence lying about scores in order to obtain a benefit in a high school population. We show that (1) the societal norms that go hand in hand with test-taking in school, as administered by a teacher, significantly dampen small-scale dishonesty, perhaps suggesting that context-dependent rewards offset cheating; (2) providing reminders of societal norms via pre-reported average scores leads to more truthful self-reporting of honesty; (3) the matrix search task was shown to not depend on class difficulty, confirming its effectiveness as an appropriate method for this study; (4) males seem to cheat more than females; and (5) teenagers are more dishonest earlier in the day. We suggest that students understand that cheating is wrong, an idea backed up by the literature, and that an environment which clearly does not condone dishonesty helps dampen widespread cheating in certain instances. This dampening effect seems to be dependent on the reward that students thought they would get for exaggerating their performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Decepção
Recompensa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171027
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186054


  6 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29058859
[Au] Autor:CDA Practice Support Staff
[Ti] Título:Don't Get Caught by Phishing
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(2):99-100, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Segurança Computacional
Decepção
Internet
Administração da Prática Odontológica/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29049575
[Au] Autor:Sharfstein JM
[Ad] Endereço:Joshua M. Sharfstein, MD, is Associate Dean for Public Health Practice and Training at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
[Ti] Título:Science and the Trump Administration.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(14):1312-1313, 2017 Oct 10.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empregados do Governo
Política
Ciência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Decepção
Financiamento Governamental
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.14813


  8 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28880306
[Ti] Título:Cuckoo call adds another layer of deception.
[So] Source:Nature;549(7670):6, 2017 09 05.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/fisiologia
Decepção
Comportamento de Nidação/fisiologia
Vocalização Animal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Falcões/fisiologia
Masculino
Aves Canoras/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/549006a


  9 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28813227
[Au] Autor:Wenzel RP
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) Health, Richmond.
[Ti] Título:Medical Education in the Era of Alternative Facts.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;377(7):607-609, 2017 Aug 17.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
Faculdades de Medicina
Ensino
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Decepção
História da Medicina
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170817
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMp1706528


  10 / 4099 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28793344
[Au] Autor:Fu H; Qiu W; Ma H; Ma Q
[Ad] Endereço:School of Management, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Neurocognitive mechanisms underlying deceptive hazard evaluation: An event-related potentials investigation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182892, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deceptive behavior is common in human social interactions. Researchers have been trying to uncover the cognitive process and neural basis underlying deception due to its theoretical and practical significance. We used Event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neural correlates of deception when the participants completed a hazard judgment task. Pictures conveying or not conveying hazard information were presented to the participants who were then requested to discriminate the hazard content (safe or hazardous) and make a response corresponding to the cues (truthful or deceptive). Behavioral and electrophysiological data were recorded during the entire experiment. Results showed that deceptive responses, compared to truthful responses, were associated with longer reaction time (RT), lower accuracy, increased N2 and reduced late positive potential (LPP), suggesting a cognitively more demanding process to respond deceptively. The decrement in LPP correlated negatively with the increment in RT for deceptive relative to truthful responses, regardless of hazard content. In addition, hazardous information evoked larger N1 and P300 than safe information, reflecting an early processing bias and a later evaluative categorization process based on motivational significance, respectively. Finally, the interaction between honesty (truthful/deceptive) and safety (safe/hazardous) on accuracy and LPP indicated that deceptive responses towards safe information required more effort than deceptive responses towards hazardous information. Overall, these results demonstrate the neurocognitive substrates underlying deception about hazard information.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Decepção
Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia
Julgamento
Detecção de Mentiras/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Eletroencefalografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182892



página 1 de 410 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde